ETIQUETTES OF THE MUSJID AND THE QIBLA

* Regarding engraving the Musjid doing gold and silver gilding in it
* Regarding the use of cement and plaster on the Musjid Walls
* Regarding teaching (Islamic Studies) in the Musjid  
* Only a Mu’takif should eat and drink in the Musjid
* A Musjid should not be used as a pathway
* Impermissibility of selling Taweez in the Musjid  
* Performing Nikah in the Musjid is Desirable
* Etiquettes of the Musjid  
* Makruh actions in the Musjid

Law: To paint the Musjid with lime (i.e. whitewash) and to use mortar is permissible. It is also permissible to use gold and silver gilding on the engravings or carvings (in the Musjid), as long as this has been done with the wealth of an individual and not with money belonging to the Waqf 1. If the Trustee of the Mosque used the Waqf funds of the Mosque to do such gold and silver carvings (decorations etc.), then he will have to make amends (i.e. pay the penalty for this). However, if the founder of the Musjid (i.e. the one who built the Mosque) had initially done such carvings and they have been damaged, then the Mutawali 2 of the Musjid can use the Musjid’s funds to rebuild this carving (i.e. to have it repaired). Some Masha’ikh 3 have mentioned that it is Makruh to do any decorations or carving etc. on the Qibla wall of the Mosque, as the heart of the Namaazi 4 will be diverted towards it. [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Raddul Muhtar]

Law: It is permissible to use cement and to plaster the walls of the Musjid, as this allows the building to remain intact. When plastering the Musjid, or when doing plating or when using mud plaster, one should not use water that is impure. [Alamgiri]

Law: To teach (Islamic lessons) in the Musjid is permissible, even though the Musal’las 5 and grass mats of the Musjid are used at the time of teaching. To eat, and sleep in the Musjid is only permissible for a Mu’takif 6 . This is Makruh for one who is not in I’tekaaf. If a person needs to eat or sleep in the Musjid, then he should enter the Musjid with the intention  of I’tekaaf, make some Zikr or pray some Namaaz, and after this, he can do that (i.e. eat or sleep). [Alamgiri]
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1. Waqf refers to an Endowment for the sake of Allah
2. Mutawali here refers to a trustee of the Musjid
3. Masha’ikh refers to Pious Predecessors
4. Namaazi is the one who is performing his Namaaz
5. Musal’la refers to a prayer mat
6. Mu’takif is a person in I’tekaaf; i.e. one secluded to the Musjid for the remembrance of Allah.  

It is common in almost all parts of India, that during the month of Ramadan people generally break their fast in the Musjid. If there is an area outside the Musjid where Iftar can be made, then Iftar should not be made inside the Musjid. Otherwise, one should make the intention of I’tekaaf on entering.  There is no objection to making Iftar inside. However, one must still be fully cautious not to soil the mats or floors of the Musjid.

Law:  The Musjid should not be made a pathway (road /walkway). For example, if there are two doors in the Musjid and one needs to go somewhere, and it is easier for him to enter from one door and exit (in that direction) through the other door, then one should not do this. If a person went in (i.e. into the Musjid) with the intention that he would enter through this door and then exit through the other door (i.e. he will  use it as a walkway), and after entering he regretted this action of his, then he should not exit through the door from which he had intended to exit, but he should use another door. And some Ulama have stated that such a person should first pray Namaaz and then exit (the Musjid), and others have said that if he does not have wudu, then he should exit from the same door through which he entered. To enter the Musjid whilst wearing shoes is Makruh. [Alamgiri]

Law: Selling of Taweez in the Jaame Musjid is not permissible, like it is done by those who do this as a business  and compel people to pay a stipulated price to get a taweez. [Alamgiri]

Law: To perform a Nikah ceremony in the Musjid is Mustahab (desirable).  [Alamgiri] However one must be cautious not to cause any disturbance or din in the Musjid or do anything therein that is contrary to the sanctity of the Musjid. If one knows that the etiquettes of the sanctity or the Musjid will be violated, then one should not have the Nikah in the Musjid.

Law: One who has any impurity on his clothing or body should not enter the Musjid. [Alamgiri]

Law: One must observe the following Etiquettes of the Musjid: Read the rest of this entry »

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BEARD

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Glorious Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Five things are from the traditions of the Prophets of the old: circumcision, removing the hair below the navel, trimming the moustaches, cutting the nails and removing the hair from armpit”. (Bukhari, Muslim)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Trim your moustaches and grow your beard and follow not the fire-worshippers”. (Bukhari, Muslim)

Sayyiduna Zaid Bin Arqam (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Beloved Rasool (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “He who does not trim his moustaches is not of us”. (Tirmidi, Nisai)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “He who does not shave off the hair from the abdomen and does not cut his nails and does not trim his moustaches, is not of us”. (Muslim)

Sayyiduna Anas (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the maximum exemption for shaving off the hair from the abdomen and armpit and for cutting nails and for trimming the moustaches is forty days. (Muslim)

Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Don’t pluck white hair, as it is the light of a Muslim. He who grows grey as a Muslim, Allah will write for him virtue and rub off his sins and raise him in status.” (Abu Da’ood)

Sayyiduna Ka’b Bin Murrah (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Glorious Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “He who grows old in Islam, the old age will serve him as a light on the Day of Resurrection.” (Tirmidi, Nisaai)

Sayyiduna Omar (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has forbidden shaving off the hair from the neck. (Tabraani)

Sayyiduna Ali (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Habeeb of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has forbidden women from shaving off the head. (Nisaai)

Sayyiduna Ali (radi Allahu anhu) says it is better to start cutting nails from the little finger of the right hand, then the middle finger, followed by the thumb, then the ring finger, and lastly, the pointer. In the left hand start from the thumb, then the middle finger, and then the little finger, then the pointer, and lastly, the ring finger.

The above is a complicated way and a difficult one for the common men to remember. There is another easy method of cutting the nails, also reported from Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). That is to start cutting the nails from the pointer of the right hand and finish with the little finger. Then start cutting the nails of the left hand beginning from the little finger and finish with the thumb and finally cut the nails of the right thumb. (Durr-e-Mukhtar)

Eating one’s nails is highly abominable and may cause leprosy. (Alamgiri)

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