Is it permissible to keep dogs or not? – Ahkaam E Shariat Part 1

Question: 20th Rabi ul Aakhir 1320 Hijri

What is the ruling of the learned Ulama regarding whether it is permissible to keep dogs or not? Is it permissible to keep pigeons without the intention of racing them? What about the ruling regarding quail fighting and cock fighting? Also what is the rule regarding the keeping of falcons and eagles and to use them for hunting and to then to eat which they have hunted?

The Answer: It is permissible to keep falcons and eagles and to use it for hunting is also allowed and to eat which they have hunted is also allowed. Almighty Allah says, “And which hunting animals have you trained for hunting” (Surah Maida, verse 4).

It must however be noted that the animal must be hunted for the purpose of attaining food, for medicinal purpose or for any beneficial reason. It should not be just for sport and for fun. This is a waste of time and is haraam and those who do this are sinful. That animal that is killed by them is halaal if they have been well trained to hunt and bismillah was said when releasing them. It is clear that to release if for the sake of game hunting (for sport) is haraam and this does not interfere which the Zibah according to Sharia just as to take Allah’s name and then strike a sheep from the neck (nape) is a haraam action, but to eat such an animal is halaal.

Quail fights, cock fighting, and getting any other animal to fight, like the way people fight rams, little birds and some even fight haraam animals such as elephants and bears are all haraam as this is to cause pain to animals without reason. It has been mentioned in the Hadith Shareef that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam) has prohibited us from fighting animals (against one another). (Ref: Abu Dawood and Tirmizi from Ibn Abbas radi Allahu anhu and Tirmizi has categorized it as Hassan Sahih)

To keep pigeons just for the sake of comforting ones heart and not for any impermissible reason is allowed. To fly pigeons from rooftops so that one may go on the rooftops and look at our Muslims females, or to throw stones at the pigeons, causing windows to break and the danger of injuring someone’s eye, to fly pigeons to capture the pigeons belonging to others or to fly them the entire day absolutely hungry, and to enjoy seeing them fly in this way, not even allowing them to land when they need are all improper and to keep the pigeons for these reasons is haraam. It is in Durr-e-Mukhtar as follows: “It is Makrooh (to keep the pigeons caged) even if it is in their special enclosure (if this is to harm others). This is when this harm is caused through looking (at what is not allowed) and by trapping the pigeons of others. Thus, if one flies them from a rooftop and this causes disclosure of females, and if one throws stones, causing windows to break, then the person who threw the stones will be answerable and he will be stopped from doing this very sternly. If he does not abstain from this, then the chief police officer of the town has the right to make them (the pigeons) zibah. If they are not for flying, then this is doing what is best due to feeling for the pigeons and this is Mubah (permitted).”

It is in Sahih Bukhari etc. on the authority of Abdullah bin Umar (radi Allahu anhu) and in the Sahih of Ibn Hibaan on the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “A lady went into hell because of a cat. She kept the cat tied up. Neither did she feed it nor did she release it, so that she may be free and eat the mice etc.” It has been mentioned in the narration of ibn Hibaan that the said cat has been appointed to punish the woman in hell and it bites her with its teeth from in front and from behind. Read the rest of this entry »

To recite Durood Sharif before and after Adhan

1. Some people say that it is Bid’ah (innovation) to read the Durood Shareef before and after the Azaan.

2. The Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at believes that it is permissible to recite the Durood Shareef before and after the Azaan. This is a current practice in many of the Arab countries.

3. The following Quranic verse commands us to send Durood and Salaam upon the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and no specified time has been set aside for this. Allah Ta’ala says: “O ye who Believe! Send Durood and Salaams upon him in abundance.” (Part 22, Ruku 4)

4. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said that when we hear the voice of the Mu’azzin, we should repeat whatever he has said and then send Durood Shareef upon him. He said that the person who sends one Durood upon him, Allah Ta’ala will send ten mercies upon that person. (Sahih Muslim, Al-Qaulul Badi) In this Hadith Shareef, proof is found here that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) asked us to recite the Durood Shareef after the Azaan.

5. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “If, when performing any good deed you do not commence with the praise of Allah and send Durood upon me, then that deed is empty of blessings.” (Al Jaame Sagheer) Which Muslim is there who does not consider the Azaan to be a good deed?

6. In fact it was Salahud’deen Ayubi (radi Allahu anhu) who gave the command of Durood Shareef to be recited before and after the Azaan. Hazrat Salahud’deen Ayubi (radi Allahu anhu) was a very great and pious King who liberated the Baitul Muqaddas. Great Muhaqiqeen and Muhaditheen made Du’as for him. Read the rest of this entry »

Imam Ahmed Raza Khan (AlaHazrat) radi allahu anhu’s UNIQUE MEMORY

Once A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) went to Pillibit Shareef. He stayed with Muhaddith-e-Surat, Hadrat Mawlana Wasi Ahmad Sahib (radi Allahu anhu). Before leaving for Bareilly Shareef, A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) requested to borrow a Kitaab called “Uqoodul Arya” from him. As there was only one copy of the book he gave A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) the book and said, “After studying the book, please return it as these are the only few kitaabs that I have for Fatawa writing.”

A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was supposed to depart from Pillibit Shareef that night, but since he had been invited at another person’s home, he stayed one more night in Pillibit Shareef. Sayyiduna A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) spent the entire night studying the Kitaab, which consisted of numerous volumes.

The following morning, before leaving for the Railway Station to meet A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu), Hadrat Muhaddith-e- Surat (radi Allahu anhu) found that the Kitaab that he had lent A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) had been returned. He thought that A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was angry and displeased with him for asking him to return the Kitaab quickly. He immediately went to A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and asked for pardon. A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) smiled and then said, “That is not the reason for returning the Kitaab. I stayed one more night, so I studied the book and, therefore, did not find the need to take it with me.”

When Hadrat Muhaddith-e-Surat (radi Allahu anhu) heard this he was surprised and exclaimed, “You have studied this book in one night!” A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) replied, “INSHA-ALLAH, FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS I WILL NOT NEED TO LOOK AT THE BOOK TO FIND ANY STATEMENTS, AND AS FOR THE ESSENCE OF THE BOOK, INSHA-ALLAH, I WILL NOT FORGET IT IN MY LIFETIME.” He then said, “THE BOOK DID NOT HAVE A TABLE OF CONTENTS. I HAVE DRAWN UP ONE FOR YOU.”

A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was intially not a Hafiz-ul-Quran. Once, someone wrote a letter to Sayyiduna A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) and addressed him as “Hafiz”. When A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) saw this, he became depressed for he felt that he was not worthy of such a title. He immediately decided to become a Hafiz of the Holy Quran.

How did he become a Hafiz-ul-Quran? It has been stated that in the time period from Wudhu till the time of Jamaat, Hadrat Allamah Sadrush Shariat (radi Allahu anhu) would recite one Sipara. Sayyiduna A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) would listen to it and, thereafter, recite the same Sipara in the Taraweeh Salaah. HE CONTINUED THIS ROUTINE FOR 30 DAYS, AND BY THE END OF THE MONTH OF RAMADAAN, A’LA HADRAT (RADI ALLAHU ANHU) BECAME A COMPLETE HAFIZ OF THE HOLY QURAN!

THE PERMISSIBILITY OF RECITING AZAAN AT THE GRAVESIDE – “Izaanul Khabar fi Izaanul Qabar” by A’la Hadrat Imam Ahmed Raza Bareilwi

QUESTION:

What do the learned Scholars of Islam say about the following question: Is it permissible to recite the Azaan at the graveside of any individual? If it is, please supply ample proof from authentic sources so that the doubt the Muslims face at this moment could be eradicated. May Allah reward you for your effort. Aameen.

THE LEGAL OPINION:

All Praise is due to Allah, Peace and Salutations upon His beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), upon his blessed family and beloved Companions, upon the great Scholars and Saints, till the Day of Judgement. Aameen.

Some Scholars have stated that the recitation of the Azaan at the graveside is an act of Sunnat. Scholars who have done so include ibn Hajar Makki, the teacher of the author of “Durre Muhtaar”, etc. We should clearly bear in mind that in the great volumes of Islamic Jurisprudence, the prohibition of this action is definitely not stated, which in itself is a clear indication of it’s permissibility. However, this servant of Islam (Imam Ahmed Raza), has been called upon to state proofs certifying its permission, and through the Grace of the Great Creator, I will proceed to do so. There in fact numerous authentic material that can be put forward by this servant of Islam proving the benefits and advantages of this blessed act. Let us, therefore, proceed by the Grace of Almighty Allah.

PROOF NO. 1

It is reported that when a person is placed in the grave and about to face the two Angels, Munkar and Nakeer, at that crucial moment Shaitaan also appears with the intention of misleading and robbing that person of great spiritual bliss. The great Scholar, Imam Tirmidhi (rahmatullahi alaih), in his famous book, “Nawaa dirul Usool”, reports the words of Hadrat Sufyaan Sourie (rahmatullahi alaih), who states: “When the person is being questioned, the first question being, ‘Who is your Lord?’ At this specific moment, the Shaitaan appears and indicating to himself, he says to the person, ‘I am your Lord!'”

It is due solely to this state of affairs that it has been recommended that one should make Du’a for the deceased so that he may, through the Grace of Allah, remain steadfast when answering these crucial questions. Read the rest of this entry »

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