Except for the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah, all other groups are people of Hell (Part 1)

Madina MunawwarahConcept of Unity in Islam

Unity is one of the strongest values of Islam, proven by both the Holy Quran and the teaching of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. However, there are some who don’t understand this concept and say in their ignorance that all people who read the Kalima are part of the Muslim Ummah and are brothers in Islam. How can this be?

The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

“Stay away from those astray from the deen and keep them away lest they put you in fitna and make you astray as well.” — Muslim, Vol. 1, Pg. 10; Mishkaat, Vol. 1, Pg. 20

Didn’t Musailma Kazzab read the Kalima but also claim to be a prophet after our beloved master, Muhammad Mustapha صلى الله عليه وسلم ? Didn’t Ghulam Ahmed Qadiyani (another reciter of the Kalima) say the same a few years back? Is he our Mu’min brother too? Shias profess the Kalima but say that the Quran is incomplete. Do we embrace them with open arms as believers? When the answer to these questions is “No, they are not Muslims”, why is reciting the Kalima made to be the criteria of unity? Mere lip-service of the Kalima doesn’t suffice for unity. Rather, having faith and conviction on all the dimensions of Tauheed (the Oneness of Allah Almighty) and Risaalat (Prophethood of the Beloved Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم) is its foundation. Read the rest of this entry »

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Except for the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah, all other groups are people of Hell (Part 2)

Madina MunawwarahThis is My Straight Path, so follow it.

[Surah Al-An’aam 6, Verse 153] “And that, ‘This is My Straight Path, so follow it; and do not follow other ways for they will sever you from His way; this is commanded to you, so that you may attain piety.’ ”

Mufassireen say in the commentary of this verse on the accord of the following Hadith narrated by the great Sahabi Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ :

(Ibn Hibbaan in His Sahih Vol. 1, p. 181, Hadeeth No. 6; Imam Nasaai in his Sunan Kubra Vol. 6, p. 343, Hadeeth No. 11174; Imam Baghwi in his Sharhus Sunnah, Baab al-I’tisaam; Imam Bazzaar in his Musnad, Hadeeth No. 1694; Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal in his Musnad Hadeeth No. 4142; Daarimi in his Sunan Vol. 1, p. 78, Hadeeth No. 202; Imam Abu Dawood Tiyalisi in his Musnad Vol. 1, p. 33, Hadeeth No. 244; Marwazi in his Sunnah; Imam Hakim in his Mustadrak ‘Alas Saheehain. He said this is a Sahih chained Hadeeth Vol. 2, p. 349, Hadeeth No. 3241; Imam Dhahbi in its annotations agrees that it is a Sahih Hadeeth; Ibn ‘Aasim in his book Al-Sunnah; Ibn Batta in his book Al-Ibaanatul Kubra and also in his book Al-Sughra; Al-Ajurri in his book al-Shariah; Imam Al-La’lakaai in his book Sharhus Sunnah and even nasiruddeen albaani authenticated this Hadeeth.)

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ narrated: Read the rest of this entry »

Except for the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah, all other groups are people of Hell (Part 3)

Madina MunawwarahOpinions of the Salf-e-Saliheen (our great pious predecessors) on Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah

Hadrat Sayyiduna Shaykh Abd’al-Qadir al-Jilani عليه الرحمة says in his famous book Ghuniyya-t at-Talibeen “There are 73 groups as foretold by Sayyadina Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وسلم. The group which will be saved from the fire of Hell is the Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah.”

“The Believer should adapt himself to the Sunnah and to the Jama’ah. The Sunnah is the way shown by Rasulullah صلى الله عليه وسلم. The Jama’ah is composed of the things done unanimously by the Sahaba al-Kiram who lived in the time of the four caliphs called Khulafa’ ar-Rashidin (and others in their path). A Muslim must prevent the multiplication of the men of bid’ah and keep away from them, and should not greet them (as given in many Hadith on this issue). Ahmad ibn Hanbal (Radi Allahu ta’ala anhu), the Imam of our Madhhab, said that greeting a man of bid’ah meant loving him since it had been declared in a Hadith, ‘Disseminate (your) greeting (salaam)! Love one another in this way!” He also said (pg. 143): “The title, Ahlus-Sunnah, which the innovators have expressed for themselves is not appropriate for them”.

Imam Ghazzali عليه الرحمة writes: Read the rest of this entry »

The Historical Significance of Ashura

Mu’awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) say:

“It is the day of ‘Ashura. Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) has not made fasting obligatory for you. But I am fasting. He who likes to observe fast among you should do so, and he who likes not to observe it (does not have to) observe it.”

[Sahih Muslim]

Abu Qatada (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) said that the fast on the 10th of Muharram atones for the sins of the preceding year. [Sahih Muslim]

Abu Huraira (Radiyallahu ‘anh) reports that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) said that after Ramadan, the fasts of Muharram have the greatest excellence. [Sahih Muslim]

Alhamdulillah, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) has blessed us to see another year.

The first month of this year is Muharram. In this month is an excellent day—the day of ‘Ashura—which falls on the 10th of Muharram. The Holy Prophet Read the rest of this entry »

THE MODE OF BAY’T

The bay’t is enacted by the Shaikh taking into his right hand the right hand of the mureed (disciple). If the group contracting the bay’t is large, the Shaikh uses a length of cloth onto which each member of the group holds with his right hand. Ladies who contract the bay’t do so from behind a screen. A mahram of the lady should also be present at the bay’t ceremony. Hadhrat Aishah (radhiyallahu anha) said:

“Rasulullah (Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam) never touched the palm of a woman, but he would make the (pledge-bay’t) upon her. Upon having made the bay’t he would say. ‘Go! Verify, I have already made bay’t with you.’ ” (Bukhari, Muslim, Abu-Dawood)

It is for this reason that in entering ladies into the bay’t, the Masha-ikh do so verbally or by means of a cloth which is spread from the Shaikh to the lady behind the screen. This is the method of bay’t when in the presence of the Shaikh. Those who are not able to present themselves personally to the Shaikh could contract the bay’t by means of a letter or through the agency of a responsible and trustworthy person. This form of bay’t is called bay’t-e-Uthmani. Rasulullah (Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam) on the occasion of bay’t-e-Ridhwan made the bay’t of Hadhrat Uthmaan in his (Uthmaan Radi Allahu anhu’s) absence. On this occasion, Rasulullah (Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam) placed his right hand on his left hand and announced that he has made bay’t of Uthmaan (Radi Allahu anhu). (The bay’t in absence of the mureed is therefore termed bay’t-e-Uthmaani,)

Bay’t (Mutual Pledge)

Bay’t is a mutual pledge relating to the striving, arranging, executing and adhering to the laws of A’male Zahiri and A’male Batini. This pledge is called Bay’t-e-Tareeqat which has been in vogue by authoritative transmission from generation to generation from the earliest time of Islam.

Rasulullah (Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam) had enacted bay’t of the Sahaabah not only on Jihad, but on Islam and the adherence of the Ahkam (Laws in general) as well on practical deeds (A’mal). This is established by numerous Ahadith. The following hadith is one such Hadith:

“Auf Ibn Maalik Ash-ja-ee (radhiyallahu anhu) said: We were with Nabi (Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam), seven, eight or nine (of us), when he (Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam) said:

‘Will you not make bay’t (pledge) to the Rasul (Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam) of Allah (Azzawajal) ?’

We stretched our hands and enquired: On what shall we make bay’t to you, O Rasul (Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam) of Allah (Azzawajal)? He said:

‘That you make the Ibaadat of Allah (Azzawajal); that you associate nothing with Him; that you perform the five Salaat; that you hear and obey.” (Muslim, Abu Dawood, Nisai)

On this occasion the bay’t which Rasulullah (Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam) took from the Sahaabah was neither Bay’t Imaani (Pledge of Imaan) nor Bay’t Jihaadi (Pledge to wage Jihad). This Hadith is categoric proof for the validity of the system of bay’t in vogue by the Masha-ikh of Tasawwuf. Like there are four Math-habs (Schools of Thought) in Fiqh, viz. Hanafi, Shafi, Maaliki and Hambali, so too are there four schools of thought in Tasawwuf, viz., Chishtiyya, Qaderiyyah, Naqshabandiyyah and Suharwardiyyah. Like the Hanafi Way is dominant in this area (India and Pakistan), the Chistiyyah Way too is dominant here. Our akabir (authorities in Tasawwuf) enter into (bay’t) in all the four Schools of Thought (Silsilah) so that respect for the four Silsilah is maintained although Chishtiyyat is dominant .

The founder of the Chishtiyyah Silsilah is Hadhrat Khwajah Mueenuddin Chishti Ajmeri (rahmatullah alayh); founder of the Qaderiyyah Order is Hadhrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (rahmatullah alayh); founder of the Naqshabandiyyah Order is Hadhrat Shaikh Bahauddin Naqshabuddin (rahmatullah alayh); and the founder of the Suharwardiyyah Silsilah is Hadhrat Shaikh Shahabuddin Suharwardiyyah (rahmatullah alayh).

Duties of Creditors

As Islam lays special stress towards satisfaction of debts and loans, it does not forget to regulate the duties of creditors towards debtors. The debtors who are unable to pay should be shown absolute leniency; and in fit cases, the entire debt should be remitted.  The Holy Quraan says: “And if the debtor is in straitness, then let there be postponement until he is in ease, and if you remit it as alms, it is better for you if you know.” (2:280)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Holy Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “There was a man who used to give loan to the people. He used often to say to his son, “When you come to a needy man, grant him remission, so that Allah may remit us (of sins)”. He said that he then met Allah and He granted him pardon.” (Agreed)

Sayyiduna Abul Yassar (radi Allahu anhu) reported: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) saying, “Whoso grants respite to a debtor or grants him remission, Allah will give him shade under His Shade”. (Muslim)

Sayyiduna Abu Qetadah (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Whoso gives respite to a debtor or grants him remission. Allah will save him from the calamities of the Resurrection Day.” (Muslim)

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported that a man demanded of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) for repayment of a loan and was greatly harsh to him. His companions were about to attack him, but he said: “Leave him, as the creditor has got a demand. Buy a camel for him and give it to him.” They said: “We don’t but find senior to it in years.” He said: “They buy it and give it to him, and verily the best of you is he who is the best of you in repayment of loan.” (Agreed)

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