In the case where a person walks in front of a Namaazi – Ahkaam E Shariat Part 1

Question: 23rd Rabi ul Aakhir Shareef 1320 Hijri

What is the ruling of the Ulama-e-Shariat in the case where a person walks in front of a Namaazi. Is such a personal sinful or not? Does this interfere with the persons Namaaz in any way? From how far away from the Namaazi are we not allowed to pass?

The Answer: This does not interfere with the Namaaz. If the Namaaz is being read in a house or in a small Musjid, then one is not allowed to pass up to the wall in the direction of the Qibla unless there is an object in between. If he is reading on a plain (open area) or in a huge Musjid, then he is not allowed to pass as far as the place of sajdah. He may pass further than this. The place of Sajdah means, when a person is standing in salaah like the true sincere worshippers and his sight is falling upon the area that his forehead will touch when he makes sajdah, then the rule of ones sight refers to where the sight falls without any hindrance and just a little further than this, is known as the point or place of sajdah. Up to the point where the sight falls and one is able to make sajdah, is known as the point of sajdah and to pass within this area is haraam and to pass beyond this is allowed. It is in Durr-e-Mukhtar as follows: “The legality of a person passing in a forest (open area) or in a huge Musjid beyond the Sajdah point is evident from proper narrations or to pass in front of him in this manner, up to the wall of the Qibla in a small Musjid and in the house, as it is regarded as one place.”

It is in Raddul Muhtaar: “The statement about the area of sajdah refers to the area from the area where the feet (of the namaazi) are placed, up to the point where sajdah will be made, just as it has been mentioned in Durar. And this second condition is to show the sinful act of the person that passes in front. As for the issue of the Namaaz, then definitely it is not invalid. This statement is correct. Tamartaashi and Sahib-e-Bada’i have regarded this as correct. Fakhrul Islam has given it even more preference, and it has been well clarified with research in Nihaaya and Fath. It means that as far as his sight falls on the one who is passing, if he reads with completely sincerity and being engrossed. In other words the sight falls there where one is to make sajdah.”

It is in Munhatul Khaaliq as follows: “The proper area of the falling of the sight is where on will make sajdah. Abu Nasr has stated that the distance is the same as there is between the Imam and the first saff (line). Or between this, which I have read from my Sheikh Minhajul A’ima (rahmatullahi alaih), in other words, to pass there where the sight of the Namaazi falls, when he is reading Namaaz with complete sincerity and being totally engrossed. This statement is clearer than the first one.” Read the rest of this entry »

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Is it permissible to keep dogs or not? – Ahkaam E Shariat Part 1

Question: 20th Rabi ul Aakhir 1320 Hijri

What is the ruling of the learned Ulama regarding whether it is permissible to keep dogs or not? Is it permissible to keep pigeons without the intention of racing them? What about the ruling regarding quail fighting and cock fighting? Also what is the rule regarding the keeping of falcons and eagles and to use them for hunting and to then to eat which they have hunted?

The Answer: It is permissible to keep falcons and eagles and to use it for hunting is also allowed and to eat which they have hunted is also allowed. Almighty Allah says, “And which hunting animals have you trained for hunting” (Surah Maida, verse 4).

It must however be noted that the animal must be hunted for the purpose of attaining food, for medicinal purpose or for any beneficial reason. It should not be just for sport and for fun. This is a waste of time and is haraam and those who do this are sinful. That animal that is killed by them is halaal if they have been well trained to hunt and bismillah was said when releasing them. It is clear that to release if for the sake of game hunting (for sport) is haraam and this does not interfere which the Zibah according to Sharia just as to take Allah’s name and then strike a sheep from the neck (nape) is a haraam action, but to eat such an animal is halaal.

Quail fights, cock fighting, and getting any other animal to fight, like the way people fight rams, little birds and some even fight haraam animals such as elephants and bears are all haraam as this is to cause pain to animals without reason. It has been mentioned in the Hadith Shareef that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam) has prohibited us from fighting animals (against one another). (Ref: Abu Dawood and Tirmizi from Ibn Abbas radi Allahu anhu and Tirmizi has categorized it as Hassan Sahih)

To keep pigeons just for the sake of comforting ones heart and not for any impermissible reason is allowed. To fly pigeons from rooftops so that one may go on the rooftops and look at our Muslims females, or to throw stones at the pigeons, causing windows to break and the danger of injuring someone’s eye, to fly pigeons to capture the pigeons belonging to others or to fly them the entire day absolutely hungry, and to enjoy seeing them fly in this way, not even allowing them to land when they need are all improper and to keep the pigeons for these reasons is haraam. It is in Durr-e-Mukhtar as follows: “It is Makrooh (to keep the pigeons caged) even if it is in their special enclosure (if this is to harm others). This is when this harm is caused through looking (at what is not allowed) and by trapping the pigeons of others. Thus, if one flies them from a rooftop and this causes disclosure of females, and if one throws stones, causing windows to break, then the person who threw the stones will be answerable and he will be stopped from doing this very sternly. If he does not abstain from this, then the chief police officer of the town has the right to make them (the pigeons) zibah. If they are not for flying, then this is doing what is best due to feeling for the pigeons and this is Mubah (permitted).”

It is in Sahih Bukhari etc. on the authority of Abdullah bin Umar (radi Allahu anhu) and in the Sahih of Ibn Hibaan on the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “A lady went into hell because of a cat. She kept the cat tied up. Neither did she feed it nor did she release it, so that she may be free and eat the mice etc.” It has been mentioned in the narration of ibn Hibaan that the said cat has been appointed to punish the woman in hell and it bites her with its teeth from in front and from behind. Read the rest of this entry »

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