TRUTHFULNESS

Islam has laid much stress on abstaining from falsehood especially from telling a lie. Almighty Allah says: “O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds). “(9:119)

The Holy Quraan enjoins: “And shun lying speech”. (22:30)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Glorious Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Whoever does not give up false statements (i.e. telling lies), and evil deeds, and speaking bad words to others, Allah is not in need of his (fasting) leaving his food and drink. (Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The worst people in the Sight of Allah  on the Day of Resurrection will the double-faced people who appear to some people with one face and to other people with another face.” (Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Abdullah Bin Mas’ood (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Allah’s Apostle (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Be steadfast as truthfulness leads to virtue and virtue leads to Paradise. And keep away from lie as it leads to evil doing and evil doing leads to Hell.

Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibne-Omar (radi Allahu anhuma) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “When a person tells a lie, his guardian Angels runs away from him to a distance of one mile.”

Sayyiduna Anas (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “If a person abstains from false talks, a house is built for him on the edge of Paradise and if a person gives up fighting, even if he is on a right stand, a house is built for him in the middle of Paradise and if a person cherishes good conduct, a house is built for him in the highest portion of Paradise.” (Tirmidi)

Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Keep away from false talk, as falsehood is against Imaan.” (Ahmad)

Sayyiduna Abdullah (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Holy Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on telling the truth until he becomes a truthful person. Falsehood leads to wickedness and evil doing, and wickedness leads to the Hell Fire, and a man may keep on telling lies till he is written before Allah, a liar. (Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Apostle of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: The signs of a hypocrite are three: Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie, and whenever he promises, he breaks his promise; and whenever he is entrusted, he betrays (proves to be dishonest). (Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Samara bin Jundub (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Allah’s Apostle (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: I saw (in a dream), two men came to me. They said, The person, the one whose cheek you saw being torn away (from the mouth to the ear) was a liar and used to tell lies and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread all over the world. So he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection. (Bukhari)

FORBIDDANCE OF PRIDE

Pride is the offspring of self-conceit, and this is the very negation of faith. Pride and faith cannot go together. Imaan inculcates in man the spirit of humility and submission to Truth. Pride is the expression of vanity, which is one of the greatest hurdles in the path of truth. The self-conceited man accepts nothing, which does not satisfy his vanity, and, therefore, he cannot be a true believer. He is a worshipper of his “own self”.

The Holy Quraan has mentioned at numerous places that it is vanity and self-conceit which stand in the way of man in accepting the Truth, e.g. it was out of pride that Iblees refused to obey the command of Almighty Allah. (2:34)

The Holy Quraan says: Is it then that whenever there came to you a Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) with what your souls desired not, you were arrogant? And some of you belied and some of you slew. (2:87)

Almighty Allah observes: Those who belie Our signs and turn away from them in arrogance, the doors of Heaven will not be opened for them, nor will they enter the Garden, until the camel pass through the eye of the needle. And thus do We reward the guilty. (7: 40)

The vain and self-conceited person not only belies the truth, but they even look down upon the people who have ties of human brotherhood with them. They consider themselves to be superior beings marked off from the rest of mankind. The Holy Quraan says: And turn not thy face away from people in contempt, not go about in the land exultingly. Surely Allah loves not any self-conceited boaster.(31: 18)

Sayyiduna Abdullah ibne Mas’ood (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Glorious Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “None shall enter the Fire (of Hell) who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of Imaan and none shall enter Paradise who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of pride.” (Muslim)

Sayyiduna Haritha Bin Wahb (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Shall I inform you about the people of Paradise? They comprise every obscure unimportant humble person, and if he takes Allah’s oath that he will do that thing, Allah will fulfill his oath (by doing that). Shall I inform you about the people of the Fire? They comprise every cruel, violent, proud and conceited person. (Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: There will be three persons whom Allah will not address on the Day of Judgment nor will He purify them, nor will He look at them; they will be under dreadful punishment. They are: (1) An aged adulterer, (2) A liar King and (3) An indigent proud person. (Muslim)

“Allah the Almighty says that Pride and Glory are My attributes; whosoever will try to share with Me any of these attributes, I will send him to Hell”. (Muslim)

The Beloved Rasool (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: On the Day of Judgment, men of false pride will be raised in the bodies of ants with their human faces. They will be fully covered with ignominy and disgrace and will be dragged towards the Hell prison called Bolis. They will be punished with the fire of fires and will be asked to drink the sweat of the inmates of Hell called the brew of insanity.(Tirmidi)

The Beloved Nabi of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: He who acts in humility for the sake of Allah, Allah raises his status; he may be small to himself but very big in the eyes of people. And the person who boasts in false pride, Allah degrades him; he may be big to himself but very low in the eyes of people; he is, to the people, lower than dog and swine. (Bay’haqi)

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: There are three things, which lead to salvation, and there are three things, which lead to destruction. The first three things are: Fear of Allah in open and in privacy, utterance of truth in happiness and sorrow and adopt a middle path in times of need. The other three things are: To follow one’s lustful desires, to act in miserliness and, the worst of all, to be proud of one’s self. (Bay’haqi)

AVERSION AND JEALOUSY

The Holy Quraan says: And covet not the thing in which Allah  has made some of you excel others. Unto men a fortune from that which they have earned, and unto women a fortune from that which they have earned. (envy not one another) but ask Allah  of His Bounty. Lo! Allah  is ever Knower of all things. (4: 32) And says: I seek refuge in the Lord. from the evil of the envier when he envies. (113: 5)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Allah’s Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the worst of false tales; and do not look for others faults and do not spy, and do not be jealous of one another, and do not desert (cut your relation with) one another, and do not hate one another; and O Allah’s worshippers! Be brothers (as Allah has ordered you). (Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Anas (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Jealousy eats up virtues like fire eats up the wood and Sadaqah extinguishes sins like water extinguishes fire.” (Ibn-e-Majah)

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is reported to have said: “Jealousy spoils the faith like the aloe spoils the honey.”

The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: You have inherited a disease from the previous nation and that is aversion and jealousy. The jealousy shaves off the religion and not the hair. By Him Who holds the life of Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), you cannot enter Paradise unless you have faith and you will not become a believer unless you love each other. Should I not tell you a thing by doing which you will love each other and that is, popularize Salaam amongst yourselves. (Tirmidi)

Sayyiduna Abdullah Bin Basar (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Glorious Prophet of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Jealousy, backbiting and sorcery are not of me nor am I of them.” (Tabraani)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Don’t be jealous of one another, nor speak ill of someone in his absence and live united like brothers”. (Bukhari)

ANGER, INSOLENCE

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported: A man said to the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), “Advise me!” The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Do not become angry and furious.” The man asked the same again and again, and the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said in each case, “Do not become angry and furious.” (Bukhari)

Allah’s Apostle (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: The strong person is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength, but the strong person is the one who controls while in anger. (Bukhari)

The Holy Quraan says: The good deed and the evil deed are not alike. Repel the evil deed with one, which is better, then lo! He, between whom and you there was enmity (will become) as though he was a bosom friend. (41: 34) Commenting on the verse, Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Abbas (radi Allahu anhuma) says: The man who keeps patience at the time of anger and forgives his enemy of his evil doings, Allah  will keep him safe and his enemy will bow down to him as if he is the nearest and dearest friend. (Bukhari)

The Holy Quraan says: Those who avoid the greater sins and illegal sexual intercourse, and forgive when they are angry.(42:37)

And also the Statement of Almighty Allah: Those who spend (both) in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger (3:134)

Sayyiduna Musa (alaihis salaam) said: O Allah! Who amongst Thy creatures enjoys a respectful status in Thy Court? Almighty Allah said: “He who forgives his enemy despite having the strength of taking his revenge.” (Bay’haqi)

The Glorious Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “On the Day of Judgment, Allah shall protect him who controls his tongue, and shall withdraw punishment from him who controls his anger”. (Bay’haqi)

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: The anger is of the Shaytaan and the Shaytaan is made of fire and the fire is extinguished by water. Therefore, whoso is in a state of anger should make ablution. (Abu Da’ood)

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Better are those amongst you who get angry late and come to normal soon and worse are those amongst you who get angry soon and come to normal late. Keep away from anger, as it is a live fire in the heart of a man. Don’t you see that the veins in the neck get swollen and eyes become red in the state of anger? He, who feels angry, should lie down and stick to the ground.

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