Sirr al Asrar-The Secret Of Secrets by Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani Radi Allahu anhu

Sirr al Asrar-The Secret Of Secrets by Shaikh 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani Radi Allahu anhu
Shaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani Radi Allahu anhu

Fourth Section

The number of the sciences [‘ulum].

Explanation of the Sacred Law [Shari’a], the Spiritual Path [Tariqa], Direct Knowledge [Ma’rifa] and Reality [Haqiqa].

Exoteric science [al-‘ilm az-zahir] consists of twelve branches, and esoteric science [al-‘ilm al-batin] likewise has twelve branches. These branches are divided among the common folk and the special élite, in proportion to their capability.

The sciences [‘ulum] are grouped in four sections:

1. The outer aspect of the Sacred Law [Shari’a], meaning the commandments, prohibitions, and other rules and regulations.

2. The inner aspect of the Sacred Law, which I have called the Read the rest of this entry »

The Spiritual Orders (Salasul-i-Tariqat)

The spiritual and temporal head of the Muslims is Huzoor e Poor Noor Sayyadul Aalameen Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam . Spiritually He is the fountainhead from whom all channels of guidance and inner inspiration flow to all directions. Although all the prominent Companions (Radi Allahu anhum) of Sayyadinah Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam continued to provide outer and inner guidance to the Muslim people, wherever they happened to be after the departure of Rasoolullah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam from this world, the main source of spiritual inspiration and training were the first Caliph, Hazrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (Radi Allahu anhu) , and the the fourth Caliph Hazrat Ali al-Murtuzaa (Radi Allahu anhu) , who has been described in a Hadith as the gateway to the “City of Knowledge”, the City being Sayyidinah Huzoor e Akram Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam Himself. Knowledge (Ilm) has been identified with inner esoteric knowledge. Hazrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (Radi Allahu anhu) was succeded by Hazrat Sulaiman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) as a Caliph and the Silsilah Naqshbandiya traces its origin to Hazrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (Radi Allahu anhu) through Hazrat Sulaiman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) .

The remaining three great Salasul (Plural of Silsila) sprang from the leadership of Hazrat Ali (Radi Allahu anhu) in the following manner:

Hazrat Ali (Radi Allahu anhu) had four Caliphs:

1. Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu anhu) .

2. Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hussein (Radi Allahu anhu) .

3. Hazrat Ibn Ziyad (Radi Allahu anhu) .

4. Hazrat Imam Hasan of Basra (Radi Allahu anhu) .

Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu anhu) & Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hussein (Radi Allahu anhu) ,
were succeeded by their sons and the sons of of their sons, all known as Aima-Ahl-Bait (Radi Allahu anhum) , who continued to guide the Muslims throughout centuries.

Hazrat Imam Hasan of Basra (Radi Allahu anhu) had many Caliphs, two of them being prominent:

1. Hazrat Abdul Wahid bin Zaid (Radi Allahu anhu) .

2. Hazrat Habib Ajami ( Habib the Persian) (Radi Allahu anhu) .

Hazrat Habib Ajami (Radi Allahu anhu) the second Persian after Hazrat Sulaiman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) , carried the torch of the spiritual light of Sufism to his homeland, Iran, and many Arab and non-Arab Shayukh (plural of Shaikh) received training from him.

The Fourteen Salasul

The Caliphs of Imam Hasan Basra radi allhau anhu went on multiplying during the first and second centuries of the Islamic era till they were grouped into the following fourteen orders or schools each named after their heads:

1. Silsila Zaidia: It is named after Khaja Zaid bin Abdul Wahid radi allhu anhu , the Khalipha of Hazrat Hasan radi allhu anhu of Basra. Shaikh Zaid radi allhu anhu received another robe (khirqa) of khalafat from Shaikh Kumal bin Ziyad radi allhu anhu as well. Five of the descendants of Hazrat Abdullah bin Auf radi allhu anhu , famous companion of Rasoolullah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam , also joined this Sisila.

Towards the end of his life, Read the rest of this entry »

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