The Spiritual Orders (Salasul-i-Tariqat)


The spiritual and temporal head of the Muslims is Huzoor e Poor Noor Sayyadul Aalameen Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam . Spiritually He is the fountainhead from whom all channels of guidance and inner inspiration flow to all directions. Although all the prominent Companions (Radi Allahu anhum) of Sayyadinah Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam continued to provide outer and inner guidance to the Muslim people, wherever they happened to be after the departure of Rasoolullah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam from this world, the main source of spiritual inspiration and training were the first Caliph, Hazrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (Radi Allahu anhu) , and the the fourth Caliph Hazrat Ali al-Murtuzaa (Radi Allahu anhu) , who has been described in a Hadith as the gateway to the “City of Knowledge”, the City being Sayyidinah Huzoor e Akram Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam Himself. Knowledge (Ilm) has been identified with inner esoteric knowledge. Hazrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (Radi Allahu anhu) was succeded by Hazrat Sulaiman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) as a Caliph and the Silsilah Naqshbandiya traces its origin to Hazrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (Radi Allahu anhu) through Hazrat Sulaiman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) .

The remaining three great Salasul (Plural of Silsila) sprang from the leadership of Hazrat Ali (Radi Allahu anhu) in the following manner:

Hazrat Ali (Radi Allahu anhu) had four Caliphs:

1. Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu anhu) .

2. Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hussein (Radi Allahu anhu) .

3. Hazrat Ibn Ziyad (Radi Allahu anhu) .

4. Hazrat Imam Hasan of Basra (Radi Allahu anhu) .

Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu anhu) & Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hussein (Radi Allahu anhu) ,
were succeeded by their sons and the sons of of their sons, all known as Aima-Ahl-Bait (Radi Allahu anhum) , who continued to guide the Muslims throughout centuries.

Hazrat Imam Hasan of Basra (Radi Allahu anhu) had many Caliphs, two of them being prominent:

1. Hazrat Abdul Wahid bin Zaid (Radi Allahu anhu) .

2. Hazrat Habib Ajami ( Habib the Persian) (Radi Allahu anhu) .

Hazrat Habib Ajami (Radi Allahu anhu) the second Persian after Hazrat Sulaiman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) , carried the torch of the spiritual light of Sufism to his homeland, Iran, and many Arab and non-Arab Shayukh (plural of Shaikh) received training from him.

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