Decorating the Musjids with lights , OBJECTIONS & ANSWERS TO LIGHTING THE MUSJIDS,ETC.

It has always been the practice of all Muslims to brighten Musjids and make special arrangements for lighting and decorating on significant occasions, e.g. Lailatul-Qadr in Ramadaan, 12 Rabiul-Awwal, etc. The Musjids of wahabies, however, remain without luster. They rule this action of decorating the Musjids to be Haraam and even shirk. For this reason, we shall discuss this topic as well.

PROOF OF ADORNING MUSJIDS

To always keep Musjids bright, especially during Ramadaan or when completing the Quran on Lailatul-Qadr, Meeladun-Nabi , etc. is a great act of worship (ibaadat). There are many proofs for this,

1.Allah Almighty states in the Holy Quran, Only those who have Imaan on Allah Almighty , and Qiyaamat cause the Musjids to thrive.”34.1 — Surah Tauba, Verse 18

The Commentators of the Holy Quran (Mufassireen) state that having namaaz in jamaats in Musjids, keeping the Musjids clean, spreading mats of high quality, brightening the Musjids with lighting, etc. are all included in causing Musjids to prosper. Hadrat Sulaiman Alaih salaam used to make the Musjid Baitul-Muqaddas bright with Kibreet-e-Ahmar (a flammable substance). There was so much brightness because of this that women miles away were able to spin their threads! . Tafseer Roohul-Bayaan

2. Hadrat Abu Saeed Khudri radi allahu anhu . states, ‘The Sahabi, Tameem Daari radi allahu anhu was the first person to light lamps in the Musjids.”34.2 – Ibn .Majah

This proves that brightening Musjids is the practice of a Sahaabi. Bear in mind that lighting lamps was not the general habit in the Holy Prophet’s Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam time. At the time of jamaat, sticks of the date-tree were burned for light. Hadrat Tameem Daari radi allahu anhu was the first to light lamps there.

3. Ummnul-Mu’mineen. Sayyidah Maimunah radi allahu anha. asked the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam , “Give us an instruction regarding the Musjid at Baitul-Muqaddas” He said, “Go to it and read namaaz there.” During those times, there was a war taking place in that area. For this reason, Rasoolullah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam said, “If you cannot reach the Musjid and perform Salaah in it, send oil there so that it can be used to light the Musjid’s lamps.” 34.3Abu Dawood Read the rest of this entry »

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HAZIR-O-NAZIR CONCEPT USED FOR RASOOLULLAH (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)

ALLAH Mohammed Calliagraphy1. Some people believe that Allah Ta’ala is “Omnipresent”, that is, Allah Ta’ala is Present and Over-looking at every time and at every place. They believe Allah Ta’ala to be “Haazir” and “Naazir”.

2. This is not true, as Allah Ta’ala is not bound by time and space. Allah Ta’ala is Present and Seeing from eternity without time and without space.

3. Allah Ta’ala’s Attributes, namely, Life, Knowledge, Power and Speech, are without time and without place, so are Allah Ta’ala’s other attributes. Allah Ta’ala’s Attributes always exists and will continue to exist till eternity.

4. There is a great difference between Allah Ta’ala being Present and the souls of His creation being present. No one is present like Allah Ta’ala being Present.

5. The Angels, the souls of Prophets, the souls of the Awliya Allah and the souls of pious Muslims are present at any place where they are called. They were non-existent, before being present. They will seize to exist after a while. The souls of the creation were absent before it became present there, and will be absent some time later. The presence of the souls is with time and with place.

6. Now that we have explained the concept of Allah Ta’ala being Present and clarified our position with regards to the station of the souls in this respect, we will explain the concept of Haazir (present) and Naazir (over-looking) of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

7. It is the belief of the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is given power by Allah Ta’ala to be Haazir and Naazir.

8. Some persons say that the Ahle Sunnat Wa Jamaat believes that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present like Allah Ta’ala is Present. This is totally false because the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at does not have such a belief.

9. The Ulema have used the words “Haazir-o-Naazir” for Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).

10. Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “How then if I brought from each people a Witness and brought you (O Muhammad) as a Witness against these people”. (Sura al-Nisa: 41) This proves that each Prophet is a Witness for his Ummah, for those who accept Allah Ta’ala and those who reject Him. It also proves that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was present before each Ummah, witnessing their deeds. On the Day of Qiyamah, when they will be questioned about their deeds, they will deny it. Then, Allah Ta’ala will bring the Final Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) as a Witness and he will testify because he was present there when they were practising evil.

11. Imam Khaazin (radi Allahu anhu) states, “To be a witness means to be ‘Haazir’ or present.” (Tafseer Khaazin) Read the rest of this entry »

Rings And Jewellery in Islam

* On which finger should the ring be worn?
 * Silk and Gold are Haraam for men
 * Regarding the use of brass and iron rings
 * Ten things which are regarded as bad
 * Allowing girls to wear tinkling anklets is disallowed
 * A male is only allowed to wear one silver ring  
 * The ring of a male should not weigh more than one Mithqaal
 * Women are also not allowed to wear jewels from other metals
 * Regarding gemstones such as agate jasper etc.  
 * Impermissibility of manufacturing those items which are forbidden for males & females
 * Permissibility of using an iron tablet (piece) inside a ring or in other jewellery
 * Regarding embedding a gold pin in a precious stone
 * For whom is it Sunnah to wear a ring?
 * How and in which finger should the ring be worn?
 * What can be engraved on a ring?
 * Regarding the use of a ring with many stones for males
 * Regarding the use of a Chal’la for men
 * Permissibility of fastening the teeth with gold wire
 * Regarding the use of another persons teeth
 * Regarding fastening (resetting) your teeth that fall off
 * Regarding the use of jewellery and mehndi for men 

Hadith 1: It is in Sahih Muslim from Anas radi allahu anhu that when Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam intended to have letters written to Kasra, Qaisar and Najashi, someone mentioned that they do not accept letters without a seal (i.e. a royal stamp) on them. Nabi Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam then had a silver ring made on which was engraved  ﺍﷲ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﳏﻤﺪ ‘Muhammadur Rasoolullah’ Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam  It is mentioned in the narration of Imam Bukhari that this was engraved in three lines. On the first line was ﳏﻤﺪ on the second line was ﺭﺳﻮﻝ and on the third line was the Name ﺍﷲ

Hadith 2: It is reported in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn Umar  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam had a ring made from gold, and in one narration it has been mentioned that he wore it on the right hand and then threw it away and had a silver ring made, which had  ﺍﷲ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﳏﻤﺪ engraved on it. He Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said, No person should engrave his ring with an engraving that is similar to that of my ring. Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam wore his ring, with the gemstone would face his palm

Hadith 3: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Anas radi allahu anhu  that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam’s  ring was made from silver and it also had a gemstone on it.

Hadith 4: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Anas radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam wore a silver ring on his right hand and its stone was of Abyssinian origin, and it used to be worn facing his palm.

Hadith 5: There is a narration of Muslim from Anas radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam’s ring was on this finger. In other words, it was on the little finger of the left hand.

Hadith 6: It is in Sahih Muslim from Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam forbade me from wearing the ring on this finger or this finger. In other words, from wearing it on  the middle  finger or the Kalima (index) finger.

Hadith 7: Ibn Majah reported from Abdullah ibn Ja’far  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ and Abu Dawud and Nasa’i reported from Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam used to wear his ring on the right hand and Abu Dawud reported from ibn Umar  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that he  used to wear it on the left hand. It can be deduced from both these Hadith that he  would sometimes wear it on the right hand and sometimes on the left hand, but Baihaqi has mentioned that wearing the ring on the right hand is inapplicable.

Hadith 8: Abu Dawud and Nasa’i have reported on the authority of Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam held silk in his right hand and gold in his left hand and then said ‘Both of these are Haraam (totally forbidden) for the men of my Ummat.’ Read the rest of this entry »

Etiquettes of Wearing Shoes

* Wear the shoe of the right foot first and remove the left foot first
 * Regarding the use of only one shoe or sock
 * Certain types of shoes should be worn whilst sitting
 * Prohibition of women wearing shoes that resemble the shoes  of men
 * Regarding over adorning ones self
 * Permissibility of wearing shoes made from fur hides or those stitched  with tacks etc

Hadith 1: It is reported in Sahih Muslim from Jaabir radi allahu anhu . He says he heard Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam saying ‘Wear shoes as much as you can, for as long as a person is wearing shoes, it is as if he is on (a mode of transport)’, in other words he does not become exhausted.’

Hadith 2: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Ibn Umar  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ who says ‘I saw Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam wear a Naalain (Sacred Footwear) which had no fur (covering) on it’.

Hadith 3:  It is in Sahih Bukhari from Anas radi allahu anhu that there were two hairs in the Naalain of Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam , in other words, there were two laces (straps) between the mubaarak toes.

Hadith 4: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said that when wearing shoes, first wear the one on the right foot and when removing them, then first remove the one on the left foot, so that the right is first in being put on, and last in being removed.

Hadith 5: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Do not walk whilst only wearing one shoe. Either remove both or wear both’.

Hadith 6: It is in Sahih Muslim from Jaabir radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘If the laces (straps) of your shoes break, you should not walk whilst only wearing one shoe, but you should repair the strap; and do not walk whilst wearing only one Mauzah (sock)’.

Hadith 7: Tirmizi reported from Jaabir and Ibn Majah reported from Abu Hurairah  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam forbade the wearing of shoes whilst standing (i.e. to put them  on whilst standing). This ruling is regarding those shoes which take time to wear whilst standing (and) those which need the straps to be tied. In the same way the boots (this refers to the present day shoes) should also be worn whilst sitting, because even in these shoes, the laces have to be tied, and to tie them whilst standing is difficult. There is no harm in standing whilst putting on shoes which are not of this type, such as the Saleem Shahi 1 or the pumps 2, or the type of sandal in which there is no need to tie a strap.

Hadith 8: Tirmizi reported from Hazrat A’isha  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam sometimes walked with just one Naalain. This was either to explain permissibility, or it was when he just walked one or two steps, such as to open the Door of the Hujra (Sacred Chamber).

Hadith 9: Abu Dawud reported from Ibn Abi Maleeka that someone mentioned to Hazrat A’isha  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ that a woman wore shoes (which resembled that of men). She (Hazrat A’isha) said that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam cursed women who resembled men. In other words, women should not wear shoes that are like that of men. Actually this refers to all things in which men and women have distinctiveness to one another; from them, there is prohibition for each one of them to adopt the style of the other. Neither should men adopt the style of the women, and nor should the women adopt the style of the men. Read the rest of this entry »

THE ETIQUETTES OF TRAVELLING

* Ahadith

* Regarding females journeying without the husband or Mahram

* Seek permission from your parents, before  undertaking a journey

Hadith 1: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Ka’ab bin Maalik radi allahu anhu that Nabi-e-Kareem Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam departed for The Ghazwa-e-Tabuk 1 on a Thursday, and Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam preferred departing (for journeys) on Thursdays.

Hadith 2: Tirmizi and Abu Dawud have reported from Sakhr bin Wada’a radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘O Allah, Grant my Ummah Barkat (blessing and abundance) in the morning’. Whenever Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam sent out any contingent or regiment, he would do so in the morning, and Sakhr was a trader, who would dispatch his trade goods during the morning,  so he became a very wealthy person and his goods (stock)  became abundant.

Hadith 3: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Ibn Umar  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘If others only knew of the  angers in travelling alone, then no rider (i.e. traveller) would travel alone at night’.

Hadith 4: Imam Maalik, Tirmizi and Abu Dawud report on the authority of Amr bin Shu’aib from his father, from  his grandfather radi allahu anhum, that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘shaitaan concerns himself with one and two travellers. When there are three, it is a Jama’at (group) (i.e. so he does not concern himself with them)’.

Hadith 5: Abu Dawud reported from Abu Sa’eed Khudri radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘When there are three people on a  journey, then one (from amongst them) should be appointed as the Ameer (i.e. he should be made the group leader)’.

Hadith 6: Baihaqi reported from Sahl ibn Sa’ad radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘A leader of a group of travellers is the one who serves them. With the exception of martyrdom, no other deed of others can surpass one who takes greater  initiative in serving’.

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1. A Ghazwa refers to a battle or expedition

Hadith 7: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim from Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Travelling is a portion of suffering. It prevents (one) from sleeping, eating and drinking, so return home in haste, after you have completed your undertaking’.

Hadith 8: It is in Sahih Muslim from Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘When you disembark at night, at any stage of your journey, then take respite away from the road, for it is the path of the animals and a place inhabited by poisonous creatures’.

Hadith 9: Abu Dawud reported from Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Do not make the backs of animals your pulpits. In other words, do not sit on their backs, making conversation when you stop, for Allah has subdued the animals to (serve) you, so that you may reach such cities, which cannot be (ordinarily) reached without causing yourself distress’. Read the rest of this entry »

Quran Khuwani in Islam

Quran in candle light / Koran im KerzenlichtImam Abu Dawood (d. 275H) (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Aas son of Wael had made a will to free 100 slaves on his behalf (after his death). His son Hisham freed 50 slaves, his other son (Amr ibn Aas) wanted to free 50 slaves but said, “First let me ask the Prophet of Allah (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him)”. So he went to the Prophet (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) and asked, “Oh Prophet of Allah! (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) my father had made a will to free 100 slaves and my brother has freed 50 shall I free the other 50?” The Holy Prophet (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) replied, If he (Aas bin Wael) had been Muslim then if you would free them or do charity or perform pilgrimage it would reach him.”

Imam Abu Dawood (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Saad son of Ubaddah (may Allah be pleased with him) went on holy wars (gazwaa’t) with the Holy Prophet (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) and when he returned to Madina, his mother had passed away. He (Saad) asked the Prophet of Allah (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him), ‘Umm e Saad’ (my mother) has died. Which charity [sadqa] is better for her?” The Holy Prophet (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) replied, “Water!” Saad (may Allah be pleased with him) dug a well and said this well is for Saad’s mother (that is, may its reward go to Saad’s mother). (Mishkat)

Imam Muslim (d. 261H) narrates from Ayesha (may Allah be well pleased with her): She said that a man came and said “Oh Prophet of Allah! (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) My mother has suddenly passed away and she has made no will. I suppose that if she would have got a chance to talk, she would have given charity (sadaqah) – so if I give charity on her behalf, would its reward reach her spirit (Ruh)?” The Holy Prophet (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) replied, “Yes it will reach her!” Imam Nawawi (d. 676) in his explanation of Saheeh Muslim (Sharh Muslim) says this narration (hadith) proves that if charity is given on behalf of the dead, its reward reaches them. Scholars have consensus on this.

Imam Nassai (d. 303) narrates from (Abdulah) son of Abbas (may Allah be well pleased with them both): He said – a woman asked the Holy Prophet (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him), “My father has passed away and he did not perform pilgrimage (hajj).” The Holy Prophet (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) replied, “Perform pilgrimage for your father (i.e., on his behalf)

Imam Tibrani (d. 360) and Darul Qatnni (d. 385) narrates that the Prophet of Allah (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) said, “Whoever passes by the grave and recites “Qul ho Wallah-ho Ahad…” (Al-Ikhlas Chapter 112)” (and conveys the reward to the dead), the grantor (of such reward) will get the reward equal to the number of the buried persons.

All these hadith mentioned above are in proof of having a Quran Khawani (reciting Quran). Also remember that benediction [dua’] is accepted when the Quran is completed and so several people recite the Quran in times of calamity and depression and at the end make benediction for peace.

May Allah save us from the devil and his evil traps. May Allah grant us paradise in the neighborhood of our beloved Prophet (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him), Ameen!

Rendered into English from
“Anwar-ul-Hadith”
by
Mufti Jalaluddin Amjadi Alaih Rehma

 

 

 

Is it permissible to keep dogs or not? – Ahkaam E Shariat Part 1

Question: 20th Rabi ul Aakhir 1320 Hijri

What is the ruling of the learned Ulama regarding whether it is permissible to keep dogs or not? Is it permissible to keep pigeons without the intention of racing them? What about the ruling regarding quail fighting and cock fighting? Also what is the rule regarding the keeping of falcons and eagles and to use them for hunting and to then to eat which they have hunted?

The Answer: It is permissible to keep falcons and eagles and to use it for hunting is also allowed and to eat which they have hunted is also allowed. Almighty Allah says, “And which hunting animals have you trained for hunting” (Surah Maida, verse 4).

It must however be noted that the animal must be hunted for the purpose of attaining food, for medicinal purpose or for any beneficial reason. It should not be just for sport and for fun. This is a waste of time and is haraam and those who do this are sinful. That animal that is killed by them is halaal if they have been well trained to hunt and bismillah was said when releasing them. It is clear that to release if for the sake of game hunting (for sport) is haraam and this does not interfere which the Zibah according to Sharia just as to take Allah’s name and then strike a sheep from the neck (nape) is a haraam action, but to eat such an animal is halaal.

Quail fights, cock fighting, and getting any other animal to fight, like the way people fight rams, little birds and some even fight haraam animals such as elephants and bears are all haraam as this is to cause pain to animals without reason. It has been mentioned in the Hadith Shareef that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam) has prohibited us from fighting animals (against one another). (Ref: Abu Dawood and Tirmizi from Ibn Abbas radi Allahu anhu and Tirmizi has categorized it as Hassan Sahih)

To keep pigeons just for the sake of comforting ones heart and not for any impermissible reason is allowed. To fly pigeons from rooftops so that one may go on the rooftops and look at our Muslims females, or to throw stones at the pigeons, causing windows to break and the danger of injuring someone’s eye, to fly pigeons to capture the pigeons belonging to others or to fly them the entire day absolutely hungry, and to enjoy seeing them fly in this way, not even allowing them to land when they need are all improper and to keep the pigeons for these reasons is haraam. It is in Durr-e-Mukhtar as follows: “It is Makrooh (to keep the pigeons caged) even if it is in their special enclosure (if this is to harm others). This is when this harm is caused through looking (at what is not allowed) and by trapping the pigeons of others. Thus, if one flies them from a rooftop and this causes disclosure of females, and if one throws stones, causing windows to break, then the person who threw the stones will be answerable and he will be stopped from doing this very sternly. If he does not abstain from this, then the chief police officer of the town has the right to make them (the pigeons) zibah. If they are not for flying, then this is doing what is best due to feeling for the pigeons and this is Mubah (permitted).”

It is in Sahih Bukhari etc. on the authority of Abdullah bin Umar (radi Allahu anhu) and in the Sahih of Ibn Hibaan on the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “A lady went into hell because of a cat. She kept the cat tied up. Neither did she feed it nor did she release it, so that she may be free and eat the mice etc.” It has been mentioned in the narration of ibn Hibaan that the said cat has been appointed to punish the woman in hell and it bites her with its teeth from in front and from behind. Read the rest of this entry »

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