Sayyiduna Imam Hasan bin Ali Radi Allahu Anhu

Sayyiduna Imam Hasan bin Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu), Excerpts from Tarikh al-Khulafa by Imam Jalal al-Din Suyuti (Alayhir Rahmah). Must Read & Share!!

Abu Muhammed Imam Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (Radi Allahu anhu), the grandson of RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) was born on the 15th of Ramadan, the third year after hijrah.

Imam Bukhari reports from Hadrat Anas (Radi Allahu anhu): ‘No one resembled the Prophet (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) more than Hasan ibn Ali (Radi Allahu anhu).’

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Hadrat Bara’a (Radi Allahu anhu): I have seen RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) with Hasan upon his shoulder, saying: ‘O Allah I love him, so (Ye) love him too’.

Imam Bukhari reports from Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu anhu): I have seen RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) on the pulpit (minbar) with Hasan on his side. He looked at the assembly and Hasan alternately, and said: ‘ Verily, this son of mine is a great leader. Mayhap that Allah will unite two groups of Muslims on his account.’

Imam Bukhari reports from Hadrat ibn Umar (Radi Allahu anhu): ‘Both Hasan and Husayn are my two perfumes in this world’.

Hakim reports from Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu Anhu), that RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) was once carrying Hasan on his shoulders. A man met him on the way and said: ‘What a magnificent mount that you ride young man.’ RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) replied,’What a magnificent rider is he!’

Ibn Saad reports from Abdullah ibn Zubayr (Radi Allahu anhum): Hasan ibn Ali (Radi Allahu anhu) resembled RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) the most in his family and was the dearest to him. I have seen him (Hasan) ride upon RasoolAllah’s neck (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) – or he said back – when he was in prostration and RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) wouldn’t arise until Hasan dismounted himself. I have seen him (Rasool SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) in ruku when Hasan would crawl by his feet. RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) would let him go between his legs to the other side.’

Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu anhu) was a man of many qualities; he was a leader of men, forbearing and patient, a man of dignity and sobriety, staid and demure; and very generous. He disliked war and fighting. He would give away a hundred thousand (as a present or charity) without giving it a thought.

Hakim reports from Abdullah ibn Ubayd ibn Umayr (Radi Allahu anhum): ‘Hasan went on Hajj twenty-five times on foot, even though very fine camels were driven alongside.’

Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu Anhu) became the caliph after his father was martyred, by the allegiance of the Kufans. He remained such for six months and a few more days and then Imam Hasan sent an envoy seeking peace, and wished to renounce the post in favor of Hadrat Mu’awiyah (Radi Allahu Anhu). After this, Imam Hasan left Kufah and retired to Madinah.

Hakim reports from Jubayr ibn Nufayr (Radi Allahu Anhu): I said to Hasan, ‘people say that you desire the caliphate.’ He replied: ‘I had Arab warriors at my command to fight whom I did and befriend those 1 wished; but I renounced war, seeking to please Allah and to avert spilling the blood of the followers of Muhammad (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam) just for the sake of power.’

Ibn Saad reports from Imran ibn Abdullah ibn Talha (Radi Allahu Anhum): Imam Hasan saw in his dream as if ‘Qul huwa Allahu Ahad’ was written between his eyes. When this dream was related to Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyib (Radi Allahu Anhu), he interpreted: ‘If this dream is true, then his death is very near’. He lived for only a few days after this event.

Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu Anhu) died in Madinah Munawwarah after he was poisoned in the year 49 AH. It is said that he died on the 5th of Rabi al-Awwal, 50 AH. It is also said that it was in 51 AH. Imam Husayn (Radi Allahu Anhu), his brother entreated him to name the poisoner; Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu Anhu) declined and said: ‘If it is the one I suspect, Allah shall take that person into account. If not, I do not wish that an innocent is killed on my account’.

Imam Tirmidhi and Hakim report from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (Radi Allahu anhu): RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘Hasan and Husayn are the two leaders of young men in paradise’.

Imam Tirmidhi reports from Usamah ibn Zayd (Radi Allahu anhu): I saw Hasan and Husayn on the lap of RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) and he said: ‘These two are my children, my grandsons. O Allah I love them; (You) love them too. And love all those who love them’.

AlaHadrat, Imam Ahmad Rida Khan عليه الرحمة has explained it beautifully:

Kya baat Raza us chamanistaan e karam ki;
Zahra hai kali jisme Hussain aur Hasan phool.

Raza! Imagine how unique is that garden of Compassion;
Wherein the bud is Zahra, and the flowers are Hussain and Hasan. (Radi Allahu anhum)

SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam wa ‘Ala Alihi wa Sahbihi Wa Baraka Wa karam

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