Is it permissible to keep dogs or not? – Ahkaam E Shariat Part 1

Question: 20th Rabi ul Aakhir 1320 Hijri

What is the ruling of the learned Ulama regarding whether it is permissible to keep dogs or not? Is it permissible to keep pigeons without the intention of racing them? What about the ruling regarding quail fighting and cock fighting? Also what is the rule regarding the keeping of falcons and eagles and to use them for hunting and to then to eat which they have hunted?

The Answer: It is permissible to keep falcons and eagles and to use it for hunting is also allowed and to eat which they have hunted is also allowed. Almighty Allah says, “And which hunting animals have you trained for hunting” (Surah Maida, verse 4).

It must however be noted that the animal must be hunted for the purpose of attaining food, for medicinal purpose or for any beneficial reason. It should not be just for sport and for fun. This is a waste of time and is haraam and those who do this are sinful. That animal that is killed by them is halaal if they have been well trained to hunt and bismillah was said when releasing them. It is clear that to release if for the sake of game hunting (for sport) is haraam and this does not interfere which the Zibah according to Sharia just as to take Allah’s name and then strike a sheep from the neck (nape) is a haraam action, but to eat such an animal is halaal.

Quail fights, cock fighting, and getting any other animal to fight, like the way people fight rams, little birds and some even fight haraam animals such as elephants and bears are all haraam as this is to cause pain to animals without reason. It has been mentioned in the Hadith Shareef that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam) has prohibited us from fighting animals (against one another). (Ref: Abu Dawood and Tirmizi from Ibn Abbas radi Allahu anhu and Tirmizi has categorized it as Hassan Sahih)

To keep pigeons just for the sake of comforting ones heart and not for any impermissible reason is allowed. To fly pigeons from rooftops so that one may go on the rooftops and look at our Muslims females, or to throw stones at the pigeons, causing windows to break and the danger of injuring someone’s eye, to fly pigeons to capture the pigeons belonging to others or to fly them the entire day absolutely hungry, and to enjoy seeing them fly in this way, not even allowing them to land when they need are all improper and to keep the pigeons for these reasons is haraam. It is in Durr-e-Mukhtar as follows: “It is Makrooh (to keep the pigeons caged) even if it is in their special enclosure (if this is to harm others). This is when this harm is caused through looking (at what is not allowed) and by trapping the pigeons of others. Thus, if one flies them from a rooftop and this causes disclosure of females, and if one throws stones, causing windows to break, then the person who threw the stones will be answerable and he will be stopped from doing this very sternly. If he does not abstain from this, then the chief police officer of the town has the right to make them (the pigeons) zibah. If they are not for flying, then this is doing what is best due to feeling for the pigeons and this is Mubah (permitted).”

It is in Sahih Bukhari etc. on the authority of Abdullah bin Umar (radi Allahu anhu) and in the Sahih of Ibn Hibaan on the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar (radi Allahu anhu) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “A lady went into hell because of a cat. She kept the cat tied up. Neither did she feed it nor did she release it, so that she may be free and eat the mice etc.” It has been mentioned in the narration of ibn Hibaan that the said cat has been appointed to punish the woman in hell and it bites her with its teeth from in front and from behind. Read the rest of this entry »

Is there Zakaat on gold or silver

Question: What is the ruling of the Ulama-e-Ahle Sunnat wa Jamaat in the following cases:

(a) Is there Zakaat on gold or silver jewellery that is for daily use or that which has been kept away?
(b) Does the Nisaab of the Zakaat for jewellery remain as per the price of jewellery when it was purchased or does this fluctuate as per the market value of the jewellery and thus will it be calculated as per the price at the time of calculation for payment (of zakaat)?
(c) What is the ruling regarding that money which is invested in business, such as money that has been used to purchase material (cloth) or for rentable things etc? How does one give zakaat on this?
(d) What is the Zakaat that needs to be paid per one hundred?
(e) Can one give the money of Zakaat to a Kaafir, mushrik, wahabi, raafdhi (shia) or qadiani etc?
(f) Who is it best to first give one’s zakaat to? If one’s brother’s sisters or parents are not zakaatable, can they be given zakaat or not?
(g) That person who has fifty six rupees is Zakaatable (This was during that era). Now what should he give in Zakaat?
(h) Upon who is Qurbani necessary and is it waajib or fard?
(i) Nowadays in India, some Muslims stop us from making Qurbani of cows, as they wish to please the mushriks and they say that we should make Qurbani of goats. Now, what should we make qurbani of?

The Answer:

(a) There is full zakaat on the jewellery, whether it is worn at all times, or it is not worn at all. والله تعالى اعلم
(b) If gold is given in place of gold and silver for silver, then there is no need to pay the market related price. In doing so, one must give one fortieth of the weight of the said jewellery. However, if one wishes to give silver in payment of gold and gold in payment of silver, then the market related value will be used. The market related value at the time of making or purchasing the jewellery and the current market value will not be taken into account if it is before or after the year had come to an end, but the value taken into account will be after one complete year according to the Arabic month and date that he became zakaatable. The payment of zakaat will be according to the value at that particular time. والله تعالى اعلم

(c) At the end of the year, the market related value of the goods for business, will be used to pay the zakaat on it, which is one fortieth (2 ½ %) of its market related value. والله تعالى اعلم

(d) The easiest way, is to pay two and a half rupees on every one hundred rupees (Translators Note: Use the currency of your country, eg. R2.50 on every R100 in South Africa) والله تعالى اعلم

(e) It is haraam to give them Zakaat and if one does give them Zakaat, the zakaat will not be discharged. والله تعالى اعلم Read the rest of this entry »

The ” MEAT ” which is hidden from the sight of a ” MUSLIM ” Halaal or Not ?

For meat to be Halaal, it depends on the proper Islamic method of slaughtering carried out by a Muslim or by a Kitaabi, of an animal which is permitted for Muslim consumption by invoking on it the Name of Allah at the time of Zibah. If there is even an atom of doubt in the meat being Islamically slaughtered then such meat will be considered as Haraam.

 

As long as the Zabiha of a Muslim is in the sight of a Muslim, then it is accepted as Halaal. If it is out of the sight or possession of a Muslim then it is doubted and to eat such meat is Haraam for this reason, that as long as an animal is alive it’s consumption is Haraam. It only becomes Halaal after Zibah-e-Shar’i (Slaughtering according to Shari’ah). If there is no proof of Shari’ah whether the animal was slaughtered in accordance with the Laws of Shari’ah then the meat of such an animal is Haraam, since it is proven with Yaqeen that the animal is Haraam, thus how can it be accepted as Halaal only by presuming that the animal was slaughtered by a Muslim. It is in “Al-Ashbah” as follows concerning the purchasing of meat from Majusis: “The meat of a live animal is Haraam, thus the purchaser is bound by the originality of it being Haraam and unless the proper Zibah of such an animal is not proven, it will remain Haraam.”

 

If a Kaafir says that the meat purchased by him is the Zabiha of a Muslim, then his word will not be acceptable since Halaal and Haraam deal with the matters of Deen and trust. It must be known that in the circumstances of Deen and trust, the word of a Kaafir is unacceptable. It is therefore, stated in “Fathul Qadeer” as follows: “The meat from the butcher of a Polytheist is not Halaal until such time it is proven to be the Zibah of a Muslim, since such meat is in reality Haraam, and the proper slaughter of such an animal becomes doubted.”

 

Allama Shaami (radi Allahu anhu) has stated as follows in “Raddul Muhtar”: “By the person being a Majusi, it is enough to establish such meat as Haraam even if he claims that it is the Zabiha of a Muslim. The reason for this is that on the basis of trust, integrity, and honesty his word is unacceptable.”

 

In “Muamilaat” (General Business Affairs), the message of a Kaafir is only accepted on the condition that honesty prevails without doubt. If there is doubt of his message being true in general business affairs, then also one should not act on his words. (Bahare Shariat, vol. 12, page 37) Read the rest of this entry »

Fatwa on Bank Interest

Azharul Fatawa – Collection of English Fatawa
by Taajush Shariah Hadrat Allama Mufti Mohammed Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari al-Qaadiri


Your holiness, Mufti Saheb. I request your honour to give the verdict on the following questions. May Allah Ta’ala reward you.

Question 1: Is interest totally unlawful? On which condition is the profit considered as interest?

Question 2: May a Muslim take the profit on his deposited money in the banks and the post offices which they term as “interest” in countries such as India, Britain and South Africa, etc.

ANSWER Read the rest of this entry »

QIBLAH FOLLOWER CONCEPT INVALID

Thirdly, the fact of the matter is that the term “facing the Oiblah” in the opinion of the Imams stands for a person who believes in all the essentials of the Islamic faith. If that person denies even a single essential, he certainly becomes a disbeliever, in the light of the unanimous verdict of the Islamic scholars. Anybody who does not call such a person a disbeliever is himself a disbeliever.

Shifa Sharif, Bazaziah, Dar Radd- e-Gharoor, and Fataawa-e-Khairiah and many other books state:

“All the Muslims are unanimously of the view that any person, who shows disrespect to Prophet Muhammad صلى اله عليه وسلم , is a disbeliever. Anybody, who doubts it, is himself a disbeliever”

Majma-ul-Anhar and Durr-e-Mukhtar show as under:

“Any person, who becomes a disbeliever on account of showing disrespect to a Prophet, will not be forgiven; and anybody who doubts his punishment or disbelief is himself a disbeliever”

Allah be praised! This is an important aspect of this topic and the entire Muslim community is unanimous that these insolent people are disbelievers; he, who does not consider them as disbelievers, is himself a disbeliever. It is mentioned in the commentary on Fiqah Akbar:- “The correct approaches include this that the followers of Qiblah will not be called disbelievers, unless they refuse to accept the essential requirements of faith; for instance treating forbidden (Haraam) as allowed (Halaal). It is no secret that our scholars, when they say that the followers of Qiblah should not be classified as disbelievers, do not mean just turn- ing one’s face towards the Qiblah. The Aafizi people falsely say that Gabriel made a mistake in conveying the revelations; Allah had sent him towards Hazrat Ali and not Prophet Muhammad صلى اله عليه وسلم  . Some of them treat Hazrat Ali radi allahu anhu as Allah. These people, though they pray with their faces towards the Qiblah, are not Muslims. This Hadith also has a similar meaning, which says that he, who prays like us, turns his face towards our Qiblah, and eats the animals slaughtered by us, is a Muslim”.

(Tamheed Ul Iman by Ala Hazrat radi allahu anhu)

Shares and Stocks

It is certainly permissible to invest one’s money in buying and selling shares, provided that the shares you buy or sell are that of a business, which is permissible to operate. Thus, it is perfectly permissible to own shares in a furniture company, an iron and steel corporation, a supermarket, a travel agency, a computer business, etc. The list is endless.

It is not permissible, however, to own share in a wine company, a brewery, a gambling shop, etc. because all these either sell things that are forbidden or provide services that are also forbidden. That makes any profits earned from such business forbidden to have.

A Bank that operates on the capitalist system of finance belongs to this second category, because much of its operations are interest charging. When you buy shares in a Bank, you are actually owning a portion of that Bank which means you are involved in all its operations, in a way, you are actually helping in all its operation. Therefore, it is forbidden to own shares in a Bank where interest is the basis for most of its transactions

RAFFLES AND LOTTERIES

When people buy lottery tickets, what is the aim behind this purchase? It is clearly to win the jackpot or a high prize. In other words, a person may be willing to pay one hundred currency notes just to have a chance of winning a prize of, say, one hundred thousand currency notes. If he wins it, then he is actually getting one thousand currency notes for each note he had spent. That is a great gain by human standards. It is certainly to make such gains, or to win such prizes, that people buy lottery tickets. Little do they think of the cause for which a lottery is organized.

On the other hand, governments organize national lotteries in order to raise funds, which they may use for financing public sector projects or some other government business. Governments certainly raise large amounts of money in this way. They normally allocate about 30% for prices and around 25% for the administration and expenditure, while the remainder goes to finance its projects. People part with their money knowing that they have little or no chance of landing a major prize or hitting the jackpot. But it is to satisfy their dreams of sudden wealth that they are prepared to buy such worthless tickets.

There is no doubt that such an exercise is forbidden in Islam. The reason is that, for the major part, this exercise lures people and offers them next to nothing. If raffles are organized on the same lines, then the same verdict of prohibition applies.

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