The Benefits of Salaah

The Holy Quran says: “Establish Salaah to remember Me (Allah).” (20:14)

Before we explain how Salaah should be read, we will list some of the benefits of Salaah to help you gain a better understanding of this very important form of Ibaadah.

1. Salaah with Jamaah increases Muslim Brotherhood.
2. Salaah makes us remember that Almighty Allah Sees and Hears us.
3. Salaah builds love for Almighty Allah and for His special servants, the Ambiya (Prophets) and Awliya (Saints).
4. Salaah destroys the evil within us.
5. Salaah acts like a light and leads us away from darkness and trouble.
6. Salaah teaches us discipline.
7. Salaah builds “Taqwa” or “Piety” in us.
8. Just as food maintains our body, Salaah maintain our Soul (Ruh).

Forbidden Times of Salaah

Almighty Allah says in the Holy Quran: “Salaah at fixed times has been enjoined on the believers.” (4:103) It is forbidden to read any Salaah or to make Sajdah Tilaawah during these 3 times of the day:

1. When the sun is rising.
2. When the sun is at its highest point (Zawaal).
3. When the sun is setting.

It is forbidden to read any Nafil Salaah:

a. after the break of dawn,
b. before sunrise,
c. after the Fard of the Fajar Salaah,
d. after Asar Salaah until sunset, and
e. during the Khutbah of both the Eids and the Jummah Salaah.

The Conditions of Salaah

Before performing the Salaah there are certain conditions that a person must be aware of. It is Fard to follow these conditions :

1. Tahaarah: to make sure that the body and the clothes are clean.
2. Make sure that the place where Salaah is being read is clean.
3. To cover the body properly:-
3.1 For the male it is necessary to cover the body from the navel till below the knees.
3.2 For the female it is necessary to cover the body from the head to the feet, except the face.
3.3 The feet till the ankles and the hands till the wrist must be covered.
4. To face the Qiblah.
5. To make sure that the Salaah is read in the specified times.
6. To make the correct Niyyah for Salaah.
7. To be a Muslim with correct Islamic beliefs.

The Faraa’id (Fard) of Salaah

There are 7 Faraa’id of Salaah:-

1. Takbeer-e-Tahreemah (the first Allah Akbar)
2. Qiyaam (standing)
3. Qiraah
4. Ruku
5. Sajdah
6. Qadah Akheerah
7. To indicate the end of Salaah.

The Waajibaat (Wajib) of Salaah

Waajibs are those actions which are compulsory. In Salaah there are certain Waajib actions that, if when left out, can be corrected through Sajdah Sahw. The Waajibaat of Salaah are:

1. To read Surah Fatiha in every Rakaah.
2. To read one short Surah, or to read one long Ayah or to read 3 short Ayah after the Surah Fatiha in the first 2 Rakaah of the Fard Salaah and in all the Rakaah of other Salaah (non-Fard Salaah).
3. To read the Salaah in the correct sequence.
4. To stand erect after Ruku (Qiyaam) before going for Sajdah.
5. To sit in Jalsa position between the two Sujood (Sajdas).
6. To sit in Qadah ‘Ula after 2 Rakaah when you are reading a 4 or 3 Rakaah Salaah.
7. To read Attahiyaat in Qadah ‘Ula and Qadah Akheerah.
8. To read Salaah without rushing.
9. To read Du’a Qunoot in the Witr Salaah of Isha.
10. The Imaam should read aloud during:
10.1The first 2 Rakaah of the Fard of Fajar, Maghrib and Isha Salaah.
10.2 The two Rakaah of the Jummah and Eid Salaah.
10.3 The Taraweeh and Witr Salaah during the Month of Ramadaan.
11. The Imaam should read silently in:
11.1 All the Rakaah of the Zohar and Asar Salaah.
11.2 The third Rakaah of the Maghrib Salaah.
11.3 The third and fourth Rakaah of the Isha Salaah.
12. To read 6 extra Takbeers in both the Eid Salaah.
13. To end the Salaah with the words of Salaam.
14. Among the Waajibaats of Sajdah, it is compulsory that at least 3 toes must touch the ground facing the Qiblah.

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