Ashiq-E-Rasool Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam

 

Owaise radi allahu anhu of Qarni.

Owaise radi allahu anhu of Qarni.

About Sohail Yemeni, the prophet salla allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam says that he is superior to his followers due to his kindness and favor. When there is praise by the prophet salla allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam then what else can I describe about him. Sometimes the prophet salla allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam used to turn his face towards Yemen and said, “I feel the breeze of love from Read the rest of this entry »

STATEMENTS OF DISTINGUISHED PERSONALITIES CONCERNING DUROOD SHAREEF

Madina Shareef

Madina Shareef

ALLAH – Beginning with the name of – The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful 

1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddique (radi Allahu anhu) said, “The reading of the Durood Shareef obliterates sins as water obliterates fire. To read the Salaam for the Pleasure of Almighty Allah is more lofty than freeing a slave. To love Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is superior than waging Jihad or facing Shahadah in Jihad”. (Al Qolul Badi)

2. Sayyidah Ayesha Siddiqa (radi Allahu anha) has said, “The beauty of any gathering is to read the Durood Shareef. Therefore, beautify your gatherings. Durood Shareef is also a path to Jannah”. (Sadaatud Daarain)

3. Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Ma’sood (radi Allahu anhu) is once reported to have advised Sayyiduna Zaid bin Wahab (radi Allah anhu) that, “When the Day of Jummah arrives do not refrain from reading a thousand Durood Shareefs”. (Sadaatud Daarain)

4. Sayyiduna Huzaifah (radi Allahu anhu) said, “The reading of Durood Shareef bestows upon the reciter, his children and their children the spirit of Faith (Imaan)”. (Sadaatud Daarain)

5. Sayyiduna Umar bin Abdul Aziz (alaihir rahmah) is reported to have commanded the Muslims to impart Islamic Knowledge and increase the reading of the Durood Shareef on the day of Jummah. (Al Qolul Badi)

6. Sayyiduna Imam Jafer Saadiq (alaihir rahmah) has stated, “On Thursday at the time of Asar, Almighty Allah orders the Malaa’ikah of the Heavens to descend. They possess pens of GOLD and pages of silver. They remain on the earth till the sunset of Friday and record the names of all those who have read the Durood Shareef”. (Al Qolul Badi)

7. Sayyiduna Imam Shaafi’e (alaihir rahmah) has stated, “I consider the reading of the Durood Shareef in abundance at all times as an exalted action”. (Sadaatud Daarain)

8. Sayyiduna ibn Numaan (alaihir rahmah), the son of Imam ‘Azam (alaihir rahmah), has stated that, “It is the unanimous verdict of the Learned Ulema that the reading of the Durood Shareef is the most supreme deed among all deeds”. (Sadaatud Daarain) Read the rest of this entry »

Excellence of Eidain and Method of Performing the Eid Prayer

I. Hadrat Anas reported that when the Holy Prophet came to Madinah, the people had two days in which they used to entertain and amuse themselves. He asked: “What are these two days?” They said: “We used to amuse ourselves and take pleasure in these two days during the Days of Ignorance (Jahiliyyah). The Messenger of Allah said, “Allah has substituted for you something better than these two; the Eid of Adha  (sacrifice) and the Eid of Fitr . [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Prayer, Vol 1, Page 162]

 

II. Hadrat Abu al-Huwairith reported that the Messenger of Allah wrote to Hadrat ‘Amr Ibn Hazm, when he was in Najran, asking him to observe the prayer early on the Eid of Adha (sacrifice) and late on the Eid of Fitr, and to admonish the people. [Mishkaat – Book on Prayer, Vol 1, Page 127]

 

III. Hadrat Jabir ibn Samurah reported, “I prayed with the Messenger of Allah the two Eid prayers more than once or twice, without an Adhan or Iqamah.” [Sahih Muslim – Book on the two Eid Prayers, Vol 1, Page 290]

 

IV. Hadrat Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah did not go (to the place of prayer) in the morning on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr till he ate some dates, and he used to eat an odd number. [Sahih Bukhari – Book on the two Eid Prayers, Vol 1, Page 130]

 

V. Hadrat Buraidah reported that the Holy Prophet did not go out on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr till he had eaten some food; and that he did not eat any food on the day of Eid-ul-Adha (sacrifice) till he had prayed. [Sunan Tirmidhi – Book on the two Eid Prayers, Vol 1, Page 120]

 

VI. Hadrat Jabir reported that on the day of Eid the Holy Prophet used to return by a different route from the one he had taken when going out. [Sahih Bukhari – Book on the two Eid Prayers, Vol 1, Page 134]

 

NOTES:

 

1. To greet, embrace and shake hands with one another, after the Eidain prayer is an act of reward; and which is also a means of increasing love and affection between Muslims and a way of expressing ones joy and happiness.

2. It is not permissible for females to perform the Eidain prayers, as there shall be mixing between the men and the women in the Eidgah (place where the Eid prayer is performed). This is why it is not permissible for females to go to the Masajid to perform salaah with congregation; whether they go in day or at night; whether for Jum’ah or for Eidain; whether they are old or young. [This has been stated in Tanwir al-Absar and al-Durr al-Mukhtar Page 114]

 

Yes, however, before Zawal women can perform the 2 or 4 rak’ats Chasht (Salatud Duha) prayer at home, after the Eidain prayer has finished. [Bahar-e-Shari’at – Vol. 1, Chapter 4, Page 94]

 

3. If only the women have their own congregation for salaah, then this is also not permissible, as the congregation held by women between themselves (to perform salaah) is not allowed, in fact it is strictly disliked (Makruh-e-Tehrimi). [This has been stated in Fatawa-e-’Alamgiri Vol. 1 Page 80, also in al-Durr al-Mukhtar Page 77]

 

4. Even if women pray the Eidain prayer on their own, then this is also not permissible as it is a condition to establish the Eidain prayer that it is performed with a congregation. Yes! Women should pray the nafl (supererogatory) salaah on that day; at home, on their own. Insha’Allah they shall receive the blessings and rewards of that day. Read the rest of this entry »

Sadaqat al-Fitr | Important Notes Regarding It

ramadan-mubarakI. Hadrat ibn ‘Umar radi allahu anhu said, “The Prophet Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam made incumbent on every male or female, free man or slave, young or old, the payment of one Sa’ of dates or barley as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr. The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam commanded that this sadaqah be paid before one goes to perform the Eid prayer.” [Sahih Bukhari – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 204]

II. Hadrat Hasan radi allahu anhu said: Hadrat Ibn Abbas radi allahu anhu preached the people towards the end of Ramadan, standing on the pulpit (in the mosque) of al-Basrah. He said: “Bring forth the sadaqah relating to your fast.” The people, as it were, could not understand. “Which of the people of Medina are present here? Stand for your brethren, and teach them, for they do not know” said Hadrat ibn ‘Abbas radi allahu anhu. He further added: “The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam prescribed this sadaqah as one sa’ of dried dates or barley, or half a sa’ of wheat payable by every freeman or slave, male or female, young or old.” When Hadrat Ali radi allahu anhu came (to Basrah), he found that the price had come down. He said: “Allah has given prosperity to you, so give one sa’ of everything (as sadaqah).” [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, page 229]

III. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn Tha’laba or Tha’laba ibn ‘Abdullah radi allahu anhu (narrator cannot recall exactly what the name was) ibn Abu Saghir radi allahu anhu, who narrates from his father that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said, “One sa’ of wheat is enough from every two; young or old; freeman or slave; male or female. Those of you who are rich will be purified by Allah, and those of you who are poor will have more than they gave returned by Him to them.” [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 228]

IV. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas radi allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam prescribed Sadqatul Fitr, so that the fasts (kept throughout the month of Ramadan) may be purified from any falsehood, wrongdoing or evil talk, and (at the same time) it shall assist to feed the poor and the needy. [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 227]

V. Hadrat ‘Amr ibn Shu’aib radi allahu anhu reports from his father, who reports from his grandfather that the Holy Prophet Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam sent a person that he calls out loud in the streets of Makkah al-Mukarramah that Sadaqat ul Fitr is Wajib (necessary) upon every Muslim male or female; freeman or a slave; young or old. [Sunan Tirmidhi – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 146] Read the rest of this entry »

Is there Zakaat on gold or silver

Question: What is the ruling of the Ulama-e-Ahle Sunnat wa Jamaat in the following cases:

(a) Is there Zakaat on gold or silver jewellery that is for daily use or that which has been kept away?
(b) Does the Nisaab of the Zakaat for jewellery remain as per the price of jewellery when it was purchased or does this fluctuate as per the market value of the jewellery and thus will it be calculated as per the price at the time of calculation for payment (of zakaat)?
(c) What is the ruling regarding that money which is invested in business, such as money that has been used to purchase material (cloth) or for rentable things etc? How does one give zakaat on this?
(d) What is the Zakaat that needs to be paid per one hundred?
(e) Can one give the money of Zakaat to a Kaafir, mushrik, wahabi, raafdhi (shia) or qadiani etc?
(f) Who is it best to first give one’s zakaat to? If one’s brother’s sisters or parents are not zakaatable, can they be given zakaat or not?
(g) That person who has fifty six rupees is Zakaatable (This was during that era). Now what should he give in Zakaat?
(h) Upon who is Qurbani necessary and is it waajib or fard?
(i) Nowadays in India, some Muslims stop us from making Qurbani of cows, as they wish to please the mushriks and they say that we should make Qurbani of goats. Now, what should we make qurbani of?

The Answer:

(a) There is full zakaat on the jewellery, whether it is worn at all times, or it is not worn at all. والله تعالى اعلم
(b) If gold is given in place of gold and silver for silver, then there is no need to pay the market related price. In doing so, one must give one fortieth of the weight of the said jewellery. However, if one wishes to give silver in payment of gold and gold in payment of silver, then the market related value will be used. The market related value at the time of making or purchasing the jewellery and the current market value will not be taken into account if it is before or after the year had come to an end, but the value taken into account will be after one complete year according to the Arabic month and date that he became zakaatable. The payment of zakaat will be according to the value at that particular time. والله تعالى اعلم

(c) At the end of the year, the market related value of the goods for business, will be used to pay the zakaat on it, which is one fortieth (2 ½ %) of its market related value. والله تعالى اعلم

(d) The easiest way, is to pay two and a half rupees on every one hundred rupees (Translators Note: Use the currency of your country, eg. R2.50 on every R100 in South Africa) والله تعالى اعلم

(e) It is haraam to give them Zakaat and if one does give them Zakaat, the zakaat will not be discharged. والله تعالى اعلم Read the rest of this entry »

Sighting of the Crescent

moon

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ibn-e-‘Umar Radi Allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam has said,

لا تصوموا حتى تروا الهلال ، ولا تفطروا حتى تروه ، فإن غم عليكم فاقدروا له

“Do not commence fasting (Ramadan) till you see the new moon, and do not cease fasting (perform Eid) till you see it. But if the weather is cloudy, or there is a smog in the sky (which prevents sighting of the moon), then complete 30 days of the month.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 256]

In another narration, the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam said,

الشهر تسع وعشرون ليلة ، فلا تصوموا حتى تروه ، فإن غم عليكم فأكملوا العدة ثلاثين

“The month sometimes is of twenty-nine days, but do not fast till you see the moon. But if the weather is cloudy or there is a smog, then complete thirty days of the month.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 256]

Hadrat Shaykh ‘Abd al-Haq Muhaddith-e-Dehwli Radi Allahu anhu states:

According to the Islamic Law (Shari’ah), what the astrologers say or inform is not accepted and is unreliable. Neither the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam, his companions, their followers, nor the pious predecessors followed their utterances, and nor did they act upon them. [Ashi’ah al-Lam’at]

Hadrat Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam has said,

صوموا لرؤيته وأفطروا لرؤيته فإن غم عليكم فأكملوا العدة شعبان ثلاثين

“Commence the fast when you see it (the moon) and cease fasting (perform Eid) when you see it. But if the weather is cloudy, complete thirty days of Sha’ban.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 256]

Hadrat Ibn ‘Abbas Radi Allahu anhu reported that

جاء أعرابي إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال إني رأيت الهلال يعني هلال رمضان، فقال أتشهد أن لا إله إلا الله؟ قال نعم، قال أتشهد أن محمدا رسول الله؟ قال نعم، قال يا بلال، أذن في الناس أن يصوموا غدا

A desert Arab came to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam and said, “I have seen the new moon i.e. the new moon of Ramadhan.” He asked, “do you testify that there is no god but Allah?” he said: yes. He then asked: do you testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah? Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam” He said, “Yes.” So, the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam said, “O Bilal, announce to the people that they must fast tomorrow.” [Sunan Abi Dawud, Vol 1, Page 320 and Tirmidhi, Vol 1, Page 148]

Hadrat Shaykh ‘Abd al-Haq Muhaddith-e-Dehlwi Radi Allahu anhu states:

It has been proven from the Hadith that a person who is mastur-ul-Hal i.e. whose being a fasiq is not apparent, then his report or testimony is accepted for the beginning of the month of Ramadan. Stating the words of “shahadah” (bearing witness) is not a condition. [Ashi’ah al-Lam’at] Read the rest of this entry »

Important Points on Zakaah

1. Zakaah is Fard upon all Muslim adults, who are free from debts and who have possessed wealth for full 12 months. This wealth must be equal to the Nisaab as described in the post Zakaah is obligatory upon a person if
2. The rate of Zakaah is 2.5 percent on wealth (money, gold or silver).
3. It is Fard to make the Niyyah when giving Zakaah.
4. Zakaah is actually a “religious tax” that is paid by the rich people to the poor.
5. By us paying Zakaah, we are actually cleaning our money.
6. Zakaah also teaches us to be honest in our earnings and business dealings.
7. Zakaah must not be seen as a burden or punishment, but as a form of Ibaadah.
8. Muslims can also help the poor through giving Sadaqa.
9. By giving Zakaah and Sadqa, wealth is being divided among all the Muslims.

10. Zakaah became Fard during 2 A.H.

Whom can Zakaah be given to?

Zakaah can be given to:

1. The poor and needy.
2. A person in serious debt.
3. A traveller who has run short on cash.
4. Students who are not able to pay for their education.
5. Muslims only.

Whom can Zakaah not be given to?

Zakaah cannot be given to:

1. Parents and grandparents.
2. Sons, daughters and their children.
3. A persons wife or husband.
4. Non-Muslims
5. For direct payments of funeral expenses.
6. For the maintenance of the Masjid, its repairs and construction.
7. Persons as salaries or wages.
8. Sayed – descendants of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

Verses from the Holy Quran on Zakaah

Zakaah is one of the five pillars of Islam. It has been mentioned, along with daily Prayers (Salaah), seventy times in the Qur’an. Allah’s Word commanding “… and establlsh regular Salaah and give regular Zakaah” are referred to in many parts of the Qur’an. From this we can conclude that after Salaah, Zakaah is the most important act in Islam.

The following are some verses from the Holy Qur’an and some Ahadith showing the importance and benefits of Zakaah.

1. “The parable of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is that of a grain of corn. It grows seven ears and each ear has hundred grains. Allah increases manifold to whom He pleases.” (al-Baqarah:261)
2. “By no means shall you attain righteousness unless you give (freely) of that which you love; and Allah knows well whatever you give”. (Aal-i-lmran: 92)
3. “And nothing do you spend in the least (in His cause) but He replaces it, for He is the Best of those who grant Sustenance.” (Sabaa: 39)
4. “And let not those who covetously withhold of the gifts, which Allah has given them of His Grace, think that it is good for them. No, it will be worse for them. Soon shall the things, which they covetously withheld, be tied to their necks like a twisted collar, on the Day of Judgment. To Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth. And Allah knows all that you do.” (Aal-i-lmran: 180)
5. “Of their good take alms, so that you might purify and sanctify them �” (Tauba: 103)

Ahadith-e-Mubarakah on Zakaah

1. Sayyiduna Umar Farooq (radi Allahu anhu) narrated that our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that the loss of wealth that one suffers on land or sea is due to not paying Zakaah. (Tibraani)
2. Abu Hurairah (radi Allahu anhu) narrated that our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that three persons would enter the Hell first. One of them, is the person who does not give Allah’s rightful share (Zakaah & Sadaqah) from his wealth. (Ibn-e-Khazema & Habaan)
3. Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah (radi Allahu anhu) narrated that our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that wealth does not decrease when you give Sadaqah; and Allah increases the esteem of the one who forgives other people’s mistakes; and Allah raises the status of the one who practices humbleness for His sake. (Bukhari & Muslim)
4. Sayyiduna Abu Ayyub (radi Allahu anhu) narrated that a man asked the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) about a deed that would take him to Heaven. Our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) replied: Pray to Allah. Do not commit Shirk (do not hold any partners with Him), keep performing Salaah, give Zakaah, and be kind to everyone. (Riyad-us-Saliheen)
5. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Masu’d (radi Allahu anhu) has said that we were commanded to perform Salaah and give Zakaah, and that Salah is not accepted of the person who does not give Zakaah despite eligibility. (Tibraani)
6. Bazzaz narrated from Sayyiduna Alqamah (radi Allahu anhu) reporting that our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has said that the completion of one’s Islam is dependent upon giving away Zakaah from one’s wealth.

It is stated in the Hadith that by giving Zakaah the following benefits are derived:

1. Gain the pleasure of Allah,
2. Increase in wealth and protection from losses,
3. Allah’s forgiveness and blessings,
4. Protection from the wrath of Allah and from a bad death,
5. A shelter on the Day of Judgment,
6. Security from seventy misfortunes.

Just as Salaah is the most important act of worship, which has to be performed bodily, so is Zakaah the main act of worship which has to be performed monetarily. Those who fulfill this duty have been promised abundant reward in this world and Hereafter. Whoever evades Zakaah has been sternly warned in the Qur’an and Hadith of the consequences.

Linguistically, Zakaah has two meanings: purification and growth. Technically, it means to purify one’s possession of wealth by distributing a prescribed amount to the poor, the indigent, the slaves or captives, and the wayfarer.

There are many major benefits of giving Zakaah

1. It reminds Muslims of the fact that whatever wealth they may possess is due to the blessings of Allah and as such it is to be spent according to His Commands.
2. Zakaah functions as a social security for all. Those who have enough money today pay for what they have. If they need money tomorrow they will get what is necessary to help them live decently.
3. The Zakaah payer pays his dues to Allah as an act of worship, a tof submission and an acknowledgment of gratitude. The receiver of Zakaah receives it as a grant from Allah out of His bounty, a favour for which he is thankful to Allah.
4. Economically, Zakaah is the best check against hoarding. Those who do not invest their wealth but prefer to save or hoard it would see their wealth dwindling year after year at the rate of the payable Zakaah. This helps increase production and stimulates supply because it is a redistribution of income that enhances the demand by putting more real purchasing power in the hands of poor.

Zakaah is obligatory upon a person if

1. He or she is an adult, sane, free and Muslim.
2. He/she must possess wealth in excess of specified minimum (Nisaab) excluding his or her personal needs (clothing, household furniture, utensils, cars etc. are termed article of personal needs).
3. It should be possessed for a complete lunar year.
4. It should be of productive nature from which one can derive profit or benefit such as merchandise for business, gold, silver, livestock etc.

The amount of wealth, which makes one liable for Zakaah, is called Nisaab. The Nisaab as fixed by Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is as follows:

1. Gold: 87.48 (grams) or 7.5 Tolas
2. Silver: 612.36 (grams) or 52.5 Tolas
3. Nisaab of cash, stock or bonds, other cash assets is the equivalent amount of Gold or Silver.
4. Nisaab is calculated by adding up the cash value of all the assets such as gold, silver, currency, etc. and if it is equal to or in excess of the minimum Nisaab as specified in the above table, the Zakaah is due at the rate of 2.5%.
5. The payment of Zakast is compulsory on the excess wealth or effects which is equal to or exceeds the value of Nisaab, and which is possessed for a full Islamic year. If such wealth decreases during the course of the year and increases again to the value of Nisaab before the end of the year, the Zakaah then must be calculated on the full amount that is possessed at the end of the year.

TYPES OF WEALTH ON WHICH ZAKAAH ARE IMPOSED

1. Gold and silver, in any form
2. Cash, bank notes, stocks, bonds etc.
3. Merchandise for business, equal to the value of Nisaab
4. Livestock
5. On income derived from rental business

CALCULATION OF ZAKAAH

1. To calculate Zakaah on jewelry, etc. one must first determine the gold or silver content and then calculate the Zakaah according to current market price.
2. If the Gold possessed is less than 87.48 grams or if silver possessed is less then 612.36 grams, but the value of both combined is equal to or exceeds the Nisaab of either Gold or Silver, the Zakaah will be due.
3. In the event of an article not being of pure gold or pure silver, but containing a mixture of other metals and the gold or silver content is more than the other metal, it will be regarded as gold or silver and Zakaah will be due. But in the case where other metal/s is of greater quantity than either gold or silver, Zakaah will not be due on this article.
4. For stocks (shares held in a company), Zakaah is calculated based upon the current market value. As machinery, land, fixtures and fittings, furniture, buildings etc. are exempt from Zakaah, one is allowed to subtract these from the total asset. This could be obtained from annual reports. For example, if one has shares worth R1000 and machinery, land etc., are worth 5% of the total asset, then deduct R50 for these assets, afterwards deduct the liabilities of the company proportionately to the percentage of shares held. Zakaah must be calculated on the balance.

DISTRIBUTION OF ZAKAAH

1. Zakaah should be given as soon as possible after it becomes due.
2. All of the Zakaah can be given to one person or to several persons.
3. A poor man cannot be paid for his work from Zakaah nor can Zakaah be given in payment of services, except to the people appointed by the Islamic government to collect Zakaah.
4. Zakaah will only be valid if the recipient is made the owner of that amount. If, for example, a few needy persons are fed a meal from Zakaah money, then Zakaah will not be fulfilled as they were not made owners of the food.
5. Zakaah cannot be given for the construction of Masjid, Madrasah, Hospital, a well, a bridge or any other public amenity.
6. Zakaah can be paid in kind from the same merchandise on which it is due, or alternatively, it could be paid in cash.

TYPES OF WEALTH ON WHICH ZAKAAH ARE NOT IMPOSED

1. On any metals other than gold or silver.
2. Fixtures and fittings of a shop, car, trucks or any delivery vehicle etc., which is used in running business.
3. Diamonds, pearls, other precious or semi-precious stones, which are for personal use.
4. There is no Zakaah on personal residence, household furniture, pots and pan, personal clothing, whether they are in use or not.
5. There is no Zakaah on a person whose liabilities exceeds or equals his assets. Some Mortgage in this country is not to be counted as personal liability for the Zakaah purpose.

Suhoor (Sehri)

1. Verily, Allah and His angels send mercy upon those who eat Suhoor. (Tabraani)
2. Eat Suhoor because in Suhoor lies Barakah. (Mishkaat)

Days of Ramadaan

1. Ther fishes in the sea seek forgiveness for those fasting until they break their fast. Allah decorates His Jannah every day and then says, “The time is near when My pious servants shall cast aside the great trials and come to me.” (Ahmad)
2. During each day and night of Ramadaan, Allah sets free great number of souls from Hell. And for every Muslim, during each day and night, at least one Du�a is certainly accepted. (Bazzaaz)

Sawm (Fasting)

1. Sawm (Fasting) is a shield, as long as he (the fasting person) does not tear it up. (Nisaai)
Note: Fasting is a protection from Shaytaan or from Allah’s punishment in the Hereafter. One who indulges in sins whilst fasting such as lies, backbiting, etc., they become the cause of the fast becoming wasted.
2. All good deeds are for the one who renders them, but Fasting is exclusively for me (Allah). (Bukhari)
3. Fasting is a shield and a powerful fortress. (Ahmad, Bayhaqi)
4. I swear by that Being in Whose possession is the life of Muhammad! The odour of the mouth of a fasting person is sweeter to Allah than the fragrance of musk. (Bukhari)
5. Fasting is exclusively for Allah(Azzawajal), the reward of it (being limitless) no one knows besides Allah. (Tabraani)

Iftaar

1. Whosoever gives something to a fasting person in order to break the fast, for him there shall be forgiveness for his sins and emancipation from the Fire of Jahannam; and for him (the one who gives) shall be the same reward as for him (whom he fed), without that person�s (the one who was fed) reward being diminished in the least. (Ibne Khuzayrnah, Bayhaqi)
2. Whoever gave a person, who fasted, water to drink, Allah shall give him a drink from my Fountain where after he shall never again feel thirsty until he enters Jannah. (Ibne Khuzaymah)
3. The fasting person experiences two (occasions) of delight: at the time of Iftaar and at the time he will meet his Rabb. (Bukhari)
4. Not a single prayer made by a fasting person at the time of breaking fast is rejected. (lbne Maajah)

Nights of Ramadaan

1. Whoever stands in prayer and worship in (the nights of) Ramadaan, with lmaan and with sincere hope of gaining reward, his previous sins are forgiven. (Bukhari, Muslim)
2. Allah Ta�ala has ordained Fasting in Ramadaan compulsory, I have decreed (by the Command of Allah) wakefulness at night (that is Taraweeh, etc.) Sunnah. Whoever in the state of Imaan and with the hope of gaining reward fasts in Ramadaan and stays awake at night (Taraweeh), emerges from sin, purified as the day when his mother gave birth to him. (Nisaai)
3. For every Salaat performed during the nights of Ramadaan (that is Taraweeh, etc.) Allah Ta�ala records one and a half thousand goods deeds for every Sajdah (prostration). (Bayhaqi)

I’tikaaf

1. It is related by Abu Hurayrah (radi Allahu anhu) Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) observed I’tikaaf for ten days every year in the month of Ramadaan. In the year he passed away, he observed it for twenty days. (Bukhari)
2. Those who observe (I ‘tikaaf) are prevented from all sins and they obtain reward as if they are rendering all good deeds. (Mishkaat)
3. He who observes the ten days of I’tikaaf during Ramadaan will obtain the reward of two Hajj and two Umrah. (Bayhaqi)

Last Night of Ramadaan

Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “On the last night of Ramadaan, the fasting Muslims are forgiven”. The Sahabah (radi Allahu anhum) inquired: “O Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), is that the Night of Power?” Nabi (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) replied, “No! But it is only right that a servant should be given his reward having completed his duty.” (Ahmad)

NOTE:

Muslim must scan the skies for the sighting of the moon for Ramadaan and for Eid and convey the Shari� method of Shahaadat to the Ulama.

FASTING MERITS, RULES AND SUPPLICATIONMERITS

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala says: “O believers! Fastings have been made obligatory upon you as were made before you, so that you may become pious.” (2:183) Thus the fastings were obligatory on Muslims and it became the third pillar of Islam. Regarding merits of fastings there are so many Hadiths have been narrated, some of them are being referred below:

Sayyiduna Abu Huraira (radi Allahu anhu) said that our Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that he who keeps fast with belief and hope of getting blessings then his forthcoming sins will be forgiven and he who believes and prays in the nights of Ramadaan with the intention of getting blessings then his forthcoming sins will be forgiven and he who believes and prays with the intention of getting blessings in the night of Qadr, his forthcoming sins will be forgiven. (Bukhari & Muslim)

Sayyiduna Suhail bin Sa’ad (radi Allahu anhu) said that our Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that in Heaven there is a door which is called “RAYAN”. On the Day of Judgment (Qiyamah) only the people who observed fastings will enter into Heaven through this door. Nobody other than those mentioned will enter. A call will be made, where are those who used to keep fasts? Then the people of fasting will stand up and enter into Heaven and then the door would be closed and none could be able to enter through this. (Muslim)

Sayyiduna Abu Huraira (radi Allahu anhu) said that I have heard our Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) saying that Allah says: All the deeds other than fasts are for the men himself but fastings is for Me and I only will give reward for that. I swear by Who has Power on my Soul that the smell from the mouth of a fasting person is better than the smell of “Musk” scent. (Muslim)

The Position of Saum

Almighty Allah states in the Holy Quran: “O You who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, so that you may learn self-restraint.” (2:183)

1. Fasting in the Month of Ramadaan is Fard upon every Muslim male and female, who are Muqeems and are physically fit.
2. Fasting not only means to stay away from all food and drink, but also from all sinful activities from dawn till sunset.
3. It is necessary to make the Niyyah of Fasting before Fasting. The Niyyah can be said with words or made in one’s heart.
4. If a person forgets to make the Niyyah at the time of keeping Fast, then he or she should make the Niyyah before Zawaal.
5. It is also a great Sunnah to make the Sehri in the morning.

Types of Fast

1. FARD – This is to Fast in the Month of Ramadaan.

2. WAAJIB – To keep Fast for the fulfilment of a vow or oath.
3. SUNNAH – To keep Fast during the 9th and 10th of Muharram, the 9th of Zil-Hajj, and the 13th, 14th and 15th of every Islamic month.
4. MUSTAHAB – To fast during any 6 days of Shawaal, the 15th of Shabaan, and to fast every Monday and Thursday.
5. MAKROOH – For a wife to keep Nafil Fast without the permission of her husband.
6. HARAAM – To keep Fast during both the Eids, and the 11th, 12th and 13th of Zil-Hajj.

Persons Excused from Fasting

1. A Traveller
2. A very sick person.
3. A pregnant woman.
4. A women who is breast-feeding her child.
5. Women who have their monthly sickness or who have just given birth.

Sunnah acts during fasting and in the Month of Ramadaan

1. To partake of Sehri before the Subha Saadiq (break of dawn).
2. To make Sehri at the last part of the Subha Saadiq.
3. To break Fast immediately after sunset.
4. To perform Taraweeh Salaah at night.
5. To increase the recitation of the Holy Quran.
6. To observe I’tikaaf (Seclusion) during the last 10 days of Ramadaan.

Makrooh acts during Fasting

1. To chew gum, rubber, plastic or other substances.
2. To taste food. If a woman fears that her husband will not be satisfied with her cooking, then she may taste the food making sure that nothing goes down her throat.
3. To collect saliva in one’s mouth with the intention of swallowing a mouthful so that one is able to quench one’s thirst.
4. To delay Fard Ghusal till after Sehri without any excuse.
5. To complain of hunger and thirst.
6. To use bad languages, fight, tell lies, and do all sorts of bad things. These are also very sinful acts even when a person is not Fasting.

Qaza Saum

Fasting breaks if a person has done one or more of the following acts. The person will have to keep the Fast again as a “Qaza Fast”. What are the acts that break the fast?
1. To let water down the throat while fasting.
2. To vomit intentionally.
3. To eat or drink in error and to continue to eat or drink when one realizes that one is fasting.
4. To prolong the Sehri after the Subha Saadiq.
5. To open Fast before the actual time of Iftaar.
6. To put oil (or any liquid), which reaches the stomach, in the ear or nostril.

Kaffarah

If a person deliberately or intentionally breaks his or her Fast by eating or drinking, then he or she must observe Kaffarah. This means that he or she must pay penalty for the fast that has been broken. How can this be done?
1. One has to fast continuously for 60 days.
2. One can feed 60 people two proper meals.
3. One can feed one poor person 2 proper meals per day for 60 days.
4. One can give the poor 1 kg and 700 g of wheat or its value in cash or kind per person to 60 poor people.

Eid Milad Un Nabi Mubarak 2016 1438 hijri

Eid Milad Un Nabi Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam Dec 2015, 1437 hijri

AlaHadrat Alaihir raHmah and His Taqwa

AlaHazrat gumbad

AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida radi allahu anhu’s entire life was adorned with meticulous following of the Shari’ah and Sunnah of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and his taqwa had reached an elevated level. I shall present some incidents from his life that show that he not only had taqwa but had also attained the rank of wara’a [Abandoning a part of the permissible for fear of falling into the impermissible]. In accordance to the verse, No men can be its guardians except the pious, he was a perfect muttaqi [Pious and Godfearing] and a gnostic.

1. The last Ramadan in his life was in 1339 AH. The weather in Bareilly was very hot and he was weak and ill, as these were his final years. The Shari’ah exempts an old man [Al-Shaykh al-Fanī: an old man who cannot fast now, and cannot hope to expiate in the future either] from fasting and expiate by charity instead and for the ailing, they are allowed to expiate when they are healthy again [To fulfil an obligation at a later time]. Despite these dispensations, AlaHadrat’s taqwa demanded otherwise. This was not his fatwa but his taqwa. He said:

The hot weather in Bareilly will not allow me to fast but the weather in mountainous regions is cooler. Nainital is not far from here and I can fast in the mountains of Bhowali [83 miles north of Bareilly]. And I am able to go there; hence, it is obligatory for me to do so.

 

He spent the whole of Ramadan there and fasted the whole of Ramadan.

2. He passed away on the 25th Safar 1340 AH. He was ill for months and in the last months, he could not even walk. The Shari’ah permits that in such conditions, one can pray at home but AlaHadrat would pray in the congregation. Four men would carry him on a chair to the masjid and he continued to participate thus as long as he was physically able to do so. Read the rest of this entry »

Those who are exempted from Questioning in the Grave – Sharhus Sudoor

flowers background rays wallpaper   Abul Qaasim Sa’adi (Radi Allahu anhu) mentions in Kitaab ur Ruh, ‘it is proven according to proper narrations that certain fortunate ones will not be questioned in the grave and Munkar and Nakeer will not come to them. This is either due to the personal excellence of that personality, or due to the difficulty he faced at the time of death, or because of the Blessed Era.’

Ahadith-e-Mubaaraka

1. A person asked Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) , ‘Why is it that with the exception of a Shaheed, every Momin (believer) will be put through a test in his grave?’ He (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘The flash of the sword is for him, instead of the torment of the grave.’

2. Hazrat Abu Ayub (Radi Allahu anhu) reported that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘One who fought against the enemy with patience until such time that he is victorious or martyred, (he) will not face the torment of the grave.’

3. Hazrat Salman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) reported that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) would say, ‘One who remained set at the boundary (of the enemy lines) for a day and night, for the sake of Jihad (then this action of his) is more valuable than one month’s Namaaz and fasting. If he dies in this way, then his deeds will be continued and his sustenance as well and he will be spared from the Munkar (and Nakeer).’

4. Hazrat Fudhala ibn Ubaid (Radi Allahu anhu) reported that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘The deeds of every person comes to an end, except for those of a person who is in preparation for Jihad in the way of Allah. This action of his will continue growing until Qiyaamat and he will be protected from the difficulty of the grave. Imam Abu Dawud added, ‘He will be spared from Munkar and Nakeer as well’.’ It is in the narration of Ibn Majah from Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu anhu), ‘he will also be protected from the anxiety on the day of Qiyaamat.’ Ahmed, Tabrani, Baz’zaz and Ibn Asaakir etc. have reported the same thing with their own chains of transmission. Read the rest of this entry »

Statements on Death by the Pious Predecessors – Sharhus Sudoor

Muslim Grave1. Hazrat Abu Dardah (Radi Allahu anhu) reported, ‘(Soon) After (listening to) an eloquent piece of advice (people) quickly become oblivious. Death is sufficient as advice. Time is sufficient to cause separation. Today we are in our homes and tomorrow we shall be in our graves.’

2. Hazrat Raja’ bin Hayaat (Radi Allahu anhu) reported, ‘One who remembers death frequently will forget jealousy and (worldly) pleasures.’

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1. This Hadith Shareef clearly explains that if we have love for our wealth, then our hearts will be attached to it. It is for this reason that the mystics have said, Keep your wealth in your hands and not in your heart.

3. Tabrani reports from Hazrat Tariq Mahaaribi (Radi Allahu anhu) that he said that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) told him, ‘Prepare for death before death comes (to you).’

4. Hazrat Awn bin Abdullah (Radi Allahu anhu) says, ‘One who really knows about death, never includes the next day in his life because many people who are alive in the beginning of the day, do not complete the day. Also many people who expect to see tomorrow, never tend to realise this expectation, and if you had to observe death and its speed, then your expectations (aspirations) and arrogance would fade away.’

5. Hazrat Abu Haazim (Radi Allahu anhu) says, ‘Divorce yourself from that which causes you to look critically at death, so that it may not be the cause of torment for you after your death.’

6.
Hazrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz (Radi Allahu anhu) reported, ‘When death becomes close to a person’s heart, he starts to think of his wealth as being excessive.’

7. Hazrat Raja’ bin Nuh (Radi Allahu anhu) reports that Umar bin Abdul Aziz (Radi Allahu anhu) wrote to his family saying, ‘If you are conscious of (your) death night and day, then every ending thing will seem worthless to you and you will love everything which will remain.’

8. Hazrat Majmi’ Tameemi (Radi Allahu anhu) reported, ‘The remembrance of death is the basis to wealth and contentment.’

9. Samayt (Radi Allahu anhu) reported, ‘One who has made death his ideal (goal), will not care about abundance, or shortage, or worldly things.’

Read the rest of this entry »

ATTRIBUTES OF SUFIS INNER AND OUTER SELF

Sufi Art   Among the attributes of the Sufis were their refrainment from all hypocrisy. In simple terms, their inner selves were in complete concordance with their outer self.

It is said that Sayyiduna Omar bin Abdul Aziz (radi Allahu anhu) asked Sayyiduna Khidr (alaihis salaam) to give him some advise when they both found themselves in Medina Shareef, Sayyiduna Khidr (alaihis assalaam) replied, “O Omar! Save yourself from this state, wherein, outwardly you are the friend of Allah, yet, inwardly you are His enemy. Those whose inner self is not in concordance with their outer self are hypocrites and for them will be extreme punishment”.

Sayyiduna Abdul Wahid bin Yaazid (radi Allahu anhu) has expressed, “Sayyiduna Hasan Basri (radi Allahu anhu) has reached a lofty position in Tassawaf simply because whenever he advised any person to perform any action he firstly did so himself. Whenever he prohibited a person, he always firstly refrained himself. I have therefore, never seen a person whose inner self is precisely as his outer self”.

Sayyiduna Mu’awwiya bin Qurra (radi Allahu anhu) has stated, “Whenever I heard a person being praised, I had always found him less then his tribute, except for Sayyiduna Wakee’ah (radi Allahu anhu). I have always found him to be even more superior then his acclaim”.

Sayyiduna Abdullah Antaaki (radi Allahu anhu) states, “To refrain from internal sins is the most superior of acts”. When he was asked the reasons, he replied, “Simply because he who refrains from internal sins will have a better chance of refraining from external sins. Therefore, he whose internal self is better then his external self, this indeed is the Mercy of Allah. While he whose both selves are equal, this indeed is equality. He on the other hand he whose external self is better then his internal self, he indeed is an oppressor”.

It is because of this that the great Sufis hide their worship. They state that Read the rest of this entry »

#Who Is Muhammad (peace be upon him) and The Role of Media

Thoughtful Muslim

#WHOISMUHAMMAD peace be upon him     The Charlie hebdo attack happen a month ago, Killing of some cartoonist in the name of Islam. Charlie hebdo has a history of humiliating famous personalities in the name of freedom of speech. I wont comment on whats right and whats wrong, But after the Charlie hebdo attack :

The paid electronic media started presenting Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in a way that is not his way, Which resulted in defaming Prophet’s honour and because of this the world started questioning Muslims about Who Is Muhammad (peace be upon him). To answer this question and to let everyone know what’s the real character and preaching of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) Muslims took on twitter. 

The response was phenomenal and the stats are as follows :

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