ESAAL-E-SAWAAB (CONVEYING REWARD TO THE DECEASED)

* Faateha

* 3 days, Forty Days, 6 months and 1 year

* Regarding recitation of Tabaarak & offering the Koonde (Kheer Puri) Niyaz in Rajab

* Erecting roadside water stalls in Muharram, or stalls for Sharbat (Sweet drink)

* Regarding preparing and distributing Kichra (Soup made from grains)

* Regarding the Faateha of Gyarwee and Chat’ee

* Regarding the Tausha of Ashaab-e-Kahf and Ghaus-e-Paak

* Regarding commemoration of Urs  

Law: To convey Esaal-e-Sawaab, means to convey the reward of the recitation of the Qur’an-e-Majeed, Durood Shareef 1 , Kalma-e-Tayyibah 2 or the reward of any other virtuous deed is permissible. One may convey the reward of either Ibaadat-eMaaliya 3 , or Ibaadat-e-Badaniyah 4 , be it Fard of Nafil, the reward for all of this can be conveyed to any other. The conveying of reward by the living benefits the deceased. The explanation with regards to this is mentioned in the Books of Fiqh 5 and Aqaa’id 6 . It has been discussed in Hidaya and Sharah Aqaa’id Nasfiya. To refer to this as Bid’at is to be obstinate. It is also proven to be permissible from the Hadith. When the mother of Hazrat Sa’ad radi allahu anhu passed away, he said, Ya Rasool’Allah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam ! The mother of Sa’ad (i.e. my mother) has passed away. Which Sadqa is most virtuous? He Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Water’. He had a well dug and said; this well is for Umm-e-Sa’ad  ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ . From this it is evident that the deceased receives reward through the deeds of the living, and they attain benefit through this.

Now, as for the matter of specifying (particular days etc) such as three days, or the forty days, then (it must be noted) that these are neither specifications that are fixed by the Shariah and nor are they regarded as being fixed to be specific by the Shariah. No one knows (or says) that the reward will only be received (if sent) on this day or that it will not be received if it is conveyed on any other day. This is simply a customary and commonly known practice which has been performed by the people, for the sake of expediency. Actually, the recitation of the Qur’an and other
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1. Durood Shareef refers to sending blessings and salutation upon Rasoolullah Sallallahu ta’ala alayhi wa sallam  ‘Allahum’ma Sal’le alaa Sayyidina Wa Maulana Muhammadiw Wa alaa Aali Sayyidina Muhammadiw Wa Ashabihi Wa Baarik Wa Sal’lim’
2. Kalma-e-Tayyibah refers to the first Kalima being ‘Laa ilaaha il’lal laahu Muhammadur Rasoolullah
3. Ibaadat-e-Maaliya refers to that which is done by spending in the way of Allah, such as Zakaat etc.
4. Ibaadat-e-Badaniyah refers to that Ibaadat which is done physically, such as Namaaz etc.
5. Books of Fiqh, meaning Books of Jurisprudence
6. Aqaa’id refers to ones beliefs. We should all be Sunni Sahihul Aqida as this is the only way and correct way.

virtuous deeds are commenced immediately after the person passes away. This continues for many days at the homes of some people. So, with this occurring, what for is it said that people regard it impermissible to convey reward on  any other day except the specified days? This is merely a baseless blame against the Muslims and is a futile attempt to deprive the deceased from receiving reward and blessings conveyed to them by the living. Now, that we have explained the actual principles, the minor details in this regard can be ascertained from these principles.  ‘Sawm’, in other words the 3rd day (or three day Faateha) is that which is done on the third day after the person has passed away. (In this), The recitation of the Qur’an-eMajeed and the Kalima Shareef takes place, and the reward of this is conveyed to the deceased, and gram, puffed sugar candy or sweetmeats are distributed amongst children and the needy, and food is prepared and fed to the poor and the needy, or it is sent to their homes. These are all permissible and  virtuous. Thereafter, they also cook food on Thursdays according to their capacity and have it given or fed to the poor. Then on the fortieth day (similarly) they feed, and they again convey reward at six months and thereafter, the annual customary conveying of reward takes place. All these are branches of Esaal-e-Sawaab. All of them fall within the same category. It is however necessary that all of this should be done with a pure intention. It should not be done for pomp and show, otherwise there will be no reward for it and it will not be regarded as Esaal-e-Sawaab. Some people give invitations to their elders and close relatives during such times. This is not a time to give invitations, but it is a time to feed the poor and the needy, which will benefit the deceased. Similarly, Faateha 1 is read over Halwa 2 . To cook this Halwa is also permissible and to read the Faateha over it is also included in the category of Esaal-e-Sawaab. In certain places, during the month of Rajab, Surah Mulk is recited forty times and then blessed over ‘Rotis’ or dry dates and these are then distributed, whilst the reward of it is conveyed to the deceased. This is also permissible. Read the rest of this entry »

Is there Zakaat on gold or silver

Question: What is the ruling of the Ulama-e-Ahle Sunnat wa Jamaat in the following cases:

(a) Is there Zakaat on gold or silver jewellery that is for daily use or that which has been kept away?
(b) Does the Nisaab of the Zakaat for jewellery remain as per the price of jewellery when it was purchased or does this fluctuate as per the market value of the jewellery and thus will it be calculated as per the price at the time of calculation for payment (of zakaat)?
(c) What is the ruling regarding that money which is invested in business, such as money that has been used to purchase material (cloth) or for rentable things etc? How does one give zakaat on this?
(d) What is the Zakaat that needs to be paid per one hundred?
(e) Can one give the money of Zakaat to a Kaafir, mushrik, wahabi, raafdhi (shia) or qadiani etc?
(f) Who is it best to first give one’s zakaat to? If one’s brother’s sisters or parents are not zakaatable, can they be given zakaat or not?
(g) That person who has fifty six rupees is Zakaatable (This was during that era). Now what should he give in Zakaat?
(h) Upon who is Qurbani necessary and is it waajib or fard?
(i) Nowadays in India, some Muslims stop us from making Qurbani of cows, as they wish to please the mushriks and they say that we should make Qurbani of goats. Now, what should we make qurbani of?

The Answer:

(a) There is full zakaat on the jewellery, whether it is worn at all times, or it is not worn at all. والله تعالى اعلم
(b) If gold is given in place of gold and silver for silver, then there is no need to pay the market related price. In doing so, one must give one fortieth of the weight of the said jewellery. However, if one wishes to give silver in payment of gold and gold in payment of silver, then the market related value will be used. The market related value at the time of making or purchasing the jewellery and the current market value will not be taken into account if it is before or after the year had come to an end, but the value taken into account will be after one complete year according to the Arabic month and date that he became zakaatable. The payment of zakaat will be according to the value at that particular time. والله تعالى اعلم

(c) At the end of the year, the market related value of the goods for business, will be used to pay the zakaat on it, which is one fortieth (2 ½ %) of its market related value. والله تعالى اعلم

(d) The easiest way, is to pay two and a half rupees on every one hundred rupees (Translators Note: Use the currency of your country, eg. R2.50 on every R100 in South Africa) والله تعالى اعلم

(e) It is haraam to give them Zakaat and if one does give them Zakaat, the zakaat will not be discharged. والله تعالى اعلم Read the rest of this entry »

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