Important Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh) Terminology

» Fard – Obligatory: An act commanded by Allah in the Holy Qur’an is known as Fard. The following explains a Fard in detail:

a. An act that is obligatory to be executed

b. It has been proven by rigorously authenticated texts

c. The denial of any Fard renders one to come out of the folds of Islam.

d. If one omits to perform any Fard without any valid shari’i reason, then such a person becomes a fasiq (transgressor) and the person is regarded as a major sinner. [Fatawa Ridawiyyah – Vol. 2, Page 194]

» Wajib – Necessary:

An act that is almost as compulsory as a Fard. The Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam never omitted it. It is a graded second, below a Fard in its necessity.

a. An act that is compulsory to do.

b. It is proven by religious arguments through ijtihad.

c. One who denies a Wajib is misguided. Read the rest of this entry »

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Waajibaats of Hajj

A person is required to:
1. Make Sa’ee between Saffa and Marwa after the Tawaaf.
2. Stay in Muzdalifa for one night in the open space.
3. Throw stones at the three Jamraats on the 10th, 11th, 12th of Zil-Hajj. There is great Thawaab if one also pelts (stones) the Jamraats on the 13th Zil-Hajj.
4. Shave or trim the hair after the Qurbaani.
5. Perform the Last Tawaaf (Tawaaf-e-Widaa), just before leaving Makkatul Mukarramah.

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