* 3 days, Forty Days, 6 months and 1 year
* Regarding recitation of Tabaarak & offering the Koonde (Kheer Puri) Niyaz in Rajab
* Erecting roadside water stalls in Muharram, or stalls for Sharbat (Sweet drink)
* Regarding preparing and distributing Kichra (Soup made from grains)
* Regarding the Faateha of Gyarwee and Chat’ee
* Regarding the Tausha of Ashaab-e-Kahf and Ghaus-e-Paak
* Regarding commemoration of Urs
Law: To convey Esaal-e-Sawaab, means to convey the reward of the recitation of the Qur’an-e-Majeed, Durood Shareef 1 , Kalma-e-Tayyibah 2 or the reward of any other virtuous deed is permissible. One may convey the reward of either Ibaadat-eMaaliya 3 , or Ibaadat-e-Badaniyah 4 , be it Fard of Nafil, the reward for all of this can be conveyed to any other. The conveying of reward by the living benefits the deceased. The explanation with regards to this is mentioned in the Books of Fiqh 5 and Aqaa’id 6 . It has been discussed in Hidaya and Sharah Aqaa’id Nasfiya. To refer to this as Bid’at is to be obstinate. It is also proven to be permissible from the Hadith. When the mother of Hazrat Sa’ad radi allahu anhu passed away, he said, Ya Rasool’Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam ! The mother of Sa’ad (i.e. my mother) has passed away. Which Sadqa is most virtuous? He Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Water’. He had a well dug and said; this well is for Umm-e-Sa’ad ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ . From this it is evident that the deceased receives reward through the deeds of the living, and they attain benefit through this.
Now, as for the matter of specifying (particular days etc) such as three days, or the forty days, then (it must be noted) that these are neither specifications that are fixed by the Shariah and nor are they regarded as being fixed to be specific by the Shariah. No one knows (or says) that the reward will only be received (if sent) on this day or that it will not be received if it is conveyed on any other day. This is simply a customary and commonly known practice which has been performed by the people, for the sake of expediency. Actually, the recitation of the Qur’an and other
1. Durood Shareef refers to sending blessings and salutation upon Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam ‘Allahum’ma Sal’le alaa Sayyidina Wa Maulana Muhammadiw Wa alaa Aali Sayyidina Muhammadiw Wa Ashabihi Wa Baarik Wa Sal’lim’
2. Kalma-e-Tayyibah refers to the first Kalima being ‘Laa ilaaha il’lal laahu Muhammadur Rasoolullah
3. Ibaadat-e-Maaliya refers to that which is done by spending in the way of Allah, such as Zakaat etc.
4. Ibaadat-e-Badaniyah refers to that Ibaadat which is done physically, such as Namaaz etc.
5. Books of Fiqh, meaning Books of Jurisprudence
6. Aqaa’id refers to ones beliefs. We should all be Sunni Sahihul Aqida as this is the only way and correct way.
virtuous deeds are commenced immediately after the person passes away. This continues for many days at the homes of some people. So, with this occurring, what for is it said that people regard it impermissible to convey reward on any other day except the specified days? This is merely a baseless blame against the Muslims and is a futile attempt to deprive the deceased from receiving reward and blessings conveyed to them by the living. Now, that we have explained the actual principles, the minor details in this regard can be ascertained from these principles. ‘Sawm’, in other words the 3rd day (or three day Faateha) is that which is done on the third day after the person has passed away. (In this), The recitation of the Qur’an-eMajeed and the Kalima Shareef takes place, and the reward of this is conveyed to the deceased, and gram, puffed sugar candy or sweetmeats are distributed amongst children and the needy, and food is prepared and fed to the poor and the needy, or it is sent to their homes. These are all permissible and virtuous. Thereafter, they also cook food on Thursdays according to their capacity and have it given or fed to the poor. Then on the fortieth day (similarly) they feed, and they again convey reward at six months and thereafter, the annual customary conveying of reward takes place. All these are branches of Esaal-e-Sawaab. All of them fall within the same category. It is however necessary that all of this should be done with a pure intention. It should not be done for pomp and show, otherwise there will be no reward for it and it will not be regarded as Esaal-e-Sawaab. Some people give invitations to their elders and close relatives during such times. This is not a time to give invitations, but it is a time to feed the poor and the needy, which will benefit the deceased. Similarly, Faateha 1 is read over Halwa 2 . To cook this Halwa is also permissible and to read the Faateha over it is also included in the category of Esaal-e-Sawaab. In certain places, during the month of Rajab, Surah Mulk is recited forty times and then blessed over ‘Rotis’ or dry dates and these are then distributed, whilst the reward of it is conveyed to the deceased. This is also permissible.
1. Faateha is when verses of the Qur’an and Surahs etc. are prayed and the reward of it is conveyed for a virtuous reason.
2. Halwa refers to batter pudding
In the same month of Rajab, the Koonde 1 of Hazrat Jalaal Bukhari ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ is done by some people. This is done by cooking rice or Kheer 2 which is filled into earthen troughs (i.e. clay bowls). Thereafter, Faateha is made (over it) and it is fed to the people. This too is permissible. However, there is one thing that is undesirable and that is the fact that they only feed it to people at the place where the bowls have been filled. They do not allow one to move away from there. This is an absurd practice (i.e. the practice of saying it can only be eaten there) and is the manner of ignorant people. This does not prevail amongst those who are educated. Similarly, during the month of Rajab, earthen troughs are filled with Purees 3 for the Esaal-e-Sawaab of Imam Ja’far Saadiq radi allahu anhu (i.e. famously known as Kheer Puri). This too is permissible, but even in this; some people have brought in the same restriction. This is an unfounded restriction. With regards to this ‘Koonde’ (i.e. Niyaz of Imam Ja’far), there is also a book which is known as ‘Dastaan-e-Ajeeb 4. Some people read this during this time. There is no source of that which has been written in this book. It is advisable to refrain from reading it. One should simply read the Faateha and perform the Esaal-e-Sawaab.
In the month of Muharram, especially during the first ten days of Muharram, Esaal-e-Sawaab takes place for Sayyiduna Imam Hussain radi allahu anhu and all the other Shuhada-e-Karbala 5 . Some (people) read Faateha over flavoured milk; over other sweet drinks, sweetmeats and over bread and meat (etc). It is permissible to make Faateha on whatever you wish. No matter which permissible manner is used to convey Sawaab to them, it is regarded as Mandub. Many people erect free wayside stalls for water and sweet drinks; and during winter, some people distribute tea whilst others prepare Kichra 1. It is fine, no matter which virtuous deed one does and conveys the reward of it. None of these can be regarded as being impermissible.
1. Koonde refers to Faateha made on some sweet etc. which is usually kept in clay trough
2. Kheer refers to rice pudding
3. Puree refers to a thin savoury pancake
4. Dastaan-e-Ajeeb means ‘Amazing Story’
5. Shuhada-e-Karbala refers to the Martyrs of Karbala
It is common amongst some ignorant, that with the exception of the Faateha of the Shuhada-e-Karbala, it is not allowed to have the Faateha of any other person in Muharram. This view of theirs is incorrect. Just as the Faateha for anyone can be done at any other time, it can also be done in this time. The Faateha of Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam radi allahu anhu is offered on the 11th of Rabi-ulAakhir, and actually it is done on the 11th of every month 2 (i.e. according to the Islamic Calendar and lunar dates).
This too is a form of Esaal-e-Sawaab. Actually, no matter which date this Faateha of Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam radi allahu anhu 3 is offered on, the common general public refer to it as Gyarwee Shareef 4 . Even the Faateha of Huzoor Khaja Ghareeb Nawaaz Mu’eenud’deen Chishti Ajmeri radi allahu anhu 5 is in the category of Esaal-eSawaab. It is also permissible to make the Tausha 6 of the Ashaab-e-Kahf 7 , or the Tausha of Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam radi allahu anhu or that of Sheikh Abdul Haq Radaulvi 8 ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ ﺳﺮﻩ ﻗﺪﺱ and it is included in the category of Esaal-e-Sawaab.
1. Kichra refers to a thick broth made from grains
2. This date and all other Islamic dates are based on the Islamic manner of starting the month and that is based on sighting of the moon. In other words, Islamic dates are based on the lunar calendar, but based on proper testimony of sighting.
3. Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam radi allahu anhu is the title given to Sheikh Muhiyud’deen Abdul Qaadir Al Jilani Al Baghdadi radi allahu anhu, who is the King of the Awliyah Allah and the Imam of Mystics. His Mazaar-ePaak is in Baghad-e-Muqaddas in Iraq.
4. Gyarwee Shareef is the name by which the Niyaz or Faateha of Huzoor Ghaus-e-Azam radi allahu anhu is well-known
5. Hazrat Khaja Ghareeb Nawaaz radi allahu anhu; is the title given to Sultanul Hind Khaja Mu’ eenud’deen Chishti radi allahu anhu . He is the Imam of the Silsila-e-Chisht and one of the greatest and most Blessed Personalities. His Mazaar Shareef is in Ajmer Shareef
6. Tausha here is another name given to a meal prepared for the Faateha of the pious.
7. Ashaab-e-Kahf refers to the Men of the Cave. This is explained in detail in Surah Kahf
8. Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Haq Radaulvi radi allahu anhu is a great Wali Allah. His Mazaar Shareef is in Radoli, India.
Law: The Urs of the Awliyah-e-Kiraam which is officiated annually is also permissible, because on this date, the Khatam of the Qur’an-e-Majeed takes place and the reward of this recitation is conveyed to the Pious Personalities. Together with this, the Meelad Shareef is also read and lectures are delivered. In brief, all those actions which are virtuous and a means of reward are permissible during this occasion, just as they are permissible at any other time.
Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam visited the graves of the Martyrs of Uhud at the beginning or end of every year. However, it is necessary for the Urs to be free of all meaningless and obscene practices. The uneducated, should be forbidden from practices which are disallowed in the Shariah. If they still persist in doing wrong, even after they have been cautioned, then they are accountable for their sins and their actions.
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Bahar E Shariat Vol 16, Chapter 47
Qadi Sadrush Shariah , Mufti Amjad Ali al-Qadiri
Translated by Muhammed Afthab Cassim al-Qadiri
- Quran Khuwani in Islam (madinasharif.wordpress.com)
- The Recitation of the Holy Qur’an and its Excellence (madinasharif.wordpress.com)
- The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is Noor-ul-Bashar (both Noor and Human) (madinasharif.wordpress.com)