Important Points on Zakaah

1. Zakaah is Fard upon all Muslim adults, who are free from debts and who have possessed wealth for full 12 months. This wealth must be equal to the Nisaab as described in the post Zakaah is obligatory upon a person if
2. The rate of Zakaah is 2.5 percent on wealth (money, gold or silver).
3. It is Fard to make the Niyyah when giving Zakaah.
4. Zakaah is actually a “religious tax” that is paid by the rich people to the poor.
5. By us paying Zakaah, we are actually cleaning our money.
6. Zakaah also teaches us to be honest in our earnings and business dealings.
7. Zakaah must not be seen as a burden or punishment, but as a form of Ibaadah.
8. Muslims can also help the poor through giving Sadaqa.
9. By giving Zakaah and Sadqa, wealth is being divided among all the Muslims.

10. Zakaah became Fard during 2 A.H.

The Faraa’id (Fard) of Salaah



There are 7 Faraa’id of Salaah:-

1. Takbeer-e-Tahreemah (the first Allah Akbar)
2. Qiyaam (standing)
3. Qiraah
4. Ruku
5. Sajdah
6. Qadah Akheerah
7. To indicate the end of Salaah.

The Fards (Faraa’id) of Wudu

There are 4 Fard in Wudu which we must strictly follow. These 4 Fards are:

1. To wash the face – which is from the forehead till the chin and from one ear to the other ear once.
2. To wash both the arms till the elbows once.
3. To make Masah of at least a quarter of the head. By quarter is meant 4 fingers width.
4. To wash the feet till the ankles once.
5. If these 4 actions are not carried out, then the Wudu will be incomplete. It will, therefore, be Haraam for a person to read Salaah.

When does Wudu become Makrooh ?

There are certain actions which are “Makrooh” or “undesirable” in Wudu. Some of these actions are:

1. To make Wudu in a dirty place.
2. To cleanse the nose using the right hand.
3. To talk of worldly things while making Wudu.
4. To perform Wudu in any sequence, for example, to wash the feet first then the face.
5. To waste water.
6. To use too little water so that certain parts are not washed properly.
7. To splash water on the face.
8. To ask someone for help in making Wudu without a proper reason.

The Mustahabs of Wudu

There are certain acts which are “Mustahab” or “preferable” in Wudu. Some of these acts are:

1. To face the Qiblah. Remember that you should not spit towards the Qiblah.
2. To make Wudu in a clean place.
3. To read “Bismillah” before washing each part.
4. To read the proper Du’as when washing each part.
5. To wash each part from the right side.
6. To shift or to remove rings or bangles and to let the water pass under these objects.
7. To clean the nostrils with the left hand.
8. To clean the inside of the ears.
9. To read the Du’a and the Kalimah Shahaadah after Wudu and to also read Surah Qadr facing towards the sky.

Actions which Break Wudu and Tayyammum



There are certain actions which break the Wudu and Tayyammum. We will learn about Tayyammum later. What are these actions? These actions are:

1. Any discharge from one’s private part, for example urine, stool, wind, or any substances.
2. When blood, pus or any matter flows out from a cut, wound, sore or pimple.
3. When one vomits a mouthful.
4. When one falls off to sleep while leaning or lying down.
5. When one becomes mad, faints or gets epileptic fits.
6. Laughing aloud in Salaah.
7. The spitting of blood, if the blood is more than the saliva.
8. When one becomes drunk or looses ones frame of mind either through drinking alcohol or taking drugs.

When is it Mustahab to make Wudu?



There are certain occasions when it is Mustahab to make Wudu. Some of these are:

1. When one awakens from sleep.
2. Before every Fard Salaah, even if one already has Wudu.
3. When one becomes angry.
4. When reading the Holy Quran from memory (Hifz).
5. When listening to Islamic lectures and when learning or teaching Islam.
6. When giving Azaan or Takbeer or when delivering the Khutbah.
7. When visiting sacred places like the Mazaars of the Awliya Allah.
8. When making Wuqoof on the plains of Arafaat on the 9th of Zil Hajj.
9. When making Sa’ee between Saffa and Marwa.
10. After backbiting and after committing a sin.
11. When visiting the grave-yard.

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