Imamat (Religious Leadership) is of 2 categories. ‘Sughra’ and ‘Kubra’ Imamat-e-Sughra refers to the Imamat in Namaaz. Imamat-e-Kubra refers to leading the Muslims in Religious and worldly issues as the True Representative of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. The authority that has been bestowed to the Imams (in the sense of Imamat-e-Kubra) is very dominant. The people do not even have the right to disobey their commands.
Every Muslim is obligated to follow them and adhere to their commands. There are however certain preconditions for a person to be appointed as the leader. The Imam must be a free person i.e. not a slave, he must be sane, an adult i.e. one who has reached puberty, he must be capable and he must be Qarshi as well, meaning that he should have connection to the Quraish. To be Alawi or to be Maasum is not a condition. This condition is one that is stipulated by the raafdis (shias), as they do not agree with the other conditions.
They insist on the Imam being Hashmi, Alawi and Maasum. Their aim in doing so is to discredit and nullify the positions of the other 3 Khulafa, namely Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Umar and Hazrat Uthman رضى الله تعالى عنهما because these Khulafa were not from the families and lineage mentioned above. It must be noted that their Khilaafat has been unanimously accepted by all the Sahaba-e-Kiraam . رضى الله تعالى عنهما
Hazrat Maula Ali radi allahu anhu and Imam Hussain radi allahu anhu also accepted the Khilaafat of the other 3 Khulafa. As for the condition of being from the lineage of Hazrat Ali (Alawi), then this will also exclude Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu and even his Khilaafat will be regarded as invalid according to them, since it is not possible for Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu to be an Alawi, as this refers to his descendants.
The raafdis also believe that the Imam must be Maasum. This too is unacceptable just as we have already explained that only the Ambia عليهم السلام and Angels are Maasum.
Law: One being worthy of appointment as an Imam is not sufficient. It is necessary that he must be appointed by the preceding Imam or those Muslims that are appointed to handle the Religious affairs of the people.
Law: To follow the Imam (Khalifa) is absolutely Fard upon all Muslims. This however is on condition that his commands are in accordance with the Shariah. To follow anyone who commands anything contrary to the Shariah is disallowed.
Law: The Imam should be a person who is an Aalim. He should be a courageous person, or one who is assisted by the Ulama.
Law: The leadership (Imamat) of a woman or a Na Baaligh (one who has not reached puberty) is disallowed. If the preceding Imam has appointed a Na Baaligh as the Imam, then the people should appoint a guardian to carry out the duties until such time that he reaches puberty. The Na Baaligh will only be an honorary Imam. The actual Imam for this duration will be the appointed Guardian.
Belief: After the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam the First Righteous Khalifa is Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique, followed by Hazrat Umar-e-Farooq, then Hazrat Uthman-e-Ghani, then Hazrat Ali-e-Murtuza and finally Hazrat Imam Hassan who ruled for six months رضى الله تعالى عنهما . These personalities are known as the ‘Khulafa-e-Raashideen’ and their Khilaafat is known as the ‘Khilaafat-e-Raashida’. Every one of them fulfilled their responsibilities and discharged their duties as true representatives of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam to the best of their abilities and with complete devotion.
Belief: After the all the Nabis and Rasools, the greatest excellence in Allah’s creation amongst all the humans, Jins and Angels, has been afforded to Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique, followed by Hazrat Umar-e-Farooq, Hazrat Uthman-e-Ghani and thereafter Maula Ali رضى الله تعالى عنهما . Anyone who considers Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu as being more superior to the other 3 Khulafa is misguided and a deviant.
Belief: Superior as mentioned in the above sense means that they have greater status in the Court of Allah. It also means that their virtuous deeds and rewards are abundant. It has been mentioned in the Hadith Shareef, with regards to the companions of Hazrat Imam Mahdi that there is the reward of 50 for every one deed that they perform. The companions asked the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam if it was equal to 50 of their deeds or 50 of the deeds of the Sahaba of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. He Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said that it was equal to 50 of the deeds of the Sahaba-e-Kiraam رضى الله تعالى عنهما . Even though their rewards are many, but they can never come close in excellence to the Sahaba-e-Kiraam of Holy Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. How can the closeness of Hazrat Imam Mahdi’s companions’ to him compare to the excellence and the companionship of the companions of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. An example without comparison is that of a king who sends out his Minister and a few officers on a special mission.
After achieving victory, he presents each officer with a purse consisting of 100 000 rupees each, and he gives the Minister his special closeness and a greater position. In this scenario, the officers received more in wealth, but the Minister received even more, for he was given greater respect and honour before the King.
Belief: The Khilaafat of all the Khulafa was in accordance with their excellence. Excellence does not refer to their ability to manage the affairs of the state or the people, but it refers to the excellence bestowed upon them in the Court of Allah. He, who was regarded as most exalted in the Court of Allah, is the one who became Khalifa first. The Tafdeelia (another corrupt sect) who nowadays claim to be Sunnis, say that excellence refers to the ability to manage the affairs of the state and the people.
This is absolutely incorrect. If this was correct then Hazrat Umar radi allahu anhu should have been the first Khalifa (which is not so), because his era of Khilaafat has been acclaimed with these words:
‘I have never seen anyone stronger, thorough and more hardworking than he. He provided so much of water that not only did the people quench their thirst with it, but they also used it when they prepared paving for areas where their camels sat.’
The Khilaafat of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique radi allahu anhu has however been described in the following words,
‘There was weakness in him drawing water from the well. May Allah pardon him’
Belief: After the Khulafa-e-Raashideen, the greatest status is afforded to the Ashara Mubashara (the ten persons to whom the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam gave glad tidings of Jannat whilst they were still in this world), and Hazrat Imam Hassan and Hussain radi allahu anhum, The Ashaabe- Badr (the companions who partook in the battle of Badr), the Ashaab Baitur Ridwaan (those who took the oath of allegiance at the hands of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam under the tree). All of them are Jannati without a doubt.
Belief: All the companions رضى الله تعالى عنهما of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam are virtuous and just people. We should always address them with the utmost respect and dignity as to do so is Fard upon us.
Belief: To think ill of any Sahabi is a sign of being a budmadhab and a misguided person. Such a person is deserving of the fire of hell. To think ill of a Sahabi is to harbour ill feelings against the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. Those who do this are raafdis, even if he accepts the Khulafa-e-Raashideen and claims to be a Sunni. To insult Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah, his father Hazrat Abu Sufyaan, and his mother Hazrat Hind is not acceptable. Similarly, it is disallowed to speak ill of Hazrat Amr ibn A’as, Hazrat Mughira, Hazrat Abu Musa Ash’ari, or even Hazrat Wahshi who martyred Hazrat Sayyidush Shuhada Hazrat Ameer-e-Hamza radi allahu anhu before he (Hazrat Wahshi) accepted Islam. It must also be noted that after accepting Islam, Hazrat Wahshi radi allahu anhu killed one of the daj’jaals Musailama Kaz’zab who falsely claimed to be a Prophet. He used to sadly say that he had martyred one of the best amongst the people (before accepting Islam) and he (would happily say) that he had killed the worst amongst people. To disrespect anyone of these companions is sinful and an act deserving of punishment, even though it may not be as severe as disrespecting Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat Umar رضى الله تعالى عنهما . To slander them and to reject their Khilaafat is regarded by the
learned Fuqaha (Jurists) as kufr.
Belief: No matter how exalted a Wali may be, he can never reach the excellence afforded to a Sahabi.
Law: To discuss the issues or disagreements that took place between the Sahaba-e-Kiraam is absolutely and totally Haraam (forbidden). All Muslims need to do, is to accept that they are all the companions of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam and his true followers who were always willing to sacrifice their lives in his love.
Belief: All the companions of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam are Jannatis. They will not even come close to experiencing the intense heat of Jahanum. They will always live in happiness and comfort. The frightening situation on the day of reckoning will cause them no grief or sadness. The Angels will welcome them, giving them glad tidings that this was the day that has been promised to them. All this has been explained in the Holy Qur’an in detail.
Belief: The Sahaba-e-Kiraam are neither Ambia عليهم السلام nor are they Angels and are thus not Maasum. Some of them had certain mishaps, but to hold them in contempt because of this is against the command of Allah and His Rasool Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. When addressing the companions in the Holy Qur’an, Almighty Allah addressed them in two categories, i.e. those before the Great Victory at Makkah and those after the Great Victory at Makkah (Fateh Makkah).
Almighty Allah says:
“And to all of them, Allah has promised a heavenly reward” [Surah 57, Verse 10]
And Almighty Allah says
“And Allah Knows well what you do.” [Surah 57, Verse 10]
The fact that Allah is aware of all their actions and He has promised Jannat to them without any reckoning, does not give anyone the right to say anything against the Sahaba-e-Kiraam. Do those who speak against the companions want to establish a manner different from that which Allah has ordained?
Belief: Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah radi allahu anhu was a Mujtahid (One who has been blessed with special authority with regards to the Religious Affairs).
There is a narration of Hazrat Abdullah ibn Ab’bas radi allahu anhu reported in Sahih Bukhari which says, ‘A Mujtahid does virtuous deeds and can also make an error.’
These errors (inaccuracies) are of two types: Inaadi (with ill intent): These are inaccuracies which are pre-meditated and with ill intent. Inaccuracies of this type are not possible for a Mujtahid.
Khata-e-Ijtihaadi (inaccuracies committed without motive in Managing Affairs):
These are not pre-meditated. If a Mujtahid is liable for such inaccuracies, then they are not held accountable for this in the Court of Allah.
If one looks at this in a worldly perspective, then too there are two types:
Muqarar: These are inaccuracies which do not cause any dispute in Deen. Those who make such mistakes are pardoned. An example of this, is reciting Surah Faateha in Namaaz whilst following the Imam in congregational prayer.
Munkariyah: These are such Ijtihadi inaccuracies which could be the cause of disunity. The issue between Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah and Hazrat Ali رضى الله تعالى عنهما was of this type. The decision of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam was evident in this case and none was held in contempt.
Belief: There are some ignorant persons who say that when taking Hazrat Ali’s name with the name of Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah رضى الله تعالى عنهما we should not say ‘Radi Allahu anhu’. This is baseless. The Ulama have said that we should say ‘Radi Allahu anhu’ with the names of all the Sahaba-e-Kiraam. This distinction is to form some new type of Religious regulation
Belief: Based in accordance with the manner of Nabuiwat, The Khilaafat-e-Raashida remained intact for 30 years, upto the era of Hazrat Imam Hassan’s radi allahu anhu Khilaafat, which lasted for 6 months. Then, the Khilaafat of Ameer ul Momineen Hazrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz radi allahu anhu represented the Khilaafat-e-Raashida and towards the end of time, the Khilaafat of Hazrat Imam Mahdi radi allahu anhu will be regarded as Khilaafat-e-Raashida. The first Sultan (Muslim Emperor) in the history of Islam was Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah radi allahu anhu. This has even been indicated in the Taurat as follows:
‘The Final Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam will be born in Makkah, he will migrate to Madinah and his Kingdom will be in Syria’
This shows that the empire of Hazrat Mu’awiyah is actually the Kingdom of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. It has been narrated that once Hazrat Imam Hassan radi allahu anhu was in battle against Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah radi allahu anhu and had a massive army to fight with him, which would have allowed him victory, but in spite of his strong position, he laid down his arms and announced his allegiance to Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah radi allahu anhu. The Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam had already foretold this in his lifetime on earth. He Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said:
‘This son of mine is a Sayyid. I am confident that Almighty Allah will bring two large warring groups of Muslims together (in peace), through him (Imam Hassan)’
In spite of these clear indications and suggestive references, if some people still belittle Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah radi allahu anhu then such people are not really true in their devotion to Imam Hassan radi allahu anhu and they are in fact insulting Hazrat Imam Hassan radi allahu anhu. They are also not sincere in their devotion to Allah and His Rasool Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. Their accusations against Ameer Mu’awiyah radi allahu anhu are accusations against Allah and His Rasool Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam.
Belief: There is no doubt that Umm-ul-Momineen Sayeda A’isha Siddiqa رضى الله تعالى عنها is a Jannati and she is undoubtedly the beloved of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam in the hereafter as well. Whosoever hurts her feelings has hurt the Prophet’s Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam feelings. Hazrat Zubair and Hazrat Abu Talha رضى الله تعالى عنهما are from amongst the Ashara Mubashara. They too were responsible for certain Ijtihadi inaccuracies by not being with Maula Ali radi allahu anhu, but they too finally retracted and accepted Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu. To be regarded as a rebel means to openly go against the appointed Imam with or without intent. The supporters of Hazrat Ameer Mu’awiyah radi allahu anhu used to be referred to as rebels in a particular time, but now since the meaning of the term ‘Rebel’ has undergone a change and has a negative meaning, its use in respect of any Sahaba is prohibited.
Belief: Any person who accuses (Allah forbid) Sayeda A’isha Siddiqa radi allahu anhu (due to a particular incident) is definitely a kaafir and murtad. Any others who taunt her in any way are raafdis and Tabaraee and deserving of the fire of hell. 1
Belief: Hazrat Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain رضى الله تعالى عنهما are indeed from amongst the exalted martyrs of Islam. Anyone who denies their martyrdom is a misguided, irreligious and deprived individual.
Belief: Yazeed the corrupt was a rebellious transgressor and was the perpetrator of major sinful actions. (Allah Forbid) What comparison can there be between and the beautiful rose of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam Hazrat Imam Hussain radi allahu anhu? There are some people today who say, that they have no right to discuss this issue as either one of them is the son of an exalted personality.
1. It must briefly be explained that the incident being explained here is in regards to the incident at ‘Ifk’ when Sayeda A’isha radi allahu anha lost her necklace whilst returning from a battle with the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam . She went out to search for the necklace and by the time she returned the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam and the army had already left. She thus decided to wait at a secure camp area. Sayeda A’isha thus covered herself with a sheet and rested on the ground. Co-incidentally at that time a companion of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam by the name of Hazrat Safwaan radi allahu anhu was asleep and also was left behind. When he woke, he was very disturbed to find Sayeda A’isha رضى الله تعالى عنها sleeping on the ground. He requested her to sit on his camel and they joined the caravan of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. Some hypocrites gave a false account of this incident and tried to defame Sayeda A’isha رضى الله تعالى عنها . In brief, a verse of the Holy Qur’an was revealed against those who made such accusations and Sayeda A’isha’s chastity was announced in the Qur’an and those who said anything in this issue were punished. Thus, anyone who still gives a false interpretation of this incident and accuses Sayeda A’isha رضى الله تعالى عنها is a kaafir.
One who makes such an utterance is a cursed khariji naasibi, deserving of the fire of hell. Indeed, there are three views of the Ulama-e-Ahle Sunnat in regards to declaring yazeed a kaafir and cursing him. The view of our Imam Azam Abu Hanifa radi allahu anhu in this matter is to remain silent. In other words, we should regard yazeed as a fasiq and faajir i.e. a rebellious and sinful person, but we should remain silent in regards to him being Muslim or kaafir. In other words we should neither call him a Muslim nor a kaafir.
Belief: The Ahle Bait (Noble Family) of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam are the leaders of the Ahle Sunnat. One who does not love them is a contemptible and cursed khariji.
Belief: Ummul Momineen Khadijatul Kubra, Ummul Momineen A’isha Siddiqa and Hazrat Sayeda Faatima رضى الله تعالى عنهن are undoubtedly Jannatis and they have been blessed with superior excellence over all the other Beloved Daughters and Holy Wives رضى الله تعالى عنهن of the Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam.
Belief: The Holy Qur’an bears testimony to their chastity and sacredness.
- THE HOLY PROPHET’S Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam TREATMENT OF THE HYPOCRITES. (madinasharif.wordpress.com)
- LOVING ALLAH & THE HOLY PROPHET Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam (madinasharif.wordpress.com)
- THE PERMISSIBILITY OF RECITING AZAAN AT THE GRAVESIDE – “Izaanul Khabar fi Izaanul Qabar” by A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza Bareilwi (madinasharif.wordpress.com)