Yahya ibn Mo‘adh Radi Allahu anhu

Abu Zakariya’ Yahya ibn Mo‘adh al-Razi Radi Allahu anhu, a disciple of Ibn Karram Radi Allahu anhu, left his native town of Rayy and lived for a time in Balkh, afterwards proceeding to Nishapur where he died in 258 (871). A certain number of poems are attributed to him.

Yahya-e Mo‘adh-e :Razi Radi Allahu anhu and his debt

Yahya-e Mo‘adh Radi Allahu anhu had incurred a debt of a hundred thousand dirhams. He had borrowed all this money and expended it on gifts to holy warriors, pilgrims, poor men, scholars and Sufis. His creditors were pressing him for repayment, and his heart was much preoccupied thereby.

One night he dreamed that the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam spoke to him.

“Yahya, be not over-anxious, for I am pained on account of your anxiety. Arise, go to Khorasan. There a woman has set aside three hundred thousand dirhams to meet the hundred thousand you have borrowed.”

“Messenger of ALLAH,” cried Yahya, “which is that city, and who is that person?” ‘ “Go from city to city and preach,” said the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam. “Your words bring healing to men’s hearts. Just as I have come to you in a dream, so now I will visit that person in a dream.”

So Yahya Radi Allahu anhu came to Nishapur. They set up a pulpit for him before the cupola. “Men of Nishapur,” he cried, “I have come here at the direction of the Prophet, on him be peace. The Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam declared, ‘One will discharge the debt you owe.’ I have a debt of a hundred thousand silver dirhams. Know that always my words possessed a beauty, but now this debt has come as a veil over that beauty.”

“I will give fifty thousand dirhams,” one man volunteered.
“I will give forty thousand,” offered another.
Yahya Radi Allahu anhu declined to accept their gifts.
“The Master, peace be upon him, indicated one person,”he said.

He then began to preach. On the first day seven corpses were removed from the gathering. Then, seeing that his debt was not discharged in Nishapur, Yahya set out for Balkh. There he was detained for a while to preach. He extolled riches over poverty. They gave him a hundred thousand dirhams. But his words did not please a certain shaikh living in those parts, seeing that he had preferred riches.

“May ALLAH Azzawajal not bless him!” he exclaimed.

When Yahya Radi Allahu anhu left Balkh he was set on by highwaymen and robbed of all the money.“That is the result of that shaikh’s prayer,” they said.

So he proceeded to Herat, some say by way of Merv. There he related his dream. The daughter of the Prince of Herat was in the audience. She sent him a message.
“Imam, cease worrying about the debt. The night the Prophet spoke to you in a dream, he also spoke to me.
I said, ‘Messenger of ALLAH, Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam I will go to him.’ ‘No,’ the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam replied, ‘he will come to you.’ I have therefore been waiting for you. When my father gave me in marriage, the things others receive in copper and brass he made for me of silver and gold. The silver things are worth three hundred thousand dirhams. I bestow them on you. But I have one requirement, that you preach here for four days more.”

Yahya Radi Allahu anhu held forth for four days longer. On the first day ten corpses were taken up, on the second twentyfive, on the third forty, and on the fourth seventy. Then on the fifth day Yahya Radi Allahu anhu left Herat with seven camels’ loads of silver.

When he reached Balham, being accompanied by his son, transporting all that wealth, his son demurred.
“When he enters the town, he must not give it all immediately to the creditors and the poor and leave me with nothing of it.”

At dawn Yahya Radi Allahu anhu was communing with ALLAH Azzawajal, his head bowed to the ground. Suddenly a rock fell on his head.
“Give the money to the creditors,” he cried. Then he expired.
The men of the Way lifted him on their shoulders and bore him to Nishapur, where they laid him in the grave.

Yahya-e Mo‘adh-e Razi Radi Allahu anhu and his brother

Yahya-e Mo‘adh Radi Allahu anhu had a brother who went to Mecca and took up residence near the Kaaba Shareef. From there he wrote a letter to Yahya Radi Allahu anhu.

“Three things I desired. Two have been realized. Now one remains. Pray to ALLAH Azzawajal that He may graciously grant that one desire as well. I desired that I might pass my last years in the noblest place on earth. Now I have come to the Sacred Territory, which is the noblest of all places. My second desire was to have a servant to wait on me and make ready my ablution water. ALLAH Azzawajal has given me a seemly servant-girl. My third desire is to see you before I die. Pray to ALLAH Azzawajal that he may vouchsafe this desire.”

Yahya Radi Allahu anhu replied to his brother as follows.

“As for your saying that you desired the best place on earth, be yourself the best of men, then live in whatever place you wish. A place is noble by reason of its inhabitants, not vice versa.

“Then as for your saying that you desired a servant and have now got one, if you were really a true and chivalrous man, you would never have made ALLAH Azzawajal’s servant your own servant, detaining her from serving ALLAH Azzawajal and diverting her to serve yourself. You should yourself be a servant. You desire to be a master, but mastership is an attribute of ALLAH Azzawajal. Servanthood is an attribute of man. ALLAH Azzawajal’s servant must be a servant. When ALLAH Azzawajal’s servant desires a station proper to ALLAH Azzawajal, he makes himself a Pharaoh.

“Finally, as to your saying that you desire to see me, if you were truly aware of ALLAH Azzawajal, you would never remember me. So associate with ALLAH Azzawajal, that no memory of your brother ever comes into your mind. There one must be ready to sacrifice one’s son; how much more a brother! If you have found Him, what am I to you? And if you have not found Him, what profit will you gain from me?”

Tadhkirat al-Auliya’
(Memorial of the Saints)
by Farid al-Din Attar

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Debt

Debt implies want and all creatures including men are in want of something or the other. Man should extend his helping hand to his brother who is in want, irrespective of his seeking it or not.

This may be done in two ways: Loan with condition of repayment or gratuitous loan without any compensation, or gift. Islam, however, does not recognize loan with interest. It recognizes only gratuitous loan called “Qarz-e-Hasanah”. The Holy Quraan and Hadith speak of great merits in Qarz-e-Hasanah. It is a loan without compensation or interest for benefit of the debtor. The Holy Quraan says: “If you offer to Allah a gratuitous loan, He will double it for you and forgive you.” (64:17) “Surely (those who) extend a gratuitous loan to Allah, it shall be doubled for them, and they shall have a noble reward”. (57:18) “Who is there that will extend to Allah a good loan, that He may double it for him, and he may have an excellent reward?” (57) “Who is it that will offer to Allah a good loan, so He will multiply it to him manifold? And Allah straitens and amplifies, and to Him you will return.” (2:245)

Islam lays special emphasis against indebtedness of men in general and Muslims in particular. The principle is applicable to all nations and states.

Whom can Zakaah be given to?

Zakaah can be given to:

1. The poor and needy.
2. A person in serious debt.
3. A traveller who has run short on cash.
4. Students who are not able to pay for their education.
5. Muslims only.

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