Statements on Death by the Pious Predecessors – Sharhus Sudoor

Muslim Grave1. Hazrat Abu Dardah (Radi Allahu anhu) reported, ‘(Soon) After (listening to) an eloquent piece of advice (people) quickly become oblivious. Death is sufficient as advice. Time is sufficient to cause separation. Today we are in our homes and tomorrow we shall be in our graves.’

2. Hazrat Raja’ bin Hayaat (Radi Allahu anhu) reported, ‘One who remembers death frequently will forget jealousy and (worldly) pleasures.’

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1. This Hadith Shareef clearly explains that if we have love for our wealth, then our hearts will be attached to it. It is for this reason that the mystics have said, Keep your wealth in your hands and not in your heart.

3. Tabrani reports from Hazrat Tariq Mahaaribi (Radi Allahu anhu) that he said that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) told him, ‘Prepare for death before death comes (to you).’

4. Hazrat Awn bin Abdullah (Radi Allahu anhu) says, ‘One who really knows about death, never includes the next day in his life because many people who are alive in the beginning of the day, do not complete the day. Also many people who expect to see tomorrow, never tend to realise this expectation, and if you had to observe death and its speed, then your expectations (aspirations) and arrogance would fade away.’

5. Hazrat Abu Haazim (Radi Allahu anhu) says, ‘Divorce yourself from that which causes you to look critically at death, so that it may not be the cause of torment for you after your death.’

6.
Hazrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz (Radi Allahu anhu) reported, ‘When death becomes close to a person’s heart, he starts to think of his wealth as being excessive.’

7. Hazrat Raja’ bin Nuh (Radi Allahu anhu) reports that Umar bin Abdul Aziz (Radi Allahu anhu) wrote to his family saying, ‘If you are conscious of (your) death night and day, then every ending thing will seem worthless to you and you will love everything which will remain.’

8. Hazrat Majmi’ Tameemi (Radi Allahu anhu) reported, ‘The remembrance of death is the basis to wealth and contentment.’

9. Samayt (Radi Allahu anhu) reported, ‘One who has made death his ideal (goal), will not care about abundance, or shortage, or worldly things.’

Read the rest of this entry »

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ATTRIBUTES OF SUFIS INNER AND OUTER SELF

Sufi Art   Among the attributes of the Sufis were their refrainment from all hypocrisy. In simple terms, their inner selves were in complete concordance with their outer self.

It is said that Sayyiduna Omar bin Abdul Aziz (radi Allahu anhu) asked Sayyiduna Khidr (alaihis salaam) to give him some advise when they both found themselves in Medina Shareef, Sayyiduna Khidr (alaihis assalaam) replied, “O Omar! Save yourself from this state, wherein, outwardly you are the friend of Allah, yet, inwardly you are His enemy. Those whose inner self is not in concordance with their outer self are hypocrites and for them will be extreme punishment”.

Sayyiduna Abdul Wahid bin Yaazid (radi Allahu anhu) has expressed, “Sayyiduna Hasan Basri (radi Allahu anhu) has reached a lofty position in Tassawaf simply because whenever he advised any person to perform any action he firstly did so himself. Whenever he prohibited a person, he always firstly refrained himself. I have therefore, never seen a person whose inner self is precisely as his outer self”.

Sayyiduna Mu’awwiya bin Qurra (radi Allahu anhu) has stated, “Whenever I heard a person being praised, I had always found him less then his tribute, except for Sayyiduna Wakee’ah (radi Allahu anhu). I have always found him to be even more superior then his acclaim”.

Sayyiduna Abdullah Antaaki (radi Allahu anhu) states, “To refrain from internal sins is the most superior of acts”. When he was asked the reasons, he replied, “Simply because he who refrains from internal sins will have a better chance of refraining from external sins. Therefore, he whose internal self is better then his external self, this indeed is the Mercy of Allah. While he whose both selves are equal, this indeed is equality. He on the other hand he whose external self is better then his internal self, he indeed is an oppressor”.

It is because of this that the great Sufis hide their worship. They state that Read the rest of this entry »

SUFIS AND SINCERITY

Bismillahir Rehmanir Rahim    Among the ethics and manners of the famous Sufis, sincerity held a mighty and lofty position. Every action of theirs portrayed absolute sincerity. The thought of insincerity never crossed their minds. They clearly understood that action could only be considered noble, if it contained sincerity. Their aim was not to become famously known as Sufis, neither did they consider worldly respect as the all important factor. Their aim was merely to achieve the Pleasure of Allah. The world in front of them held no real value. They understood that if a person spent day and night in the Ibaadat of Allah, yet, he was devoid of sincerity, he would achieve nothing from his worship.

It is recorded that when the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wa sallam) sent Sayyiduna Ma’az (radi Allahu anhu) to Yemen, he advised him, “O Ma’az create sincerity in your belief. In this way (even if you perform little deeds) it will be enough for you”.

The incident of Sayyiduna Ali (radi Allahu anhu), clearly portrays the importance of sincerity. Once while he was in battle, he had captured an enemy and was about to kill him when the enemy spat on his blessed face. Sayyiduna Ali (radi Allahu anhu) immediately released him. When he was asked the reason, he replied, “I chose the sword strictly for the Pleasure of Allah. I have been delegated to see that His commands are obeyed. I do not obey my Nafs (carnal desires). I am the Lion of Allah, I am not the lion of my desires. When you spat on me, my desire immediately entered this battle and sincerity began to depart. It is because of this that I have spared you, for my action was not based on sincerity”. When the enemy heard this amazing reply, he instantly repented and became a Muslim.

Sayyiduna Wahab Mambeh (radi Allahu anhu) states, “He who desires the world with the actions of the Hereafter, Allah will indeed alter his heart. His name will then be included among those who are to enter Hell”.

It is recorded that certain Sufis actually re-performed 30 years of Salaah, simply because they felt that they had not shown enough sincerity. Read the rest of this entry »

SHARIAH AND TARIQAH STRICT FOLLOWING OF THE QURAN AND SUNNAH

AlaHazratShariah and Tariqah (Revealed law and Observance) are not two different or opposite things. Without obeying the Shari’ah (Revealed Law) one cannot approach Allah. Revealed Law is the collection of all the commands concerning body and soul, the spirit and heart, all the divine science and the infinite knowledge. A part of Shari’ah (Revealed law) is called Tariqah. It possesses cognizance so unanimously that it is conclusive and final. So all the actions and performances of the Saints have to be judged in accordance with the Divine Shari’ah (Revealed law). If they are perfectly in accordance with the said law then they are true and acceptable, otherwise they are condemnable and unacceptable.

STRICT FOLLOWING OF THE QURAN AND SUNNAH

The practice of the great Sufis has always been their strict following of the Quran and Sunnah. They considered any deviation from this as an act of disbelief and heresy.

Imaam She’ranni (radi Allahu anhu) quotes Sayyiduna Junaid Baghdadi (radi Allahu anhu) who states that: “Our revealed book, the Holy Quran, is the most comprehensive and the most supreme of all laws and the most lofty. The path of the Sufis has become mighty with the Quran and Sunnah. That person who does not read the Quran and does not practice upon the Sunnah, then his leadership is not proper, (In other words, he should not be made a leader).”

This great Saint also used to advice his followers: Read the rest of this entry »

Sadaqat al-Fitr | Important Notes Regarding It

ramadan-mubarakI. Hadrat ibn ‘Umar radi allahu anhu said, “The Prophet Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam made incumbent on every male or female, free man or slave, young or old, the payment of one Sa’ of dates or barley as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr. The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam commanded that this sadaqah be paid before one goes to perform the Eid prayer.” [Sahih Bukhari – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 204]

II. Hadrat Hasan radi allahu anhu said: Hadrat Ibn Abbas radi allahu anhu preached the people towards the end of Ramadan, standing on the pulpit (in the mosque) of al-Basrah. He said: “Bring forth the sadaqah relating to your fast.” The people, as it were, could not understand. “Which of the people of Medina are present here? Stand for your brethren, and teach them, for they do not know” said Hadrat ibn ‘Abbas radi allahu anhu. He further added: “The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam prescribed this sadaqah as one sa’ of dried dates or barley, or half a sa’ of wheat payable by every freeman or slave, male or female, young or old.” When Hadrat Ali radi allahu anhu came (to Basrah), he found that the price had come down. He said: “Allah has given prosperity to you, so give one sa’ of everything (as sadaqah).” [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, page 229]

III. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn Tha’laba or Tha’laba ibn ‘Abdullah radi allahu anhu (narrator cannot recall exactly what the name was) ibn Abu Saghir radi allahu anhu, who narrates from his father that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said, “One sa’ of wheat is enough from every two; young or old; freeman or slave; male or female. Those of you who are rich will be purified by Allah, and those of you who are poor will have more than they gave returned by Him to them.” [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 228]

IV. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas radi allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam prescribed Sadqatul Fitr, so that the fasts (kept throughout the month of Ramadan) may be purified from any falsehood, wrongdoing or evil talk, and (at the same time) it shall assist to feed the poor and the needy. [Sunan Abi Dawood – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 227]

V. Hadrat ‘Amr ibn Shu’aib radi allahu anhu reports from his father, who reports from his grandfather that the Holy Prophet Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam sent a person that he calls out loud in the streets of Makkah al-Mukarramah that Sadaqat ul Fitr is Wajib (necessary) upon every Muslim male or female; freeman or a slave; young or old. [Sunan Tirmidhi – Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 146] Read the rest of this entry »

Laylat al-Qadr ( Shab E Qadr ) | The Night of Power

Hadrat Anas ibn Malik radi allahu anhu reported that when [the month of] Ramadhan came, the Holy Prophet Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam said, “Indeed this month has come to you, and in it is a night more virtuous than a thousand months. So, whosoever is deprived of its blessings is [indeed] deprived of all blessings. No one is kept deprived of its blessings, but only those who are unfortunate.” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Page 119]

Hadrat ‘Aishah radi allahu anha reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam has said, “Seek Lailatul Qadr on an odd numbered night (21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and the 29th) among the last ten (nights) of Ramadhan.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 270]

Hadrat ‘Aishah radi allahu anha reported: “I asked the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam: tell me what should I say (pray) on Lailatul Qadr if I know which night it is?” He said: say,

اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ كَرِيمٌ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّى

“O Allah, You are forgiving and love forgiveness, so forgive me.” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol 2, Page 191]

Hadrat ‘Aishah radi allahu anha reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam used to strive hard in devotion in the last ten nights more than at any other time.” [Sahih Muslim, Vol 1, Page 372]

Hadrat Anas radi allahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam has said, “When Lailatul Qadr comes, Gabriel comes down with a company of angels who invoke blessings on everyone who is standing or sitting remembering Allah the Great and Glorious. Then when their festival day comes, i.e. the Eid day, He (Allah) speaks proudly of them to his angels saying, “O My angels, what is the reward of a hired servant who has fully accomplished his work?” They say, “Our Lord, his reward is that he should be paid his wages in full.” He says, “O My angels! My male and female servants have fulfilled what I have made obligatory for them, and then have come out raising their voices in supplication. By My Might, Glory, Honour, High dignity and Exalted Station, I will certainly answer them.” Then He says, “Return, I have forgiven you and changed your evil deeds into good deeds.” The Messenger of Allah said, “Then they return having received forgiveness.” [Mishkat, Vol 1, Page 182]

Hadrat ‘Ayeshah radi allahu anha reported that when the last ten days began, the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam used to prepare himself rigorously for devotion; remain awake at night and (also) keep his family awake.” [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 271]

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Haq “Muhaddith-e-Dehlwi” radi allahu anhu states under the commentary of the above Hadith that:

Shadda Mizarahu” (tied his lower garment) is a metaphor that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam used to devote himself completely for the worship of Allah, more than usually in the last ten days of Ramadan. Or, this is metaphor that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ta’ala’alayhi wa sallam isolated and secluded himself from his blessed wives. [Ashi’ah al-Lam’at – Vol. 2 Pg. 115]

by Irfan Qadiri

Golden Words of Wisdom by Ameer al-Mu’mineen Sayyiduna Mawla ‘Ali al-Murtudah Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anhu

Panch Naare Punjatan Ke Ek Naara Haidari ” YA ALI ” karamALLAHu wajahul karim !

  • To meet somebody with gaiety and cheerfulness is the first act of a good deed.
  • It is also an act of prayer to ponder over the work of nature.
  • To have suspicion in one’s belief is equivalent to polytheism.
  • Improper modesty is the course of misfortune. Very few people are convincing company.
  • Showing appreciation is the reason for receiving Divine blessings, and ungratefulness is the reason for receiving difficulties or hardship.
  • Respect is from amongst the excellent of marvels and charity is from amongst the most excellent forms of worship.
  • Death is an uninvited companion.
  • In every second are hidden difficulties.
  • To be victorious over your worship is an excellent feat.
  • An intelligent person lowers himself to attain a high status while a foolish person raises his status thereby disgracing himself.
  • Intelligence falls into 2 categories: Natural disposition and adaptation.There is no benefit from accommodated intelligence without the intelligence of natural disposition: for example sunlight is useless to one who cannot see.
  • Friendship is a relationship proficient from birth.
  • To be ashamed of ones sins augment ones eyes, to be proud of ones good deeds destroys ones eyes.
  • The companion that destroys worship, his desires and extensive worship for one day is the enemy of the soul.
  • An intelligent person always remains sad and remorseful.
  • In idleness one is reminded of gallantry.
  • To combine charity with obligation is wickedness.
  • To speak ill of an open sinner is not backbiting.
  • A persons true worth is hidden under his tongue.
  • To forgive is the best form of revenge.
  • A wise person is he who due to his previous experiences goes about doing things a different way.
  • Even though there is fear in speaking the truth, yet in it is salvation. Though it is simple to lie yet in it is definitely destruction.
  • Restlessness combined with patience is definitely more inconvenient.
  • A poor person is he who has no friends.
  • Knowledge with practise is liberating and practise without sincerity is useless.
  • Poverty, whom many people feel ashamed of, is better than that wealth which leads to sins and wrong doings making a person face dishonour and disgrace.
  • There is never a shortage of experiences and an intelligent person is he who progresses by it.
  • To fear difficulties is a strange condition of adversities.
  • To forgive easily is supreme respectability and to be vengeful is extreme meanness.
  • The recognition of a respectable person is when anyone is generous then he too treats that person with generosity and if anyone is meek towards him then he too becomes docile, and a wicked person is that person, when approached with submission then he treats that person with generosity and if he is approached with generosity the he becomes negligent.
  • The reason the Ulama are poor and helpless is, because the ignorant are plenty who do not understand their value.
  • For a criminal to plead guilty is the best form of amnesty or intercession.
  • An intelligent person when remaining silent ponders about the Almighty SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala and His creation, and wherever he looks, he learns a lesson from around him. Read the rest of this entry »
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