Abul Qaasim Sa’adi (Radi Allahu anhu) mentions in Kitaab ur Ruh, ‘it is proven according to proper narrations that certain fortunate ones will not be questioned in the grave and Munkar and Nakeer will not come to them. This is either due to the personal excellence of that personality, or due to the difficulty he faced at the time of death, or because of the Blessed Era.’
1. A person asked Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) , ‘Why is it that with the exception of a Shaheed, every Momin (believer) will be put through a test in his grave?’ He (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘The flash of the sword is for him, instead of the torment of the grave.’
2. Hazrat Abu Ayub (Radi Allahu anhu) reported that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘One who fought against the enemy with patience until such time that he is victorious or martyred, (he) will not face the torment of the grave.’
3. Hazrat Salman Farsi (Radi Allahu anhu) reported that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) would say, ‘One who remained set at the boundary (of the enemy lines) for a day and night, for the sake of Jihad (then this action of his) is more valuable than one month’s Namaaz and fasting. If he dies in this way, then his deeds will be continued and his sustenance as well and he will be spared from the Munkar (and Nakeer).’
4. Hazrat Fudhala ibn Ubaid (Radi Allahu anhu) reported that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu ta ala alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘The deeds of every person comes to an end, except for those of a person who is in preparation for Jihad in the way of Allah. This action of his will continue growing until Qiyaamat and he will be protected from the difficulty of the grave. Imam Abu Dawud added, ‘He will be spared from Munkar and Nakeer as well’.’ It is in the narration of Ibn Majah from Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu anhu), ‘he will also be protected from the anxiety on the day of Qiyaamat.’ Ahmed, Tabrani, Baz’zaz and Ibn Asaakir etc. have reported the same thing with their own chains of transmission. Read the rest of this entry »
Fifthly, as a matter of fact these insolent people have levelled this baseless charge against the Islamic scholars. The experts of the Islamic law have never given such a decision. The insolent people have acted like the Jews and changed the meanings by interpreting the statement out of its context. “The Jews change and interpret a statement out of Its context,” says the Quran. The experts of law have not said that a man who has 99 acts of disbelief and one ad of Islam in his character is a Muslim. 0 Allah we seek your refuge from such a dreadful mischief! The truth, on the other hand, is that the entire Muslim community is agreed on the point that a person who has in his balance-sheet 99 000 statements of Islam and one statement of disbelief is certainly and absolutely a disbeliever. In 99 drops of rose-water if you put one drop of urine, it will all become urine. But these ignorant people say that if you put one drop of rose-water into 99 drops of urine, the whole mixture will become pious and pure impossible. Let alone the Islamic scholars, even an ordinary sensible man cannot make such a silly statement. Actually the experts of lslamic law have said that if a Muslim uses a word which has one hundred possible shades of meaning, and 99 shades of meaning go towards disbelief and one comes towards Islam, it would be fair not to call him a disbeliever, until it is proved that his intention was to express some shade of disbelief through this world.The logic behind this statement appeals to common sense. The experts want to give this Muslim the benefit of the doubt. At least, there is one shade of opinion which is Islamic. 1t is quite possible that he might have intended this one, and this view would go in his favour. However they have already made it clear that, if his intention was based on disbelief, in Allah’s decision he will be a disbeliever. Let us take an example. If Zaid says “Amar possesses knowledge of the unseen definitely.’. This statement has the following possible shades of meaning:
1. Amar by his very nature knows about everything that is unseen. This is clear disbelief and partnership with Allah.
“Say none in the heavens or on earth, except Allah, knows what is hidden”,
2. Amar does not possess the knowledge of the unseen but some spirits (Jinn) who possess this knowledge, convey this knowledge to him. So he definitely gets the knowledge of the unseen. This is also a disbelief.
“The Jinn saw clearly how, if they had know the Unseen, they would not have Read the rest of this entry »
The Muslim scholars, will not declare him as a disbeliever, because out of 21 shades of meaning 20 went towards disbelief but one came towards Islam. They will exercise due care and give him the benefit of the doubt and consider this good aspect unless it is proved that Umar had the intention of expressing one of the 20 shades of disbelief. This sort of care and benefit of the doubt cannot be extended to an insolent man, who says that Allah’s words are lies or uses insulting language about the Prophet of Islam صلى اله عليه وسلم, because Read the rest of this entry »
This search for the truth has also made another point clear. In some Islamic decisions like Fataawa QaziKhan etc, it is recorded that a person, who gives the names of Allah and His Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم as witnesses to a marriage contract, or says that the souls of spiritual guides are present and omniscient, or says that the angels possess the knowledge of the unseen or says ‘I possess the knowledge of the unseen’ is a disbeliever. It implies a declaration of disbelief on account of his personal knowledge, although in these statements there are many possibilities of Islamic interpretation. Here it is not clearly stated that the knowledge of the unseen is definite and the term knowledge is used in good faith. If we go into further possibilities, there will be 42 rather than 21 possibilities. Many of these will be out of the range of disbelief, because assertions of the knowledge of the unseen in good faitry is not disbelief. Baher-ur-Raalq and Durr-E-Mukhtar state as under:
“It is learnt from their issues here trlat one who regards something which Allah has condemned as Haraam being Halaal following his wishful thinking, he will not be condemned as Kafir. He will be condemned as Kafir if he resolutely believes in a Haraam as being Halal, and likewise. What Oartabi has mentioned in the Sharah of Muslim that having wishful thought regarding the Unseen such as the thoughts of the star-gazers and palm-readers regarding the occurrence of things in the future through daily practice which is a correct thought. Claiming to possess the knowledge of the Unseen, apparently such a claim of having ideas of Ghaib is Haraam but not Kufr as against the claim of the knowledge of the Ghaib.
The question arises why have the Islamic scholars issued a verdict of disbelief when so many Islamic Interpretations are possible? Obviously, they have given importance to the more probable possibility, which goes towards disbelief If we do not take this view, the statements and the reasoning of the scholars will be- come null and void. Further details can be seen in Jami-ul-Fasooleen, Radd-ul- Mukhtar, Hashia Allama Nooh, Multaqit Fataawa Mujjat, Tatar Khaniyah, Majma-ul-Anher, Hadiqah Nadiyah and Sal-ul Hisam etc. The key references to the Quranic verses and Prophet’s traditions can be studied in the books concerning knowledge of the unseen, such as AI-lolul-Mahnoon etc. It all depends on the guidance and strength given by Allah. Here it would suffice to quote the following words from Hadiqah Nadiyah:
“That is to say In the books of Islamic decision only those words have been considered adequate to give a verdict of disbelief through which the speaker had the intention of expressing the disbelieving shade of meaning, otherwise it would not be disbelief”.
AN IMPORTANT WARNING:
Only that probability is reliable which appeals to the common sense. When a statement is clear, it is not advisable to explore the far-fetched probabilities If we indulge in this sort of unreasonable exercise, nothing would be classified as disbelief. For example, Zaid says that there are two Gods. If we try to interpret this statement metaphorically as two forms of Allah’s will. The Quran, says:
“Except that which Allah decrees” (that is) the order of Allah (Quran).
(Tamheed Ul Iman by Ala Hazrat radi allahu anhu)