The Fourteen Salasul


The Caliphs of Imam Hasan Basra radi allhau anhu went on multiplying during the first and second centuries of the Islamic era till they were grouped into the following fourteen orders or schools each named after their heads:

1. Silsila Zaidia: It is named after Khaja Zaid bin Abdul Wahid radi allhu anhu , the Khalipha of Hazrat Hasan radi allhu anhu of Basra. Shaikh Zaid radi allhu anhu received another robe (khirqa) of khalafat from Shaikh Kumal bin Ziyad radi allhu anhu as well. Five of the descendants of Hazrat Abdullah bin Auf radi allhu anhu , famous companion of Rasoolullah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam , also joined this Sisila.

Towards the end of his life, Shaikh Zaid bin Abdul Wahid radi allhu anhu selected two of his promonent disciples and commissioned them as his deputies (Khalifas) to guide others. They were Shaikh Fuzail Ibn Ayaz radi allhu anhu and Shaikh Yaqub as-Susi radi allhu anhu .

2. Silsila Ayaziya: This is named after Shaikh Fuzail Ibn Ayaz radi allhu anhu . He received spiritual guidance from other Mashaikh of the day as well, such as the members of the Blessed Family of Rasool Allah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam , the Aima Ahl Baitradi allhu anhu , He was also guided by the Companions of the Companions of Rasool Allah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam known as the Tabiyin radi allhu anhu , who were living in the more prominent places of Arabia in large numbers and guiding the people in the esoteric sciences of Islam.

3. Silsila Adhmiya: This Silsila is named after its head, Shaikh Ibrahim bin Adham radi allhu anhu who received spiritual guidance and khalafat at the hands of Shaikh Fuzail Ibn Ayaz radi allhu anhu and Sayyidinah Imam Baqir radi allhu anhu , grandson of Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hussein radi allhu anhu , grandson of Rasool Allah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam , on his Blessed Daughter’s side. This Silsila connects up with Sayyidinah Hazrat Ali radi allhu anhu , via Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hussein radi allhu anhu as well as Shaikh Hasan radi allhu anhu of Basra.

4. Silsila Hubairiya:
It is named after Khwaja Abu Hubaira Aminuddin radi allhu anhu  of Basra, who was a Khalifa of Khwaja Huzaifa Marashi radi allhu anhu , the Khalifa of Hazrat Ibrahim bin Adham radi allhu anhu , Khalifa of Shaikh Fuzail Ibn Ayaz radi allhu anhu , Khalifa of Shaikh Abdul Wahid bin Zaid radi allhu anhu , Khalifa of Shaikh Imam Hasan radi allhu anhu  of Basra.

5. Silsila Chishtiya: The head of this Silsila is Khwaja Mamshad Ali Dainuri radi allhu anhu who was the Khalifa of Khwaja Abu Hubaira Aminuddin Basri radi allhu anhu . Khwaja Mamshad Ali Dainuri radi allhu anhu was succeeded by Khwaja Abu Ishaq Shami radi allhu anhu who was deputed by the Shaikh to settle down at a place called Chist in the neighbourhood of Herat in Afganistan. Shaikh Abu Ishaq Shami radi allhu anhu was the first Shaikh who was called Abu Ishaq Chisti radi allhu anhu . It is thus that a great Silsila Chishtiya came into existence. He was succeeded by Khwaja Abu Ahmad Abdal radi allhu anhu who was a dignitary of Chist. Khwaja Abu Ahmad radi allhu anhu was succeeded by Khwaja Abu Muhammad Chishti radi allhu anhu , who was succeeded by Khwaja Abu Yusuf Chishti radi allhu anhu , who was succeeded by Khwaja Qutubuddin Maudud Chishti radi allhu anhu . These five Shaikhs are known as the pillars of Silsila Chishtiya and are buried at Chist.

6.Silsila Ajamiya: It is named after Khwaja Habib Ajami radi allhu anhu who was the Khalifa of Shaikh Imam Hasan radi allhu anhu of Basra.

7. Silsila Taifuriya: It is named after Shaikh Sultan-al-Arifin, Khwaja Abu Yazid Bistami radi allhu anhu  whose original name was Taifur. It is stated in Tazkarat-ul-Awliya by Shaikh Fariduddin Attar radi allhu anhu  that Shaikh Abu Yazid radi allhu anhu  received spiritual Faizan from a hundred and sixteen Shaikhs and that He lived twelve years with Sayyidina Imam Jafar as-Sadiq radi allhu anhu , the sixth Imam of the family of Sayyidinah Rasoolullah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam and received spiritual blessings and benefits. Some are of the opinion that he received inspiration from Sayyidinah Imam Jafar as-Sadiq radi allhu anhu by the way of Uwaisiya (i.e. after the latters demise through spiritual presence). However, both of these methods are recognised by the Spiritualists as effective. It is said that in Lataif Ashrafi that He received Khalafat from Khwaja Habib Ajami radi allhu anhu  as well.

8. Silsila Karkhiya: It is named after Khwaja Maaruf Karkhi radi allhu anhu who received Khalafat from Sayyidinah Imam Musa Kazim radi allhu anhu , the seventh Imam of the Blessed Family of Sayyidinah Rasoolullah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam  . He received another robe of Khalafat from Khwaja Daud Taiy radi allhu anhu who was the Khalifa of Shaikh Habib Ajami radi allhu anhu .

9. Silsila Saqtiya: The head of this Silsila is Shaikh Khwaja Sari Sakti radi allhu anhu who was the Khalifa of Shaikh Ma’ruf Kharki radi allhu anhu .

10. Silsila Junaidiya: This Silsila is named after khwaja Junaid radi allhu anhu  of Baghdad who was a Mureed and Khalifa of Khwaja Sari Saqti radi allhu anhu . These Shaikhs were so great that all the various branches and their offshoots were known after them under seperate names.

11. Silsila Gazruniya: Which is known after the name of Khwaja Abu Ishaq Gazruni who was the king of Gazrun. He left his kingdom and became the mureed of Khwaja Abdullah Khafif radi allhu anhu who was the Khalifa of Khwaja Muhammad Roem, the Khalifa of Shaikh Junaid radi allhu anhu of Baghdad who traced his origin with Hazrat Ali radi allhu anhu .

12. Silsila Tusiya: The head of this Silsila was Shaikh Ala ud-Din Tusi radi allhu anhu , Khalifa of Khwaja Wajhuddin Abu Hafs radi allhu anhu who was connected up with Shaikh Junaid Baghdadi radi allhu anhu through intermediary Shaikhs. Shaikh Ala ud-Din Tusi was a friend of Shaikhs Najmuddin Kubra radi allhu anhu of Firdaus.

Shaikh Najmuddin radi allhu anhu was a contemporary of St. Francis of Asisi who undertook the journey to Baghdad to see the former but could not reach there due to some unknown reasons. Shaikh Najmuddin Kubra radi allhu anhu was a Khalifa of Shaikh Abu Najib Suharwardi radi allhu anhu .

13. Silsila Suharwardiya: It is known after Shaikh Zia-ud-Din Najib Suharwardi radi allhu anhu  who was a Khalifa of Shaikh Wajhuddin Abu Hafs radi allhu anhu . Shaikh Abu Najib radi allhu anhu  received another robe of Khalafat from Shaikh Ahmad al-Urla who traces his origin to Shaikh Junaid Baghdadi radi allhu anhu  through five intermediary shaikhs.

14. Silsila Firdausiya:
The head of this Silsila is Shaikh Najmuddin Kubra radi allhu anhu who was a dignitary of Firdaus and was a Mureed and Khalifa of Shaikh Abu Najib Suharwardi radi allhu anhu . Mawlaanah Jami radi allhu anhu has said in his Nafahat al-Uns that Shaikh Najmuddin radi allhu anhu got another robe of Khalafat from Shaikh Ammar Yasir radi allhu anhu as well. Shaikh Ammar Yasir radi allhu anhu was one of the prominent Khalifas of Shaikh Abu Najib Suharwardi radi allhu anhu who was connected up with Shaikh Junaid Baghdadi radi allhu anhu through six Shaikhs in-between.

Thus the four Silsilas, Firdausiya, Suharwardiya, Tusiya and Gazruniya, join up with Shaikh Junaid Baghdadi radi allhu anhu who is connected through another link of Tariqat with Imam Ali Raza radi allhu anhu , son of Imam Musa Kazim radi allhu anhu , son of Imam Jafar Sadiq radi allhu anhu , son of son of Imam Baqir radi allhu anhu , son of Imam Zainul Abidin radi allahu anhu , son of Amir ul-Mumineen Sayyidinah Imam Hussein radi allahu anhu , son of Amir ul-Mumineen Sayyidinah Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu , the fourth Khalifa of Aaqaa e Do Jahan Sayyidinah Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam . According to a tradition, Amir ul-Mumineen Sayyidinah Imam Hasan radi allahu anhu also comes in these four Silsilas.

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One Response to “The Fourteen Salasul”

  1. ANJUM IBRAHIM QADRI ATTARIRAZAWI NAQSHBANDI Says:

    ALAHUMA SALIALA SAYEDINA MUHAMDIN WALAALIHI WASAHBIHI WASALIM.


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