ESAAL-E-SAWAAB (CONVEYING REWARD TO THE DECEASED)

* Faateha

* 3 days, Forty Days, 6 months and 1 year

* Regarding recitation of Tabaarak & offering the Koonde (Kheer Puri) Niyaz in Rajab

* Erecting roadside water stalls in Muharram, or stalls for Sharbat (Sweet drink)

* Regarding preparing and distributing Kichra (Soup made from grains)

* Regarding the Faateha of Gyarwee and Chat’ee

* Regarding the Tausha of Ashaab-e-Kahf and Ghaus-e-Paak

* Regarding commemoration of Urs  

Law: To convey Esaal-e-Sawaab, means to convey the reward of the recitation of the Qur’an-e-Majeed, Durood Shareef 1 , Kalma-e-Tayyibah 2 or the reward of any other virtuous deed is permissible. One may convey the reward of either Ibaadat-eMaaliya 3 , or Ibaadat-e-Badaniyah 4 , be it Fard of Nafil, the reward for all of this can be conveyed to any other. The conveying of reward by the living benefits the deceased. The explanation with regards to this is mentioned in the Books of Fiqh 5 and Aqaa’id 6 . It has been discussed in Hidaya and Sharah Aqaa’id Nasfiya. To refer to this as Bid’at is to be obstinate. It is also proven to be permissible from the Hadith. When the mother of Hazrat Sa’ad radi allahu anhu passed away, he said, Ya Rasool’Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam ! The mother of Sa’ad (i.e. my mother) has passed away. Which Sadqa is most virtuous? He Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Water’. He had a well dug and said; this well is for Umm-e-Sa’ad  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ . From this it is evident that the deceased receives reward through the deeds of the living, and they attain benefit through this.

Now, as for the matter of specifying (particular days etc) such as three days, or the forty days, then (it must be noted) that these are neither specifications that are fixed by the Shariah and nor are they regarded as being fixed to be specific by the Shariah. No one knows (or says) that the reward will only be received (if sent) on this day or that it will not be received if it is conveyed on any other day. This is simply a customary and commonly known practice which has been performed by the people, for the sake of expediency. Actually, the recitation of the Qur’an and other
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1. Durood Shareef refers to sending blessings and salutation upon Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam  ‘Allahum’ma Sal’le alaa Sayyidina Wa Maulana Muhammadiw Wa alaa Aali Sayyidina Muhammadiw Wa Ashabihi Wa Baarik Wa Sal’lim’
2. Kalma-e-Tayyibah refers to the first Kalima being ‘Laa ilaaha il’lal laahu Muhammadur Rasoolullah
3. Ibaadat-e-Maaliya refers to that which is done by spending in the way of Allah, such as Zakaat etc.
4. Ibaadat-e-Badaniyah refers to that Ibaadat which is done physically, such as Namaaz etc.
5. Books of Fiqh, meaning Books of Jurisprudence
6. Aqaa’id refers to ones beliefs. We should all be Sunni Sahihul Aqida as this is the only way and correct way.

virtuous deeds are commenced immediately after the person passes away. This continues for many days at the homes of some people. So, with this occurring, what for is it said that people regard it impermissible to convey reward on  any other day except the specified days? This is merely a baseless blame against the Muslims and is a futile attempt to deprive the deceased from receiving reward and blessings conveyed to them by the living. Now, that we have explained the actual principles, the minor details in this regard can be ascertained from these principles.  ‘Sawm’, in other words the 3rd day (or three day Faateha) is that which is done on the third day after the person has passed away. (In this), The recitation of the Qur’an-eMajeed and the Kalima Shareef takes place, and the reward of this is conveyed to the deceased, and gram, puffed sugar candy or sweetmeats are distributed amongst children and the needy, and food is prepared and fed to the poor and the needy, or it is sent to their homes. These are all permissible and  virtuous. Thereafter, they also cook food on Thursdays according to their capacity and have it given or fed to the poor. Then on the fortieth day (similarly) they feed, and they again convey reward at six months and thereafter, the annual customary conveying of reward takes place. All these are branches of Esaal-e-Sawaab. All of them fall within the same category. It is however necessary that all of this should be done with a pure intention. It should not be done for pomp and show, otherwise there will be no reward for it and it will not be regarded as Esaal-e-Sawaab. Some people give invitations to their elders and close relatives during such times. This is not a time to give invitations, but it is a time to feed the poor and the needy, which will benefit the deceased. Similarly, Faateha 1 is read over Halwa 2 . To cook this Halwa is also permissible and to read the Faateha over it is also included in the category of Esaal-e-Sawaab. In certain places, during the month of Rajab, Surah Mulk is recited forty times and then blessed over ‘Rotis’ or dry dates and these are then distributed, whilst the reward of it is conveyed to the deceased. This is also permissible. Read the rest of this entry »

SAUM(Fasting) RULES

RULES:

1. For every day’s fasting, intention must be done before the time of “Zawaal” or (Nisf un Nahar Sharayee).
2. Intention for fasting need not be pronounced, only intention by heart is sufficient but it is better to pronounce the words. (Bahare Shari’at, part 5)
3. Eating by mistake does not break the fasting, putting oil in your hair or putting black powder in the eyes and entering a fly in the mouth or smoke or dust of flour do not break the fasting. Gargling the mouth and throwing out the water then swallowing the wetness in the mouth and entering water in the ear does not break the fasting. If you cough and swallow the spit of any quantity does not break the fasting. Nightfall and backbiting also does not break the fast although backbiting is a great sin. Similarly, if you are fasting but did not took bath after sex then it will not break the fast although to remain without bath (Ghusl) for whole day is Haraam. If your lips become wet with your saliva and are then swallowed, Fast will not break. (Bahare Shari’at, part 5)
4. If you were gargling, the water went inside without intention or the water went up inside the nose or putting oil in the ear or putting drops inside the nose breaks the fasting if you remember that you are fasting.
5. Intentionally mouthful of vomiting breaks the fast if you remember that you are fasting, if it is less than mouthful vomiting then fasting did not break.
6. If you vomitted unintentionally but if it is less than a mouthful, then fasting did not break but if it is mouthful and you swallowed it back, then it did break the fasting.
7. If tears entered in the mouth and if they are more than one or two drops and you felt the salty taste in the whole mouth then it did break the fasting.
8. If you spit on your hand and then swallow your spit or swallow somebody’s spit then it did break the fasting.
9. Drinking water or eating while sleeping breaks the fasting.
10. Kissing, touching and having sex with your wife leadinq to discharqe breaks the fasts.
11. Normally eating, drinking, smoking, chewing tobacco or beetle-leaves breaks the fasts if you remember that you are observing fast. (Bahare Shari’at, part 5)
12. To break the Ramadaan fasts intentionally is punishable by a fine. For breaking every Ramadaan fast intentionally – as a fine one has to keep 60 days continuous fasting. If it is not possible, then pay for the release of one slave for each fast. If this is not possible, then provide food for 60 poor men twice daily. (Qanoon-e-Shari’at, part 1)
13. Lying, backbiting, ugly words, dirty talking and giving trouble to others makes fasting Makrooh (less blessings). Collecting saliva in your mouth and then swallowing it also makes fasting Makrooh. Delay in Sehri (eating before daybreak) is permissible but delaying up to the point of daybreak is Makrooh. (Bahare Shari’at, part 5)
14. Cleaning your teeth with Miswak (a stick to dean the teeth) in fasting is not Makrooh. (Bahare Shari’at, part 5)

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