Sayyiduna Imam Hasan bin Ali Radi Allahu Anhu

Sayyiduna Imam Hasan bin Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu), Excerpts from Tarikh al-Khulafa by Imam Jalal al-Din Suyuti (Alayhir Rahmah). Must Read & Share!!

Abu Muhammed Imam Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (Radi Allahu anhu), the grandson of RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) was born on the 15th of Ramadan, the third year after hijrah.

Imam Bukhari reports from Hadrat Anas (Radi Allahu anhu): ‘No one resembled the Prophet (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) more than Hasan ibn Ali (Radi Allahu anhu).’

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Hadrat Bara’a (Radi Allahu anhu): I have seen RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) with Hasan upon his shoulder, saying: ‘O Allah I love him, so (Ye) love him too’.

Imam Bukhari reports from Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu anhu): I have seen RasoolAllah (SallAllahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) on the pulpit (minbar) with Hasan on his side. He looked at the assembly and Hasan alternately, and said: ‘ Verily, this son of mine is a great leader. Mayhap that Allah will unite two groups of Muslims on his account.’

Imam Bukhari reports from Hadrat ibn Umar (Radi Allahu anhu): Read the rest of this entry »

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A humble appeal of AlaHazrat radi Allah anhu to Muslim brethren

Madina MunawwaraIn the introduction of the book Tamheed E Iman (The Preamble to Faith) AlaHazrat radi Allah ‘anhu humbly appeals to Muslim brethren:

My dear brothers! As-salāmu álaykum wa raĥmatu’llāhi wa barakātuh. May Allāh azza wajal keep you, and for your sakes, this poor sinner, steadfast upon true faith and grant us the true love of His beloved, the last messenger Sayyidunā Muĥammad ﷺ and infuse his reverence and respect in our hearts; and that we be in that state until our last breath. Āmīn, O Lord of the Universe!

Your Lord Almighty azza wajal says:

O Messenger! Verily, We have sent you as a witness, and a harbinger and a warner. So that, [O people!] you may bear faith in Allāh and His messenger; and that you revere him and respect him, and that you sanctify your Lord in the morning and evening. [Sūrah Al-Fatĥ, 48:8-9]

O Muslims! Notice that the reasons for which the religion was given, and the Qur’ān was revealed are three, as mentioned in the above verse:

First, that people bear faith in Allāh and His Messenger ﷺ
Second, that people revere and respect the Messenger ﷺ and
Third, that they worship Allāh azza wajal.

O Muslims! Notice the elegant order of these three important principles. Faith (1) is mentioned first and worship of the Lord Almighty is mentioned in the last; and in between these two, is the reverence and honor of His beloved Prophet ﷺ.

Read the rest of this entry »

The Greatness of the Master of Creation, Sayyiduna RasūlAllah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam | A few Hadith

Mawla Álī raĎīyAllāhu ánhu narrated,

The beloved Prophet śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said, “I was a noor (light) in front of Allah subḥānahu wa ta’ala 14000 years prior to the creation of Sayyiduna Adam álayhis salam.”[1]

Abu Hurayra raĎīyAllāhu ánhu said,

The blessed companions raĎīyAllāhu ánhum said, “Ya RasūlAllah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, when did nabuwwa (prophet hood) become compulsory for you?” The beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said, “When Adam was between rūh (soul) and jism (body).”[2]

Maysarah radiyAllahu ánhu narrates that he said,

“Ya RasulAllah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, from when were you a Nabi?” The beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said, “I was a Nabi even then, when Adam was between rūh and jism.”[3]

Ibn Abī Asim has stated that the sanad is Ṣaḥīḥ, and all the narrators are Ṣaḥīḥ and thiqqa (trustworthy).

The beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

“O Abu Bakr! I swear by the Lord who sent me with the truth, no one knows my ḥaqīqa, aside from my Lord.”[4]

The beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

Every Nabi was sent to a specific nation, whilst I have been sent to all nations.[5]

The beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

I have been sent as a Rasul to the entire creation.[6] Read the rest of this entry »

AMASSING OF WEALTH

The Holy Quraan says: Those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in Allah’s way, announce to them a painful punishment. A day will certainly come when these shall be heated up in the fire of hell and their foreheads, sides and backs shall be branded with them. They will be told: This is what you have stored up for yourselves; taste, then, what you have hoarded. (9:34-36) It is abominable to hoard up wealth on the part of a true God-fearing man, because hoarding implies a little want of faith in Almighty Allah  as the Great Giver of Sustenance. The Holy Quraan says: Will you distribute the mercy of your Lord? We distribute among them their livelihood in the life of this world. (43: 32)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Holy Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) used to store up nothing for tomorrow. (Tirmidi)

Sayyiduna Ammar Bin Yassar (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Food, bread and meat were sent down from Heaven, and they were ordered neither to waste; but they wasted and stored up for tomorrow. So they were metamorphosed into apes and swines. (Tirmidi)

There is nothing wrong from the Islamic point of view in being rich, provided that one makes the right use of one’s riches. Furthermore, to be rich is not synonymous with the hoarding of money, whether it is for the modern currency type or silver and gold. The two are different. What does, then, constitute hoarding? According to eminent scholars and commentators of the Holy Quraan, the payment of Zakaah makes all the difference. If one pays the Zakaah of his wealth on time, this payment serves as purification of the money and ensures that he is not included among those mentioned in the verse.

Imam Bukhari (alaihir rahmah) relates on the authority of Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn-e-Omar (radi Allahu anhuma) that this warning was applicable before legislation of Zakaah. When Zakaah was made a duty, Allah made it serve as purification of money. Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn-e-Omar (radi Allahu anhuma) is further reported to have said: The wealth from which Zakaah is paid is not hoarded, even if it is stored under seven layers of earth. What is in a person’s hands is hoarded if he does not pay Zakaah for it.

BEGGING

Islam finds poverty repugnant and does not allow its followers to accept it as a matter of fact, but requires them to take positive action to stamp it out.

Begging is a nuisance for prevention of which the modern societies are trying to promulgate enactment. The Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) promulgated the sound policy in this matter, which has baffled the most fertile brains of the world.  He made it unlawful except in case of deserving persons. At the same time he left instructions to the rich not to return a beggar. The Holy Quraan says: “As for a beggar, don’t drive him.” (93:10)

As a general rule, begging is unlawful in Islam for the following reasons:

  1. By begging, a man loses reliance upon Almighty Allah and complains indirectly against Almighty Allah gifts which are interwoven in his very person and all around the universe. Instead of turning to Almighty Allah for assistance and help, he turns towards men. Therefore, The Holy Quraan says: “And He will give him provision from whence he thinks not; and whoever trusts in Allah He is sufficient for him.” (65:3)
  2. By begging, the beggar lowers himself before his fellow creatures and brings himself in contemptible estimation of the people.
  3. By begging, the beggar gives uneasy trouble to one begged. The latter feels annoyance and is put between two horns of a dilemma to pay or not to pay. If alms are paid, there is loss in property, and if not paid, there is loss in fame and fear of Almighty Allah.

Sayyiduna Zubair Bin Awam (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Glorious Prophet Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: That one of you takes his rope and then comes with a load of wood upon his back and sells it is better than to beg of men whether they give or reject him. (Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Qabisah Bin Makhareq (radi Allahu anhu) reported: I became surety for a debt and came to the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to ask him about it. He said, Wait till Zakaah comes to us, and then we shall order something thereof for you. Then he said, O Dear Qabisah! Surely begging is not lawful except for one of these three reasons  a man who becomes surety for a debt; it then becomes lawful for him to beg till he gets it, after which he shall withhold; a man having met with a misfortune which has ruined his property it is lawful for him to beg till it enables him to get livelihood (or he said means of livelihood); and a man who meets with dire necessity, till three men of understanding of his tribe stand up (and say): Dire necessity afflicted such one- it is lawful for him to beg till he finds means for livelihood. O Qabisah! What is besides these in begging is unlawful and its owner eats unlawful things. (Muslim)

Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn-e-Omar (radi Allahu anhuma) reported that Allah’s Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said while he was on the pulpit speaking about charity and refraining from begging: “The upper hand is better than the lower, and the upper hand is that which gives and the lower is that which begs.” (Agreed)


Sayyiduna Samorah Bin Jundub (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Whoso begs of men having sufficient means will come on the Resurrection Day with his begging as scratch wounds or bruises on his face. It was questioned: O Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)! What is sufficient for him? He said: Fifty Dirhams or their price in gold. (Abu Da’ood, Ibn-e-Majah, Nisai)

BACKBITING

The Holy Quraan says: And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you love to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You abhor that (so abhor the other)! And keep your duty to Allah. Lo! Allah is Relenting, Merciful. (49:12)

Almighty Allah says: Woe to every slanderer and backbiter. (104:1) Backbiting is certainly one of the actions Islam forbids. Its effect on individuals and communities is all there to see. It creates ill feelings and mistrust. Moreover, it betrays a cowardly attitude, as the backbiter takes the opportunity of the absence of another person in order to speak ill of him, giving other people a bad picture of him. Had he been speaking the truth, he would not have chosen to speak of him in such terms when he is away. He actually acknowledges that he does not have the courage to face him with similar statements. The evils of backbiting and its effects on the society are well-known to everyone.

Sayyiduna Hudayfa (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Holy Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: A Qattat will not enter Paradise. (Bukhari) A Qattat is a person who conveys information from one person to another with the intention of causing harm and enmity between them.

Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed (radi Allahu anhu) and Sayyiduna Jaabir (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Backbiting is worse than adultery”. The companions of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) wished to know how backbiting is worse than adultery. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: A man commits adultery and then submits his repentance to Allah who accepts it. But the backbiter will not attain salvation unless the person against whom he has committed the crime of backbiting forgives him. (Bay’haqi)

Sayyiduna Abdur Rahman Bin Ghenam (radi Allahu anhu) and Sayyidah Asma Bint Yazid (radi Allahu anha) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Those are the virtuous servants of Allah seeing whom one remembers Allah, and those are the bad servants of Allah who indulge in backbiting and cause a separation between friends and attempt to involve an innocent man into hardships. (Bay’haqi)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Do you know what is backbiting? The companions said: Allah and His Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) know better. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Backbiting is when you speak of your brother with an attribute, which he may dislike. A companion asked: If my brother possesses that demerit? The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: If he has got the demerit, which you mention in his absence, it will be treated as backbiting. If he does not possess that what you mention about him, it will be treated as allegation. (Muslim)

Sayyiduna Anas (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Allah’s Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: The compensation for backbiting is that the backbiter should invoke Allah for the forgiveness of the person against whom he has spoken ill. (Bay’haqi)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that when Sayyiduna Ma’ez Aslami (radi Allahu anhu) was stoned to death after confessing the crime of adultery, a man said to the other: See him, Allah had kept his sin secret but his conscience did not leave him, and hence, he is stoned to death like a dog. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) heard their conversation and kept silent. When they advanced a few steps, they found a dead donkey with stretched limbs. The Beloved Habeeb (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said to those persons: Go and eat the flesh of that donkey. They said: How can we eat it, O Apostle of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)? The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: The crime that you have committed by speaking ill of your brother is worse than eating the carrion. By Him in Who holds my life, Ma’ez (radi Allahu anhu) is diving into the Rivers of Paradise. (Abu Da’ood)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Holy Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: A believer is the mirror of another believer and his brother. He should protect his belongings from destruction and save him against backbiting. (Tirmidi)

Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibne-Abbas (radi Allahu anhuma) reported once Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) went through the grave yards of Madina and heard the voices of two humans who were being tortured in their graves. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: They are being punished, but they are not being punished because of a major sin, yet their sins are great: One of them used not to save himself from being soiled with the urine, and the other used to go about with calumnies. Then, the merciful Prophet of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) asked for a green palm tree leaf and split it into two pieces and placed one piece on each grave, saying:  I hope that their punishment may be abated as long as these pieces of the leaf are not dried. (Bukhari)

However, there are cases when pointing out the faults of another person is permissible. Suppose that people come to you to ask for information about a man you know intimately. They tell you that he has proposed to marry their daughter, or to go into business partnership with them. In such a case, you have to give them all the information, which is likely to influence their decision one way or the other. You must point out the faults you know of that person in order to make an honest testimony. For example, if you know him to be stingy or hot-tempered or negligent of his family duties, you must tell them of all that because these are qualities which influence a decision on accepting a proposal of marriage. If you know from your long association with that person, that, for example, he had entered into a business partnership with others and the business collapsed and there was some suspicion about his honesty, or his handling of the affairs of the business, or that he did not have a sound business sense, you must tell that to the inquirers. In such cases, you are not indulging in backbiting; you are simply acting as a witness who must give an honest testimony.

There are, however, certain things to take into account when you are called upon to give such information. The first is that you give it only to the people who need it. You must not publicize it. The second is that you give only the information, which is necessary. Thirdly, you must be very objective. You must not allow your own prejudice to either exaggerate or make little of what you know. Fourthly, you should give the information in the least offensive way. You should use the words that give a clear idea of the man and his standing and that are not too personal. That is not backbiting by any measure.

TRUTHFULNESS

Islam has laid much stress on abstaining from falsehood especially from telling a lie. Almighty Allah says: “O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds). “(9:119)

The Holy Quraan enjoins: “And shun lying speech”. (22:30)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Glorious Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Whoever does not give up false statements (i.e. telling lies), and evil deeds, and speaking bad words to others, Allah is not in need of his (fasting) leaving his food and drink. (Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The worst people in the Sight of Allah  on the Day of Resurrection will the double-faced people who appear to some people with one face and to other people with another face.” (Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Abdullah Bin Mas’ood (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Allah’s Apostle (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Be steadfast as truthfulness leads to virtue and virtue leads to Paradise. And keep away from lie as it leads to evil doing and evil doing leads to Hell.

Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibne-Omar (radi Allahu anhuma) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “When a person tells a lie, his guardian Angels runs away from him to a distance of one mile.”

Sayyiduna Anas (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “If a person abstains from false talks, a house is built for him on the edge of Paradise and if a person gives up fighting, even if he is on a right stand, a house is built for him in the middle of Paradise and if a person cherishes good conduct, a house is built for him in the highest portion of Paradise.” (Tirmidi)

Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Keep away from false talk, as falsehood is against Imaan.” (Ahmad)

Sayyiduna Abdullah (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Holy Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: Truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on telling the truth until he becomes a truthful person. Falsehood leads to wickedness and evil doing, and wickedness leads to the Hell Fire, and a man may keep on telling lies till he is written before Allah, a liar. (Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Apostle of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: The signs of a hypocrite are three: Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie, and whenever he promises, he breaks his promise; and whenever he is entrusted, he betrays (proves to be dishonest). (Bukhari)

Sayyiduna Samara bin Jundub (radi Allahu anhu) reported that Allah’s Apostle (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: I saw (in a dream), two men came to me. They said, The person, the one whose cheek you saw being torn away (from the mouth to the ear) was a liar and used to tell lies and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread all over the world. So he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection. (Bukhari)

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