The birth of our Beloved Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, together with Its miracles have been transmitted to us by his mother Sayyidah Aamina Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha and those in attendance.
Abu Nu’aym reports from Abdullah bin Abbas Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhuma, who narrated that the mother of the Messenger SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, Sayyidah Amina Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha used to state,
لما خرج من بطني فنظرت اليه فاذا انابه ساجد ثم رايت سحابة بيضاء قد اقبلت من السماء حتى غشيته فغيب عن وجھي ، ثم تجلت فاذا انابه مدرج في ثوب صوف ابيض وتحته حريرة خضراء وقد قبض على ثلٰثة مفاتيح من اللؤلوء الرطب واذا قائل يقول قبض محمد على مفاتيح النصرة ومفاتيح الربح ومفاتيح النبوة ثم اقبلت سحابة اخرٰى حتى غشيته فغيب عن عيني ثم تجلت فاذا انابه قد قبض على حريرة خضراء مطوية واذ قائل يقول بخٍ بخٍ قبض محمد على الدنيا کلھا لم يبق خلق من اھلھا الادخل في قبضته
“When the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was born, he fell straight into prostration. Then I saw a white cloud from the sky appearing and covering the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam such that HE SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam disappeared from me. When the cloud appeared, I saw that the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was covered in a white woolly shawl and there was a green mat spread on the floor. Within the hands of the Messenger SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam there were three keys made of diamonds and there was an unseen voice heard saying, ‘The Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam has grasped the key of giving victory, the key of giving benefit and the key of Prophethood.’ Then I saw another cloud which enclosed the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam such that he disappeared from my view and it became illuminated. I saw that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam is holding a folded piece of green silk in his blessed hands and an unseen voice was heard was saying, ‘How great! How great! The Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam has grasped the whole world; all the creation has entered into his grasp, with none left out.’”
Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, narrated from ibn Mas’ud RadiAllahu Anhu, [Al-Maktab al-Islami, Beirut], Vol. 1, Page 386
Sunan al-Darimi, the chapter on Ma U’tiya al-Nabiyyu Min al-Fadl, [Dar al-Mahasin li al-Taba’ah, Cairo], Vol. 1, Page 30
Al-Khasais al-Kubra, the chapter on Ma Zahara Fi Lailat Moulidi, [Markaz Ahl Sunnat, Gujarat], Vol. 1, Page 48
و كونه رافعاً رأسه عندما وضعته شاخصاً ببصره إلى السماء ، و ما رأته من النور الذي خرج معه ولادته ، و ما رأته إذ ذاك أم عثمان بن أبي العاص من تدلي النجوم ، و ظهور النور عند ولادته ، حتى ما تنظر إلا النور As our beloved Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was born a radiant light accompanied him and he lifted his head towards the heavens and the mother of Othman’s Abil-As’s son witnessed stars lowering themselves and a light so bright appeared that she could see nothing other than light.
Dalail an-Nabuwwah lil Bayhaqi, Vol. 1, Page 113 Musnad Imam Ahmad, Vol. 4, Page 127 Read the rest of this entry »
The issue of the celebrations of the noble birth of our Holy Prophet Mohammed (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) sparks much debate and questions are raised as to whether it is correct or otherwise to observe it. Indeed a lot has been argued on this subject, hence the need to clarify why Muslims from all over the world celebrate this occasion as an “Eid” (literally meaning happy occasion or festival).
It is firmly established from various Qur’anic Verses, Prophetic Ahadeeth, Sunnah of the Companions, historical facts, and by consensus of the Ulema, that innovations could either be blameworthy or meritorious.
This article is not an attempt to define the categories of “Bidat” – (what is a Good Innovation or a Blameworthy Innovation etc) – for that is an entirely different subject. What this article shall prove, with Allah’s help, is that this commemoration is not an innovation (Bidat) at all!! So the question of whether such a commemoration is good or blameworthy, simply does not arise!
The issue of mixing these commemorations with forbidden (Haraam) acts is one that applies not only this, but universally to all forms of worship. Needless to say, forbidden acts must be abstained from at all times, not only during these commemorations. We cannot, obviously, leave any sort of worship because some people might mix it with forbidden acts. For example – offering Salaat is compulsory, but if the Niyah (intention) is for showing off (display), then this act of display is forbidden – but not the Salaat. So if the person indulging in these acts (in our example display) is to be advised, he should be advised to abstain from display – but not advised to forego Salaat altogether. Another example is that if a person steals something from a mosque, should we try to prevent the theft or should we just stupidly demolish the mosque? Read the rest of this entry »
By reciting mawlid, Muslims explain about Rasûlullâh’s (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) birth, the Mi’râj and his life, and remember and praise him. It is necessary for every Muslim to love Rasûlullâh very much. He who loves Rasûlullâh much remembers him, repeats his name and praises him very frequently. The hadîth ash-sharîf narrated by ad-Dailamî and quoted in Kunûz ad-daqâ’iq declares, “The one who loves very much remembers the beloved very frequently.” All ’ulamâ’ of Islam have written in detail that it is necessary to love Rasûlullâh very much.
Even the Wahhâbite book “Fat’h al-majîd” notes this fact:
“It is declared in a hadîth sharîf, ‘One’s îmân is incomplete unless he loves me more than his children, his parents and everyone.’ That is, ‘His belief is not perfect,’ he meant. It is wâjib for him who loves Allah to love His Prophet. And he also has to love Allah’s pious servants.”
The recitation of a mawlid is an ’ibâda is proven with documents in the book An-ni’mat al-kubrâ ’ala ’l-’âlam fî mawlid as-Sayyid al-walad al-Âdam by Ibn Hajar al-Hîtamî, in Ar-raddu ’alâ man ankara qirâ’at al-mawlidi ’n-Nabî by Jalâl ad-dîn as-Suyûtî, in Jawâhîr al-bihâr (Part Three) and Hujjat-Allâhi ’ala ’l-’âlamîn (pages 233-9) by Yûsuf an-Nabhânî, in Ithbât al-mawlid by Ahmad Sa’îd al-Mujaddidî and in Sharh al-Mawâhib al-laduniyya (Part One, pages 136-40) by ’Allâma Muhammad az-Zarkânî. Sa’îd al-bayân, the book of mawlid written in Urdu by Ahmad Sa’îd al-Fârûqî al-Mujaddidî, and the Turkish Mevlid Kirâetinin Fazîleti (The Virtue of Reciting Mawlid) by Sayyid ’Abdulhakîm Effendi (rahmat-Allâhi ’alaih) are very valuable.
In the Persian book Tas’hîh al-masâ’il, which was written in 1266 A.H. (1850), Mawlânâ Muhammad Fadl ar-Rasûl al-Badâyûnî (rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ), one of the prominent scholars of Islam in India, refuted the book Miata Musa’îl by Muhammad Is’hâq, an Indian man of religious profession who had sold himself to the Wahhâbîs. On page 253 of his book, Fadl ar-Rasûl wrote, “The recitation of mawlid was not practised in the first three centuries [of Islam]; it was introduced later. Therefore, the ’ulamâ’ disagreed on whether it was permissible to congregate for a mawlid; their words did not conform with one another’s. This disagreement of the ’ulamâ’ has been dealt with in detail in the book As-sîrat ash-Shâmî by Muhammad ibn Yûsuf ash-Shâmî (rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ), who passed away in Egypt in 943 A.H. (1536). Yet, only the opposing views are reported and no preference is made in this book. Nevertheless, he quoted many ’ulamâ’ who, had said that congregating for a mawlid was mustahab. He also noted that his master had refuted those who opposed it. If, leaving the majority aside, the mawlid congregation is accepted as permissible on account of a few opposing ones, confidence in many of the affairs of fiqh will lessen,” and quotes the book As-sîrat ash-Shâmî: Read the rest of this entry »
Some deviant and ignorant people claim that the exact date of birth of the Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) is not known and hence there is little room for the celebration of Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) on 12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal Sharif.
12 Rabi’ al-Awwal is not only accepted as Milad Day from the classical and ancient scholars, it is also confirmed by the governments of the whole Islamic world. Almost three (3) dozen Islamic countries celebrate it and have public holidays on 12th of Rabi’ al-Awwal Sharif.
Opinion of Renowned Historians for Authentic Date of Mawlid
1. Ibn-e-Ishaq (85-151 H):
Messenger of Allah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) was born on 12 Rabi’ al-Awwal in ‘Aam al-Feel. [Ibn Jawzi in al-Wafa, Page 87]
2. Allama Ibn Hisham (213 H):
Messenger of Allah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) was born on Monday 12 Rabi’ al-Awwal in ‘Aam al-Feel. [Ibn Hisham in As-Sirat-un-Nabawiya, Vol. 1, Page 158]
ALLAH in the name of , the Compassionate the Merciful. All praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. May prayers and salutations be upon the master of the two worlds, our liege lord Muhammad, and upon his pure family, noble Companions, and all who follow his exemplary way.
The Companions described the Prophet’s SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam beautiful form that dazzled all who saw him. They said: “The Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam had the most beautiful face, and the best form. He was neither excessively tall nor short. His face was like the moon when it is full. No one before or after him has been seen like him, and if you were to see him you would say, ‘The sun has risen.’ And when he would speak, a radiant light would be seen emitting from between his teeth.”
[And from the other reports:] “The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam had a black beard and a beautiful mouth. He had long hair and a thick beard.” “The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam had broad shoulders. He was the greatest of people and the best of them. His hair reached his ears. Never have I seen anything more beautiful than him!”“It was as if the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was fashioned of silver and his sweat was pearl drops.” “The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was of medium height compared to others; he was neither tall nor short. He had the most beautiful face of all people and was the best of them in character. He was neither excessively tall nor short, but was closer to being tall. Never did a tall person walk with him save that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam appeared taller. Sometimes the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam would walk in between two tall men yet he would seem taller then them, and when they would part ways he would appear once again of medium height.” Read the rest of this entry »
Those critics who argue that only the two Eids of Sharī’āh should be celebrated are also in error.
In a Hadīth of Sahīh al-Bukharī, (Kitab al-Imān, Ch. 34, Hadīth no. 45) a Jew quoted a Qur’ānic verse to Hadhrat Umar rađiyAllāhu ánhu (today we have completed your Deen for you and have chosen the Deen of Islam for you) and said had such a verse been revealed to us in our Torah we would have celebrated that day as an Eid day. In this statement there is an implicit question addressed to Hadhrat Umar rađiyAllāhu ánhu asking why the Muslims did not celebrate this day as an Eid too. Hadhrat Umar rađiyAllāhu ánhureplied:
We know which day and which place this verse was revealed on to the Beloved Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam. The day of this revelation was Arafat – yawm al-hajj and that was a Friday. Read the rest of this entry »
The Beloved Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam also specified his own birthday in the same way. In a Hadīth narrated by Abu Qatada Ansarī rađiyAllāhu ánhu, he reports that Allah’s Beloved Messenger şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam was asked about fasting on Monday, whereupon he said:
It is (the day) when I was born and revelation was sent down to me.
Reference: Sahih Muslim, Bk 6, Number 2606.
This Hadīth is also reported in by Imām Abū Bakr al-Bayhaqī in his Sunan al-Kubra (Vol 4, Pg 300, Hadīth no. 8182, 8259); in the Sunan of Imām Nisa’ī and the Musnad of Imām Ahmad bin Hanbal.
It is clear from this Hadith that the Beloved Messenger şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam was very happy about the day of his birth and so fasted out of gratitude. Fasting is a form of worship, so one can celebrate this day by any form of ibâdât. One can fast or hold gatherings or provide food to the poor, all being acts of worship. Read the rest of this entry »
It is reported by Abdullah ibn Abbas rađiyAllāhu ánhu that the Beloved Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam had migrated to Madina Sharīf and saw the Jews were fasting on 10th Muharram, Yawme Ashūra. He asked them why they fasted on that day. They replied that this was a spiritual and righteous day; a blessed day since on this day God gave Bani-Israel liberty and independence from firown, Pharaoh. The Beloved Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam then said, if you are fasting on a day when Musa received success on this day(liberation from firown and his tyrannical government) then I am more closer to Musa than you. I have a better right than Musa over you. So I will fast on the same day due to this success, due to Allah’s blessing on him. So the Beloved Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam ordered his Companions to begin to fast on the day of Ashūra.
Reference: Sahih Muslim, Book 6, Ch. 19 Hadith no. 2518, 2520.
This Hadīth is also contained in Sahīh al-Bukharī, (vol. 7, Kitab-al-Sawm, Ch. 29, Hadīth no.2157 and also in Kitab al Anbiya Ch. 24); in the Muwatta of Imām Malik, Kitab-al-Siyam, Hadîth no. 28; in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal – vl. 2; as well as by Imam al-Asqalani who gives many references in his book, Fath al-Barī, Vol. 4, pg. 245-249.
This Hadīth creates the juristic principle that is permissible to celebrate a blessing of Allāh Almighty even if it is celebrating an event that took place on a particular day and in this case the blessing conferred onto the people was their liberation from Firawn through the means of their Prophet, Hadrat Musa alayhis salam. When the Beloved ProphetşallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam heard the answer of the Jews, he did not rebut their celebration, nor did he say it was not permissible to celebrate such a day. Instead he commented that the Muslims had a greater right to celebrate and thus asked the Muslims to fast on this day too.
It is clear from this Hadīth that if the day of Ashūra was made blessed due to Sayyidinā Musa alayhis salam and the Jews celebrated it out of gratitude to him and Allāh, then surely the day that the Beloved Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam was made rahmatalil alimeen should also be celebrated by us. Sayyidinā Musa alayhis salam came just for theBanī-Isra’īl but Allāh Almighty sent His mercy, in the form of the Beloved ProphetşallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam to liberate the whole of mankind from all burdens. The birth of the Beloved Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam came as a liberation from every kind of tyranny, cruelty and suppression. It was the day of the birth of justice and the establishment of haq, truth and righteousness. So how can we possibly resist in rejoicing and thanking Allāh Almighty for His Mercy on this day.
This same Hadīth is narrated again in Sahih al-Muslim, Kitab Ul-Sawm, Book 6 – Hadith. no.2528. Ibn Abbas rađiyAllāhu ánhu is again the reporter of this Hadīth but in this narration he says the Jews, in answering the Beloved Prophet’s şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallamquestion said they held this day with great esteem and regard, so they fasted on the day of Ashūra out of respect and reverence, known as th’azeem. If this is the case then does not the day of the rising and birth of Allah’s Beloved Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallamdeserve respect and reverence? If we can respect the day Sayyidinā Musa alayhis salamliberated the Jews then we can surely respect and revere the day the seal of the ProphetsşallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam was born. Read the rest of this entry »
It is the belief of the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jamaat that it is totally permissible to celebrate the Maulood (Birthday) of the Holy Prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam since this is a means of attaining great blessings.
Almighty says in the Holy Qur’aan:
“You say, Only on the grace of Al’laah and on His mercy, and it is only on this that you should rejoice.” [Surah Yunus Verse.58]
Almighty Al’laah commands:
“And publicize well the special favours of your Lord”[Surah Duha Verse.11]
From these verses it is clear that Almighty Al’laah has commanded the Muslims to rejoice on the Mercy and Grace of Almighty Al’laah and not only should they rejoice due to this, but they should also announce and publicize these favours which Almighty Al’laah has bestowed upon them. Now which Muslim is there, who does not think of and accept the Holy Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam as the greatest favour and Mercy of Almighty Al’laah?
Actually he is Rahmatulil Alameen (Mercy unto the worlds) and the greatest blessing of Almighty Al’laah towards us. Almighty Al’laah, in the Holy Qur’aan has made us aware and informed us how great a favour He has done by sending Rasoolullah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam. The verse relating to this is: Read the rest of this entry »
Owaise radi allahu anhu of Qarni.
About Sohail Yemeni, the prophet salla allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam says that he is superior to his followers due to his kindness and favor. When there is praise by the prophet salla allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam then what else can I describe about him. Sometimes the prophet salla allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam used to turn his face towards Yemen and said, “I feel the breeze of love from Read the rest of this entry »
AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida radi allahu anhu’s entire life was adorned with meticulous following of the Shari’ah and Sunnah of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and his taqwa had reached an elevated level. I shall present some incidents from his life that show that he not only had taqwa but had also attained the rank of wara’a [Abandoning a part of the permissible for fear of falling into the impermissible]. In accordance to the verse, No men can be its guardians except the pious, he was a perfect muttaqi [Pious and Godfearing] and a gnostic.
1. The last Ramadan in his life was in 1339 AH. The weather in Bareilly was very hot and he was weak and ill, as these were his final years. The Shari’ah exempts an old man [Al-Shaykh al-Fanī: an old man who cannot fast now, and cannot hope to expiate in the future either] from fasting and expiate by charity instead and for the ailing, they are allowed to expiate when they are healthy again [To fulfil an obligation at a later time]. Despite these dispensations, AlaHadrat’s taqwa demanded otherwise. This was not his fatwa but his taqwa. He said:
The hot weather in Bareilly will not allow me to fast but the weather in mountainous regions is cooler. Nainital is not far from here and I can fast in the mountains of Bhowali [83 miles north of Bareilly]. And I am able to go there; hence, it is obligatory for me to do so.
He spent the whole of Ramadan there and fasted the whole of Ramadan.
2. He passed away on the 25th Safar 1340 AH. He was ill for months and in the last months, he could not even walk. The Shari’ah permits that in such conditions, one can pray at home but AlaHadrat would pray in the congregation. Four men would carry him on a chair to the masjid and he continued to participate thus as long as he was physically able to do so.
3. I have narrated the following incident in the marginalia of Jumal al-Nur fi Nahyi al-Nisa’ ‘an Ziyarat al-Qubur [AlaHadrat’s monograph on the impermissibility of women traveling to shrines] from my teacher, Hafiz-e-Millat Shah Abd al-Aziz Muradabadi.
At one time, there was no one to take him to the masjid and it was time for the congregation. He was disturbed by this and eventually, he came to the masjid, staggering and dragging himself and offered his prayer in the congregation.
In our times, in spite of good health, strength and the means, people carelessly miss the congregation; this incident should serve as an eye opener to such people.
4. AlaHadrat was away from home and staying in one of his lands. He would periodically suffer from severe bouts of tormina [Acute, colicky pains; gripes]. One day he was all alone by himself; and describes that incident himself thus:
The pain started during the time of Dhuhr. I performed the ablution howsoever I could [with difficulty] and then stood up for prayer but was unable to do so. I supplicated to Allah and sought help [of intercession] from the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Allah surely hears the call of the distraught. I intended to pray the sunnah and the pain disappeared. As soon as I concluded the prayer with the salam [To end the prayer], the pain came back and when I made intention for the fard, it went away again. When I concluded the prayer with the salam, it came back again. I prayed the sunnahs after fard and the pain stopped, and came back yet again after the salam. I now expected the pain to stay until Asr. Just as I feared, I lay on the bed tossing and turning but the pain remained.
It can both be said that the pain was relieved during the prayers or that he was so attentive towards Allah and absorbed in worship that he would not feel it. Regardless, it is proof of AlaHadrat’s divine acceptance and his gnosis.
Imam Abu Hanifa Alaihir raHmah would spend his whole day in academic pursuits and systemising and organising fiqh; he would still perform supererogatory worship at night and resting for some part in the night. He was once going somewhere when there was someone pointing towards him saying: “This person worships all through the night.” Thereon, he began worshipping all through the night.
5. Similarly, someone wrote to AlaHadrat and alongside various epithets, he also wrote Hafiz. At the time, AlaHadrat was not a Hafiz al-Qur’an even though most verses were on the tip of his tongue (and pen) and he had the ability to derive rulings from them at will. Mawlana Hashmat Ali Khan gives an eyewitness account from 29th Sha’ban 1337 AH that when AlaHadrat saw a letter with the title Hafiz used for him, his eyes welled up and the fear of Allah caused his heart to pound. He said:
I am fearful that on the day of judgement, I will be amongst those people for whom the Qur’an says, love to be praised for what they have not done. [3:188]
Thereafter, he made the intention to memorise the whole Qur’an. He would make ablution for Isha and before the congregation, someone would recite one part [of the thirty parts] to him and he would repeat it. He began on the 29th of Sha’ban and finished memorising the whole Qur’an by the 27th of Ramadan and he also led the tarawih prayers.
This incident closely follows that of Imam Abu Hanifa. The Imam began praying the whole night because someone had a good opinion of him; and for AlaHadrat, someone called him Hafiz while he did not qualify to be called a Hafiz. When one has fear of Allah, such things are not difficult and the heart accepts these things fully and finds rest only when they are fulfilled.
There are many such incidents of his gnosis, fear of Allah and abstinence. Below are some more anecdotes that exemplify these traits within him. They show various types of taqwa. All these incidents should be viewed with the subject of taqwa in mind.
1. AlaHadrat’s heart was always heedful of rights of men [Huqūq al-‘Ibad]. He even wrote a monograph entitled A’ajab al-Imdad fi Mukaffarati Huquq al-‘Ibad. Mawlana Ja’far Shah Phulwari recounts an event from a few days before AlaHadrat’s demise. He writes:
After Juma’ prayer, in a state of illness and weakness, he spoke in moving and saddening voice. He said something like this: Convey my salam to all Sunni Muslims and if I have wronged anyone, then I seek their forgiveness with utmost humility. Forgive me for the sake of Allah or seek recompense from me.
His Wasaya [Final Testament] also has an account of words he spoke a few months before his demise to a gathering of people. In the end, he said:
None of you has ever caused me any discomfort. You did my work for me and did not allow me to do it myself. May Allah reward you all. I am hopeful that in my grave, I will not face any discomfort because of any of you. I have forgiven all Sunnis and my rights upon them. I ask you with folded hands [In the subcontinent, a mark of humility and an idiom to say: ‘I implore’] and implore you to forgive me; and forego any of your rights that I did not fulfil; and it is necessary for all those present here to seek for my forgiveness [on my behalf] from those who are absent.
2. AlaHadrat did not tolerate pictures or photographs in the house. At the time of his demise, he even asked for currency notes and coins to be removed; so that no doubt remains that angels of mercy have entered.
3. His modesty and humility were such that a train was once delayed when traveling to Pilibhit [33 miles north-east of Bareilly] so he was given a chair to sit upon. He said:
Sitting on this chair comfortably would be in the fashion of the arrogant and haughty [because it would recline and one would have to stretch their legs in the manner considered disrespectful and condescending].
He sat on the chair but did not lean on it and remained engrossed in his litanies.
4. In one of AlaHadrat’s gatherings, a man had to sit next to a barber; so he stopped coming to his place. AlaHadrat remarked:
I too have no liking for such arrogant folk.
5. It is difficult to find an exemplary son in his duty and obedience to his parents. After the demise of his father [Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (1246-1297 AH), one of the foremost scholars of his era], AlaHadrat handed over the charge of his affairs to his mother [Husayni Khanum]. He did not even perform a supererogatory hajj without her permission. Whatever money he had, he would hand it to her and would not even purchase books without her consent.
6. He was immensely respectful to Islamic scholars and did not show irreverence in any way. He disagrees or comments with opinions of intellectual giants such as Imam Ibn ‘Abidin Shami but does so with utmost respect and self-effacing manner; whereas today, people point fingers at such luminaries as if they are schoolchildren even though these people have not a fraction of AlaHadrat’s knowledge.
For example, in Radd al-Muhtar, Imam Shami remarks somewhere that he could not figure out the answer to a particular objection. Upon this, AlaHadrat wrote in his Jadd al-Mumtar [Supercommentary to Radd al-Muhtar in 5 volumes]:
وظهر لنا ببركة خدمة كلماتكم
The answer occurred to me, by the blessings of serving your words
AlaHadrat wrote an ode [In praise of Shaykh Abd al-Qadir Badayuni and his father Fadl ar-Rasul] in which he writes about the rank of scholars:
اذا حلو تحصرت البرادی
اذا راحو افصار المصر البیدا
When they pass by deserted stead, they turn it into dwellings
When they depart from towns, they cause them to be deserted
Malik al-‘Ulama Mawlana Zafar al-Din Bihari said, this seems to be poetic exaggeration, but AlaHadrat said:
It is reality. When Mawlana Abd al-Qadir Badayuni came to a city, there would hustle and bustle therein and a strange feeling of tranquility and happiness could be felt; and when he left, it would seem as though there was desertion even though apart from him, everyone else would still be present.
7. There are many examples of his truthfulness and staunchness upon the religion. He once attended the ‘Urs [Gathering to commemorate the anniversary of the passing of a saint] of Mawlana Fadl al-Rasul Badayuni during which he heard a speech by Maulawi Siraj al-Din Anolwi, who was a Mawlid reciter. During his speech he said, Firstly, the angels will put the soul in the body of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. As these words of his were against the unanimously agreed upon belief of Sunnis that prophets are alive in their graves [Hayat al-Nabi], the expression on the face of AlaHadrat changed and he said to Mawlana Abd al-Qadir:
If you permit me, I will take him off the pulpit.
Mawlana Abd al-Qadir stopped the speech and said to Mawlana Abd al-Muqtadir, Do not allow such ignorant people to lecture in the presence of Mawlana Imam Ahmad Rida, because anyone who speaks in front of him has to keep a close eye on his knowledge and be careful in his speech.
AlaHadrat said in this regard:
These are the reasons why I have stopped attending the speeches of today’s speechmakers and Mawlid reciters.
AlaHadrat said about Shah Ali Husain Ashrafi Miyan Kichochawi:
Hadrat [Hadrat or Hadhrat (Hadrah, Arabic: حضرة; or Hazret or hadrat) is an honourific Arabic title used to honour a person] is from amongst those people whose speech I listen to with pleasure.
8. When a person serves the religion, the praise of friends can cause vanity and self-admiration; the calumny of foes would result in anger and thirst for retribution. But AlaHadrat was above such feelings as he has says:
By Allah, I do not strut at the praise of senior scholars and saints, nor am I angered at the castigation and slander of the enemies of Allah and His Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. I thank Allah that He has made this lowly person able to tolerate their insults for protecting the honour of His beloved SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Because, as long as they keep swearing at me, they do not speak against my master SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam.
The motto of his life, in his own words, was:
ںہ مرا نوش ز تحسیں نہ مرا نیش ز طعن
نہ مرا گوش بہ مدحے نہ مرا ہوش ذمے
I flatter none, nor others deride
No praise I heed; no curse or chide
It is not easy to describe all his habits, character and strict adherence to the Shari’ah in a short article. Another eyewitness account is by Mawlana Sayyid Abu Salman Muhammad Abd al-Mannan Qadri, who was initially an opponent of AlaHadrat. He writes that AlaHadrat was, a living example of the manners of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. It was when I saw him that it was well and truly evident that the praise is deserving, and not enough.
9. He took so much care in his speech that if a certain answer contained even the slightest mistake, he would abstain from deeming it Sahīh. Sayyid Ayyub Ali sent the prayer timetable for Ramadan 1339 AH to AlaHadrat which he returned after ten or fifteen minutes with corrections. Wherever there was a mistake, he marked it incorrect and whatever was correct, he marked it as such. In one cell, instead of Sahīh, it said Khayr [Satisfactory, acceptable]. When analysed, the timing in this cell was out by a thousandth of a second which did not affect the prayer timing at all but a mistake is nevertheless a mistake; hence, AlaHadrat did not write Sahīh but only Khayr.
10. He once went with Muhaddith Surati to meet a famous sage in Pilibhit, known as Shah Ji Muhammad Sher Miyan Alaihir raHmah. AlaHadrat saw that Shah Ji was taking bay’ah [Oath of allegiance] from women without veil and neither any partition in between. Due to his extreme scrupulousness in observing the Shari’ah, he came back without meeting Shah Ji. Anyone other than Shah Ji would have been offended by this but he was a humble man and readily accepted the truth; it was therefore that he accompanied AlaHadrat to the train station and the following morning, he expressed regret over the incident and said, Mawlana, in the future, I will only take bay’ah from women behind a veil. AlaHadrat shook hands and embraced him.
11. It is impermissible to drop used ablution water is the masjid even if it is just dripping from the limbs. At one time, the weather was extremely cold and the rain was pouring heavily. AlaHadrat was mu’takif [Secluding oneself in the masjid, I’tikaf] and he could not go out to make his ritual ablution. Hence, he folded a quilt blanket four times and performed ablution sitting on it and did not let a single drop of water fall in the masjid. And now because the blanket was wet, he spent the whole night shivering in the cold.
12. He always entered the masjid, with his right foot first. He would even step on every row with his right foot first and thus reach the mihrab [Niche]. He would never perform the obligatory prayers without a turban on his cap.
Discharge from ailing eyes nullifies ablution. AlaHadrat once suffered in his eyes, and he would get someone to inspect his eye and check whether there was discharge immediately after prayer; if it did, he would say, he would have to repeat the prayer.
AlaHadrat literally followed the Divine Command, And walk not upon Earth in arrogance [17:37 , 31:18] to an extent that often, it would be difficult to hear his footsteps. Many a time, people would only know of his arrival when he came very close and saluted himself.
He used to sleep in the fashion that his body would spell the letters of the name Muhammad SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. He always paid special attention to make the poor happy. He never rejected invitations of sincere and poor people nor would he complain of anything afterwards. People used to wonder how he could eat such food but he would say:
If I am invited sincerely, I will accept them; even if it is every day. When combing his beard, he would use his own scissors and a mirror.
He would not stretch his legs towards the Qiblah nor spit in that direction.
Indeed, such habits are reminiscent of great predecessors like Imam Abu Hanifah Alaihir raHmah.
13. In compliance with the hadith, he would abstain from places that would lead to suspicion and slander. Since Kerosene [Paraffin. Known colloquially as ‘Mitti ka teyl’] gives off a bad smell, it is forbidden to burn it in a masjid. Once, Haji KifayatAllah [AlaHadrat’s attendant] filled a lantern with castor oil [Colloquially, ‘Arandi ka teyl’] and lit it. AlaHadrat said:
Haji Sahib! Either take it outside or keep telling people that it is not kerosene but castor oil. People walking past will think that we forbid others to burn it (Kerosene) in their masjids but we burn it in our own.
Thereafter, Haji Sahib removed it from the masjid.
A scholar once stayed in the masjid with the intention of performing I’tikaf.
He ate betel leaves and also had a spitting vessel [Ugaldan]. Some people who were unaware of his intention of I’tikaf objected. AlaHadrat was sent a question. He gave the ruling to the objectors and whilst explaining the rank of a scholar, he wrote:
Even if they have a correct intention, scholars should abstain from performing certain actions in front of the public that would cause them to be confused. This causes two problems: The one who is not an admirer will object and fall into backbiting and deprive himself from the blessings of the scholar. Secondly, the admirer will begin to do the same action without the proper intention. This scholar is not from the Malamatiyya sect [Believing in the value of self-blame, that piety should be a private matter, and that being held in good esteem would lead to worldly attachment, they concealed their knowledge and made sure their faults would be known, reminding them of their imperfection] that see benefit in making the public dislike them. He is on the seat of guidance [Masnad-e-Hidayat] and it is beneficial for him to draw the public towards himself as the hadith commands:
رأس العقل بعد الإيمان بالله التودد إلى الناس
After professing faith, it is capital sense, to be endearing with people
Another hadith says:
بشروا ولا تنفروا
[invite people] by giving glad tidings, not by making them despair
In the case that performing such actions is necessary, he should announce his intention to the public and also tell them the ruling of Shari’ah upon it.
14. Hadrat Mahdi Miyan [Miyan: an informal title of respect, to mean ‘master’.] had good relations with Hamid Ali Khan, the Nawab of Rampur. Once, he was travelling with the Nawab on a train and he wanted him to meet AlaHadrat. He sent the aide de camp [Madar-ul-Muham] from the railway station to AlaHadrat with a gift of Rs.1500 [Rs.1500 equates to approximately Rs.75,000 today] and a message that Miyan sahib had sent this gift and wishes you to meet the Nawab. In reply, AlaHadrat stood at his doorstep and said:
After conveying my salam, ask him, why the converse gift? It is I who should present a gift to Miyan sahib and not vice versa. Take back whatever you have brought to me. The home of this lowly person is not worthy to host a ruler [hence, he is not welcome;] and nor am I aware of the etiquette of conducting oneself in the presence of rulers, so I cannot visit him.
15. A man joined the spiritual order [Silsila] and asked for a litany. His beard was shorter than the minimum requirement in the Shari’ah so AlaHadrat said:
When your beard is of the right length, a litany will be granted.
After some days, he again requested a litany and AlaHadrat said:
There is no need to ask. When your beard is according to the Shari’ah, a litany will be granted automatically. That is, Wajib comes before Nafl.
The opinion of neighbours towards a person is an important indicator of his character. People have discord with their neighbours from time to time. Therefore, it is seen that if people suffer some worldly loss, they begin to speak ill of their neighbours, even without a reason and even if they are good. Yet, AlaHadrat’s neighbours had nothing but praise for him.
16. Muhammad Shah Khan, known as Haji Muntahan Khan, was a respected land owner and AlaHadrat’s neighbour and he was also older than AlaHadrat. One day, Sayyid Ayyub Ali Shah and Sayyid Qana’at Ali saw that despite his old age and his respectable standing as a landlord, he was sweeping the yard of AlaHadrat’s residence. Sayyid Qana’at Ali could not bear this and rushed to snatch the broom from his hands. Haji Sahib refused to let go and said:
“My son! It is a matter of pride for me to sweep at the residence of my Shaykh [Sayyid Ayyub Ali and Sayyid Qana’at Ali were yet unaware that he was part of the silsila 44 An honourific Arabic title used to honour a person]. I am older than the Shaykh [An honourific Arabic title used to honour a person]. I have seen his childhood, his youth and now I am seeing his old age. At every juncture, I found him to be unique and therefore pledged allegiance on his hand [Pledge of allegiance to join a spiritual order]. Everyone becomes pious in their later years but I have seen AlaHadrat to be exemplary and unique even in his childhood.”
Wa’l Hamdu Lillah. We ask Allah Ta’ala to forgive us and make us pious and righteous for the sake of his beloved ones.
والحد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على سيد الأنبیاء والمرسلین
وعلی آله و صحبه وأهل بيته أجمعین
— — —
Mawlana Muhammad Ahmad Misbahi
(Principal, al-Jami’at al-Ashrafia, Mubarakpur)
Translated by Abu Hanzala [Released by www.aqdas.co.uk]
by Irfan Qadiri
Abul Qaasim Sa’adi (Radi Allahu anhu) mentions in Kitaab ur Ruh, ‘it is proven according to proper narrations that certain fortunate ones will not be questioned in the grave and Munkar and Nakeer will not come to them. This is either due to the personal excellence of that personality, or due to the difficulty he faced at the time of death, or because of the Blessed Era.’
1. A person asked Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) , ‘Why is it that with the exception of a Shaheed, every Momin (believer) will be put through a test in his grave?’ He (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘The flash of the sword is for him, instead of the torment of the grave.’
2. Hazrat Abu Ayub (Radi Allahu anhu) reported that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘One who fought against the enemy with patience until such time that he is victorious or martyred, (he) will not face the torment of the grave.’
3. Hazrat Salman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) reported that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) would say, ‘One who remained set at the boundary (of the enemy lines) for a day and night, for the sake of Jihad (then this action of his) is more valuable than one month’s Namaaz and fasting. If he dies in this way, then his deeds will be continued and his sustenance as well and he will be spared from the Munkar (and Nakeer).’
4. Hazrat Fudhala ibn Ubaid (Radi Allahu anhu) reported that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘The deeds of every person comes to an end, except for those of a person who is in preparation for Jihad in the way of Allah. This action of his will continue growing until Qiyaamat and he will be protected from the difficulty of the grave. Imam Abu Dawud added, ‘He will be spared from Munkar and Nakeer as well’.’ It is in the narration of Ibn Majah from Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu anhu), ‘he will also be protected from the anxiety on the day of Qiyaamat.’ Ahmed, Tabrani, Baz’zaz and Ibn Asaakir etc. have reported the same thing with their own chains of transmission. Read the rest of this entry »
It is said that Sayyiduna Omar bin Abdul Aziz (radi Allahu anhu) asked Sayyiduna Khidr (alaihis salaam) to give him some advise when they both found themselves in Medina Shareef, Sayyiduna Khidr (alaihis assalaam) replied, “O Omar! Save yourself from this state, wherein, outwardly you are the friend of Allah, yet, inwardly you are His enemy. Those whose inner self is not in concordance with their outer self are hypocrites and for them will be extreme punishment”.
Sayyiduna Abdul Wahid bin Yaazid (radi Allahu anhu) has expressed, “Sayyiduna Hasan Basri (radi Allahu anhu) has reached a lofty position in Tassawaf simply because whenever he advised any person to perform any action he firstly did so himself. Whenever he prohibited a person, he always firstly refrained himself. I have therefore, never seen a person whose inner self is precisely as his outer self”.
Sayyiduna Mu’awwiya bin Qurra (radi Allahu anhu) has stated, “Whenever I heard a person being praised, I had always found him less then his tribute, except for Sayyiduna Wakee’ah (radi Allahu anhu). I have always found him to be even more superior then his acclaim”.
Sayyiduna Abdullah Antaaki (radi Allahu anhu) states, “To refrain from internal sins is the most superior of acts”. When he was asked the reasons, he replied, “Simply because he who refrains from internal sins will have a better chance of refraining from external sins. Therefore, he whose internal self is better then his external self, this indeed is the Mercy of Allah. While he whose both selves are equal, this indeed is equality. He on the other hand he whose external self is better then his internal self, he indeed is an oppressor”.
It is because of this that the great Sufis hide their worship. They state that Read the rest of this entry »
The Charlie hebdo attack happen a month ago, Killing of some cartoonist in the name of Islam. Charlie hebdo has a history of humiliating famous personalities in the name of freedom of speech. I wont comment on whats right and whats wrong, But after the Charlie hebdo attack :
The paid electronic media started presenting Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in a way that is not his way, Which resulted in defaming Prophet’s honour and because of this the world started questioning Muslims about Who Is Muhammad (peace be upon him). To answer this question and to let everyone know what’s the real character and preaching of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) Muslims took on twitter.
The response was phenomenal and the stats are as follows :
View original post 433 more words
Among the ethics and manners of the famous Sufis, sincerity held a mighty and lofty position. Every action of theirs portrayed absolute sincerity. The thought of insincerity never crossed their minds. They clearly understood that action could only be considered noble, if it contained sincerity. Their aim was not to become famously known as Sufis, neither did they consider worldly respect as the all important factor. Their aim was merely to achieve the Pleasure of Allah. The world in front of them held no real value. They understood that if a person spent day and night in the Ibaadat of Allah, yet, he was devoid of sincerity, he would achieve nothing from his worship.
It is recorded that when the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wa sallam) sent Sayyiduna Ma’az (radi Allahu anhu) to Yemen, he advised him, “O Ma’az create sincerity in your belief. In this way (even if you perform little deeds) it will be enough for you”.
The incident of Sayyiduna Ali (radi Allahu anhu), clearly portrays the importance of sincerity. Once while he was in battle, he had captured an enemy and was about to kill him when the enemy spat on his blessed face. Sayyiduna Ali (radi Allahu anhu) immediately released him. When he was asked the reason, he replied, “I chose the sword strictly for the Pleasure of Allah. I have been delegated to see that His commands are obeyed. I do not obey my Nafs (carnal desires). I am the Lion of Allah, I am not the lion of my desires. When you spat on me, my desire immediately entered this battle and sincerity began to depart. It is because of this that I have spared you, for my action was not based on sincerity”. When the enemy heard this amazing reply, he instantly repented and became a Muslim.
Sayyiduna Wahab Mambeh (radi Allahu anhu) states, “He who desires the world with the actions of the Hereafter, Allah will indeed alter his heart. His name will then be included among those who are to enter Hell”.
It is recorded that certain Sufis actually re-performed 30 years of Salaah, simply because they felt that they had not shown enough sincerity. Read the rest of this entry »