NATURAL ACTS OF CLEANLINESS

All natural acts of cleanliness have been termed actions of “Fitrah”, in other words, actions which is the natural acts of a human.

All Ambiya (Prophets) of Almighty Allah (Azzawajal) have commanded the people to follow these actions of cleanliness, which are :

The clipping of the moustache: It is Sunnah to trim the moustache and Makrooh to let it grow over the lips.

The keeping of the beard: It is Sunnah to keep a beard which must be one fist size in length. It is also Makrooh Tahreemi to shave off one’s beard.

The use of Miswaak: It is Sunnah to use a Miswaak to clean one’s mouth. There are many physical and spiritual benefits to be achieved by this.

Cleaning the nose: Since dirt is inhaled every minute, the nostrils gathers dirt. It is necessary to clean the nostrils thoroughly especially while making Wudu. One should pour water into the nostrils with the right hand and clean the inside of the nostril with the little finger and thumb of the left hand.

The trimming of the nails: It is Sunnah to clean and trim the nails. The nails should be trimmed every Friday. One should not bite one’s nails. After trimming the nails, they should be buried and not thrown in a dirt bin because they are part of a Muslim’s body and should be respected. The approved manner of trimming the nails is to start with the Shahaadah finger of the right hand then the remaining fingers excluding the right thumb. Thereafter, one should start with the small finger of the left hand till the Shahaadah finger and lastly trim the nail of the left thumb and then the right thumb.

The washing of the joints: Dirt gathers at the joints of the body. We should regularly clean areas such as the navel, the joints of the feet and hand and in between the toes and fingers.

The removal of hair under the armpits:
One should remove all hair from under the armpits once a week. One should not delay the removal of hair for more than 40 days. The hair that is removed should be buried.

The removal of hair from below the navel: One should remove unwanted hair once a week. This also should not be delayed for more than 40 days.

The hair of the head: Females, young or old, are not allowed to cut their hair. Males are allowed to shave and trim their hair.

Istinja:

1. When entering the toilet, enter with the left foot.
2. When using the toilet, do not face the Qiblah.
3. When washing, use the left hand.
4. Leave the toilet in a clean state by flushing the pan.
5. Do not read or carry any item in the toilet bearing Almighty Allah’s Name.
6. Do not relieve yourself in open public places.
7. Do not urinate while standing.
8. Do not speak in the toilet or spit in the pan.
9. When leaving the toilet, leave with the right foot.
10. Take extreme caution when using the high pan.

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GOOD CONDUCT

1. Islam teaches us to be clean in thought and deed.
2. Every Muslim must greet one another and show respect.
3. You must be kind and respectful to your parents, friends, teachers, neighbours, elders, servants and those smaller than you.
4. You must show respect for visitors.
5. You must help your parents at home, elders on the street and the poor and needy.
6. You must pray for your parents and teachers.
7. You must try to be a good leader and Muslim at all times.
8. You must set a good example to your Muslim brothers and sisters and towards the non-Muslims.
9. Always try to be honest and truthful.
10. You must treat animals kindly.

ADAAB OF DRESSING

1. Males are not permitted to wear clothes made from silk, while females are allowed to wear silk clothes.
2. Females are not permitted to wear very thin and see-through clothes.
3. Males are forbidden to wear very bright coloured clothes, like red and yellow.
4. Males are not permitted to wear their pants below the ankle. Females must cover their ankles.
5. Females should not wear clothes made for males, and males should not wear clothes made for females.
6. It is Haraam for males to show any part of their body from the navel till the knee. This includes the knees.
7. Both should not wear tight clothes.
8. It is Fard for females to cover their whole body from head to toe.
9. It is un-Islamic for females to show their faces to a stranger.
10. It is Haraam for females to even expose themselves to other females and for males to do the same in front of other males.
11. It is Haraam for Muslims to imitate Kuffar in their dress and habits.
12. It is proper for males and females to dress Islamically.

THE ADAAB OF EATING AND DRINKING

1. Make sure that the food or drink is Halaal.
2. Wash your hands properly first and do not forget to read the “Bismillah” before eating or drinking.
3. If you are eating with others, read the “Bismillah” aloud so that others will also remember to read it.
4. Eat or drink with your right hand.
5. Sit and eat or drink and do not do so in a buffet style where everybody stands.
6. Chew your food well and do not eat or drink in a hurry.
7. Do not blow over your food and drink.
8. Do not over-eat. One part of the stomach should be for food, one part for liquids and one for air.
9. Drink water or other permissible drinks in at least three breaks – not all in one gulp.
10. Do not stare at other peoples food or drink.
11. After eating, wash your hands properly.
12. Do not dish out a lot of food at once and waste.

DEATH AND JANAZAH

When a Muslim is in the last stages of his or her life, those present should read Surah Yaseen, Surah Ra’ad and the Kalimah Shahaadah in order to ease the pangs of death for the person. We must also urge, and not force, the person to read the Kalimah. When the person has passed away, the family members should immediately organize Ghusal and Burial affairs. (Ask your Imam/teacher to explain or demonstrate to you how the Ghusal of a Mayyit is performed).

Salaatul Janazah

Salaatul Janazah is actually a Du’a that is made on behalf of the dead person. Salaatul Janazah is Fard upon all Muslims who have knowledge of the Janazah or funeral. While the Imaam reads out the Takbeer aloud, we should repeat them silently.

Fard of Salaatul Janazah

There are 2 Fards in Salaatul Janazah:
1. To stand and perform Salaah (Qiyaam).
2. To read all the 4 Takbeers.
Note: If one does not know what Du’as to read after each Takbeer, one can still join the Janazah Salaah and read the Takbeers softly.

The Manner of making Salaatul Janazah

1. The body of the Mayyit should be placed with its right side facing the Qiblah.
2. The Imaam should stand in line with the chest of the Mayyit when leading the Salaah. This also means that the head of the Mayyit will be to the right of the Imaam.
3. It is also Mustahab to make an odd number of Sufoof (Safs) or rows. However ,if there are a large number of people, then there is no need to follow this rule.
4. After the Safs are straight, everyone should make the Niyyah.
5. After the first Takbeer, everyone should read the Thana.
6. After the second Takbeer, you should read the Durood-e- Ebrahim which is: The same as read in Salaah.
7. After the third Takbeer,
A. FOR AN ADULT: (the prescribed Dua)
B. FOR A BOY: (the prescribed Dua)
C. FOR A GIRL: (the prescribed Dua)
8. After the fourth Takbeer, the Imaam will read the Salaam.
9. You should not raise your hands after each Takbeer but repeat the Takbeers silently.
10. After the Salaatul Janazah, it is recommended that you make a Du’a for the Mayyit.

Late-Comers for the Salaatul Janazah

It is permissable for a person to make Tayyamum if he fears that he will miss the Janazah Salaah. This rule only applies for Janazah and Eid Salaah. If a person is late and joins the congregation after the Imaam has already read a few Takbeers, then he should join the Imaam for the next Takbeer. After the Salaah, he can read the Takbeers he missed by merely saying “Allahu Akbar” softly for every Takbeer he missed. He is not permitted to read any Du’a after the Takbeers.

FESTIVALS OF ISLAM

1. Youmul Aashurah: 10th of Muharram.
2. Laylatul Me’raj: 27th night of Rajab.
3. Laylatul Baraat: 15th night of Shabaan.
4. Laylatul Qadr: 27th night of Ramadaan.
5. Birth of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam): 12th Rabi-ul-Awwal.
6. Urs Shareef of Sultaanul Awliya, Shaikh Sayyid Abdul Qaader Jilaani (radi Allahu anhu): 11th of Rabi-us-Saani and the 11th of every month.
7. Urs Shareef of Mujaddid-e-Deen-o-Millat, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al Qaderi (radi Allahu anhu): 25th Safar
8. Eid-ul-Adha: 10th of Zil Hajj
9. Eid-ul-Fitr: 1st of Shawaal
10. Urs Shareef of the Sahaba Ikraam and the Four Imaams Arba’in (radi Allahu anhumul anjma’in).
11. Urs Shareef of Shaikh Sayed Khawja Mo’inuddeen Chisty Ajmeri (radi Allahu anhu): 6th Rajab

and other dates which your Imam will bring to your attention.

AQEEQAH

1. The word “Aqeeqah” in Arabic means, “the hair on the head of a new born child.”
2. In Islamic Shariah, ( Islamic Law), Aqeeqah means to sacrifice an animal on the seventh day after the birth of a child.
3. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has instructed us to give Azaan in the right ear and Iqaamah in the left ear of a child that is newly born.
4. It is also Mustahab to name the child on the seventh day and to shave the child’s hair.
5. The Aqeeqah for a boy is 2 sheep or goats and for a girl, is one sheep or goat.
6. After the child’s hair has been shaved, silver or its value in money should be given in charity.
7. The meat of the Qurbaani can be eaten by all members of the family, friends and relatives.
8. If one is not able to make Aqeeqah on the 7th day, then one is allowed to make Aqeeqah when one is able to afford it.

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