ATTRIBUTES OF SUFIS INNER AND OUTER SELF

Sufi Art   Among the attributes of the Sufis were their refrainment from all hypocrisy. In simple terms, their inner selves were in complete concordance with their outer self.

It is said that Sayyiduna Omar bin Abdul Aziz (radi Allahu anhu) asked Sayyiduna Khidr (alaihis salaam) to give him some advise when they both found themselves in Medina Shareef, Sayyiduna Khidr (alaihis assalaam) replied, “O Omar! Save yourself from this state, wherein, outwardly you are the friend of Allah, yet, inwardly you are His enemy. Those whose inner self is not in concordance with their outer self are hypocrites and for them will be extreme punishment”.

Sayyiduna Abdul Wahid bin Yaazid (radi Allahu anhu) has expressed, “Sayyiduna Hasan Basri (radi Allahu anhu) has reached a lofty position in Tassawaf simply because whenever he advised any person to perform any action he firstly did so himself. Whenever he prohibited a person, he always firstly refrained himself. I have therefore, never seen a person whose inner self is precisely as his outer self”.

Sayyiduna Mu’awwiya bin Qurra (radi Allahu anhu) has stated, “Whenever I heard a person being praised, I had always found him less then his tribute, except for Sayyiduna Wakee’ah (radi Allahu anhu). I have always found him to be even more superior then his acclaim”.

Sayyiduna Abdullah Antaaki (radi Allahu anhu) states, “To refrain from internal sins is the most superior of acts”. When he was asked the reasons, he replied, “Simply because he who refrains from internal sins will have a better chance of refraining from external sins. Therefore, he whose internal self is better then his external self, this indeed is the Mercy of Allah. While he whose both selves are equal, this indeed is equality. He on the other hand he whose external self is better then his internal self, he indeed is an oppressor”.

It is because of this that the great Sufis hide their worship. They state that Read the rest of this entry »

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THE MURSHID AND HIS COMMITMENT TO SHARI’AH

The Murshid is obligated to follow the commands of Shari’ah with absolute respect and dedication. The role of the Murshid is to enlighten the path of those who are astray with righteousness and guidance. A “Murshid” who does not respect and follow the Shari’ah is himself in darkness and totally incapable of illuminating (rating someone else’s path or guiding them). Such people are disciples of Shaitaan and the enemies of Islam. Some Murshids go about sowing doubts in the minds of their followers. They teach that Salaah and Saum (Fasting) are outward forms of worship and should be left to the Ulama. They claim that they practice and worship with their hearts only. Such Mushids are astray and mislead their followers too. They feast in Ramadaan openly mocking the Shari’ah and Tariqah. Yet, ignorant Mureeds are convinced that these people will Read the rest of this entry »

CHARGE AGAINST ISLAMIC SCHOLARS

Fifthly, as a matter of fact these insolent people have levelled this baseless charge against the Islamic scholars. The experts of the Islamic law have never given such a decision. The insolent people have acted like the Jews and changed the meanings by interpreting the statement out of its context. “The Jews change and interpret a statement out of Its context,” says the Quran. The experts of law have not said that a man who has 99 acts of disbelief and one ad of Islam in his character is a Muslim. 0 Allah we seek your refuge from such a dreadful mischief! The truth, on the other hand, is that the entire Muslim community is agreed on the point that a person who has in his balance-sheet 99 000 statements of Islam and one statement of disbelief is certainly and absolutely a disbeliever. In 99 drops of rose-water if you put one drop of urine, it will all become urine. But these ignorant people say that if you put one drop of rose-water into 99 drops of urine, the whole mixture will become pious and pure impossible. Let alone the Islamic scholars, even an ordinary sensible man cannot make such a silly statement. Actually the experts of lslamic law have said that if a Muslim uses a word which has one hundred possible shades of meaning, and 99 shades of meaning go towards disbelief and one comes towards Islam, it would be fair not to call him a disbeliever, until it is proved that his intention was to express some shade of disbelief through this world.The logic behind this statement appeals to common sense. The experts want to give this Muslim the benefit of the doubt. At least, there is one shade of opinion which is Islamic. 1t is quite possible that he might have intended this one, and this view would go in his favour. However they have already made it clear that, if his intention was based on disbelief, in Allah’s decision he will be a disbeliever. Let us take an example. If Zaid says “Amar possesses knowledge of the unseen definitely.’. This statement has the following possible shades of meaning:

POSSIBLE SHADES OF MEANING

1. Amar by his very nature knows about everything that is unseen. This is clear disbelief and partnership with Allah.
“Say none in the heavens or on earth, except Allah, knows what is hidden”,
(QURAN XXVI’-65)

2. Amar does not possess the knowledge of the unseen but some spirits (Jinn) who possess this knowledge, convey this knowledge to him. So he definitely gets the knowledge of the unseen. This is also a disbelief.
“The Jinn saw clearly how, if they had know the Unseen, they would not have Read the rest of this entry »

THE BIG ADVANTAGE KNOWLEDGE OF THE UNSEEN

This search for the truth has also made another point clear. In some Islamic decisions like Fataawa QaziKhan etc, it is recorded that a person, who gives the names of Allah and His Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم as witnesses to a marriage contract, or says that the souls of spiritual guides are present and omniscient, or says that the angels possess the knowledge of the unseen or says ‘I possess the knowledge of the unseen’ is a disbeliever. It implies a declaration of disbelief on account of his personal knowledge, although in these statements there are many possibilities of Islamic interpretation. Here it is not clearly stated that the knowledge of the unseen is definite and the term knowledge is used in good faith. If we go into further possibilities, there will be 42 rather than 21 possibilities. Many of these will be out of the range of disbelief, because assertions of the knowledge of the unseen in good faitry is not disbelief. Baher-ur-Raalq and Durr-E-Mukhtar state as under:

“It is learnt from their issues here trlat one who regards something which Allah has condemned as Haraam being Halaal following his wishful thinking, he will not be condemned as Kafir. He will be condemned as Kafir if he resolutely believes in a Haraam as being Halal, and likewise. What Oartabi has mentioned in the Sharah of Muslim that having wishful thought regarding the Unseen such as the thoughts of the star-gazers and palm-readers regarding the occurrence of things in the future through daily practice which is a correct thought. Claiming to possess the knowledge of the Unseen, apparently such a claim of having ideas of Ghaib is Haraam but not Kufr as against the claim of the knowledge of the Ghaib.

PROBABLE POSSIBILITY

The question arises why have the Islamic scholars issued a verdict of disbelief when so many Islamic Interpretations are possible? Obviously, they have given importance to the more probable possibility, which goes towards disbelief If we do not take this view, the statements and the reasoning of the scholars will be- come null and void. Further details can be seen in Jami-ul-Fasooleen, Radd-ul- Mukhtar, Hashia Allama Nooh, Multaqit Fataawa Mujjat, Tatar Khaniyah, Majma-ul-Anher, Hadiqah Nadiyah and Sal-ul Hisam etc. The key references to the Quranic verses and Prophet’s traditions can be studied in the books concerning knowledge of the unseen, such as AI-lolul-Mahnoon etc. It all depends on the guidance and strength given by Allah. Here it would suffice to quote the following words from Hadiqah Nadiyah:
“That is to say In the books of Islamic decision only those words have been considered adequate to give a verdict of disbelief through which the speaker had the intention of expressing the disbelieving shade of meaning, otherwise it would not be disbelief”.

AN IMPORTANT WARNING:
Only that probability is reliable which appeals to the common sense. When a statement is clear, it is not advisable to explore the far-fetched probabilities If we indulge in this sort of unreasonable exercise, nothing would be classified as disbelief. For example, Zaid says that there are two Gods. If we try to interpret this statement metaphorically as two forms of Allah’s will. The Quran, says:
“Except that which Allah decrees” (that is) the order of Allah (Quran).

(Tamheed Ul Iman by Ala Hazrat radi allahu anhu)

DECISIONS OF FUQAHA

Ajar may say “I am the Messenger of Allah (Rasool of Allah)” .It can be presumed that he means literally because it is Allah who has put soul into his body. These presumptions are not impossible but they don’t stand to reason. It is stated in Shifa Sharif:
“Where the statement is clear in itself there is no need to hear and consider the far-fetched probabilities”

Sharah Shifa Oari says:
“Such a claim in the Islamic law IS to be rejected.

Nasim-ur-Riaz shows:
“Such an interpretation would not be considered sympathetically and it would be regarded as superfluous.”

Fataawa Khulasa, Fasool-E-Amaria, Jami-ul-Fasooleen and Fataawa Hindiah etc state, “If somebody calls himself a Prophet or a Messenger of Allah and by this he means to say that he takes messages, hence he is a Messenger, he will become a disbeliever.”
This sort of interpretation will not be considered valid. May Allah save us!

(Tamheed Ul Iman by Ala Hazrat radi allahu anhu)

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