It has always been the practice of virtuous Muslims to perform ‘Shabeena’ during the month of Ramadaan (i.e. to complete an entire Quran Sharif in Taraweeh in either one, two or three days). It is even reported about some Buzurgs of the deen that they used to complete an entire Quran Sharif daily outside of Ramadaan. All of this is permissible and thawaab on condition that the Holy Quran is not read so hastily that its words aren’t pronounced correctly or that recitation isn’t done with laziness.
In other words, they curse those who recite the Quran the entire night. What deen do these people have?
PROOF OF SHABEENA
To complete the recitation the entire Holy Quran in one night is a means of thawaab, proven from the Quran, Hadith, rational thinking and the books of Wahabies themselves:
1. Allahعزوجل says to His Beloved صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم,”O Beloved covered in a sheet! Stand the entire night except for some part of it, half the night or less than it, or increase on this, and recite the Holy Quran with modulation (Tartee1).”35.1 -Surah Muzammil, Verses 1-4
In this ayat, the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم is ordered to perform narnaaz approximately the entire night. In the beginning of Islam, making ibaadat the entire night was Fardh, with just a small part of the night being allowed for rest. The obligation was annulled (mansookh) a year later-but its preferability (istihaab) still remains. So, whoever remains awake the entire night and sleeps very little acts upon this ayat. It should be bared in mind, however, that only he who can properly recite the Holy Quran should make Shabeena, as deduced from the instruction of Tarteel.
2. Hadrat Abdullah ibn Abbas رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ mentions a long Hadith about Namaaz-e-Khusoof. In it, it is stated, “In the Salaah of a lunar eclipse, Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم extended his standing (Qiyaam) equal to the recitation of approximately Surah Baqarah,” 35.2
We come to know that the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم recited Surah Baqarah (2 lh paras) in Salaatul.Khusoof. In Shabeena, 1 ½ paras occur in each rakaat, so if ½ paras are proven to have been read in one standing, 1 ½ is definitely permitted.
3. Hadrat Huzaifa رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ reports a very long Hadith about the Holy Prophet’s صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم Tahujjud namaaz. His last words were, “The Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم performed rakaats of Tahajjud namaaz. In these, he recited Surah Baqarah, AaleImran, Surah Nisaa, Ma’idah and Anaam.” 35.3 – Abu Dawud
Here we see that the Messenger صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم recited approximately 8 paras in 4 rakaats of Tahajjud namaaz. In other words, he read close to 2 paras in each rakaat! This much would not be necessary to complete Shabeena (since only1½ paras are required). Why then would it be Haraam?
4. Hadrat Mugheerah ibn Shu’ba رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ reports, “In the namaaz of the night, the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم stood in it so much that his feet became swollen. When he was asked why he strives so much whereas, through him, his Ummati’s former and latter sins have been forgiven, he answered, “Shouldn’t I be a grateful bondsman of Allahعزوجل?” 35.4 – Muslim, Bukhari
This Hadith establishes that to exert yourself in ibaadat is the Sunnah of the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم.If a Mu’rnin’s feet become swollen in Shabeena, he is fortunate to have attained this Sunnah. Wahabies don’t have the good fortune of making ibaadat themselves, so they stop others from doing so as well.
5. Hadrat Ibn Seereen رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states, “Hadrat Tameem Daari رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ used to remain awake the whole night and recite the entire Quran in one rakaat.” 35.5 -Tahaawi
In Shabeena, the Quran is recited within 20 rakaats of Taraweeh. The Sahaabi however, Hadrat Tameem Daari رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ used to recite the entire Quran in only one!
6. Hadrat Is’haaq ibn Sa’eed رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ also reports from his father that, “Hadrat Abdullah ibn Zubair رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ recited the whole Quean in one rakaat.” 35.6 Tahaawi
7. Hadrat Uthman ibn Abdur-Rahman Teemi رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states, “My father said to me, “I once decided that I shall remain awake the entire night at Maqaame-Ibrahim. So, after I performed Esha Salaah, I went to it and was about to stand (for salaah) when someone suddenly tapped my shoulder. It was Hadrat Uthrnan ibn Affan رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ.He began reciting from Surah Fatiha and continued until he completed the entire Holy Quran. Thereafter, he made Ruku and Sajda and completed his Salaah. I don’t know whether he had read namaaz before this or not.”35.7 – Hulya of Abu Nu’aim
8. Hadrat Ibrahim Nakha’i رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states, “Hadrat Aswad رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ used to complete an entire Quran every second in the month Ramadaan and would sleep between Maghrib and Esha.35.8-Hulya
9. And Hadrat Hammad-s-narratesرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ “The Sahaabi, Hadrat Sa’eed ibn Jubair رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ recited the entire Quran in one rakaat in the Baitullah Sharif.” 35.9Tahaawi
These Ahadith prove that remaining awake for the better part of the night, performing Namaaz, making Qiyaam daily (until even the feet become swollen) and reciting 2½ paras of the Quran in one rakaat is the Sunnat of the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم while reciting the entire Quran in one or two nights or even in one rakaat is the Sunnah of the Sahaaba. Whoever now calls Shabeena Haraam, Shirk or as sin is a plain idiot.
10. The practice of the Sahaaba is recorded in the following manner, “One group (amongst them) completed the Holy Quran in one day and night, another completed it twice while others finished it thrice. Those who completed it in one rakaat are countless.”35.10 Mirqaat, Baabu Tilaawatil-Quran
Rational thinking also proves that Shabeena should be considered ibaadat, not Haraam, because the reward of ibaadat is attained according to the amount of effort carried out. Extra thawaab will be attained (not punishment) by keeping fast during hot summer days, fighting Jihad by sword or performing a strenuous Hajj. How then can it be said that Muslims who perform namaaz the entire night for Allah’s عزوجلpleasure whilst reciting great portions of the Holy Quran attain punishment instead of reward? Reading one letter of the Holy Quran gains the reader the reward equivalent to 10 good deeds. So it’s surprising that instead of good deeds now being received for reading the entire Quran, punishment is conversely attained! As a miracle, Hadrat Dawood علیہ السلام recited the entire Zabur in a short space of time (as stated in the Ahadith). So, if punishment is attained by reciting the Holy Quran in one night, Hadrat Dawood رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ would be a sinner (Allahعزوجل Forbid!)! May Allahعزوجل grant these people understanding.
- The Recitation of the Holy Qur’an and its Excellence (madinasharif.wordpress.com)
- al-Imam Ahmed Rida: The lies of the Deobandis (madinasharif.wordpress.com)
- al-Imam Ahmed Rida: …two things are necessary for faith (madinasharif.wordpress.com)