A humble appeal of AlaHazrat radi Allah anhu to Muslim brethren

Madina MunawwaraIn the introduction of the book Tamheed E Iman (The Preamble to Faith) AlaHazrat radi Allah ‘anhu humbly appeals to Muslim brethren:

My dear brothers! As-salāmu álaykum wa raĥmatu’llāhi wa barakātuh. May Allāh azza wajal keep you, and for your sakes, this poor sinner, steadfast upon true faith and grant us the true love of His beloved, the last messenger Sayyidunā Muĥammad ﷺ and infuse his reverence and respect in our hearts; and that we be in that state until our last breath. Āmīn, O Lord of the Universe!

Your Lord Almighty azza wajal says:

O Messenger! Verily, We have sent you as a witness, and a harbinger and a warner. So that, [O people!] you may bear faith in Allāh and His messenger; and that you revere him and respect him, and that you sanctify your Lord in the morning and evening. [Sūrah Al-Fatĥ, 48:8-9]

O Muslims! Notice that the reasons for which the religion was given, and the Qur’ān was revealed are three, as mentioned in the above verse:

First, that people bear faith in Allāh and His Messenger ﷺ
Second, that people revere and respect the Messenger ﷺ and
Third, that they worship Allāh azza wajal.

O Muslims! Notice the elegant order of these three important principles. Faith (1) is mentioned first and worship of the Lord Almighty is mentioned in the last; and in between these two, is the reverence and honor of His beloved Prophet ﷺ.

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Hadrat Meer Auhad al-Din Sayyid Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Simnani Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu | 27th MuHarram

Siraj al-‘Arifeen Zubdat as-SualiHeen, Ghous al-‘Alam Sultan Hadrat Sayyid Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Simnani (Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho) is such an eminent and outstanding spiritual personality of the world of mysticism, whose shining sun of spirituality and knowledge (marfat) has illuminated every corner of the world. Let us have a look at his life and works.

Name: Meer Auhad al-Din Sayyid Ashraf

Titles: Jahangir, Ghous al-‘Alam, Mahboob-e-Yazdani.

Ancestral Tree:

Sayyid Ashraf S/o Sultan Sayyid Ibrahim Noor Bakhshi S/o Sultan Sayyid Imaduddin Noor Bakhshi S/o Sultan Sayyid Nizamuddin Alisher S/o Sultan Zahiruddin Mohammad S/o Sultan Tajuddin Bahlol, S/o Sayyid Mohammad Noor Bakshi, S/o Sayyid Mehdi, S/o Sayyid kamaluddin, S/o Sayyid Jamaluddin, S/o Sayyid Hasan Sharif , S/o Sayyid Abu Mohammad, S/o Sayyid Abul Moosa Ali, S/o Sayyid Ismail Sani, S/o Sayyid Abul Hasan Mohammad, S/o Sayyid Ismail Arij, S/o Hadrat Jafar Sadique, S/o Imam Mohammad Baquar, S/o Imam Zainul Abedin, S/o Imam Hussain, S/o Hadrat Ali.

Father: Sayyid Ibrahim Noor Bakshi was the father of Sultan Sayyid Asharaf Jahangir Simnani (Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho) He was the king of Simnan, where he ruled with utmost Justice and sincerity for 20 years. He was not only a king, but a proficient scholar of theology, and inwardly inclined to mysticism. (Tasawwuf) He respected Islamic savants and patronized Islamic institutions. That is why in his regime, twelve thousand students were gaining education in different institutions. He often met mystics (Sufia) of his time and gained mystical knowledge. He got constructed a Khanquah (an abode for holy men) of Hadrat Shaykh Hasan Sakkak and shrine of Imame Azam (Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho) He was deeply fond of studying books particularly Tarikh-e-Tibri was in his regular study. Hadrat Nazame Yamani in Lataefe Ashrafi, has mentioned that Hadrat Makhdoom Simnani used to say that twelve thousand Islamic institutions were functioning in his father’s regime.

Mother: Bibi Khadija Begam was the mother of Sayyid Makhdoom Ashraf simnani (Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho) She belonged to the dynasty of Khwaja Ahmed Yeswi who was a distinguished Sufi (Mystic) of his time and founder of Yewaisia order. She was brought up in a neat and pure religious surroundings as result of which she was deeply religious minded, pious and godly. She passed most of his time in prayer and recitation of the holy Quran. She often observed fasting in day and woke up at night to be engrossed in prayer. She was very punctual to Tahajjud (Prayer said after midnight) In short; Khadija Begam was the trustworthy of spiritual trusts of her ancestors. Read the rest of this entry »

SALAASALE ARB’AH (4 SILSILAHS)

1. Qaaderi Silsilah – Imam of which is Hazrat Sayyiduna Abdul Qaadir Jailani (radi Allahu anhu)
2. Chishtia Silsilah- whose protogonist is Hazrat Khawja Moinuddin Chishti Ajmeri (radi Allahu anhu)
3. Soharwardi Silsilah – founded by Khawja Shahaabuddin Suharwardi (radi Allahu anhu)
4. Naqshbandi Silsilah – established by Hazrat Khawja Bahaauddien Naqshbandi (radi Allahu anhu)

These Silsilahs originate form Quran and Sunnah and are motivated by the Shari’ah. Their purpose is to uphold the Quran and Hadith. Islam is like the ocean and these four Silsilahs are like canals, which originate from the ocean and finish into it. The Silsilahs are linked to their founders

Abu Bakr al-Kattani Radi Allahu anhu

Abu Bakr Mohammad ibn ‘Ali ibn Ja’far al- Kattani radi allahu anhu, a native of Baghdad, belonged to the circle of al-Jonaid radi allahu anhu. He proceeded to Mecca on the pilgrimage, and took up residence there until his death in 322 (934).

One day a luminous elder majestically wrapped in a cloak entered by the Gate of the Banu Shaiba and went up to Kattani radi allahu anhu, who was standing with head bowed.

“Why,” he asked after the exchange of greetings, “do you not go to the Station of  Abraham Alayhi Sallam? A great teacher has come and is relating noble traditions. Come and listen to him.”

“On whose authority is he relating, sir?” Kattani radi allahu anhu asked.

“On the authority of Abd Allah ibn Ma’mar radi allahu anhu, from Zohri, from Abu Horaira radi allahu anhu, from the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam,” the elder replied.

“Master, you have produced a long chain of authorities,” Kattani radi allahu anhu remarked. “Whatever they are reporting there by authoritative chain of transmission, we are hearing here without any chain.”

“From whom are you hearing?” asked the elder.

“My heart reported to me direct from my Lord . . .” said Kattani radi allahu anhu.

“Do you have any proof of your assertion?” demanded the elder.

“My proof,” replied Kattani radi allahu anhu, “is that my heart is telling me that you are Khezr Alayhi sallam.”

“Till then,” Khezr Alayhi Sallam remarked, “I had always thought that there was no friend of ALLAH Azzawajal whom I did not know. That was until I saw Abu Bakr-e Kattani radi allahu anhu. I did not know him, but he knew me. Then I realized that ALLAH Azzawajal has friends who know me but whom I do not know.”

Tadhkirat al-Auliya’
(Memorial of the Saints)
by Farid al-Din Attar

Book of Love

Amr ibn ‘Othman radi allahu anhu on Love

Amr ibn ‘Othman radi allahu anhu stated the following in his Book of Love.

Almighty ALLAH Azzawajal created the hearts seven thousand years before the souls, and He kept them in the Garden of Intimacy. He created the Secrets seven thousand years before the hearts, and kept them in the Degree of Union.

Every day God caused the souls to receive three hundred and sixty glances of Grace and to hear three hundred and sixty words of Love. Every day He manifested to the hearts three hundred and sixty delights of Intimacy. Every day He revealed Beauty three hundred
and sixty times to the Secrets.

So they beheld every thing in the world of being, and saw none more precious than themselves. A vainglory and conceit manifested amongst them.

ALLAH Azzawajal therefore put them to the trial. He imprisoned the Secret in the soul. He confined the soul in the heart. He detained the heart in the body. Then He compounded
in them reason.

ALLAH Azzawajal sent the Prophets Alaihi Sallam with commandments. Then every one of them set about searching for his proper station. God commanded them to pray. So the body went into prayer; the heart attained Love; the soul achieved Propinquity; the Secret was at rest in Union.

Tadhkirat al-Auliya’
(Memorial of the Saints)
by Farid al-Din Attar

Abo ‘l-Qasem al-Jonaid al-Baghdadi Radi Allahu anhu

Abo ‘l-Qasem al-Jonaid ibn Mohammad al- Khazzaz al-Nehawandi radi allahu anhu, son of a glass-merchant and nephew of Sari al-Saqati radi allahu anhu, close associate of al-Mohasebi radi allahu anhu, was the greatest exponent of the ‘sober’ school of Sufism and elaborated a theosophical doctrine which determined the whole course of orthodox mysticism in Islam. He expounded his theories in his teachings, and in a series of letters written to various contemporaries which have survived. The head of a large and influential school, he died in Baghdad in 298 (910).

Jonaid radi allahu anhu preaches

When Jonaid radi allahu anhu’s tongue was loosened to utter great words, Sari-e Saqati radi allahu anhu urged him that it was his duty to  preach in public. Jonaid radi allahu anhu was hesitant, not desiring to do so.

“While the master is there, it is not seemly for the disciple to preach,” he demurred.

Then one night Jonaid radi allahu anhu saw the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam in a dream.

“Preach,” the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam said.

Next morning he arose to go and report to Sari radi allahu anhu, but he found Sari radi allahu anhu standing at the door.

“Hitherto,” Sari radi allahu anhu told him, “you were inhibited, waiting for others to tell you to preach. Now you must speak, because your words have been made the means of a whole world’s salvation. You would not speak when the disciples asked you to. You did not speak when the shaikhs of Baghdad interceded with you. You did not speak at my urging. Now that the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam has commanded you, you must speak.”

“ALLAH Azzawajal forgive me,” Jonaid radi allahu anhu replied. “How did you know that I saw the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam in a dream?”

“I saw ALLAH Azzawajal in a dream,” Sari radi allahu anhu explained. “ALLAH Azzawajal said,

‘I have sent the Messenger Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam to tell Jonaid radi allahu anhu to preach from the pulpit.’ “

“I will preach then,” consented Jonaid radi allahu anhu. “Only on one condition, that it be to no more than forty persons.”

One day Jonaid radi allahu anhu was preaching, and forty persons were present. Of these eighteen expired, and twentytwo fell to the ground unconscious. They were lifted up and carried to their homes.

Another day Jonaid was preaching in the cathedral. In the congregation there was a Christian lad, but no one knew that he was a Christian. He approached Jonaid radi allahu anhu and said, “According to the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam’s saying, ‘Beware of the insight of the believer, for he sees by the light of ALLAH Azzawajal.’ “

“The pronouncement is,” replied Jonaid radi allahu anhu, “that you should become a Muslim and cut your Christian girdle, for this is the time of Muslimdom.”

The boy immediately became a Muslim.

After Jonaid radi allahu anhu had preached a number of times, the people cried out against him. He gave up preaching, and retired to his room. For all that he was urged to resume, he would not do so.

“I am content,” he replied. ‘I cannot contrive my own destruction.”

Some time later he mounted the pulpit and began to preach without any prompting.

“What was the inner wisdom in this?” he was asked.

“I came upon a Tradition,” he replied, “according to which the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam said, ‘In the last days the spokesman of the people will be he that is the worst of them. He will preach to them.’ I know that I am the worst of the people. I am preaching because of what the Prophet Salla allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam said, so that I may not oppose his words.”

Tadhkirat al-Auliya’
(Memorial of the Saints)
by Farid al-Din Attar

Abu Hafs al-Haddad Radi Allahu anhu

Abu Hafs ‘Amr ibn Salama al-Haddad radi allahu anhu, a blacksmith of Nishapur, visited Baghdad and met al- Jonaid radi allahu anhu who admired his devotion; he also encountered al-Shebli radi allahu anhu and other mystics of the Baghdad school. Returning to Nishapur, he resumed his trade and died there in 265 (879).

Abu Hafs radi allahu anhu and Shebli radi allahu anhu

Shebli radi allahu anhu gave hospitality to Abu Hafs radi allahu anhu for four months. Every day he produced a different kind of dish and several sorts of sweetmeat.

When Abu Hafs radi allahu anhu came to bid him farewell, he said,“Shebli radi allahu anhu, when you come to Nishapur I will teach youtrue entertainment and generosity.”

“Why, what have I done, Abu Hafs radi allahu anhu?” asked Shebli radi allahu anhu.“You took too great pains. Extravagance is not the same as generosity,” said Abu Hafs. radi allahu anhu “One should treat a guest exactly as oneself. That way, his coming will not be a burden to you, and his departure will not be an occasion of gladness. When you go to extravagant lengths, his coming is burdensome to you and his departure a relief. No man who feels like that towards a guest is truly generous.”

When Shebli radi allahu anhu came to Nishapur he stayed with Abu Hafs radi allahu anhu.  Forty persons were in the party, and at night Abu Hafs radi allahu anhu lit forty-one lamps.

“Did you not say one should not act extravagantly?” remarked Shebli radi allahu anhu.

“Then get up and put them out,” answered Abu Hafs radi allahu anhu.

Shebli radi allahu anhu got up, but for all his efforts he could not extinguish more than one lamp.

“Shaikh, how is this?” he asked.

“You were forty persons, emissaries of ALLAH Azzawajal. For the guest is an emissary of ALLAH Azzawajal. Naturally I lit a lamp in the name of each one, for the sake of ALLAH Azzawajal, and one for myself. Those forty which I lit for Allah Azzawajal you were unable to put out, but the one lit for myself you extin- guished. All that you did in Baghdad you did for my sake; I did what I did for ALLAH Azzawajal’s sake. So the former was extravagance, the latter not.”

Tadhkirat al-Auliya’

(Memorial of the Saints)

by Farid al-Din Attar

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