Sadaqat al-Fitr | Important Notes Regarding It

ramadan-mubarakI. Hadrat ibn ‘Umar radi allahu anhu said, “The Prophet Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam made incumbent on every male or female, free man or slave, young or old, the payment of one Sa’ of dates or barley as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr. The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam commanded that this sadaqah be paid before one goes to perform the Eid prayer.” [Sahih Bukhari – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 204]

II. Hadrat Hasan radi allahu anhu said: Hadrat Ibn Abbas radi allahu anhu preached the people towards the end of Ramadan, standing on the pulpit (in the mosque) of al-Basrah. He said: “Bring forth the sadaqah relating to your fast.” The people, as it were, could not understand. “Which of the people of Medina are present here? Stand for your brethren, and teach them, for they do not know” said Hadrat ibn ‘Abbas radi allahu anhu. He further added: “The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam prescribed this sadaqah as one sa’ of dried dates or barley, or half a sa’ of wheat payable by every freeman or slave, male or female, young or old.” When Hadrat Ali radi allahu anhu came (to Basrah), he found that the price had come down. He said: “Allah has given prosperity to you, so give one sa’ of everything (as sadaqah).” [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, page 229]

III. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn Tha’laba or Tha’laba ibn ‘Abdullah radi allahu anhu (narrator cannot recall exactly what the name was) ibn Abu Saghir radi allahu anhu, who narrates from his father that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said, “One sa’ of wheat is enough from every two; young or old; freeman or slave; male or female. Those of you who are rich will be purified by Allah, and those of you who are poor will have more than they gave returned by Him to them.” [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 228]

IV. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas radi allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam prescribed Sadqatul Fitr, so that the fasts (kept throughout the month of Ramadan) may be purified from any falsehood, wrongdoing or evil talk, and (at the same time) it shall assist to feed the poor and the needy. [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 227]

V. Hadrat ‘Amr ibn Shu’aib radi allahu anhu reports from his father, who reports from his grandfather that the Holy Prophet Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam sent a person that he calls out loud in the streets of Makkah al-Mukarramah that Sadaqat ul Fitr is Wajib (necessary) upon every Muslim male or female; freeman or a slave; young or old. [Sunan Tirmidhi – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 146] Read the rest of this entry »

Consume food only if it is ” Halal “

The translation of an excert borrowed from the fourth chapter of the second part of Kimyâ-i-se’âdet: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ‘alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “It is farz for, (i.e. incumbent upon,) every Muslim to earn (a living) by way of halâl.” Earning by way of halâl, in its turn, requires learning what is halâl. Halâls and harâms are known clearly. What is difficult to know is the doubtful area between the two. A person who fails to avoid the doubtful will fall into harâms. This subject, therefore, should cover an extensive area of knowledge to impart. We have provided detailed information in our book entitiled Ihyâ-ul-‘ulûm. In this chapter we will briefly dwell on some salient points of sweeping generally, arranging them in four articles. [One of those four articles is given here.]

Merits of earning by way of halâl, and thawâb for doing so:

The fifty-second [52] âyat-i-karîma of Mu’minûn Sura purports: “O My Prophets ‘salawâtullahi ‘alaihim ajma’în’. Eat what is pure and halâl and worship Me in due manner!” For this reason, Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ‘alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “It is farz for every Muslim to earn by way of halâl.” At another occasion the Most Blessed Prophet stated: “If a person eats (only) whatsoever is halâl without mixing any harâm with it for forty days running, Allâhu ta’âlâ will fill his heart with nûr (spritual lights). He will make Hikmat flow like rivers into his heart. He will remove worldly love from his heart.” [It is not sinful to work in order to earn what is worldly. What is sinful is love what is worldly and attach one’s heart to the world.] Sa’d bin Abî Waqqâs ‘radiy-Allâhu ‘anh’, (a Sahâbî, the seventh earliest Muslim, and one of those most fortunate ten Muslims who are called the ‘Ashara-i-mubash-shara because they were given the glad tidings that they would enter Paradise after death,) one day entreated: Yâ Rasûlullah (O Messenger of Allah)! Please invoke a blessing on me so that Allâhu ta’âlâ will accept all my prayers!” The following hadîth-i-sherîf contains the reply of the Best of Mankind: Read the rest of this entry »

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