Important Points on Zakaah

1. Zakaah is Fard upon all Muslim adults, who are free from debts and who have possessed wealth for full 12 months. This wealth must be equal to the Nisaab as described in the post Zakaah is obligatory upon a person if
2. The rate of Zakaah is 2.5 percent on wealth (money, gold or silver).
3. It is Fard to make the Niyyah when giving Zakaah.
4. Zakaah is actually a “religious tax” that is paid by the rich people to the poor.
5. By us paying Zakaah, we are actually cleaning our money.
6. Zakaah also teaches us to be honest in our earnings and business dealings.
7. Zakaah must not be seen as a burden or punishment, but as a form of Ibaadah.
8. Muslims can also help the poor through giving Sadaqa.
9. By giving Zakaah and Sadqa, wealth is being divided among all the Muslims.

10. Zakaah became Fard during 2 A.H.

Whom can Zakaah be given to?

Zakaah can be given to:

1. The poor and needy.
2. A person in serious debt.
3. A traveller who has run short on cash.
4. Students who are not able to pay for their education.
5. Muslims only.

Whom can Zakaah not be given to?

Zakaah cannot be given to:

1. Parents and grandparents.
2. Sons, daughters and their children.
3. A persons wife or husband.
4. Non-Muslims
5. For direct payments of funeral expenses.
6. For the maintenance of the Masjid, its repairs and construction.
7. Persons as salaries or wages.
8. Sayed – descendants of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

Verses from the Holy Quran on Zakaah

Zakaah is one of the five pillars of Islam. It has been mentioned, along with daily Prayers (Salaah), seventy times in the Qur’an. Allah’s Word commanding “… and establlsh regular Salaah and give regular Zakaah” are referred to in many parts of the Qur’an. From this we can conclude that after Salaah, Zakaah is the most important act in Islam.

The following are some verses from the Holy Qur’an and some Ahadith showing the importance and benefits of Zakaah.

1. “The parable of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is that of a grain of corn. It grows seven ears and each ear has hundred grains. Allah increases manifold to whom He pleases.” (al-Baqarah:261)
2. “By no means shall you attain righteousness unless you give (freely) of that which you love; and Allah knows well whatever you give”. (Aal-i-lmran: 92)
3. “And nothing do you spend in the least (in His cause) but He replaces it, for He is the Best of those who grant Sustenance.” (Sabaa: 39)
4. “And let not those who covetously withhold of the gifts, which Allah has given them of His Grace, think that it is good for them. No, it will be worse for them. Soon shall the things, which they covetously withheld, be tied to their necks like a twisted collar, on the Day of Judgment. To Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth. And Allah knows all that you do.” (Aal-i-lmran: 180)
5. “Of their good take alms, so that you might purify and sanctify them �” (Tauba: 103)

Ahadith-e-Mubarakah on Zakaah

1. Sayyiduna Umar Farooq (radi Allahu anhu) narrated that our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that the loss of wealth that one suffers on land or sea is due to not paying Zakaah. (Tibraani)
2. Abu Hurairah (radi Allahu anhu) narrated that our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that three persons would enter the Hell first. One of them, is the person who does not give Allah’s rightful share (Zakaah & Sadaqah) from his wealth. (Ibn-e-Khazema & Habaan)
3. Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah (radi Allahu anhu) narrated that our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that wealth does not decrease when you give Sadaqah; and Allah increases the esteem of the one who forgives other people’s mistakes; and Allah raises the status of the one who practices humbleness for His sake. (Bukhari & Muslim)
4. Sayyiduna Abu Ayyub (radi Allahu anhu) narrated that a man asked the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) about a deed that would take him to Heaven. Our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) replied: Pray to Allah. Do not commit Shirk (do not hold any partners with Him), keep performing Salaah, give Zakaah, and be kind to everyone. (Riyad-us-Saliheen)
5. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Masu’d (radi Allahu anhu) has said that we were commanded to perform Salaah and give Zakaah, and that Salah is not accepted of the person who does not give Zakaah despite eligibility. (Tibraani)
6. Bazzaz narrated from Sayyiduna Alqamah (radi Allahu anhu) reporting that our beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has said that the completion of one’s Islam is dependent upon giving away Zakaah from one’s wealth.

It is stated in the Hadith that by giving Zakaah the following benefits are derived:

1. Gain the pleasure of Allah,
2. Increase in wealth and protection from losses,
3. Allah’s forgiveness and blessings,
4. Protection from the wrath of Allah and from a bad death,
5. A shelter on the Day of Judgment,
6. Security from seventy misfortunes.

Just as Salaah is the most important act of worship, which has to be performed bodily, so is Zakaah the main act of worship which has to be performed monetarily. Those who fulfill this duty have been promised abundant reward in this world and Hereafter. Whoever evades Zakaah has been sternly warned in the Qur’an and Hadith of the consequences.

Linguistically, Zakaah has two meanings: purification and growth. Technically, it means to purify one’s possession of wealth by distributing a prescribed amount to the poor, the indigent, the slaves or captives, and the wayfarer.

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