ETIQUETTES OF THE MUSJID AND THE QIBLA


* Regarding engraving the Musjid doing gold and silver gilding in it
* Regarding the use of cement and plaster on the Musjid Walls
* Regarding teaching (Islamic Studies) in the Musjid  
* Only a Mu’takif should eat and drink in the Musjid
* A Musjid should not be used as a pathway
* Impermissibility of selling Taweez in the Musjid  
* Performing Nikah in the Musjid is Desirable
* Etiquettes of the Musjid  
* Makruh actions in the Musjid

Law: To paint the Musjid with lime (i.e. whitewash) and to use mortar is permissible. It is also permissible to use gold and silver gilding on the engravings or carvings (in the Musjid), as long as this has been done with the wealth of an individual and not with money belonging to the Waqf 1. If the Trustee of the Mosque used the Waqf funds of the Mosque to do such gold and silver carvings (decorations etc.), then he will have to make amends (i.e. pay the penalty for this). However, if the founder of the Musjid (i.e. the one who built the Mosque) had initially done such carvings and they have been damaged, then the Mutawali 2 of the Musjid can use the Musjid’s funds to rebuild this carving (i.e. to have it repaired). Some Masha’ikh 3 have mentioned that it is Makruh to do any decorations or carving etc. on the Qibla wall of the Mosque, as the heart of the Namaazi 4 will be diverted towards it. [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]

Law: It is permissible to use cement and to plaster the walls of the Musjid, as this allows the building to remain intact. When plastering the Musjid, or when doing plating or when using mud plaster, one should not use water that is impure. [Alamgiri]

Law: To teach (Islamic lessons) in the Musjid is permissible, even though the Musal’las 5 and grass mats of the Musjid are used at the time of teaching. To eat, and sleep in the Musjid is only permissible for a Mu’takif 6 . This is Makruh for one who is not in I’tekaaf. If a person needs to eat or sleep in the Musjid, then he should enter the Musjid with the intention  of I’tekaaf, make some Zikr or pray some Namaaz, and after this, he can do that (i.e. eat or sleep). [Alamgiri]
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1. Waqf refers to an Endowment for the sake of Allah
2. Mutawali here refers to a trustee of the Musjid
3. Masha’ikh refers to Pious Predecessors
4. Namaazi is the one who is performing his Namaaz
5. Musal’la refers to a prayer mat
6. Mu’takif is a person in I’tekaaf; i.e. one secluded to the Musjid for the remembrance of Allah.  

It is common in almost all parts of India, that during the month of Ramadan people generally break their fast in the Musjid. If there is an area outside the Musjid where Iftar can be made, then Iftar should not be made inside the Musjid. Otherwise, one should make the intention of I’tekaaf on entering.  There is no objection to making Iftar inside. However, one must still be fully cautious not to soil the mats or floors of the Musjid.

Law:  The Musjid should not be made a pathway (road /walkway). For example, if there are two doors in the Musjid and one needs to go somewhere, and it is easier for him to enter from one door and exit (in that direction) through the other door, then one should not do this. If a person went in (i.e. into the Musjid) with the intention that he would enter through this door and then exit through the other door (i.e. he will  use it as a walkway), and after entering he regretted this action of his, then he should not exit through the door from which he had intended to exit, but he should use another door. And some Ulama have stated that such a person should first pray Namaaz and then exit (the Musjid), and others have said that if he does not have wudu, then he should exit from the same door through which he entered. To enter the Musjid whilst wearing shoes is Makruh. [Alamgiri]

Law: Selling of Taweez in the Jaame Musjid is not permissible, like it is done by those who do this as a business  and compel people to pay a stipulated price to get a taweez. [Alamgiri]

Law: To perform a Nikah ceremony in the Musjid is Mustahab (desirable).  [Alamgiri] However one must be cautious not to cause any disturbance or din in the Musjid or do anything therein that is contrary to the sanctity of the Musjid. If one knows that the etiquettes of the sanctity or the Musjid will be violated, then one should not have the Nikah in the Musjid.

Law: One who has any impurity on his clothing or body should not enter the Musjid. [Alamgiri]

Law: One must observe the following Etiquettes of the Musjid: (1) On entering the Musjid one should convey Salaam, on condition that those present inside are not engrossed in Zikr or in teaching, and if there is no one inside or if those inside are occupied, then say:   ‘As Salaamu Alayna Mir Rab’bina Wa Ala Ibaadil’laahis Saaliheen’ (2) If it is not within the Makruh time, pray two Raka’at Tahiyatul Musjid (3) Do not buy or sell (i.e. do not do business transactions inside the Musjid) (4) Do not take an unsheathed sword inside the Musjid (5) Do not look for a lost item in the Musjid (6) Do not raise your voice except in Zikr (remembrance of Allah)  (7)  Do not discuss worldly issues in it  (8) Do not clamber over the necks of people (9) Do not fight with anyone because of place  (10) Do not sit in a manner which causes discomfort to others (11) Do not walk in front of a Namaazi (12) Do not spit or cough out phlegm in the Musjid (13) Do not snap your fingers in the Musjid  (14) Protect the Musjid from impurities, children (who have not reached the age  of understanding), and insane people  (15) Make Zikr-e-Ilahi in abundance. [Alamgiri]

Law: If the Musjid if full, then the person who wishes to read his Namaaz can ask the person who is sitting to move aside and give him some space to read his Namaaz. This applies even if the person (sitting) is engrossed in (some form of) Zikr; he is teaching, or reciting the Qur’an, and even if he is a Mu’takif. [Alamgiri]

Law: To give money to one who begs inside the Musjid is not allowed. To have worldly discussions in the Musjid is Makruh. To talk in the Musjid, devours ones good deeds like fire eats up wood. This is the case when having a permissible conversation, so what can be said about the sin of impermissible conversations. [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]

Law: After performing Namaaz, we fold up our Musal’las and keep them away. This is a good thing as it is an act that is more appropriate with regards to being cautious. However, some people only fold the corner of the Musal’la, and they say that by not doing so, shaitaan will read Namaaz on it. This is baseless!

Law:  It is Makruh to climb onto the roof of the Musjid. To perform Jama’at on the roof of the Mosque because it is too hot is Makruh. However, if the Musjid is full due to an overflow of Namaazis, then one may read Namaaz on the roof of the Musjid, just as Jama’at takes place on the Musjid roofs in Bombay and Calcutta etc. due to a shortage of space. [Alamgiri]

Law: If a (Deeni) student used a straw from a mat in the Musjid as a marker in his book, it is excused. [Alamgiri]

This however does not mean that he should break (or pull out) straw from a good mat and use it as a marker, because continuously doing this, will cause the (prayer) mat to be damaged.

Law: To make a ‘Hadf’, In other words to place a target in the direction of the Qibla and to fire arrows at it, or to shoot bullets towards it is Makruh. In other words, target practice in the direction of Qibla is Makruh. [Raddul Muhtar]

— — —

Extracted From

Bahar E Shariat Vol 16, Chapter 20

Qadi Sadrush Shariah , Mufti Amjad Ali al-Qadiri

Translated by Muhammed Afthab Cassim al-Qadiri

 

 

 

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