The Quintessence Concerning What Is Indispensable For the Spiritual Seeker by Ibne Arabi radi allahu anhu

1. God’s Unicity and Transcendence

2. Faith in the messengers, companions, ‘people of this Path’ (Friends of God), and serving the
poor

3. Silence, focus on dhikr/remembrance of God, and good deeds

4. Right companion on the spiritual Path

5. Sincere intention (Sidq) in seeking the right guide

6. Right livelihood

7. Eating little

8. Filling the day with prayer

9. Sleep, eat, and dress only as really needed

10. How to read the Qur’an

11. Keeping track of one’s animal self (muhāsaba) and shame before God

12. Staying Conscious: being aware of demands of the ‘Instant’ and eliminating inner
distractions

13. Purity (tahāra)

14. Striving for good moral character traits

15. Right attitude toward spiritual ‘opponents’

16. Right Behavior (adab) toward animals, dependents and children

17. Avoiding the powerful and worldly, while practicing insān and Sabr Read the rest of this entry »

The Gift of a Daughter

The following is an excerpt taken from Session 10 of the Anees ul-Arwah–The Malfuzat of Khwaja Uthman Haruni (rehmatullahi alyhe)–as recorded by Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti (rehmatullahi alayhe)

He said “Daughters are a gift from God. God is satisfied and pleased with the one, on given a daughter loves her and is pleased by her.  He who expresses joy at the birth of a girl is given the reward of seventy pilgrimages (Hajj) and it is as if he had emancipated seventy people from slavery.  Those mothers and fathers who love their daughters, are gentle and show kindness to them, God shows kindness to them and showers His mercy upon them.”
He then said, “I once saw written in the Aathar-e-Awliyaa that the Messenger of God (peace and blessings of God be upon him and his family) said, “He who has a single daughter has five hundred years between him and the Fire.” And said, “The Prophets (may peace be upon all of them) and the Saints (may God have mercy on all of them) used to be more gentle and loving towards their daughters than their sons.”
Then he mentioned a story about Khwaja Sirri Saqati (may Allah have mercy on him) who had a daughter that he loved dearly.  The daughter heard her father once say, “Would that I break my fast with a brand new jug of cool water.” On hearing her father’s wish she prepared a brand new jug with cool water and placed it next to her father. It was after the ‘asr (late afternoon) prayer and the master fell asleep on his prayer mat. In his dream he sees that in his house in Paradise Allah asks his daughter, “Whose daughter are you?” She replies, “He who drank from the new jug of cool water.” At this his hand struck the jug and broke apart.  Khawaj Sirri (may Allah have mercy on him) arose and cried out, “Sirri, never desire to drink from a new jug, for he who has such a level of desire for worldliness can never reach such a state (as he had seen his daughter reach).”
After articulating all of this, the master completed his address became engrossed in his dhikrand the one in need of his prayers left with the people–all praises to God for that (lesson).

 

Alastu Bi-Rabbikum–Am I Not Your Lord ?

The following is taken from Session 1 (Faith) of the Anees ul-Arwah–The Malfuzat of Khwaja Uthman Haruni (rehmatullahi alyhe)–as recorded by Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti (rehmatullahi alayhe)
Then the khwaja (master), may God have mercy on him, said “I saw written in the Umdat us-Suluk  of Junaid Baghdadi, may God have mercy on him, as related by khwaja Yusuf Chishti, may God have mercy on him, that when Allah, Exalted is He, said “Alastu Bi Rabbikum (Am I Not Your Lord)”, all the spirits, believer and non-believer, were immediately divided into four categories:
  1. Those spirits that on hearing their Lord’s call fell into sajdah (prostration) replying with heart and limb, “Balaa (Indeed)!”
  2. Those that made sajdah but didn’t do so with any sincerity.
  3. Those that believed sincerely with their hearts only.
  4. Those that didn’t care to reply–neither with heart nor limb.

The khwaja, may God have mercy on him, then clarified each category.

The spirits that replied Balaa (Indeed You are our Lord and Sustainer!) with heart and limb (in prostration),  became Prophets (upon them all be peace), Saints, and sincere believers. The second category that said balaa but without any sincerity are those Muslims who forsake their religion on their death-beds. The third category that said nothing but sincerely meant it are those who were disbelievers but later turned to Islam. The last category who didn’t say anything nor have any sincerity to accept the call are those who live and die as disbelievers.
After articulating all of this, the master became engrossed in his dhikr (remembrance of God) and the one in need of his prayers returned to where he came from–all praises to God for that (lesson).

Hazrat Makhdoom Faqih Ali Mahimi Alaih Rehma’s Teachings and Achievements

Hazrat Makhdoom Ali

Hazrat Makhdum Faqih Ali Mahimi Alaih Rehma’s honorable father Maulana Hazrat Shaikh Ahmad Sahib (Radi Allahu anhu) was learned and great scholar and saintly man. He lived in Kokan from the very beginning. He was of Arab origin * and comes of the descendants, of Hazrat Ja’far Tayyar (Radi Allah Anhu) Bin Hazrat Abi Talib (Radi Allah Anhu).His honourable father, having observed his smart son’s cleverness and liking for knowledge and learning, paid his attention to his higher education, as he, too, was a great scholar of Arabic language.

He, therefore, helped his son Hazrat Makhdum Ali Faqih Mahaimi (Radi Allahu anhu) to become a scholar. In his childhood, under the training of his father, Maulana Shaikh Ahmed Bin Ali (Radi Allahu anhu), Hazrat Makhdum Ali Faquih Mahaimi (Radi Allahu anhu) acquired full fledged knowledge of recitation of the Qura’n with correct phonetics, theology, logic, philosophy, Hadith and all other extra-religious fields of knowledge and traditionally reported sciences etcetera.

The gracious mother of Hazrath Makhdum, Hazrat Bibi Fatima, too, was a perfect saintly woman. The gracious parents of Hazrat Makhdum (Radi Allahu anhu), through their training, polished and illuminated the God-gifted talents of their son, And by the favour and bounty of Allah, He became a writer of Quranic exegesis of high quality, a scholar of Holy Prophet’s Traditions, a theologian and a saint (Sufi), excellent and well versed in revelation and miracles. It is widely known that Hazrat Khizr (Alai Salaam), also, played a great role in his training.

When Hazrat Makhdum (Radi Allahu anhu) was barely of nine years age, acquired all the branches of knowledge, external as well as celestial and the Islamic Jurisprudence. Thereafter, only a few days had passed when, on the 25th of Jamadil Akhir 785 Hijri, his honoured father Maulana Shaikh Ahmad (Radi Allahu anhu) Bin Ali breathed his last and left this material world for ever.

After the death of his father, his thirst for knowledge and learning went on increasing. There was no source to quench this thirst, hence he came to his respected mother and said, Dear Mother ! My longing for knowledge has increased many fold. Here, I don’t find any source to satisfy my desire and longing for it. If you give me permission then, I would set out in search of the knowledge. The respected mother looked at the son for some time and then said. ‘My son! Your separation is unbearable to me. Allah, The Highest, is The Causer of the Causes. He, being the real doer of things, will make such a provision from unknown that it will be the source of satisfaction to your longing. The knowledge that is obtained through the divine favour is better than that acquired by any method of teaching and learning.

So, the very night, his respectable mother prayed to Allah and her prayers were answered positively by Allah. As usual, after early morning prayer was over, Hazrat Makhdum Ali, went for a walk to the sea-side. While he was strolling on the coast of the sea, he saw a radiant faced elderly person sitting on a rock which was lying on the coast of the sea. He conveyed his salam (salutes) to him. The elderly man returned his salaams to Hazrat Makhdum Ali (Radi Allahu anhu) and expressed his happiness smilingly. Then, he said, ‘You are longing for acquiring divine knowledge, then you come here to me daily every morning and I will teach you. The things you wish to obtain through journeys to distant places, Insha Allah (If Allah so wishes), you will get the same here and here only. I am the Khizr. Allah, The Highest, has sent me to teach you. Don’t divulge this secret to anybody.

So, he would go to that place where Khizr (Alaihis Salaam) used to sit. It was his routine to do so every morning after the early morning (fajr) prayers were over. He regularly did this. And, thus, he started to a acquire godly knowledge from Hazrat Khizr (Alaihis Salaam). In a few days, he was perfect in both the types of knowledge, intellectual as well as traditional. One day, by chance, his respectable mother made an enquiry with him, saying. “My son! To whom do you go to obtain knowledge daily? I have heard that you go to the sea-shore every day”. At first, he hesitated to give reply to his mother’s enquiry. But, feeling that it would be against the respect he had for his mother, he said, “I go to Hazrat Khizr (Alaihis Salaam) to learn from him.”

The next day, when, as usual he went to the sea-shore he found that Hazrat Khizr Hayatun Nabi (Alaihis Salaam) was not there. He very much regretted and become very sorrowful and came to his mother. Hazrat Makhdum (Radi Allahu anhu), with tears in his eyes, said to his mother, “Dear Mother ! I had, against the instruction and warning of Hazrat Khizr, mentioned you the secret of his teaching. And, I think, most probably, being angry with me, he did not turn up today.” Don’t be disappointed, Allah, The greatest and The Most merciful, will send, again, Hazrat Khizr (Alaihis Salaam) for your sake. “The glorious mother prayed to Allah, that very night. Consequently, the next day, at the time of the prayers of Asr, Hazrat Khizr (Alaihis Salaam) met him on the way and said,” You have got the inspired – knowledge by the order of Allah.” Then he took him to the sea-shore and having taken out a morsel of godly bounty from his own mouth, fed it to him and said. “Your glorious mother’s prayers are answered positively and you have achieved mastery over all the branches of knowledge by the favour of Allah.” When he was free from the evening prayers, he found his pure and clean bosom overloaded with all the branches of the knowledge.

GOOD CONDUCT & EXAMPLES OF GOOD CONDUCT

Haruniyeh, Razavi Khorasan. Sufis used to hang...

Tomb Of Imam Muhammad Al Ghazali Radi Allahu anhu

Hadis Shareef: The Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam said: A believer loves for others what he loves for himself. He said: He who loves God and the hereafter, let him honour his guests. He said: He who believes in God and the hereafter shall honour his neighbour. He said: He who believes in God and the hereafter should utter good words or remain silent. He said: He who is a perfect believer is best in conduct. He said: When you see a believer silent and grave, come close to him as he is full of wisdom. He said: He who is pleased with virtues and displeased with sins is a believer. He said: No believer shall look to his brother Muslim in such a way that gives trouble to his mind. He said: It is unlawful for a Muslim to threaten another Muslim with fear. he said: If two companions consult with each other with trust of God, it is not lawful for one of them to disclose the secrets of another.

Good conduct comprises the following qualities – shame, to consider calamity as little, to wish good of all, truthfulness, little talk, much divine service, little shortcomings, gravity, patience, contentment, kindness, abstaining from begging, curse, rebuke, back-biting, hatred, miserliness, haughtiness and pride, to love for God and hate for God.

These qualities are called good conduct. The sage Eusof b-Ashat Radi Allahu anhu said: There are ten qualities of good conduct not to break promise, to do justice, not to take revenge, to recognise evil as sin, not to raise excuse, to bear the harms of others, to restrain passion, to know one’s own faults from seeing the faults of others, to come to every one with smiling face and to talk with humility with others.

SOME EXAMPLES OF GOOD CONDUCT

(1) The Holy Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam was once walking with Hazrat Anas Radi Allahu anhu and met with a desert Arab with a thick cloth on his body. The desert Arab threw the cloth round the neck of the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam and began to drag him with force. Hazrat Anas Radi Allahu anhu said: As an effect of this forced dragging, spots of the cloth fell upon his neck. The desert Arab said: 0 Muhammad, give me something of the wealth you have got from God. The Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam smilingly looked at him and ordered something to be given to him.

(2) At another time when the Quraish was giving the Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam trouble in the Battle of Uhud and oppressing him, he said: 0 God, forgive my people, because they are ignorant. Then God revealed this verse: You are upon sublime character-68 :4.

(3) Once the sage Ibrahim-b-Adham Radi Allahu anhu was travelling through a desert. On the way he met a soldier who asked him: Are you a slave? He said: Yes, I am a slave The soldier said: Can you tell me where is locality here? He pointed out ;o the grave. The soldier said: I am seeking locality. He said: Graveyard is the place of habitation. The soldier was engaged at this, bound him with a chain and whipped him on his back and took him to a town. The disciples of Ibrahim came to him and the soldier told them about him. They said: His name is Ibrahim-b-Adham Radi Allahu anhu and he is the friend of God. Then the soldier fell at his feet and begged pardon from him. On being asked by the people, he said: When the soldier was beating him with stick, I prayed for him paradise. They asked: Why did you pray paradise for him though he oppressed you? He said: I know that I will get rewards in lieu of his oppression. I don’t like that one should remain a sinner for me for whom I got rewards.

(4) Once a man invited the sage Abu Osman Hariri Radi Allahu anhu and his object was to examine him. When the sage went to his door, he said: Now there is nothing for food. On hearing this, Abu Osman Radi Allahu anhu went away. When he went to some distance, the host called him again. When he came again, he said: Return. Then he returned. He called Abu Osman Radi Allahu anhu for the third time and the latter also came to him. He said: You have not come in time for food. Then he returned. When he called Abu Osman Radi Allahu anhu for the fourth time, the sage came to him and this time also he did not give him food. When he was going, the man feel upon his feet and said with folded hands: I have done it only to examine you. How good is your conduct! The sage said: You have found in me the conduct of a dog. If a dog is called for food, it comes on call and flees away when driven away.

(5) Once the sage was passing by a bylane when somebody threw some refuges on his head. He removed the refuges from his body and prostrated on the ground by way of gratefulness but didnot take retaliation. He said: If one is fit for Hell, will it not be a cause of gratefulness if refuges only are thrown on him?

(6) Once the sage Sahal Tastari Radi Allahu anhu was asked about good conduct. he said: The lowest good conduct is to bear with patience the troubles given by others, not to take revenge, to show kindness on the oppressor, to ask forgiveness for him and to be kind to him.

(7) The sage Ahnaf-b-Qais Radi Allahu anhu was once asked: From whom have you learnt patience? He said: From Qais-b-Asem Radi Allahu anhu. He was again asked: How did he learn patience? He said: He was once seated in his house when a black female slave was coming to him with a cup of hot roasted meat. Suddenly the cup fell from her hand and fell on the head of his child who died as a result. The female slave was greatly fearful of her master who said to her: You have got no fear. Go, you are free for the sake of God. It was narrated that when the little boys saw the saint Owais Qarni Radi Allahu anhu, they used to throw pebbles at him as they thought that he was a mad man. He used to say to them: 0 dear children, if you are to throw pebbles at all, throw small pebbles at me, so that no blood can come out. If  blood comes out, my ablution may break.

by Imam Muhammad Al Ghazali Radi Allahu anhu

FORMATION OF CHILD CHARACTER

Haruniyeh, Razavi Khorasan. Sufis used to hang...

Tomb Of Imam Muhammad Al Ghazali Radi Allahu Anhu

Know, 0 dear readers, that the training of a child’s character and conduct is of supreme importance. God entrusted the children in the hands of their parents. The heart of a child is bright like a jewel and soft like a candle and free from all impressions. It is soft like the soft clay in which any seed can grow. If he is given good training of character and conduct, he grows in that condition and acquires fortune both in this world and the next. If he goes to commit sins and lives a life of a beast he is doomed to failure and destruction. God says: ‘0 those who believe, save yourselves and your family members from Hell fire.’ As the parents save their children from the fire of the world, so they should save them also from the fire of Hell of the next world. This means that they should be given training of good conduct and character, save them from bad company and luxurious habits, delicious dishes and beautiful dresses. When a boy reaches the age of discretion, care should.be taken of his character. He gives up then something out of shame and takes up something.

He should be given the training of eating and drinking. The following are some of the rules of ea ;ng and drinking (1) Food is to be eaten with the right hand. (2)`h should be begun with the recitation of God’s name. (3) It should be taken from the side of the dish which is nearest. (4) It should not be taken before others begin to eat. (5) None should took to the ea$ng of others. (6) Food is to be chewed well and not hastily. (7) None should wipe his hand with his wearing garment. (8) Rice or bread without curry should sometimes be eaten. (9) The harms of over eating should be known. (10) Rewards of little food should be known. (11) White cloth and not garments of variegated colours should be put on and not silk cloths. 912) A boy should be directed not to join bad company. (13) He should not be allotted to mix with boys who dress luxuriantly, eat delicious foods and are haughty.

by Imam Muhammad Al Ghazzali Radi Allahu Anhu

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