Laylat al-Qadr ( Shab E Qadr ) | The Night of Power

Hadrat Anas ibn Malik radi allahu anhu reported that when [the month of] Ramadhan came, the Holy Prophet Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam said, “Indeed this month has come to you, and in it is a night more virtuous than a thousand months. So, whosoever is deprived of its blessings is [indeed] deprived of all blessings. No one is kept deprived of its blessings, but only those who are unfortunate.” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Page 119]

Hadrat ‘Aishah radi allahu anha reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam has said, “Seek Lailatul Qadr on an odd numbered night (21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and the 29th) among the last ten (nights) of Ramadhan.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 270]

Hadrat ‘Aishah radi allahu anha reported: “I asked the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam: tell me what should I say (pray) on Lailatul Qadr if I know which night it is?” He said: say,

اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ كَرِيمٌ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّى

“O Allah, You are forgiving and love forgiveness, so forgive me.” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol 2, Page 191]

Hadrat ‘Aishah radi allahu anha reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam used to strive hard in devotion in the last ten nights more than at any other time.” [Sahih Muslim, Vol 1, Page 372]

Hadrat Anas radi allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam has said, “When Lailatul Qadr comes, Gabriel comes down with a company of angels who invoke blessings on everyone who is standing or sitting remembering Allah the Great and Glorious. Then when their festival day comes, i.e. the Eid day, He (Allah) speaks proudly of them to his angels saying, “O My angels, what is the reward of a hired servant who has fully accomplished his work?” They say, “Our Lord, his reward is that he should be paid his wages in full.” He says, “O My angels! My male and female servants have fulfilled what I have made obligatory for them, and then have come out raising their voices in supplication. By My Might, Glory, Honour, High dignity and Exalted Station, I will certainly answer them.” Then He says, “Return, I have forgiven you and changed your evil deeds into good deeds.” The Messenger of Allah said, “Then they return having received forgiveness.” [Mishkat, Vol 1, Page 182]

Hadrat ‘Ayeshah radi allahu anha reported that when the last ten days began, the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam used to prepare himself rigorously for devotion; remain awake at night and (also) keep his family awake.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 271]

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Haq “Muhaddith-e-Dehlwi” radi allahu anhu states under the commentary of the above Hadith that:

Shadda Mizarahu” (tied his lower garment) is a metaphor that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam used to devote himself completely for the worship of Allah, more than usually in the last ten days of Ramadan. Or, this is metaphor that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam isolated and secluded himself from his blessed wives. [Ashi’ah al-Lam’at – Vol. 2 Pg. 115]

by Irfan Qadiri

The Recitation of the Holy Qur’an and its Excellence

Front of the Quran

Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam has said,

خيركم من تعلم القران وعلمه

“The best among you is he who learns and teaches the Qur’an.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2, Page 752] 

Hadrat Mu’adh al-Juhani Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam has said,

من قرأ القرآن وعمل بما فيه ألبس والداه تاجا يوم القيامة ضوءه أحسن من ضوء الشمس في بيوت الدنيا لو كانت فيكم فما ظنكم بالذي عمل بهذا

“Whoever recited the Qur’an and acts according to its contents, on the Day of Resurrection his parents will be given to wear a crown whose light is better than the light of the sun in the dwellings of this world if it were among you. So what do you think of him who acts according to this?!” [Musnad aHmad, Vol 4, Page 446] 

Hadrat ibn Mas’ud Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam has said,

من قرأ حرفا من كتاب الله فله حسنة والحسنة بعشر أمثالها ، لا أقول الم حرف ، ولكن ألف حرف ، ولام حرف ، وميم حرف

“Whoever recites a letter of the Book of Allah (the Qur’an) he will be credited with a good deed, and a good deed gets a tenfold reward. I do not say that Alif-Laam-Meem are one letter; but Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter.” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 2, Page 119 – Sunan Daarimi, Vol. 2, Page 320] 

There are 361, 267 letters in total in the Holy Qur’an. Thus, upon the recitation of the whole Qur’an one shall receive 3,212,670 rewards (good deeds).

Hadrat Bara’ Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that when a man was reciting Surah al-Kahf, with a horse tied up with two ropes at his side, a cloud overshadowed him, and as it began to come nearer and nearer his horse began to jump. He went and mentioned that to the Holy Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam in the morning who said,

 

تلك السكينة تنزلت بالقرآن

“That was the Sakinah [Tranquility in the form of Angels] which came down because of the recitation of the Holy Qur’an.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2, Page 749 – Sahih Muslim, Vol. 1, Page 268]

Hadrat Abu Sa’id al-Khudri Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that Hadrat Usaid ibn Huzair Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said that one night, when he was reciting Surah al-Baqarah with his horse tied beside him, it started jumping. But when he stopped reciting it also kept quiet. When he again resumed recitation it again started jumping. So he again stopped reciting and it also kept quiet. Then he again recited and the horse again started jumping. So he finished reciting, for his son Yahya was near it and he was afraid it might injure him. When he had moved him back, he raised his head to the sky and saw something like a canopy with what seemed to be lamps in it; and when he told the Holy Prophet of it in the morning he said, “you should have kept on reciting, O Ibn-e-Huzair, you should have kept on reciting.” He said, “I was afraid, O Messenger of Allah that it might trample on Yahya who was near it, so I went to him, and when I raised my head to the sky and saw something like a canopy with what seemed to be lamps in it, I went out but could not see them.” He asked, “Do you know what it was?” He said, “I do not.” He said,

تلك الملائكة دنت لصوتك ولو قرأت لأصبحت ينظر الناس إليها لا تتوارى منهم

“Those were the angels who had drawn near to listen to your voice. If you had continued reciting, the people would have looked at them in the morning and the angles would not have concealed themselves from the people.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2, Page 750 – Sahih Muslim, Vol. 1, Page 269]  

Hadrat Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam asked Hadrat Ubayy ibn Ka’b Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu, “What do you recite (from the Qur’an) in the prayer?” He recited Ummul Qur’an (Surah al-Fatiha). The Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said,

والذى نفسى بيده ما أنزلت فى التوراة ولا فى الإنجيل ولا فى الزبور ولا فى الفرقان مثلها

“by Him in Whose power my soul is, nothing like it has been sent down in the Torah, the Injil (Bible), the Zabur, or the Qur’an. It is the Seven oft-repeated verses and the Mighty Qur’an which I have been given.” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 2, Page 115] Read the rest of this entry »

Sighting of the Crescent

moon

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ibn-e-‘Umar Radi Allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam has said,

لا تصوموا حتى تروا الهلال ، ولا تفطروا حتى تروه ، فإن غم عليكم فاقدروا له

“Do not commence fasting (Ramadan) till you see the new moon, and do not cease fasting (perform Eid) till you see it. But if the weather is cloudy, or there is a smog in the sky (which prevents sighting of the moon), then complete 30 days of the month.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 256]

In another narration, the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam said,

الشهر تسع وعشرون ليلة ، فلا تصوموا حتى تروه ، فإن غم عليكم فأكملوا العدة ثلاثين

“The month sometimes is of twenty-nine days, but do not fast till you see the moon. But if the weather is cloudy or there is a smog, then complete thirty days of the month.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 256]

Hadrat Shaykh ‘Abd al-Haq Muhaddith-e-Dehwli Radi Allahu anhu states:

According to the Islamic Law (Shari’ah), what the astrologers say or inform is not accepted and is unreliable. Neither the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam, his companions, their followers, nor the pious predecessors followed their utterances, and nor did they act upon them. [Ashi’ah al-Lam’at]

Hadrat Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam has said,

صوموا لرؤيته وأفطروا لرؤيته فإن غم عليكم فأكملوا العدة شعبان ثلاثين

“Commence the fast when you see it (the moon) and cease fasting (perform Eid) when you see it. But if the weather is cloudy, complete thirty days of Sha’ban.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 256]

Hadrat Ibn ‘Abbas Radi Allahu anhu reported that

جاء أعرابي إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال إني رأيت الهلال يعني هلال رمضان، فقال أتشهد أن لا إله إلا الله؟ قال نعم، قال أتشهد أن محمدا رسول الله؟ قال نعم، قال يا بلال، أذن في الناس أن يصوموا غدا

A desert Arab came to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam and said, “I have seen the new moon i.e. the new moon of Ramadhan.” He asked, “do you testify that there is no god but Allah?” he said: yes. He then asked: do you testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah? Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam” He said, “Yes.” So, the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam said, “O Bilal, announce to the people that they must fast tomorrow.” [Sunan Abi Dawud, Vol 1, Page 320 and Tirmidhi, Vol 1, Page 148]

Hadrat Shaykh ‘Abd al-Haq Muhaddith-e-Dehlwi Radi Allahu anhu states:

It has been proven from the Hadith that a person who is mastur-ul-Hal i.e. whose being a fasiq is not apparent, then his report or testimony is accepted for the beginning of the month of Ramadan. Stating the words of “shahadah” (bearing witness) is not a condition. [Ashi’ah al-Lam’at] Read the rest of this entry »

The Historical Significance of Ashura

Mu’awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) say:

“It is the day of ‘Ashura. Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) has not made fasting obligatory for you. But I am fasting. He who likes to observe fast among you should do so, and he who likes not to observe it (does not have to) observe it.”

[Sahih Muslim]

Abu Qatada (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) said that the fast on the 10th of Muharram atones for the sins of the preceding year. [Sahih Muslim]

Abu Huraira (Radiyallahu ‘anh) reports that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) said that after Ramadan, the fasts of Muharram have the greatest excellence. [Sahih Muslim]

Alhamdulillah, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) has blessed us to see another year.

The first month of this year is Muharram. In this month is an excellent day—the day of ‘Ashura—which falls on the 10th of Muharram. The Holy Prophet Read the rest of this entry »

The Necessity to Love the Beloved Prophet [Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him]

Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala says in the Holy Qur’an

قل إن كان آباؤكم وأبناؤكم وإخوانكم وأزواجكم وعشيرتكم وأموال اقترفتموها وتجارة تخشون كسادها ومساكن ترضونها أحب إليكم من الله ورسوله وجهاد في سبيله فتربصوا حتى يأتي الله بأمره والله لا يهدي القوم الفاسقين

Say, “If your fathers, and your sons, and your brothers, and your wives, and your tribe, and your acquired wealth, and the trade in which you fear a loss, and the houses of your liking – if all these are dearer to you than Allah and His Noble Messenger and fighting in His way, then wait until Allah brings about His command; and Allah does not guide the sinful.” [Surah Tauba : 24]

This verse demonstrate encouragement, advice, proof and indication of the necessity to love Prophet Muhammad SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. It is also sufficient to demonstrate that this duty is of tremendous proportion. It is an obligation and the right of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Read the rest of this entry »

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