Fatwa on Bank Interest

Azharul Fatawa – Collection of English Fatawa
by Taajush Shariah Hadrat Allama Mufti Mohammed Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari al-Qaadiri


Your holiness, Mufti Saheb. I request your honour to give the verdict on the following questions. May Allah Ta’ala reward you.

Question 1: Is interest totally unlawful? On which condition is the profit considered as interest?

Question 2: May a Muslim take the profit on his deposited money in the banks and the post offices which they term as “interest” in countries such as India, Britain and South Africa, etc.

ANSWER Read the rest of this entry »

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Females unlawful for marriage

The females prohibited for marriage are the following. The Holy Quraan says: (4:23): “Forbidden to you are your

  1. mothers,
  2. and your daughters,
  3. and your sisters,
  4. and your paternal aunts,
  5. and your maternal aunts,
  6. and your brother’s daughters,
  7. and sister’s daughters,
  8. and your mothers that have suckled you,
  9. and sister’s daughters,
  10. and mothers of your wives,
  11. and your step daughters who are in your guardianship born of your wives to whom you have gone in, but if you have not gone into them, there is no blame on you,
  12. and the wives of your sons who are of your loins,
  13. and that you shall not have two sisters together except what has already passed,
  14. and all married women except those whom your right hand possess.”

Islam allowed a man or a girl to select his or her mate after sights and glances and not beyond that. This instruction is neglected in Muslim societies generally in India, following strict notion of Pardah. Guardians should arrange for a sight ceremony so that the bridal parties may not repent afterwards.

According to Imam-e-A’zam Abu Hanifa (alaihir rahmah), it is lawful to have a sight of the bride and bridegroom before marriage.

Sayyidah Ayesha (radi Allahu anha) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Whoso female gets herself married without permission of her guardian, her marriage is void, her marriage is void, her marriage is void. If he had intercourse with her, there is dowry for her on account of her private parts having been made lawful. If they dispute, then the King is the guardian for those who have got no guardian”. (Abu Da’ood)

In a contract of marriage, two witnesses at least are essential. Sayyiduna Ibn-e-Abbas (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Beloved Habeeb (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The fornicators are those who marry by themselves without witnesses”. (Tirmidi)

Sexual Intercourse

The following rules of sexual intercourse should be observed:

  1. Before actual coition, hold conversation of sexual love and give caresses and kisses. Play and toy in order to rouse sexual organs for easy cohabitation.
  2. Before the act is begun, recite the following: “In the Name of Allah, the Almighty and the Great, Allah is Greatest. O Allah! Protect us from the devil. And keep the devil aloof from what You have provided us.”
  3. Don’t turn the face towards the West.
  4. At the time when semen runs out, think of this verse: “All praise is for Allah Who created man from water. Then He made for him blood and marriage relationship.” (25: 54)
  5. Don’t let out your semen very soon at least before the ovary of your wife comes out. This is made much easier when kisses and caresses and other tactful ways rouse wife’s passions.
  6. Try to enter semen into uterus and don’t throw it outside without any excuse.
  7. Before your second coition, sexual organs must first be cleaned and washed.
  8. Ablution should be made after coition.
  9. Coition should be avoided as far as possible in the nights of the new moon, full moon and at the end of the lunar month.
  10. Sexual intercourse is desirable when the husband and the wife both show inclination for it, and no forcible coition should take place. When a man calls his wife to bed and she declines, Angels curse her and Almighty Allah remains displeased with her.
  11. Coition must always be made with the male organ and the female vaginal canal and never through the rectum.

On the following occasions, sexual intercourse is unlawful:

  1. Intercourse during continuance of the menses of the wife. The Holy Quraan says: “They ask you about menstruation. Say, it is a little harmful.” Therefore, keep aloof from women during their menstrual discharge and do not go near them until they are clean.
  2. After childbirth till the stoppage of blood nearly up to the 40th day.
  3. During the hours of fasting from the appearance of whiteness till the setting of the sun. Intercourse during night is not prohibited even during the fasting month.
  4. Unnatural intercourse either with male or with an animal is unlawful.

If a man promises not to go unto his wife for four months, and if in the meantime, he does not have sexual intercourse with her, the wife will be considered as divorced if not taken in the mean time.

Buy and Sale

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) reported from the Glorious Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) who said: “The two (seller and buyer) must not part away except by mutual consent.” (Abu Da’ood)

Sale is contracted by a declaration and acceptance expressed unequivocally in words or in expressions conveying the same meaning. The acceptance may be deferred until the breaking up of the meeting whether the declaration be made personally or by letter or message. An offer made by the purchaser cannot be restricted by the seller or to any particular parts of the goods. A little deviation from the offer or acceptance will not make the sale complete. A sale may be entered into either for ready money or for payment within a fixed time. Gains may be sold for other gains of different species.

There are four kinds of sale:

Read the rest of this entry »

PICTURES AND PAINTINGS

Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn-e-Omar (radi Allahu anhuma) reported that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: ‘Those who paint pictures would be punished on the Day of Resurrection and it would be said to them, “Breathe soul into what you have created.” (Muslim)

The Hadith pertaining to the preparation of pictures whether with the help of colour, paint or pencil or photographic cameras, declare this art to be unlawful in Islam. The reasons of the Sharee’ah are so eloquent and clear in regard to the prohibition of making pictures that they need no comment and elucidation.

That person is missing the mark who says that this prohibition comes under the category of disapproval and is not absolutely unlawful and the stress which had been laid upon its prohibition was because of the fact that idolatry had been quite recently curbed, but now when idolatry has been exterminated and Islam has spread everywhere, the is no need of stressing its forbiddance with full force. This reason for adopting a lenient attitude toward preparation of pictures is quite invalid for in the Hadith the treason put forward for the unlawfulness of the pictures is this: Those who prepare pictures would be asked to breathe soul on the Day of Resurrection in these pictures made by them. And when they would not be able to do this, they would be punished. In the above-mentioned Hadith, the reason for the forbiddance of preparing the pictures of living bodies has been given and that is the vain ambition of the artist in competing with Almighty Allah in His act of creation.

The other reason for the forbiddance of pictures is that it has led to the cult of idolatry in the past and the present too though with a variation of name. There is a Hadith reported on the authority of Sayyidah Ayesha (radi Allahu anha), which explains the attitude of mind that paves the way for idolatry. Sayyidah Ayesha (radi Allahu anha) reported that the Beloved Nabi (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said about the people of the Book: “Whenever any pious person amongst them died they built a house of worship at the place of his grave and then made his picture. These are the most wretched creatures in the sight of Allah.”

TURBAN(AMAMAH)

Wearing a turban belongs to the tradition of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), especially during the Salaah. The prayer that is performed wearing a turban carries more reward. The Shimlah of the turban should hang at the back between the two shoulders. The size of the Shimlah varies from person to person, but it should not be too long to be pressed under the buttocks while sitting.  Some people do not hang Shimlah. This is against the Sunnah of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Amamah should be tied up in standing position and should be untied in the same manner. A cap can be worn under the Amamah. The Glorious Prophet of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The very distinction between the pagans and us is that they tie only turban while we tie turban over a cap.”

According to “Mirqat”, the commentary on “Mishkat”, the Glorious Prophet of Islam (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) used to wear Amamah of two sizes one small Amamah of seven arm-lengths, the other big Amamah of twelve arm-lengths.

Some people use bed sheets and prayer-mats, which contain inscriptions or couplets or the pictures of Mecca and Madina. The usage of such things is unlawful. The dining cloth and pillow covers containing inscriptions should also be avoided.

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