Measurement and Weight

Islam has attached great importance to weight and measurement in commercial transactions. The Holy Quraan lays special stress: “Fulfill your weight and measure with just balance; this is good and better in interpretation.” (17:35)

The Holy Quraan warns us of the severe punishment that is incurred by violation of the principles. The people of the Prophet Shu’aib (alaihis salaam) were destroyed for this very reason. The Holy Quraan says: “Woe to the defaulters who, when they measure from people, take it with full measure, and when they measure out to them or weigh out for them, decrease. Do not these think that they shall be raised up for a great day?” (83:1-4)

Industry

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Never has anyone eaten a better thing than what he has eaten of the labour of his own hands.” He said: “Verily the purest of what you eat is of your own earnings.” This important pronouncement of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) made in an age quite remote from ours has brought a revolution in the industrial world. What order can be greater than his magnificent utterance that the purest of what we earn is of our own earnings. This led the Emperors and Saints to take up works and live upon their wages. This injunction led the Muslims to invent machineries of works and various ways of workmanship and manufacturing articles and commodities of common and extraordinary use. According to the instruction of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), we should ourselves manufacture these articles and supply our needs therewith.

Agriculture

The people of Madina were mostly agriculturists and those of Mecca tradesmen. Allah’s Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) himself entered into a contract with the people of Khyber that they should manage and cultivate the gardens and lands of Khyber and enjoy in return half of the produce and give the other half to him.

The following rules should be observed in agricultural and horticultural leases:

  1. The ground should be capable of cultivation and gardening.
  2. The contracting parties must be mature and duly qualified.
  3. The terms of lease shall be express.
  4. The parties shall comply as to who is to supply seeds.
  5. Shares of the parties to the produce shall be fixed.
  6. The land shall be delivered to the possession of the cultivator.
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