1. Zakaah cannot be given to the descendants of Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam);
2. Zakaah cannot be given to parents and grandparents. In the same manner one’s children and grandchildren cannot be given Zakaah.
3. A husband and wife cannot give Zakaah to each other.
4. Zakaah contributions cannot be given to such institutions or organizations who do not give the rightful recipients possession of Zakaah, but instead use Zakaah funds for constructions, investment or salaries.

The Benefits of Saum

1.Saum or Fasting is a great Blessing given to us by Almighty Allah(Azzawajal).
2. Saum is the fourth pillar of Islam.
3. Saum helps us not only to keep away from food and drink but also helps us to develop the qualities of self-control. This is one of the main objectives of Fasting.
4. By being “hungry” throughout the entire day, we are able to understand the plight of the poor and hungry and be more sympathetic towards them.
5. Saum helps build in us “Taqwa” or piety, a quality that makes us have Fear for Almighty Allah(Azzawajal).
6. When we Fast we avoid speaking lies, speaking bad about others, laughing at others, keeping bad intentions and thoughts in our hearts, avoid being miserly, and keeps us in check with all the bad elements of our character.
7. The Month of Ramadaan is a spiritual training ground for the Muslim community.
8. Fasting helps us to build up a good character so that Almighty Allah is pleased with us and will reward us.
9. Fasting also has numerous medical benefits.
10. During the Blessed Month of Ramadaan, a Muslim has the chance of seeking Almighty Allah’s great Mercy in the special night of “Laylatul Qadr” or the Night of Power.
11. The Taraweeh Salaah, which is performed after the Isha Salaah, helps to increases Islamic Brotherhood and the sense of true Ibaadah.

The Position of Saum

Almighty Allah states in the Holy Quran: “O You who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, so that you may learn self-restraint.” (2:183)

1. Fasting in the Month of Ramadaan is Fard upon every Muslim male and female, who are Muqeems and are physically fit.
2. Fasting not only means to stay away from all food and drink, but also from all sinful activities from dawn till sunset.
3. It is necessary to make the Niyyah of Fasting before Fasting. The Niyyah can be said with words or made in one’s heart.
4. If a person forgets to make the Niyyah at the time of keeping Fast, then he or she should make the Niyyah before Zawaal.
5. It is also a great Sunnah to make the Sehri in the morning.

Types of Fast

1. FARD – This is to Fast in the Month of Ramadaan.

2. WAAJIB – To keep Fast for the fulfilment of a vow or oath.
3. SUNNAH – To keep Fast during the 9th and 10th of Muharram, the 9th of Zil-Hajj, and the 13th, 14th and 15th of every Islamic month.
4. MUSTAHAB – To fast during any 6 days of Shawaal, the 15th of Shabaan, and to fast every Monday and Thursday.
5. MAKROOH – For a wife to keep Nafil Fast without the permission of her husband.
6. HARAAM – To keep Fast during both the Eids, and the 11th, 12th and 13th of Zil-Hajj.

Persons Excused from Fasting

1. A Traveller
2. A very sick person.
3. A pregnant woman.
4. A women who is breast-feeding her child.
5. Women who have their monthly sickness or who have just given birth.

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