WAAJIBAAT OF UMRAH

Completion of all seven circuits
Sa’ee
Shaving/trimming of the hair.
N.B. The rest are either Sunnat or Adaab.

Manners of Drinking

Sayyiduna Anas (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Allah’s Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) used to take three breaths in a drink. (Agreed) Muslim added in a narration: He used to say that it is highly thirst removing, most conducive to health and most digestive.

Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn-e-Abbas (radi Allahu anhuma) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) prohibited drinking from the mouth of a skin-carrier. (Agreed)

Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed Khudri (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) forbade drinking by upsetting the water-pots. And he added in a narration: ”And its upsetting is to upset its head and then to take drink from it”. (Agreed)

Sayyiduna Anas (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) prohibited a man to drink in a standing posture.  (Muslim)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Glorious Prophet of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “None of you shall drink standing. Whoever forgets, let him vomit.” (Muslim)

Sayyidah Umm-e-Salmah (radi Allahu anha) reported that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Whoever drinks in a silver cup, the Hell-Fire will flow in his belly with noise.”(Agreed)

Sayyiduna Hudhaifah (radi Allahu anhu) reported: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) say, “Don’t put on silk and embroidered silk, and drink not in cups of gold and silver, and take no food in plates made thereof, because they are for them (unbeliever) in this world and they are for you in the next world”. (Agreed)

Sayyiduna Ibn-e-Abbas (radi Allahu anhuma) reported that the Holy Prophet of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) forbade to take breath or to give out breath in drinking pot. (Abu Da’ood)

In another narration he reports: The Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Don’t take drink in one breath like the drinking of camel, but take drink twice or thrice and utter “Bismillah” when you drink and utter “Alhamdu Lillah” when you finish.

NATURAL ACTS OF CLEANLINESS

All natural acts of cleanliness have been termed actions of “Fitrah”, in other words, actions which is the natural acts of a human.

All Ambiya (Prophets) of Almighty Allah (Azzawajal) have commanded the people to follow these actions of cleanliness, which are :

The clipping of the moustache: It is Sunnah to trim the moustache and Makrooh to let it grow over the lips.

The keeping of the beard: It is Sunnah to keep a beard which must be one fist size in length. It is also Makrooh Tahreemi to shave off one’s beard.

The use of Miswaak: It is Sunnah to use a Miswaak to clean one’s mouth. There are many physical and spiritual benefits to be achieved by this.

Cleaning the nose: Since dirt is inhaled every minute, the nostrils gathers dirt. It is necessary to clean the nostrils thoroughly especially while making Wudu. One should pour water into the nostrils with the right hand and clean the inside of the nostril with the little finger and thumb of the left hand.

The trimming of the nails: It is Sunnah to clean and trim the nails. The nails should be trimmed every Friday. One should not bite one’s nails. After trimming the nails, they should be buried and not thrown in a dirt bin because they are part of a Muslim’s body and should be respected. The approved manner of trimming the nails is to start with the Shahaadah finger of the right hand then the remaining fingers excluding the right thumb. Thereafter, one should start with the small finger of the left hand till the Shahaadah finger and lastly trim the nail of the left thumb and then the right thumb.

The washing of the joints: Dirt gathers at the joints of the body. We should regularly clean areas such as the navel, the joints of the feet and hand and in between the toes and fingers.

The removal of hair under the armpits:
One should remove all hair from under the armpits once a week. One should not delay the removal of hair for more than 40 days. The hair that is removed should be buried.

The removal of hair from below the navel: One should remove unwanted hair once a week. This also should not be delayed for more than 40 days.

The hair of the head: Females, young or old, are not allowed to cut their hair. Males are allowed to shave and trim their hair.

Istinja:

1. When entering the toilet, enter with the left foot.
2. When using the toilet, do not face the Qiblah.
3. When washing, use the left hand.
4. Leave the toilet in a clean state by flushing the pan.
5. Do not read or carry any item in the toilet bearing Almighty Allah’s Name.
6. Do not relieve yourself in open public places.
7. Do not urinate while standing.
8. Do not speak in the toilet or spit in the pan.
9. When leaving the toilet, leave with the right foot.
10. Take extreme caution when using the high pan.

GOOD CONDUCT

1. Islam teaches us to be clean in thought and deed.
2. Every Muslim must greet one another and show respect.
3. You must be kind and respectful to your parents, friends, teachers, neighbours, elders, servants and those smaller than you.
4. You must show respect for visitors.
5. You must help your parents at home, elders on the street and the poor and needy.
6. You must pray for your parents and teachers.
7. You must try to be a good leader and Muslim at all times.
8. You must set a good example to your Muslim brothers and sisters and towards the non-Muslims.
9. Always try to be honest and truthful.
10. You must treat animals kindly.

ADAAB OF DRESSING

1. Males are not permitted to wear clothes made from silk, while females are allowed to wear silk clothes.
2. Females are not permitted to wear very thin and see-through clothes.
3. Males are forbidden to wear very bright coloured clothes, like red and yellow.
4. Males are not permitted to wear their pants below the ankle. Females must cover their ankles.
5. Females should not wear clothes made for males, and males should not wear clothes made for females.
6. It is Haraam for males to show any part of their body from the navel till the knee. This includes the knees.
7. Both should not wear tight clothes.
8. It is Fard for females to cover their whole body from head to toe.
9. It is un-Islamic for females to show their faces to a stranger.
10. It is Haraam for females to even expose themselves to other females and for males to do the same in front of other males.
11. It is Haraam for Muslims to imitate Kuffar in their dress and habits.
12. It is proper for males and females to dress Islamically.

THE ADAAB OF EATING AND DRINKING

1. Make sure that the food or drink is Halaal.
2. Wash your hands properly first and do not forget to read the “Bismillah” before eating or drinking.
3. If you are eating with others, read the “Bismillah” aloud so that others will also remember to read it.
4. Eat or drink with your right hand.
5. Sit and eat or drink and do not do so in a buffet style where everybody stands.
6. Chew your food well and do not eat or drink in a hurry.
7. Do not blow over your food and drink.
8. Do not over-eat. One part of the stomach should be for food, one part for liquids and one for air.
9. Drink water or other permissible drinks in at least three breaks – not all in one gulp.
10. Do not stare at other peoples food or drink.
11. After eating, wash your hands properly.
12. Do not dish out a lot of food at once and waste.

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