THE ETIQUETTES OF TRAVELLING

* Ahadith

* Regarding females journeying without the husband or Mahram

* Seek permission from your parents, before  undertaking a journey

Hadith 1: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Ka’ab bin Maalik radi allahu anhu that Nabi-e-Kareem Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam departed for The Ghazwa-e-Tabuk 1 on a Thursday, and Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam preferred departing (for journeys) on Thursdays.

Hadith 2: Tirmizi and Abu Dawud have reported from Sakhr bin Wada’a radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘O Allah, Grant my Ummah Barkat (blessing and abundance) in the morning’. Whenever Huzoor Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam sent out any contingent or regiment, he would do so in the morning, and Sakhr was a trader, who would dispatch his trade goods during the morning,  so he became a very wealthy person and his goods (stock)  became abundant.

Hadith 3: It is in Sahih Bukhari from Ibn Umar  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘If others only knew of the  angers in travelling alone, then no rider (i.e. traveller) would travel alone at night’.

Hadith 4: Imam Maalik, Tirmizi and Abu Dawud report on the authority of Amr bin Shu’aib from his father, from  his grandfather radi allahu anhum, that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘shaitaan concerns himself with one and two travellers. When there are three, it is a Jama’at (group) (i.e. so he does not concern himself with them)’.

Hadith 5: Abu Dawud reported from Abu Sa’eed Khudri radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘When there are three people on a  journey, then one (from amongst them) should be appointed as the Ameer (i.e. he should be made the group leader)’.

Hadith 6: Baihaqi reported from Sahl ibn Sa’ad radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘A leader of a group of travellers is the one who serves them. With the exception of martyrdom, no other deed of others can surpass one who takes greater  initiative in serving’.

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1. A Ghazwa refers to a battle or expedition

Hadith 7: It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim from Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Travelling is a portion of suffering. It prevents (one) from sleeping, eating and drinking, so return home in haste, after you have completed your undertaking’.

Hadith 8: It is in Sahih Muslim from Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘When you disembark at night, at any stage of your journey, then take respite away from the road, for it is the path of the animals and a place inhabited by poisonous creatures’.

Hadith 9: Abu Dawud reported from Abu Hurairah radi allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Do not make the backs of animals your pulpits. In other words, do not sit on their backs, making conversation when you stop, for Allah has subdued the animals to (serve) you, so that you may reach such cities, which cannot be (ordinarily) reached without causing yourself distress’. Read the rest of this entry »

GENTLENESS, MODESTY & GOOD CHARACTER – Bahaar E Shariat Vol 16

* Virtue in Gentleness 


Hadith 1: ‘Allah ta’aala is Compassionate and compassion is dear to Him, and He awards for compassion, that which he does not award for harshness (i.e. severity).’ [Muslim]
Hadith 2: He Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said to Hazrat A’isha  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ‘Make gentleness (i.e. softness and empathy) necessary and abstain from abusiveness and harshness. Gentleness gives beauty to that which possesses it and that from which it is removed, becomes flawed (i.e. defective)’. [Muslim]
Hadith 3: ‘He who is deprived of gentleness is deprived of Good’. [Muslim]
Hadith 4: ‘Whosoever received a share of gentleness, has received the share of good for this world and the hereafter; and the one who is deprived from the share of gentleness, has been deprived from the good of the world and the hereafter’. [Sharhus Sunnah]
Hadith 5: ‘Shall I not tell you whom hell-fire is forbidden  to touch and upon whom hell-fire is haraam? It is haraam upon a person who brings about easiness, having gentle and lenient (nature).’ [Ahmed, Tirmizi]
Hadith 6: ‘Believers are lenient and gentle, like a camel on a bridle. If it is pulled, it allows itself to be pulled and if it is brought to sit on a rock, then it will remain seated.’ [Tirmizi]
* Ahadith pertaining to Modesty

Hadith 7: A person was admonishing his brother because of modesty, saying that he was too shy. Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said ‘Let him be, (in other words, do not admonish him) for modesty is from Imaan’. [Bukhari, Muslim]
Hadith 8: ‘Modesty does not bring forth but good. Modesty is totally good’. [Bukhari]
Hadith 9: These are the words of the past Ambia, which is common amongst the people ‘If you have no modesty (i.e. shame), then do as you wish’. [Bukhari]
Hadith 10: ‘Modesty is part of Imaan and Imaan is in Jannat and rudeness is part of hardness of heart and hardness of heart is in hell’. [Ahmed, Tirmizi]
Hadith 11: ‘Every Deen has an innate character, (in other words natural habit and trait), and the character of Islam is modesty’. [Imam Maalik]
Hadith 12: ‘Imaan (Faith) and Modesty are both companions. When one is taken away, then the other is taken away as well’. [Baihaqi]

Being the First to Greet — from the Malfuzat of Khwaja Uthman Haruni Radi Allahu anhu

The following is an excerpt taken from Session 12 of the Anees ul-Arwah–The Malfuzat of Khwaja Uthman Haruni (rehmatullahi alyhe)–as recorded by Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti (rehmatullahi alayhe):

He said, “On the topic of greeting (saying assalam alaikum), the Blessed Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him and his family) said, “When one of you takes leave of a gathering then greet. Greeting is an expiation for past sins. Angels desire forgiveness (with their Lord) for the one who greets. The one who greets after rising from a gathering has the Mercy of God upon him. His good deeds and lifespan are increased.”

“Upon the tongue of Khwaja Yusuf Chishti (may Allah shower His mercy on him), I heard that he who greets when departing from a gathering earns the reward of one thousand virtuous acts, one thousand of his needs are fulfilled and he is cleansed from sin to such a degree as the day he was delivered from his mother’ s womb. A year of his sins are forgiven and a year of virtuous acts are written to his book of deeds. Additionally the reward of one hundred greater and minor pilgrimages (Hajj and Umrah) are recorded for him and one hundred trays of mercy are showered upon him.”

“Hazrat Ali (may Allah ennoble his face) always wished to be the first to greet the gathering of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) when joining or leaving but the Messenger of God (peace be upon him) would always out do him in it (he would greet first). Greeting is the way (sunnah) of the Prophets (may peace be upon them all), but all of them were first to greet others.”

At this, the master completed his words of wisdom and became engrossed in his dhikr with the people and the one in need of his prayers having left–all praises to God for that (lesson).

Hadith 13: Tirmizi and Abu Dawud reported from Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam said ‘When a person arrives at any gathering, he should convey Salaam. Then if he wishes to sit there, he may remain seated. If he wishes to get up from there (i.e. leave), then he should convey Salaam, because the first Salaam is not any better than the last Salaam’. In other words, just as that is Sunnat, this too is Sunnat.(BahareShariatVol16, Chapter 14 , p.187 )

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