Sadaqat al-Fitr | Important Notes Regarding It

ramadan-mubarakI. Hadrat ibn ‘Umar radi allahu anhu said, “The Prophet Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam made incumbent on every male or female, free man or slave, young or old, the payment of one Sa’ of dates or barley as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr. The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam commanded that this sadaqah be paid before one goes to perform the Eid prayer.” [Sahih Bukhari – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 204]

II. Hadrat Hasan radi allahu anhu said: Hadrat Ibn Abbas radi allahu anhu preached the people towards the end of Ramadan, standing on the pulpit (in the mosque) of al-Basrah. He said: “Bring forth the sadaqah relating to your fast.” The people, as it were, could not understand. “Which of the people of Medina are present here? Stand for your brethren, and teach them, for they do not know” said Hadrat ibn ‘Abbas radi allahu anhu. He further added: “The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam prescribed this sadaqah as one sa’ of dried dates or barley, or half a sa’ of wheat payable by every freeman or slave, male or female, young or old.” When Hadrat Ali radi allahu anhu came (to Basrah), he found that the price had come down. He said: “Allah has given prosperity to you, so give one sa’ of everything (as sadaqah).” [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, page 229]

III. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn Tha’laba or Tha’laba ibn ‘Abdullah radi allahu anhu (narrator cannot recall exactly what the name was) ibn Abu Saghir radi allahu anhu, who narrates from his father that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said, “One sa’ of wheat is enough from every two; young or old; freeman or slave; male or female. Those of you who are rich will be purified by Allah, and those of you who are poor will have more than they gave returned by Him to them.” [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 228]

IV. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas radi allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam prescribed Sadqatul Fitr, so that the fasts (kept throughout the month of Ramadan) may be purified from any falsehood, wrongdoing or evil talk, and (at the same time) it shall assist to feed the poor and the needy. [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 227]

V. Hadrat ‘Amr ibn Shu’aib radi allahu anhu reports from his father, who reports from his grandfather that the Holy Prophet Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam sent a person that he calls out loud in the streets of Makkah al-Mukarramah that Sadaqat ul Fitr is Wajib (necessary) upon every Muslim male or female; freeman or a slave; young or old. [Sunan Tirmidhi – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 146] Read the rest of this entry »

Rings And Jewellery in Islam

* On which finger should the ring be worn?
 * Silk and Gold are Haraam for men
 * Regarding the use of brass and iron rings
 * Ten things which are regarded as bad
 * Allowing girls to wear tinkling anklets is disallowed
 * A male is only allowed to wear one silver ring  
 * The ring of a male should not weigh more than one Mithqaal
 * Women are also not allowed to wear jewels from other metals
 * Regarding gemstones such as agate jasper etc.  
 * Impermissibility of manufacturing those items which are forbidden for males & females
 * Permissibility of using an iron tablet (piece) inside a ring or in other jewellery
 * Regarding embedding a gold pin in a precious stone
 * For whom is it Sunnah to wear a ring?
 * How and in which finger should the ring be worn?
 * What can be engraved on a ring?
 * Regarding the use of a ring with many stones for males
 * Regarding the use of a Chal’la for men
 * Permissibility of fastening the teeth with gold wire
 * Regarding the use of another persons teeth
 * Regarding fastening (resetting) your teeth that fall off
 * Regarding the use of jewellery and mehndi for men 

Hadith 1: It is in Sahih Muslim from Anas radi allahu anhu that when Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam intended to have letters written to Kasra, Qaisar and Najashi, someone mentioned that they do not accept letters without a seal (i.e. a royal stamp) on them. Nabi Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam then had a silver ring made on which was engraved  ﺍﷲ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﳏﻤﺪ ‘Muhammadur Rasoolullah’ Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam  It is mentioned in the narration of Imam Bukhari that this was engraved in three lines. On the first line was ﳏﻤﺪ on the second line was ﺭﺳﻮﻝ and on the third line was the Name ﺍﷲ

Hadith 2: It is reported in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn Umar  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam had a ring made from gold, and in one narration it has been mentioned that he wore it on the right hand and then threw it away and had a silver ring made, which had  ﺍﷲ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﳏﻤﺪ engraved on it. He Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said, No person should engrave his ring with an engraving that is similar to that of my ring. Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam wore his ring, with the gemstone would face his palm

Hadith 3: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Anas radi allahu anhu  that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam’s  ring was made from silver and it also had a gemstone on it.

Hadith 4: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Anas radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam wore a silver ring on his right hand and its stone was of Abyssinian origin, and it used to be worn facing his palm.

Hadith 5: There is a narration of Muslim from Anas radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam’s ring was on this finger. In other words, it was on the little finger of the left hand.

Hadith 6: It is in Sahih Muslim from Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam forbade me from wearing the ring on this finger or this finger. In other words, from wearing it on  the middle  finger or the Kalima (index) finger.

Hadith 7: Ibn Majah reported from Abdullah ibn Ja’far  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ and Abu Dawud and Nasa’i reported from Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam used to wear his ring on the right hand and Abu Dawud reported from ibn Umar  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that he  used to wear it on the left hand. It can be deduced from both these Hadith that he  would sometimes wear it on the right hand and sometimes on the left hand, but Baihaqi has mentioned that wearing the ring on the right hand is inapplicable.

Hadith 8: Abu Dawud and Nasa’i have reported on the authority of Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam held silk in his right hand and gold in his left hand and then said ‘Both of these are Haraam (totally forbidden) for the men of my Ummat.’ Read the rest of this entry »

Etiquettes of Wearing Shoes

* Wear the shoe of the right foot first and remove the left foot first
 * Regarding the use of only one shoe or sock
 * Certain types of shoes should be worn whilst sitting
 * Prohibition of women wearing shoes that resemble the shoes  of men
 * Regarding over adorning ones self
 * Permissibility of wearing shoes made from fur hides or those stitched  with tacks etc

Hadith 1: It is reported in Sahih Muslim from Jaabir radi allahu anhu . He says he heard Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam saying ‘Wear shoes as much as you can, for as long as a person is wearing shoes, it is as if he is on (a mode of transport)’, in other words he does not become exhausted.’

Hadith 2: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Ibn Umar  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ who says ‘I saw Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam wear a Naalain (Sacred Footwear) which had no fur (covering) on it’.

Hadith 3:  It is in Sahih Bukhari from Anas radi allahu anhu that there were two hairs in the Naalain of Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam , in other words, there were two laces (straps) between the mubaarak toes.

Hadith 4: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said that when wearing shoes, first wear the one on the right foot and when removing them, then first remove the one on the left foot, so that the right is first in being put on, and last in being removed.

Hadith 5: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Do not walk whilst only wearing one shoe. Either remove both or wear both’.

Hadith 6: It is in Sahih Muslim from Jaabir radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘If the laces (straps) of your shoes break, you should not walk whilst only wearing one shoe, but you should repair the strap; and do not walk whilst wearing only one Mauzah (sock)’.

Hadith 7: Tirmizi reported from Jaabir and Ibn Majah reported from Abu Hurairah  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam forbade the wearing of shoes whilst standing (i.e. to put them  on whilst standing). This ruling is regarding those shoes which take time to wear whilst standing (and) those which need the straps to be tied. In the same way the boots (this refers to the present day shoes) should also be worn whilst sitting, because even in these shoes, the laces have to be tied, and to tie them whilst standing is difficult. There is no harm in standing whilst putting on shoes which are not of this type, such as the Saleem Shahi 1 or the pumps 2, or the type of sandal in which there is no need to tie a strap.

Hadith 8: Tirmizi reported from Hazrat A’isha  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam sometimes walked with just one Naalain. This was either to explain permissibility, or it was when he just walked one or two steps, such as to open the Door of the Hujra (Sacred Chamber).

Hadith 9: Abu Dawud reported from Ibn Abi Maleeka that someone mentioned to Hazrat A’isha  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ that a woman wore shoes (which resembled that of men). She (Hazrat A’isha) said that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam cursed women who resembled men. In other words, women should not wear shoes that are like that of men. Actually this refers to all things in which men and women have distinctiveness to one another; from them, there is prohibition for each one of them to adopt the style of the other. Neither should men adopt the style of the women, and nor should the women adopt the style of the men. Read the rest of this entry »

Is it permissible to keep dogs or not? – Ahkaam E Shariat Part 1

Question: 20th Rabi ul Aakhir 1320 Hijri

What is the ruling of the learned Ulama regarding whether it is permissible to keep dogs or not? Is it permissible to keep pigeons without the intention of racing them? What about the ruling regarding quail fighting and cock fighting? Also what is the rule regarding the keeping of falcons and eagles and to use them for hunting and to then to eat which they have hunted?

The Answer: It is permissible to keep falcons and eagles and to use it for hunting is also allowed and to eat which they have hunted is also allowed. Almighty Allah says, “And which hunting animals have you trained for hunting” (Surah Maida, verse 4).

It must however be noted that the animal must be hunted for the purpose of attaining food, for medicinal purpose or for any beneficial reason. It should not be just for sport and for fun. This is a waste of time and is haraam and those who do this are sinful. That animal that is killed by them is halaal if they have been well trained to hunt and bismillah was said when releasing them. It is clear that to release if for the sake of game hunting (for sport) is haraam and this does not interfere which the Zibah according to Sharia just as to take Allah’s name and then strike a sheep from the neck (nape) is a haraam action, but to eat such an animal is halaal.

Quail fights, cock fighting, and getting any other animal to fight, like the way people fight rams, little birds and some even fight haraam animals such as elephants and bears are all haraam as this is to cause pain to animals without reason. It has been mentioned in the Hadith Shareef that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam) has prohibited us from fighting animals (against one another). (Ref: Abu Dawood and Tirmizi from Ibn Abbas radi Allahu anhu and Tirmizi has categorized it as Hassan Sahih)

To keep pigeons just for the sake of comforting ones heart and not for any impermissible reason is allowed. To fly pigeons from rooftops so that one may go on the rooftops and look at our Muslims females, or to throw stones at the pigeons, causing windows to break and the danger of injuring someone’s eye, to fly pigeons to capture the pigeons belonging to others or to fly them the entire day absolutely hungry, and to enjoy seeing them fly in this way, not even allowing them to land when they need are all improper and to keep the pigeons for these reasons is haraam. It is in Durr-e-Mukhtar as follows: “It is Makrooh (to keep the pigeons caged) even if it is in their special enclosure (if this is to harm others). This is when this harm is caused through looking (at what is not allowed) and by trapping the pigeons of others. Thus, if one flies them from a rooftop and this causes disclosure of females, and if one throws stones, causing windows to break, then the person who threw the stones will be answerable and he will be stopped from doing this very sternly. If he does not abstain from this, then the chief police officer of the town has the right to make them (the pigeons) zibah. If they are not for flying, then this is doing what is best due to feeling for the pigeons and this is Mubah (permitted).”

It is in Sahih Bukhari etc. on the authority of Abdullah bin Umar (radi Allahu anhu) and in the Sahih of Ibn Hibaan on the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “A lady went into hell because of a cat. She kept the cat tied up. Neither did she feed it nor did she release it, so that she may be free and eat the mice etc.” It has been mentioned in the narration of ibn Hibaan that the said cat has been appointed to punish the woman in hell and it bites her with its teeth from in front and from behind. Read the rest of this entry »

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