~ Transmitted by as-Suyūtī in al-Jāmiʿ as-Ṣaghīr, (pp. 301 #4889)
Sayyidunā Usāmah bin Zayd (Allah Almighty is pleased with him) said, “I asked ‘Yā RasūlAllāh ﷺ, I see that you observe fasts more (extensively) in the month of Shaʿbān than any other month.’ Our Master ﷺ replied, “It is a month between Rajab and Ramadan; people are neglectful to it. In this month, the deeds of people are ascended towards Allah Almighty and I love that my deeds be ascended in a state when I am observing fast.”
~ Recorded by Nisā’i in as-Sunan (#2354).
The noble Prophet ﷺ would like observing fasts abundantly in the month of Shaʿbān. Sayyidunā ʿAbdullāh bin Abī Qais (Allah Almighty is pleased with him) has reported that he heard the Mother of Believers Sayyidatunā ʿAyesha Ṣiddīqah (Allah Almighty is pleased with her) saying Shaʿbān was the favourite month of beloved Prophet ﷺ as he used to fast in this month and then extend it up to the blessed month of Ramadan.
~ Transmitted by Abu Dāwūd in as-Sunan (2:476 #2431).
The Mother of Believers Sayyidatunā ʿAyesha Ṣiddīqah (Allah Almighty is pleased with her) said, “The beloved Prophet of Allah ﷺ used to observe fasts on all the days of Shaʿbān.” She further said, “I asked, Yā RasūlAllāh ﷺ! Is Shaʿbān your favourite month for observing fasts?” The beloved Prophet ﷺ replied, “Allah Almighty inscribes the name of every person destined to die in that year and I love that at the time of my passing away I am in the state of fasting.”
~ Transmitted by Abū Yaʿlā in his Musnad (4:277 #4890).
The Mother of Believers ʿAyesha Ṣiddīqah (Allah Almighty is pleased with her) said that the beloved of Allah Almighty would not fast so abundantly in any other month as he would in Shaʿbān, rather he used to fast the whole month and would say, “Act according to your capability as Allah Almighty does not cease His blessings until you become exhausted.”
~ Transmitted by al-Bukhārī in Ṣaḥīḥ (1:648 #1970).
The Mother of the believers Sayyidatunā ʿAyesha Ṣiddīqah (Allah Almighty is pleased with her) has reported, “I never saw the beloved and blessed Prophet ﷺ observing fasts so extensively in a month as in the month of Shaʿbān. Leaving a few days, he used to fast the whole of the month.”
~ Transmitted by Tirmidhī in as-Sunan (2:182 #736).
The Mother of Believers Sayyidatunā ʿAyesha Ṣiddīqah (Allah Almighty is pleased with her) stated: I heard the beloved Prophet saying, “Allah Almighty opens the portals of Mercy in four nights (especially):
1. Night of Eīd ul-Aḍḥā
2. Night of Eīd ul-Fiṭr
3. Fifteenth night of Shaʿbān as in this night the names of those destined to die that year, provision of sustenance of people and the names of those who shall perform Hajj (that year) are inscribed.
4. Night of ‘Arafah (the night between the 8th and 9th of Dhul-Ḥijjah) until the Ad’hān (of Fajr).”
~ Recorded by as-Suyūtī in ad-Durr al-Manthūr (7:402).
The Mother of Believers Sayyidatunā ʿAyesha Ṣiddīqah (Allah Almighty is pleased with her) has reported that the noble Prophet ﷺ said, “Jibrīl came to me and said, ‘This is the 15th night of Shaʿbān. Allah frees as many people from the Hell as the number of the hairs on the goats of the tribe of Kalb. But He does not cast Merciful Sight at infidel, malicious person, one who cuts off family ties, the one who dangles his clothes, a person who disobeys his parents and a person who is habitual of drinking wine.’”
~ Recorded by Bayhaqī in Shuʿab ul-Īmān (3:384 #3837).
 Those who dangle their clothes out of arrogance.
A similar Ḥadīth reported by Imām Aḥmad on behalf of ʿAbdullāh ibn ʿAmr (Allah Almighty is pleased with him) also includes the murderer.
~ Recorded by Aḥmed in his Musnad (2:589 #6653).
Sayyidunā Kathīr bin Murrah (Allah Almighty is pleased with him) has reported that the beloved Prophet ﷺ said, “On the 15th of Shaʿbān, Allah Almighty forgives everyone on earth except the one who associates partners with Him or the one who has malice in his heart.”
~ Recorded by Bayhaqī in Shuʿab ul-Īmān (3:381 #3830).
Sayyidunā ‘Alī (Allah Almighty is pleased with him) would often come outside on the 15th night of Shaʿbān. So once he came out and said while looking towards sky, ‘Once, on the 15th of Shaʿbān, the beloved Prophet of Allah, Sayyidunā Dāwūd (peace is upon him) raised his gaze towards the sky and said, ‘This is the time when whoever supplicated to Allah Almighty for anything, Allah Almighty fulfilled his supplication (du’ā) and whoever asked for forgiveness, Allah Almighty forgave him provided supplicant is not a taxman (a person who unjustly demands tax money), a magician, a soothsayer or a player of music.’ Then he invoked this supplication:
‘O Allah! O the Rabb of Dāwūd! Whoever asks prayer to you in this night or seeks your forgiveness, forgive him.’
~ Recorded by Ibn Rajab in Laṭā’if ul-Ma’ārif (1:137).
The noble Prophet ﷺ said, “Six persons will not be pardoned even in that night:
1. An alcoholic
2. The one who is disobedient to parents.
3. Habitual of fornication.
4. The one who cuts-off family ties.
5. The one who sketches portraits.
6. The one who tells tales.”
~ Recorded by Bayhaqī in Faḍā’il al-Awqāt (1:130 #27).
Nasīḥa (advice) for the 15th of Shaʿbān
The night of Barā’ah (layl/shab al-barā’at) is about to arrive. On this night, the deeds of all servants are presented in the Exalted Court of Allah Almighty. For the sake of the Most Dignified Rasūl ﷺ, Allah Almighty forgives the sins of the Muslims except that of a few. Among these are those two Muslims who bear mutual hostility for some worldly reasons. Allah Almighty says, “Leave them as they are, until they mend their relations.”
The followers of the Ahl as-Sunnah should end discords and mend relations before sunset on the 14th of Shaʿbān. Fulfil the rights of others; else get waiver so that the book of deeds is presented in His court devoid of rights of others. Regarding the rights of Allah Almighty, mere sincere repentance is sufficient. It is mentioned in a Ḥadīth: “Whoever repents of his sin is as if he has not committed the sin at all”. (Sunan Ibn Mājah #4250)
If one abides as advised, (by the grace of Allah Almighty) there is a strong hope of forgiveness in this night provided his beliefs are perfect. (He forgives sins and grants mercy).
This practice of bringing brothers in Islam close to settle discords and fulfil the rights of each other is being in effect here since long. Hopefully, you will inculcate this good practice among the Muslims of your environs to become deserving of the reward mentioned in the following narration:
He who initiates a virtuous tradition in Islam, there is reward of it for him and also the reward of all those acting upon it will be written continually in his account of deeds until the Day of Judgement without any decrease in the rewards of those acting upon it.
Pray for this servant (of Allah Almighty) to be blessed with absolution and peace in the world and in the Hereafter! I remember you in supplications and will keep doing so. It should be made clear to all the Muslims that concord and pardon all should be made from the core of the heart. Neither mere utterance by tongue is sufficient and nor lip-service is liked in the court of Allah Almighty.
Faqīr Aḥmad Riḍā al-Qādirī
Sayyidunā ‘Alī (Allah Almighty is pleased with him) has reported that the beloved Prophet ﷺ said, “When the 15th Night of Shaʿbān comes, do Qiyām (for worship) in the night and observe fast in the day. No doubt Allah Almighty reveals special Divine Manifestation on sky above the earth from the time of sunset and announces, ‘Is there anyone seeking forgiveness so that I may forgive him? Is there anyone seeking sustenance so that I may grant him sustenance? Is there anyone afflicted so that I may relieve his affliction? Is there so and so…’ He keeps announcing it until the time of the Fajr.” (Sunan Ibn Mājah 2:160 #1388)
The books of deeds are exchanged on the night of Barāʿah. If possible, observe fast on the 14th of Shaʿbān to get recorded a fast on the closing day of the book of deeds.
On 14th of Shaʿbān, after offering the congregational Ṣalāh of ʿAṣr it is better to observe I’tikāf and stay in Masjid with the intention of waiting for Ṣalāh of Maghrib. In this way the last moments when the book of deeds is about to change, the virtues of being present in Masjid, being in ʿItikāf, and waiting expectantly to offer Ṣalāh al-Maghrib etc. will be inscribed init. It is even golden to spend the whole night worshipping Allah.
Commander of Faithful Sayyidunā ʿUmar bin ʿAbdul ʿAzīz was once busy in worship in the 15th night of Shaʿbān. When he raised his head he found a green slip of paper whose refulgence was extending up to the sky. It was bearing the words meaning: ‘This is an order of absolution from the hellfire sent from Allah, the Omnipotent, for His servant ‘Umar bin ʿAbdul ʿAzīz.’
~ Recorded by al-Haqqī in Tafsīr Rūḥ ul-Bayān.
Six Nawāfil after Ṣalāt-ul-Maghrib
To offer specific six units of Nawāfil prayer after the Farḍ and Sunan of Ṣalāt-ul-Maghrib is one of the traditions of the pious saints of Islam. After offering the Farḍ and Sunan, etc. offer six units of Nawāfil in sets of two.
1st offering of two Nawāfil
Before offering the first two units, make the intention: ‘Yā Allah! By the virtue of these two units, grant me long life with wellbeing.’
2nd offering of two Nawāfil
Similarly, before offering the second two units, make the intention: ‘Yā Allah عَزَّوَجَلَّ ! By the virtue of these two units, protect me from calamities.’
3rd offering of two Nawāfil
Before offering the last two units, make the intention: ‘Yā Allah! By the virtue of these two units, do not make me dependent on anyone except You.’
After every two units, recite Sūrah al-Ikhlāṣ twenty one times or Sūrah Yāsīn once. If possible, recite both. It is also possible that one Islamic brother recites Sūrah Yāsīn while the rest listen to it. Keep in mind that the other Islamic brother(s) should not recite Sūrah Yāsīn etc. aloud individually while recitation is already taking place loudly. Huge reward will pile up for you at the very beginning of the blessed night. Each time after Sūrah Yāsīn, recite the Du’ā of mid- Shaʿbān (below).
Ibn Rajab Ḥanbalī has mentioned: Among Syrians the grand saints like Shaykh Khālid bin Maʿdān, Shaykh Makḥūl, Shaykh Luqmān bin ʿĀmir and others always observed great reverence for this holy night and worshiped abundantly in this night. Muslims learnt reverence for this holy night from these great saints.
~ Recorded by Ibn Rajab in Laṭā’if ul-Maʿārif (1:145).
It is mentioned in the authentic book of Fiqh Ḥanafī, Durr al-Mukhtār: “On the night of Barāʿah, observing vigil (for worship) is mustaḥab. This vigil does not necessitate staying awake for the whole night; awaking for most part of the night is also referred as full night vigil.”
~ Stated by al-Ḥaskafī in Durr al-Mukhtār (2:568).
The Mother of the Believers, Sayyidatunā ʿAyesha Ṣiddīqah (Allah Almighty is pleased with her) has reported: “I missed the Prophet ﷺ one night and later found him in (the cemetery of) al-Baqīʿ.” The beloved Prophet ﷺ said, “Were you afraid that Allah Almighty and His Prophet ﷺ would deprive you of your right?” I said, “Yā RasūlAllāh ﷺ, I thought that you might have gone to visit one of your blessed wives.” He said, “Allah the Glorious and Exalted shows Divine Manifestation on the sky above the earth in the 15th night of Shaʿbān; He forgives sinners greater in number than the number of hairs on the goats of the tribe of Kalb.”
~ Recorded by Tirmidhī in as-Sunan (2:183 #739).
Setting off the fireworks on the night of Barāʿah is, no doubt, wastage of money and extravagance; therefore this act is Ḥarām and impermissible. Likewise production, selling and purchasing of fireworks are all prohibited as per Sharīʿah.
~ Stated by Muftī Ajmal in his Fatāwā (4:52).
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