In the case where a person walks in front of a Namaazi – Ahkaam E Shariat Part 1


Question: 23rd Rabi ul Aakhir Shareef 1320 Hijri

What is the ruling of the Ulama-e-Shariat in the case where a person walks in front of a Namaazi. Is such a personal sinful or not? Does this interfere with the persons Namaaz in any way? From how far away from the Namaazi are we not allowed to pass?

The Answer: This does not interfere with the Namaaz. If the Namaaz is being read in a house or in a small Musjid, then one is not allowed to pass up to the wall in the direction of the Qibla unless there is an object in between. If he is reading on a plain (open area) or in a huge Musjid, then he is not allowed to pass as far as the place of sajdah. He may pass further than this. The place of Sajdah means, when a person is standing in salaah like the true sincere worshippers and his sight is falling upon the area that his forehead will touch when he makes sajdah, then the rule of ones sight refers to where the sight falls without any hindrance and just a little further than this, is known as the point or place of sajdah. Up to the point where the sight falls and one is able to make sajdah, is known as the point of sajdah and to pass within this area is haraam and to pass beyond this is allowed. It is in Durr-e-Mukhtar as follows: “The legality of a person passing in a forest (open area) or in a huge Musjid beyond the Sajdah point is evident from proper narrations or to pass in front of him in this manner, up to the wall of the Qibla in a small Musjid and in the house, as it is regarded as one place.”

It is in Raddul Muhtaar: “The statement about the area of sajdah refers to the area from the area where the feet (of the namaazi) are placed, up to the point where sajdah will be made, just as it has been mentioned in Durar. And this second condition is to show the sinful act of the person that passes in front. As for the issue of the Namaaz, then definitely it is not invalid. This statement is correct. Tamartaashi and Sahib-e-Bada’i have regarded this as correct. Fakhrul Islam has given it even more preference, and it has been well clarified with research in Nihaaya and Fath. It means that as far as his sight falls on the one who is passing, if he reads with completely sincerity and being engrossed. In other words the sight falls there where one is to make sajdah.”

It is in Munhatul Khaaliq as follows: “The proper area of the falling of the sight is where on will make sajdah. Abu Nasr has stated that the distance is the same as there is between the Imam and the first saff (line). Or between this, which I have read from my Sheikh Minhajul A’ima (rahmatullahi alaih), in other words, to pass there where the sight of the Namaazi falls, when he is reading Namaaz with complete sincerity and being totally engrossed. This statement is clearer than the first one.”

Allama Shaami states, “Now see which is what. All have one statement and the difference of opinion is only on the statement and not in its meaning.

It is also in Raddul Muhtaar: “This issue that was addressed about (in the house), shows that this applies even if the house is big. It is in Qahsitaani that a house and mansion both fall under the ruling of a small Musjid.

Now as for the issue of what is the difference of a big and small Musjid? Faadil Qahsitaani has mentioned that a small Musjid is that which is smaller than forty cubic yards.

It is in Raddul Muhtaar as follows: “a small Musjid is that which is smaller than seven yards, and it has also been mentioned smaller than forty yards, and this is what is correct, just as it has been shown in Jawaahir.

I say that here, a yard should be regarded as a cubic yard as it is that which is more logical concerning those things which are surveyed, just as Qaazi Khan has mentioned concerning water. Thus, here the same applies even more so.

And a cubic yard refers to a yard according to us in the terms of 48 fingers spaces or three foot. One yard is equal to two girahs and two thirds girahs as it has been mentioned in some of our fatawa. Now according to our measurement of a yard, those forty cubic yards will be actually fifty four yards seven girahs and one ninth of a girah. Now according to the opinion of the Allama, by our measurement of the yard, a small Musjid will be regarded as fifty four yards and seven girahs cubic and fifty four and a half yards cubic will be regarded as a big Musjid. This is what he has written, and Imam Shaami has followed this.

I say there is this doubt that the above mentioned learned Faadil did not actually examine the statements in Jawaahir. According to the statement in Jawaahir, it shows that the issue of the house is being discussed and not that of the Musjid. A big Musjid actually is that which is like an open plain where the joining together of the saffs (lines) is a condition, like Musjid-e-Khwarzim which has sixteen thousand pillars. All the other Musjids, even if they are ten thousand yards cubic in size, will be regarded as a small Musjid and to pass in the direction of the Qibla wall without any object in between is not allowed. والله تعاتى اعلم

كتبه عبده المذنب احمد رضا عفى عنه
بمحمّد ن المصطفى صلى الله تعالى عليه وسلم

 

 

 

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