It means that such a person must believe in the essential requirements of the Islamic faith, and he should not do anything against the spirit of the faith. In the same book we come across this statement:
“That is to say, it is an agreed view of the Islamic scholars that a person who violates the essential requirements of Islam is a disbeliever, though he may be a follower of the Qiblah and he may spend his entire life in performing the acts of obedience, as has been stated in Sharah-E- Tahreer by Imam Ibnul Hammam.”
The books of Islamic belief, law and principles are full of clear directives and details on this point.
(Tamheed Ul Iman by Ala Hazrat radi allahu anhu)
The third fraudulent argument of this disbelieving group is that the Islamic law states that a person, who has 99 things of disbelief and one thing of Islam in his personality, should not be labelled as a disbeliever. Firstly, this flimsy argument is the worst and the weakest of all. If a person gives a call to prayer or performs a prayer of two-Rakah once in the day and worships the idols, blows the clarions or rings the bells in the remaining part of the day for 99 times, he is by this definition a Muslim. Such a person is not a man of faith. Let alone faith, such a person cannot be described as a Muslim by a sensible man.
Secondly, in the light of this definition except the atheists, who deny the very existence of Allah, all other disbelievers, like Hindus, Christians, Jews etc, will have to be described as Muslims. They have one thing in common; they all believe in the existence of Allah. This one thing is one of the most important principles in Islam. The philosophically-inlined disbelievers, or Aryans or similar other people have their own concepts of the unity of, Allah. The Jews and Christians will have to be regarded as very distinguished Muslims because in addition to the unity of Allah they also believe in many of His Scriptures, thousands of His Prophets, the Dooms-day, accountability on the final Day of Judgement, reward, and punishment, Heaven and Hell etc, most of these doctrines being in conformity with Islam.
(Tamheed Ul Iman by Ala Hazrat radi allahu anhu)
Thirdly, the verses of the Holy Quran which have been quoted above, are enough to refute this argument. It has been proved by these verses that despite reading the Kalima or offering prayers these insolent people are disbelievers. At one place Allah said “They have become disbelievers after embracing Islam, because they have made a particular statement.” At another place Allah has said: “Make no excuses; you have become disbelievers after embracing Islam”. According to this flimsy argument there should be more than 99 words of disbelief but Allah has declared them as disbelievers for only one word of disbelief. Perhaps the insolent people will answer that this is a mistake of Allah or He has been too hasty in restricting the sphere of Islam. They would blame that the followers of Qiblah and the readers of Kalima are being pushed out of Islam just for saying one word, and that they have not been given even the chance of making an excuse. Also Allah did not consult some worshipper of nature or a lecturer from Nadwa or some other liberal Islamic reformer of their persuasion. “May the curse of Allah fall on the wrongdoers.” Fourthly, the answer to this argument is:
YOUR ALLAH ALMIGHTY SAYS Read the rest of this entry »
It is narrated on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Sa’eed (radi Allahu anhu) that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “He who amongst you sees something abominable should modify it with the help of his hand; and if he has not strength enough to do it, then he should do it with his tongue; and if he has not strength enough to do it (even) then he should (abhor it) from his heart, and that is the least of faith.” (Muslim)
This Hadith throws a good deal of light on how the society is to be kept safe and secure from evil and corruption. It has been made an obligatory act for every Muslim to see carefully that the moral health of the community does not deteriorate, and whenever there is any sign of decadence in any quarter it should be checked with determination. Islam does not allow its followers to lead the life a silent spectator in the world; it has made them duty-bound to eradicate evil, since once it is allowed to creep into the society, it corrodes it and the whole social structure crumbles down. It has, therefore, been enjoined upon the believers to take effective measures to fight against it. Those who have power enough to check it with force must do so, while others by means of preaching and persuasion should try to sweep it out of effective existence, but if the circumstances become so adverse that even this becomes impossible, then we should at least keep our conscience alive to the fact that it is an evil and should be strongly abhorred, and wait for a suitable opportunity to drive it out completely.
It must be made clear in this connection that the commentators of the Hadith are of the view that forbidding with the help of hand implies the power of the State. That it is the duty of the State and society to check the evil in all its forms and shapes and in case of necessity even the strictest measures may be adopted.
Imam Nawawi (alaihir rahmah) says there is a consensus of opinion that this act of bidding the people to do good and forbidding them to do wrong is obligatory on believers.