[7th Safar al Muzaffar] Hazrat Shaykh Bahauddin Zakarya Multani Rahmatullahi Alayh

Abu Muhammad Baha al-Din Zakariya Multani [d.665 – 1267 CE] ‘alayhi al-rahmah wa’l-ridwan

Hadrat Shaykh Baha-al-Din Zakariya (Persian: بہاؤ الدین زکریا ) was a Sufi of the Suhrawardiyya order (tariqa). His full name was al-Shaykh al-Kabir Baha-ud-Din Abu Muhammad Zakaria al-Qurayshi al-Asadi al Hashmi.

Shaykh Baha al-Din Zakariya known as ‘Bahawal Haq’ was born at Kot Kehror, a town of the Layyah District near Multan, Punjab, Pakistan, around 1170 Common Era. His grand father Shah Kamal al-Din Ali Shah Qurayshi al Hashmi arrived in Multan from Makkah en route to Khwarizm where he stayed for a short while. Shaykh Baha al-Din was from the descendents of Asad Ibn Hashim the maternal grandfather of Hadrat Ali ibn Abi Talib Radi Allahu anhu.

In Tariqat he was the disciple of Renowned Sufi Master Shaykh Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi Radi Allahu anhu who awarded him Khilafat only after 17 days of stay at his Khanqaah in Baghdad.

For fifteen years he went from place to place to preach Islam and after his wanderings ‘Bahawal Haq’ settled in Multan in 1222. One of his famous disciples is Hadrat Lal Shah Baz Qalander Radi Allahu anhu [d.650]. Read the rest of this entry »

The Spiritual Orders (Salasul-i-Tariqat)

The spiritual and temporal head of the Muslims is Huzoor e Poor Noor Sayyadul Aalameen Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam . Spiritually He is the fountainhead from whom all channels of guidance and inner inspiration flow to all directions. Although all the prominent Companions (Radi Allahu anhum) of Sayyadinah Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam continued to provide outer and inner guidance to the Muslim people, wherever they happened to be after the departure of Rasoolullah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam from this world, the main source of spiritual inspiration and training were the first Caliph, Hazrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (Radi Allahu anhu) , and the the fourth Caliph Hazrat Ali al-Murtuzaa (Radi Allahu anhu) , who has been described in a Hadith as the gateway to the “City of Knowledge”, the City being Sayyidinah Huzoor e Akram Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam Himself. Knowledge (Ilm) has been identified with inner esoteric knowledge. Hazrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (Radi Allahu anhu) was succeded by Hazrat Sulaiman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) as a Caliph and the Silsilah Naqshbandiya traces its origin to Hazrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (Radi Allahu anhu) through Hazrat Sulaiman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) .

The remaining three great Salasul (Plural of Silsila) sprang from the leadership of Hazrat Ali (Radi Allahu anhu) in the following manner:

Hazrat Ali (Radi Allahu anhu) had four Caliphs:

1. Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu anhu) .

2. Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hussein (Radi Allahu anhu) .

3. Hazrat Ibn Ziyad (Radi Allahu anhu) .

4. Hazrat Imam Hasan of Basra (Radi Allahu anhu) .

Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu anhu) & Sayyidinah Hazrat Imam Hussein (Radi Allahu anhu) ,
were succeeded by their sons and the sons of of their sons, all known as Aima-Ahl-Bait (Radi Allahu anhum) , who continued to guide the Muslims throughout centuries.

Hazrat Imam Hasan of Basra (Radi Allahu anhu) had many Caliphs, two of them being prominent:

1. Hazrat Abdul Wahid bin Zaid (Radi Allahu anhu) .

2. Hazrat Habib Ajami ( Habib the Persian) (Radi Allahu anhu) .

Hazrat Habib Ajami (Radi Allahu anhu) the second Persian after Hazrat Sulaiman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) , carried the torch of the spiritual light of Sufism to his homeland, Iran, and many Arab and non-Arab Shayukh (plural of Shaikh) received training from him.

The Fourteen Salasul

The Caliphs of Imam Hasan Basra radi allhau anhu went on multiplying during the first and second centuries of the Islamic era till they were grouped into the following fourteen orders or schools each named after their heads:

1. Silsila Zaidia: It is named after Khaja Zaid bin Abdul Wahid radi allhu anhu , the Khalipha of Hazrat Hasan radi allhu anhu of Basra. Shaikh Zaid radi allhu anhu received another robe (khirqa) of khalafat from Shaikh Kumal bin Ziyad radi allhu anhu as well. Five of the descendants of Hazrat Abdullah bin Auf radi allhu anhu , famous companion of Rasoolullah Salla Allahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam , also joined this Sisila.

Towards the end of his life, Read the rest of this entry »

CHARGE AGAINST ISLAMIC SCHOLARS

Fifthly, as a matter of fact these insolent people have levelled this baseless charge against the Islamic scholars. The experts of the Islamic law have never given such a decision. The insolent people have acted like the Jews and changed the meanings by interpreting the statement out of its context. “The Jews change and interpret a statement out of Its context,” says the Quran. The experts of law have not said that a man who has 99 acts of disbelief and one ad of Islam in his character is a Muslim. 0 Allah we seek your refuge from such a dreadful mischief! The truth, on the other hand, is that the entire Muslim community is agreed on the point that a person who has in his balance-sheet 99 000 statements of Islam and one statement of disbelief is certainly and absolutely a disbeliever. In 99 drops of rose-water if you put one drop of urine, it will all become urine. But these ignorant people say that if you put one drop of rose-water into 99 drops of urine, the whole mixture will become pious and pure impossible. Let alone the Islamic scholars, even an ordinary sensible man cannot make such a silly statement. Actually the experts of lslamic law have said that if a Muslim uses a word which has one hundred possible shades of meaning, and 99 shades of meaning go towards disbelief and one comes towards Islam, it would be fair not to call him a disbeliever, until it is proved that his intention was to express some shade of disbelief through this world.The logic behind this statement appeals to common sense. The experts want to give this Muslim the benefit of the doubt. At least, there is one shade of opinion which is Islamic. 1t is quite possible that he might have intended this one, and this view would go in his favour. However they have already made it clear that, if his intention was based on disbelief, in Allah’s decision he will be a disbeliever. Let us take an example. If Zaid says “Amar possesses knowledge of the unseen definitely.’. This statement has the following possible shades of meaning:

POSSIBLE SHADES OF MEANING

1. Amar by his very nature knows about everything that is unseen. This is clear disbelief and partnership with Allah.
“Say none in the heavens or on earth, except Allah, knows what is hidden”,
(QURAN XXVI’-65)

2. Amar does not possess the knowledge of the unseen but some spirits (Jinn) who possess this knowledge, convey this knowledge to him. So he definitely gets the knowledge of the unseen. This is also a disbelief.
“The Jinn saw clearly how, if they had know the Unseen, they would not have Read the rest of this entry »

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