THE ETIQUETTES OF TRAVELLING


* Ahadith

* Regarding females journeying without the husband or Mahram

* Seek permission from your parents, before  undertaking a journey

Hadith 1: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Ka’ab bin Maalik radi allahu anhu that Nabi-e-Kareem Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam departed for The Ghazwa-e-Tabuk 1 on a Thursday, and Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam preferred departing (for journeys) on Thursdays.

Hadith 2: Tirmizi and Abu Dawud have reported from Sakhr bin Wada’a radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘O Allah, Grant my Ummah Barkat (blessing and abundance) in the morning’. Whenever Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam sent out any contingent or regiment, he would do so in the morning, and Sakhr was a trader, who would dispatch his trade goods during the morning,  so he became a very wealthy person and his goods (stock)  became abundant.

Hadith 3: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Ibn Umar  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘If others only knew of the  angers in travelling alone, then no rider (i.e. traveller) would travel alone at night’.

Hadith 4: Imam Maalik, Tirmizi and Abu Dawud report on the authority of Amr bin Shu’aib from his father, from  his grandfather radi allahu anhum, that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘shaitaan concerns himself with one and two travellers. When there are three, it is a Jama’at (group) (i.e. so he does not concern himself with them)’.

Hadith 5: Abu Dawud reported from Abu Sa’eed Khudri radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘When there are three people on a  journey, then one (from amongst them) should be appointed as the Ameer (i.e. he should be made the group leader)’.

Hadith 6: Baihaqi reported from Sahl ibn Sa’ad radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘A leader of a group of travellers is the one who serves them. With the exception of martyrdom, no other deed of others can surpass one who takes greater  initiative in serving’.

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1. A Ghazwa refers to a battle or expedition

Hadith 7: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim from Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Travelling is a portion of suffering. It prevents (one) from sleeping, eating and drinking, so return home in haste, after you have completed your undertaking’.

Hadith 8: It is in Sahih Muslim from Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘When you disembark at night, at any stage of your journey, then take respite away from the road, for it is the path of the animals and a place inhabited by poisonous creatures’.

Hadith 9: Abu Dawud reported from Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Do not make the backs of animals your pulpits. In other words, do not sit on their backs, making conversation when you stop, for Allah has subdued the animals to (serve) you, so that you may reach such cities, which cannot be (ordinarily) reached without causing yourself distress’.

Hadith 10: Abu Dawud reported on the authority of Abu Tha’lba Khashni radi allahu anhu that when people descended at their destinations, they would set up camp individually.  Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Your setting-up camps individually is from shaitaan’. From then forth, whenever the Sahaba-e-Kiraam radi allahu anhum descended at any place, they camped together.

Hadith 11: Abu Dawud reported from Anas radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Deem it necessary to travel at night, because the earth is gathered at night 1’

.
Hadith 12: Abu Dawud reported from Anas radi allahu anhu who says ‘When we would descend upon our destinations, we would not perform our Salaah until such time that we untied the saddles of our camels’.

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1. The meaning of this, is that one should not travel only in daylight, but one should also continue ones journey for a portion of the night because the distance of the journey is covered faster at night

Hadith 13: Tirmizi and Abu Dawud reported on the authority of Buraidah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam was travelling on foot, when a person arrived on a donkey and said ‘Ya Rasool’Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam ! Please ascend (onto the donkey)’ and he then stepped back. Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Not in this manner! To sit on the focal area of the animal is your right, except when you grant this right to me’. He said ‘I have given this right to Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam . (Only then) did Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam ascend (onto the donkey)’.

Hadith 14: Ibn Asaakir reported from Abu Dardah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘When a person returns from a journey, he should bring back a gift for his family (household), even if it may be stones that he put into a small bag.

Hadith 15: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim from Anas radi allahu anhu that Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam would not return to his family from a journey at night. He  would either go to them in the morning or in the afternoon.

Hadith 16: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim from Jaabir radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘If a person has been away (from home) for a lengthy period of time, he should not go to his wife at night’.  It has been mentioned in another narration that Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said to him ‘If you arrived in Madina at night, then you should not go to your wife until such time that she has properly adorned and beautified herself’.

Hadith 17: It is in Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Ka’ab bin Maalik radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam would return from a journey at the time of Chasht 1 . On returning, he would first go to the Musjid and offer two Raka’ats of Namaaz. Thereafter, he would be seated in the Musjid (i.e. to allow the people to meet with him).

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1. Chasht refers to the Mid-morning, wherein the Chasht Namaaz is also prayed. This is an optional prayer and is full of blessings.

Hadith 18: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Jaabir radi allahu anhu , whereby he says that he went on a journey with Nabi Kareem Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam . When he entered Madina, Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said to me ‘Go to the Musjid and offer 2 Raka’ats of Namaaz’.

LAWS OF JURISPRUDENCE

Law: It is impermissible for a female to travel on a journey of three days or more, without a Mahram 1 , and if she undertakes a journey of less than three days with a pious male or with a child, then it is permissible, the ruling with regards to a bondswoman is the same. [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]

Law: With the exception of Jihad, if one intends to undertake any other journey, such as (if he wishes) to go on a business trip, or for Hajj or Umrah, he should seek the permission of his parents.  If his parents do not permit him to undertake this journey, and he fears that if he goes, then there shall be none to watch over and take care of them, and if he also does not have sufficient funds, whereby after giving some to them, he will not have sufficient for the expenditure of his journey, then in such a circumstance, he should not undertake this journey without their permission. However, if his parents are not dependant and the children are not responsible for their maintenance  and for providing their necessities, but the journey (that  he wishes to undertake) is a dangerous one and there is also a fear of loss of life in undertaking such a journey; then too, he should not travel without the permission of his parents. If there is  no threat of harm of loss of life, then he may travel without seeking their permission. [Alamgiri]

Law: If a person undertook a journey to acquire knowledge of Deen, without seeking permission from his parents, there is no harm in this. It will not be regarded as disobedience to his parents. [Alamgiri]

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1. Mahram refers to her Proper Legal Guardian as stipulated in the Shariah, i.e. one whom she can never marry

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Extracted from

Bahar E Shariat Vol 16, Chapter 49

Qadi Sadrush Shariah , Mufti Amjad Ali al-Qadiri

Translated by Muhammed Afthab Cassim al-Qadiri

2 Responses to “THE ETIQUETTES OF TRAVELLING”

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