Rings And Jewellery in Islam


* On which finger should the ring be worn?
 * Silk and Gold are Haraam for men
 * Regarding the use of brass and iron rings
 * Ten things which are regarded as bad
 * Allowing girls to wear tinkling anklets is disallowed
 * A male is only allowed to wear one silver ring  
 * The ring of a male should not weigh more than one Mithqaal
 * Women are also not allowed to wear jewels from other metals
 * Regarding gemstones such as agate jasper etc.  
 * Impermissibility of manufacturing those items which are forbidden for males & females
 * Permissibility of using an iron tablet (piece) inside a ring or in other jewellery
 * Regarding embedding a gold pin in a precious stone
 * For whom is it Sunnah to wear a ring?
 * How and in which finger should the ring be worn?
 * What can be engraved on a ring?
 * Regarding the use of a ring with many stones for males
 * Regarding the use of a Chal’la for men
 * Permissibility of fastening the teeth with gold wire
 * Regarding the use of another persons teeth
 * Regarding fastening (resetting) your teeth that fall off
 * Regarding the use of jewellery and mehndi for men 

Hadith 1: It is in Sahih Muslim from Anas radi allahu anhu that when Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam intended to have letters written to Kasra, Qaisar and Najashi, someone mentioned that they do not accept letters without a seal (i.e. a royal stamp) on them. Nabi Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam then had a silver ring made on which was engraved  ﺍﷲ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﳏﻤﺪ ‘Muhammadur Rasoolullah’ Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam  It is mentioned in the narration of Imam Bukhari that this was engraved in three lines. On the first line was ﳏﻤﺪ on the second line was ﺭﺳﻮﻝ and on the third line was the Name ﺍﷲ

Hadith 2: It is reported in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn Umar  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam had a ring made from gold, and in one narration it has been mentioned that he wore it on the right hand and then threw it away and had a silver ring made, which had  ﺍﷲ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﳏﻤﺪ engraved on it. He Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said, No person should engrave his ring with an engraving that is similar to that of my ring. Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam wore his ring, with the gemstone would face his palm

Hadith 3: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Anas radi allahu anhu  that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam’s  ring was made from silver and it also had a gemstone on it.

Hadith 4: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Anas radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam wore a silver ring on his right hand and its stone was of Abyssinian origin, and it used to be worn facing his palm.

Hadith 5: There is a narration of Muslim from Anas radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam’s ring was on this finger. In other words, it was on the little finger of the left hand.

Hadith 6: It is in Sahih Muslim from Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam forbade me from wearing the ring on this finger or this finger. In other words, from wearing it on  the middle  finger or the Kalima (index) finger.

Hadith 7: Ibn Majah reported from Abdullah ibn Ja’far  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ and Abu Dawud and Nasa’i reported from Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam used to wear his ring on the right hand and Abu Dawud reported from ibn Umar  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that he  used to wear it on the left hand. It can be deduced from both these Hadith that he  would sometimes wear it on the right hand and sometimes on the left hand, but Baihaqi has mentioned that wearing the ring on the right hand is inapplicable.

Hadith 8: Abu Dawud and Nasa’i have reported on the authority of Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam held silk in his right hand and gold in his left hand and then said ‘Both of these are Haraam (totally forbidden) for the men of my Ummat.’

Hadith 9: It is in Sahih Muslim from Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam prohibited the use of Qassi 1, fabric dyed in safflower, gold rings, and reciting the Qur’an-e-Majeed whilst in Ruku.

Hadith 10: It is in Sahih Muslim on the authority of Abdullah ibn Ab’bas  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam saw a gold ring on the hand of a person, so he removed it and threw it away and said ‘Does anyone hold a red hot coal in his hand?’ After Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam left, someone mentioned to the person that he should pick up his ring and put it to some other use. He said ‘I swear in Allah’s Name! I will never take that, which Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam threw away’.

Hadith 11: Abu Dawud and Nasa’i have reported from Mu’awiyah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam disallowed (us from) sitting on a cheetah skin, and from wearing gold unless it is crushed into very little particles. In other words if very fine gold particles are attached to clothing, it is not disallowed.

Hadith 12: Imam Maalik  ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺭﲪﺔ says in Muwatta, I regard it as being bad (i.e. improper) to allow little boys to wear gold, as the
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1. Qassi: This is a type of silk fabric  

Hadith wherein Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam forbade the wearing of gold rings has reached me. Thus, it is bad (not acceptable) for men, for both the adults and the younger ones.

Hadith 13:  Tirmizi, Abu Dawud and Nasa’i have reported on the authority of Buraidah radi allahu anhu that a person was wearing a brass ring. Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam  asked ‘Why is it that the odour of idols is emanating from you?’ He threw the ring away and then returned wearing an iron ring. He Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam asked ‘Why is it that you are wearing the jewellery of the Dwellers of Hell (Jahannamis)?’ He then threw away that (ring) and enquired ‘Ya Rasoolullah! Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam from what should I have a ring made?’ He  said ‘Make it from silver and do not let it reach a full Mithqaal 1’. It is in the narration of Tirmizi that after removing the iron ring, he wore a ring made from gold and returned in the Holy Presence of Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam so Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam asked ‘Why do I see you wearing the jewellery of the occupants of hell?’ In other words, the Ahle-Jannat 2 will use gold in Jannat, (and not on in this world).

Hadith 14: Abu Dawud and Nasa’i reported from Abdullah ibn Mas’ud  that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ten things to be bad: (1) For men to use the yellowish colour; in other words Khulooq 3, (2)To dye white hair with black dye, (3) To cause the waistcloth to trail too low,  (4) wearing of gold rings,  (5) To reveal the adornment (beauty) of a woman improperly 4  (6) To throw the dice (backgammon), i.e. to play dice (backgammon) and chess etc, (7) To blow and brush someone to cast away evil, except with proper words of protection. In other words, to blow and brush someone to cast away evil with impermissible
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1. In other words, it should weigh less than 1 Mithqaal. A Mithqaal is a unit of mass which is equal to four and a half mashas. This is approximately  4.7 grams. Some say it is equal to approximately 4.25 grams.
2. Ahl-e-Jannat refers to those who will enter Holy Paradise and live therein.
3. Khulooq is a saffron coloured fragrance
4. This refers to disclosing her adornment to others except her husband and those who are her Mahram 

words is disallowed, (8) and to tie Taweez; in other words those Taweez which contain words that are contrary to the Shariah, (9) To spill liquid in an improper place, In other words after copulation, to let out semen, as this is not permissible to do with a free woman without her permission. It could also mean that it refers to Lawatat 1,  (10) and to harm a child; but he did not render the tenth one Haraam. In other words, to copulate with the mother of the child in the days when the child  is being breastfed; if she becomes pregnant at this time, then the child will be harmed.

Hadith 15:  Abdullah reported a narration on the authority of Abdullah ibn Zubair  ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺍﷲ ﺭﺿﻰ  He says ‘A servant from our home took the daughter of Hazrat Zubair radi allahu anhu  to Hazrat Umar radi allahu anhu and she had tinkling anklets on her feet. Hazrat Umar radi allahu anhu  cut  them off and said; I heard from Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam that, with every tinkling anklet there is (a) shaitaan’.

Hadith 16: Abu Dawud reported that a girl came before Hazrat A’isha  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ wearing tinkling anklets. She said ‘Do not bring
her before me until you have not cut off the tinkling anklets, for I heard from Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam that Angels do not enter a house in which there is ‘Jars’ (a bell) or tinkling anklets’.

LAWS OF JURISPRUDENCE

The use of jewellery for men is absolutely Haraam. It is only permissible to wear one silver ring, which should be within one mithqaal in weight. It should be less than four and half mashas (approximately 4.7 grams). Even the use of a gold ring is Haraam. It is permissible for the features of the sword to be of silver. In other words, silver can be set on its sheath, handle and belt, on condition that the silver is not on the area of use. [Durre-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]
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1. Lawatat refers to sodomy, and this is absolutely Haraam

Law: Men are only permitted to wear one silver ring. To wear rings from other metals is also Haraam. For example, to wear rings made from iron, brass, copper and zinc etc. are impermissible for both men and women. The only difference is that the female can also wear gold (besides silver) and a male is not permitted to use gold. It is mentioned in the Hadith Shareef that a person wearing a brass ring came before Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam so he Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam asked ‘Why is it that the odour of idols is emanating from you?’ He threw the ring away and then returned wearing an iron ring. He Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam asked ‘Why is it that you are wearing the jewellery of the dwellers of hell?’ He threw away that ring as well and enquired ‘Ya Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam ! From what should I have a ring made?’ He Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Have it made from silver and do not let it reach a full Mithqaal’. [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]

Law:  Some Ulama have mentioned the rings of Yashb 1 and Aqeeq 2 to be permissible and some have permitted rings made from all types of gemstones, whereas some prohibit  (rings made) from all of them, thus the importunity of precaution is that with the exception of silver, we should avoid  wearing all other types of rings, especially when the inclination of illustrious and elite personalities such as the compiler of Hidaaya goes with the view of all of them being impermissible.

Law:  A ring refers to the round (circular) part. This does not refer to the stone. The stone can be from any gemstone. The stones of Aqeeq, Yaaqoot 3, Zamur’rad 4, and Feroza 5 etc. are all permissible to use (on a ring). Since the rings made from all the above are impermissible for both males and females,manufacturing them and selling them is also regarded as being disallowed, as this is to assist in something which is illegitimate (i.e. impermissible).
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1. Yashb agate jasper  
2. Aqeeq Cornelian Stone
3. Yaaqoot refers to the Ruby)
4. Zamur’rad is the name given to an Emerald
5. Feroza is a Turquoise blue gemstone 

However, selling it is not disallowed to the level  of it being disallowed to wearing it. [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]

Law: If a silver covering is placed over a metal ring, whereby the metal is not visible at all, then there is no prohibition to wearing such a ring. [Alamgiri] It is deduced from this, that it is permissible to place a copper or iron tablet inside gold jewellery and then cover it with gold plating, just as people do nowadays. The wearing of such a ring is permitted.

Law: To press a hole in a gemstone and to embed a gold pin in it is permissible. [Hidaya]

Law:  Wearing a ring is only Masnun (i.e. recommended) for those who require using a seal, such as a Sultan 1, A Qazi 2 and the Ulama
3, who place their seals on Fatawa 4. With the exception of them, it is not Masnun for others who  do not required the use of a seal. However, to wear a ring is still permissible. [Alamgiri]

Law: The ring may be worn as one desires, either on the right or left hand, and it should be worn on the little finger. [Durr-eMukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]

Law: One may have his name engraved on a ring. Allah’s Name and the Name of Huzoor-e-Akram Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam may also be engraved on a ring. The words  ﺍﷲ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﳏﻤﺪ  ‘Muhammadur Rasoolullah’ should not be engraved on a ring, as this was engraved in  3 lines on Huzoor’s Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam ring. On the first line was ﳏﻤﺪ on the second line was ﺭﺳﻮﻝ and on the third line was The Majestic Name of ﺍﷲ. Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam explicitly commanded that none should engrave this on his ring. The figure of any human or animal should not be engraved on the ring stone. [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]
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1. Sultan refers to the Muslim Ruler in a Muslim State
2. Qazi refers to the Muslim Justice, usually referred to as the ‘Qadi’
3. Ulama is the plural of Aalim, which refers to the Men of Learning or Religious Leaders
4. Fatawa is the plural of Fatwa, which is a Religious decree or Edict  

Law: A permissible ring is that which is permissible for men. In other words, it should have one gemstone. If it has more than one stone, then even though it is a silver ring, it is impermissible for a male. [Raddul Muhtar] Similarly, for a male to wear more than one ring or to wear a Chal’la 1 is also impermissible, as this is not really classified as a ring. Females may wear the Chal’la.

Law:  To tie loose teeth with gold wire is permissible and if someone’s nose has been severed, then he may have a golden nose made and attached. In both conditions, gold has been regarded as permissible due to necessity, as by having the teeth tied with silver wire or attaching a silver nose, would cause mouldiness. [Alamgiri]

Law: If a tooth falls, it can be tied with gold or silver wire. The teeth belonging to another person cannot be used in your mouth. [Alamgiri]

Law: To adorn boys in gold and silver jewellery is Haraam and the one who adorns them in it is a sinner. Similarly, it is impermissible to put mehndi on the hands and feet of children without reason. A woman is allowed to apply mehndi  on her own hands and feet, but if she applies it onto a boy, she will be regarded as being sinful. [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]
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1. A Chal’la refers to a ring equally wide all round and without a stone

— — —Extracted From

Bahar E Shariat Vol 16, Chapter 9

Qadi Sadrush Shariah , Mufti Amjad Ali al-Qadiri

Translated by Muhammed Afthab Cassim al-Qadiri

 

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