Performing SHABEENA and it being a means of reward

It has always been the practice of virtuous Muslims to perform ‘Shabeena’ during the month of Ramadaan (i.e. to complete an entire Quran Sharif in Taraweeh in either one, two or three days). It is even reported about some Buzurgs of the deen that they used to complete an entire Quran Sharif daily outside of Ramadaan. All of this is permissible and thawaab on condition that the Holy Quran is not read so hastily that its words aren’t pronounced correctly or that recitation isn’t done with laziness.

Ghair-Muqallid Wahabies (those who reject the Four Imams) call Shabeena Haraam.

In other words, they curse those who recite the Quran the entire night. What deen do these people have?

PROOF OF SHABEENA

To complete the recitation the entire Holy Quran in one night is a means of thawaab, proven from the Quran, Hadith, rational thinking and the books of Wahabies themselves:

1. Allahعزوجل says to His Beloved صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم,”O Beloved covered in a sheet! Stand the entire night except for some part of it, half the night or less than it, or increase on this, and recite the Holy Quran with modulation (Tartee1).”35.1 -Surah Muzammil, Verses 1-4

In this ayat, the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم is ordered to perform narnaaz approximately the entire night. In the beginning of Islam, making ibaadat the entire night was Fardh, with just a small part of the night being allowed for rest. The obligation was annulled (mansookh) a year later-but its preferability (istihaab) still remains. So, whoever remains awake the entire night and sleeps very little acts upon this ayat. It should be bared in mind, however, that only he who can properly recite the Holy Quran should make Shabeena, as deduced from the instruction of Tarteel.

2. Hadrat Abdullah ibn Abbas رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ mentions a long Hadith about Namaaz-e­-Khusoof. In it, it is stated, “In the Salaah of a lunar eclipse, Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم extended his standing (Qiyaam) equal to the recitation of approximately Surah Baqarah,” 35.2

We come to know that the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم recited Surah Baqarah (2 lh paras) in Salaatul.Khusoof. In Shabeena, 1 ½ paras occur in each rakaat, so if ½ paras are proven to have been read in one standing, 1 ½ is definitely permitted.

3. Hadrat Huzaifa رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ reports a very long Hadith about the Holy Prophet’s صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم Tahujjud namaaz. His last words were, “The Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم performed rakaats of Tahajjud namaaz. In these, he recited Surah Baqarah, Aale­Imran, Surah Nisaa, Ma’idah and Anaam.” 35.3 – Abu Dawud

Here we see that the Messenger صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم recited approximately 8 paras in 4 rakaats of Tahajjud namaaz. In other words, he read close to 2 paras in each rakaat! This much would not be necessary to complete Shabeena (since only1½ paras are required). Why then would it be Haraam? Read the rest of this entry »

In the case where a person walks in front of a Namaazi – Ahkaam E Shariat Part 1

Question: 23rd Rabi ul Aakhir Shareef 1320 Hijri

What is the ruling of the Ulama-e-Shariat in the case where a person walks in front of a Namaazi. Is such a personal sinful or not? Does this interfere with the persons Namaaz in any way? From how far away from the Namaazi are we not allowed to pass?

The Answer: This does not interfere with the Namaaz. If the Namaaz is being read in a house or in a small Musjid, then one is not allowed to pass up to the wall in the direction of the Qibla unless there is an object in between. If he is reading on a plain (open area) or in a huge Musjid, then he is not allowed to pass as far as the place of sajdah. He may pass further than this. The place of Sajdah means, when a person is standing in salaah like the true sincere worshippers and his sight is falling upon the area that his forehead will touch when he makes sajdah, then the rule of ones sight refers to where the sight falls without any hindrance and just a little further than this, is known as the point or place of sajdah. Up to the point where the sight falls and one is able to make sajdah, is known as the point of sajdah and to pass within this area is haraam and to pass beyond this is allowed. It is in Durr-e-Mukhtar as follows: “The legality of a person passing in a forest (open area) or in a huge Musjid beyond the Sajdah point is evident from proper narrations or to pass in front of him in this manner, up to the wall of the Qibla in a small Musjid and in the house, as it is regarded as one place.”

It is in Raddul Muhtaar: “The statement about the area of sajdah refers to the area from the area where the feet (of the namaazi) are placed, up to the point where sajdah will be made, just as it has been mentioned in Durar. And this second condition is to show the sinful act of the person that passes in front. As for the issue of the Namaaz, then definitely it is not invalid. This statement is correct. Tamartaashi and Sahib-e-Bada’i have regarded this as correct. Fakhrul Islam has given it even more preference, and it has been well clarified with research in Nihaaya and Fath. It means that as far as his sight falls on the one who is passing, if he reads with completely sincerity and being engrossed. In other words the sight falls there where one is to make sajdah.”

It is in Munhatul Khaaliq as follows: “The proper area of the falling of the sight is where on will make sajdah. Abu Nasr has stated that the distance is the same as there is between the Imam and the first saff (line). Or between this, which I have read from my Sheikh Minhajul A’ima (rahmatullahi alaih), in other words, to pass there where the sight of the Namaazi falls, when he is reading Namaaz with complete sincerity and being totally engrossed. This statement is clearer than the first one.” Read the rest of this entry »

The Recitation of the Holy Qur’an and its Excellence

Front of the Quran

Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Uthman Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam has said,

خيركم من تعلم القران وعلمه

“The best among you is he who learns and teaches the Qur’an.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2, Page 752] 

Hadrat Mu’adh al-Juhani Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam has said,

من قرأ القرآن وعمل بما فيه ألبس والداه تاجا يوم القيامة ضوءه أحسن من ضوء الشمس في بيوت الدنيا لو كانت فيكم فما ظنكم بالذي عمل بهذا

“Whoever recited the Qur’an and acts according to its contents, on the Day of Resurrection his parents will be given to wear a crown whose light is better than the light of the sun in the dwellings of this world if it were among you. So what do you think of him who acts according to this?!” [Musnad aHmad, Vol 4, Page 446] 

Hadrat ibn Mas’ud Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam has said,

من قرأ حرفا من كتاب الله فله حسنة والحسنة بعشر أمثالها ، لا أقول الم حرف ، ولكن ألف حرف ، ولام حرف ، وميم حرف

“Whoever recites a letter of the Book of Allah (the Qur’an) he will be credited with a good deed, and a good deed gets a tenfold reward. I do not say that Alif-Laam-Meem are one letter; but Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter.” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 2, Page 119 – Sunan Daarimi, Vol. 2, Page 320] 

There are 361, 267 letters in total in the Holy Qur’an. Thus, upon the recitation of the whole Qur’an one shall receive 3,212,670 rewards (good deeds).

Hadrat Bara’ Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that when a man was reciting Surah al-Kahf, with a horse tied up with two ropes at his side, a cloud overshadowed him, and as it began to come nearer and nearer his horse began to jump. He went and mentioned that to the Holy Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam in the morning who said,

 

تلك السكينة تنزلت بالقرآن

“That was the Sakinah [Tranquility in the form of Angels] which came down because of the recitation of the Holy Qur’an.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2, Page 749 – Sahih Muslim, Vol. 1, Page 268]

Hadrat Abu Sa’id al-Khudri Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that Hadrat Usaid ibn Huzair Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said that one night, when he was reciting Surah al-Baqarah with his horse tied beside him, it started jumping. But when he stopped reciting it also kept quiet. When he again resumed recitation it again started jumping. So he again stopped reciting and it also kept quiet. Then he again recited and the horse again started jumping. So he finished reciting, for his son Yahya was near it and he was afraid it might injure him. When he had moved him back, he raised his head to the sky and saw something like a canopy with what seemed to be lamps in it; and when he told the Holy Prophet of it in the morning he said, “you should have kept on reciting, O Ibn-e-Huzair, you should have kept on reciting.” He said, “I was afraid, O Messenger of Allah that it might trample on Yahya who was near it, so I went to him, and when I raised my head to the sky and saw something like a canopy with what seemed to be lamps in it, I went out but could not see them.” He asked, “Do you know what it was?” He said, “I do not.” He said,

تلك الملائكة دنت لصوتك ولو قرأت لأصبحت ينظر الناس إليها لا تتوارى منهم

“Those were the angels who had drawn near to listen to your voice. If you had continued reciting, the people would have looked at them in the morning and the angles would not have concealed themselves from the people.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2, Page 750 – Sahih Muslim, Vol. 1, Page 269]  

Hadrat Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam asked Hadrat Ubayy ibn Ka’b Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu, “What do you recite (from the Qur’an) in the prayer?” He recited Ummul Qur’an (Surah al-Fatiha). The Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said,

والذى نفسى بيده ما أنزلت فى التوراة ولا فى الإنجيل ولا فى الزبور ولا فى الفرقان مثلها

“by Him in Whose power my soul is, nothing like it has been sent down in the Torah, the Injil (Bible), the Zabur, or the Qur’an. It is the Seven oft-repeated verses and the Mighty Qur’an which I have been given.” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 2, Page 115] Read the rest of this entry »

What is the duration of the time of Maghrib?

Question: What is the ruling of the Ulama-e-Deen in the following case: Zaid says that the time of Maghrib is very short and it is for this reason that short Surahs are recited in Maghrib and after the two sunnats and nafil of Maghrib, the time of Maghrib either expires or only five or six minutes remain. Amar says that it is mustahab (desirable) to read short Surahs and to read Maghrib in its earliest time. He further says that the time of Maghrib is until the redness remains in the sky. Actually he says that there is approximately half an hour that one has (for Maghrib). I would thus like to humbly query concerning the correct ruling regarding how long Maghrib lasts for and when it expires? I would also like clarification regarding the statements of Zaid and Amar. I would also like to query the ruling if a person reads Maghrib at the time when there is the whiteness in the sky which appears after the redness. Is it permissible to read at this time or not? Until what time is one allowed reading Maghrib without any uncertainty?

The Answer: The statement of Zaid is completely incorrect. He has just made this up from his own thinking. It is for this reason that he is himself in doubt, because he first said that there is no time left and then he says that there are five to six minutes left (for Maghrib to end) and to use one’s own idea in such religious issues, is totally haraam. In reality, the time of Maghrib remains until the whiteness in the sky has set. This whiteness refers to the whiteness on the western side of the sky which stretches breadth wise towards the northerly and southerly direction, like the whiteness in the morning. The whiteness after this, which does not stretch breadth wise northerly or southerly, but moves vertically towards the sky, like the whiteness of Subh Kaazib is not regarded as the correct whiteness. After the setting of the sun, until the whiteness in the sky that spreads breadth wise sets. In our areas, this remains for at least one hour eighteen minutes. The maximum time that it remains for is one hour thirty five minutes. The time varies between one hour eighteen and one hour thirty five minutes. On some days, the whiteness remains for one hour eighteen minutes whilst on other days it remains for one hour nineteen minutes or one hour twenty minutes, until the whiteness sets at one hour thirty five minutes.
ماتن الشفق ھو الحمرة عندھما و به قالت الثلثة و العیه رجع الامام فرمایا: و المحقق فی الفتح باه لا یساعده روایة و لا درایة الخ و قال تلمیذه العلامة قاسم فی تصحیح القدوری ان رجوعه لم یثبت لما نقله الکافة من لدن الائمة الثلثة الی الیوم من حکایة القولین و دعوی عمل عامة الصحابةبخلافه بخلاف المنقول قال فی الاخیتار الشفق البیاض و ھو مذهب الصدیق
و المستحب التعجیل فی المغرب مطقا و تاخیر قدر رکعتین یکرة تغزیھا

It is however better to read Maghrib Namaaz as soon as possible and it is Makrooh-e-Tanzeehi, in others words, contrary to what is better, to delay without reason, the Namaaz of Maghrib, for the amount of time that is usually required to read two Rakaats Namaaz (just as it has been mentioned in Durr Mukhtar). To delay maghrib so much that lots of stars begin to appear in the sky, is Makrooh-e-Tahreemi, just as been mentioned in Durr Mukhtar.  والله تعالى اعلم  Ahkaam E Shariat part 2 – by Alahazrat.

Sighting of the Crescent

moon

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ibn-e-‘Umar Radi Allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam has said,

لا تصوموا حتى تروا الهلال ، ولا تفطروا حتى تروه ، فإن غم عليكم فاقدروا له

“Do not commence fasting (Ramadan) till you see the new moon, and do not cease fasting (perform Eid) till you see it. But if the weather is cloudy, or there is a smog in the sky (which prevents sighting of the moon), then complete 30 days of the month.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 256]

In another narration, the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam said,

الشهر تسع وعشرون ليلة ، فلا تصوموا حتى تروه ، فإن غم عليكم فأكملوا العدة ثلاثين

“The month sometimes is of twenty-nine days, but do not fast till you see the moon. But if the weather is cloudy or there is a smog, then complete thirty days of the month.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 256]

Hadrat Shaykh ‘Abd al-Haq Muhaddith-e-Dehwli Radi Allahu anhu states:

According to the Islamic Law (Shari’ah), what the astrologers say or inform is not accepted and is unreliable. Neither the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam, his companions, their followers, nor the pious predecessors followed their utterances, and nor did they act upon them. [Ashi’ah al-Lam’at]

Hadrat Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam has said,

صوموا لرؤيته وأفطروا لرؤيته فإن غم عليكم فأكملوا العدة شعبان ثلاثين

“Commence the fast when you see it (the moon) and cease fasting (perform Eid) when you see it. But if the weather is cloudy, complete thirty days of Sha’ban.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 256]

Hadrat Ibn ‘Abbas Radi Allahu anhu reported that

جاء أعرابي إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال إني رأيت الهلال يعني هلال رمضان، فقال أتشهد أن لا إله إلا الله؟ قال نعم، قال أتشهد أن محمدا رسول الله؟ قال نعم، قال يا بلال، أذن في الناس أن يصوموا غدا

A desert Arab came to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam and said, “I have seen the new moon i.e. the new moon of Ramadhan.” He asked, “do you testify that there is no god but Allah?” he said: yes. He then asked: do you testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah? Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam” He said, “Yes.” So, the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam said, “O Bilal, announce to the people that they must fast tomorrow.” [Sunan Abi Dawud, Vol 1, Page 320 and Tirmidhi, Vol 1, Page 148]

Hadrat Shaykh ‘Abd al-Haq Muhaddith-e-Dehlwi Radi Allahu anhu states:

It has been proven from the Hadith that a person who is mastur-ul-Hal i.e. whose being a fasiq is not apparent, then his report or testimony is accepted for the beginning of the month of Ramadan. Stating the words of “shahadah” (bearing witness) is not a condition. [Ashi’ah al-Lam’at] Read the rest of this entry »

Obstacles in the Path of Knowledge

All Praise is due to Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala and Choicest Salutations upon His August Habib Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him.

I am sharing this brief note extracted from “Fadl al-Ilm wa al-Ulama“, the Blessed book by Aarife-Billah, ash-Shaykh al-Imam Naqi Ali al-Qadiri Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho on the Excellence of Knowledge and the Ulama. Here we will discuss about some obstacles to the path of seeking knowledge. I humbly pray that this note will enlighten the hearts and encourage my Muslim brothers and sisters to acquire the knowledge of Deen.

  Read the rest of this entry »

Allah Almighty made the Holy Ka’bah as Qibla to fulfil the Holy Prophet’s Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam desire

[Surah al Baqarah 2:144] We observe you turning your face, several times towards heaven (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him); so We will definitely make you turn (for prayer) towards a qiblah which pleases you; therefore now turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque (in Makkah); and O Muslims, wherever you may be, turn your faces (for prayer) towards it only; and those who have received the Book surely know that this is the truth from their Lord; and Allah is not unaware of their deeds. (Allah seeks to please the Holy Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him.) – Kanzul Iman English

Tafsir Noor-ul-Irfan english

1. It was the desire of the Holy Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam that the Holy Ka’bah becomes the new Qibla of the Muslims. Once, while in Salaah the Holy Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam looked skywards instead of towards the earth eagerly awaiting the revelation for the changing of the Qibla. At this stage he was given the glimpse of the forthcoming change. This verse suggests that the change of Qibla was the expressed wish of the Holy Prophet Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam If Allah Almighty can make the Holy Ka’bah as Qibla to fulfil the Holy Prophet’s Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam desire it is certain that Read the rest of this entry »

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